|Banknotes||10, 20, 50, 100, 200 pula|
|Coins||5, 10, 25, 50 thebe, 1, 2, 5 pula|
|Central bank||Bank of Botswana|
|Inflation||2.50% (April 2020)|
|Source||Bank of Botswana, 7 July 2016|
The pula is the currency of Botswana. It has the ISO 4217 code BWP and is subdivided into 100 thebe. Pula literally means "rain" in Setswana, because rain is very scarce in Botswana—home to much of the Kalahari Desert—and therefore valuable and a blessing.The word also serves as the national motto of the country.
A sub-unit of the currency is known as thebe, or "shield",and represents defence. The names were picked with the help of the public.
The Pula was introduced on 23 August 1976, subsequently known as "Pula Day", replacing the South African rand at par.
In 1976, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 thebe. The 1 thebe was struck in aluminum, with the 5 thebe in bronze and the others in cupro-nickel. These coins were round except for the scalloped 1 pula. Bronze, dodecagonal 2 thebe coins were introduced in 1981 and discontinued after 1985. In 1991, bronze-plated steel replaced bronze in the 5 thebe, nickel-plated steel replaced cupro-nickel in the 10, 25 and 50 thebe and the 1 pula changed to a smaller, nickel-brass, equilateral-curve seven-sided coin. A similarly shaped, nickel-brass 2 pula was introduced in 1994. In 2004, the composition was changed to brass-plated steel and the size was slightly reduced.
Following the withdrawal of the 1 and 2 thebe in 1991 and 1998 respectively, smaller 5, 10, 25 and 50 thebe coins were introduced, with the 5 and 25 thebe coins being seven-sided and the 10 and 50 thebe coins remaining round.A bimetallic 5 pula depicting a mopane caterpillar and a branch of the mopane tree it feeds on was introduced in 2000 composed of a cupronickel center in a ring made of aluminum-nickel-bronze.
A new series of coins was introduced in 2013.All previous coins were demonetized with effect from 28 August 2014, and remained exchangeable to current coins for 5 years until 28 August 2019.
|Botswana pula coins|
|1 thebe||Aluminum||18.5 mm||0.8 g||1.22 mm||Smooth||1976–1991||1 July 2014|
|2 thebe||Bronze||17.4 mm (dodecagonal)||1.8 g||1.05 mm||Smooth||1981–1985||1 July 2014|
|5 thebe||Bronze||19.5 mm||2.8 g||1.17 mm||Reeded||1976–1989||1 July 2014|
|5 thebe||Bronze-plated steel||19.5 mm||2.8 g||1.28 mm||Smooth or reeded||1991–1996||1 July 2014|
|5 thebe||Bronze-plated steel||17 mm (heptagonal)||2.41 g||1.75 mm||Smooth||1998–2009||1 July 2014|
|5 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||18 mm (heptagonal)||2.218 g||1.3 mm||Smooth||2013||No|
|10 thebe||Copper-nickel||22 mm||4 g||1.33 mm||Reeded||1976–1989||1 July 2014|
|10 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||22 mm||3.8 g||Reeded||1991||1 July 2014|
|10 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||18 mm||2.8 g||1.75 mm||Reeded||1998–2008||1 July 2014|
|10 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||20 mm||2.8 g||1.4 mm||Reeded||2013||No|
|25 thebe||Copper-nickel||25 mm||5.8 g||Reeded||1976–1989||1 July 2014|
|25 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||25 mm||5.73 g||Reeded||1991||1 July 2014|
|25 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||20 mm (heptagonal)||3.5 g||1.8 mm||Smooth||1998–2009||1 July 2014|
|25 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||22 mm (heptagonal)||4.2 g||1.6 mm||Smooth||2013||No|
|50 thebe||Copper-nickel||28 mm||11.4 g||2.3 mm||Reeded||1976–1985||1 July 2014|
|50 thebe||Copper-nickel||28 mm||11.4 g||2.3 mm||Reeded||1976–1985||1 July 2014|
|50 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||28 mm||11.4 g||1991||1 July 2014|
| ||50 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||21.3 mm||4.82 g||2.2 mm||Smooth||1996–2001||1 July 2014|
|50 thebe||Nickel-plated steel||24 mm||5.3 g||1.8 mm||Reeded||2013||No|
|1 pula||Copper-nickel||29.5 mm; scalloped (with 12 notches)||16.4 g||Smooth||1976–1987||1 July 2014|
|1 pula||Nickel-brass||24 mm (heptagonal)||8.8 g||2.7 mm||Segmented (10 reeds per 7 sections)||1991–2007||1 July 2014|
|1 pula||Bronze-plated steel||26 mm||7.8 g||Smooth||2013–2016||No|
|2 pula||Nickel-brass||26.4 mm (heptagonal)||6.3 g||2.4 mm||Segmented (19 reeds per 7 sections)||1994||1 July 2014|
| ||2 pula||brass-plated steel||24.6 mm (heptagonal)||6.02 g||2 mm||Segmented (19 reeds per 7 sections)||2004||1 July 2014|
|2 pula||Bi-metallic; bronze-plated steel in center, nickel-plated steel in ring||27 mm||7.3 g||2 mm||Reeded||2013–2016||no|
|5 pula||Bi-metallic; copper-nickel in center, brass in ring||23.5 mm||6 g||2 mm||Reeded||2000–2007||1 July 2014|
|5 pula||Bi-metallic; copper-nickel in center, brass in ring||28 mm||8.7 g||2.2 mm||Segmented||2013–2016||no|
On 23 August 1976,the Bank of Botswana introduced notes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, and 10 pula; a 20-pula note followed on 16 February 1978. The 1- and 2-pula notes were replaced by coins in 1991 and 1994, whilst the first 50- and 100-pula notes were introduced on 29 May 1990 and 23 August 1993, respectively. The 5-pula note was replaced by a coin in 2000. The original 1-, 2- and 5-pula banknotes were demonetized on 1 July 2011.
The current series of notes was introduced on 23 August 2009and contains, for the first time, a 200-pula banknote.
In response to the concern of the poor quality of the paper of the 10-pula banknote, the Bank of Botswana revealed a 10-pula banknote in polymer in November 2017 and was issued to the public on 1 February 2018.
|Banknotes of the Botswana pula (2009 issue)|
|10 pula||Green||President Seretse Khama Ian Khama||Parliament building, Gaborone||Rampant zebra and electrotype 10|
|20 pula||Red||Kgalemang Tumediso Motsete||Mining equipment||Rampant zebra and electrotype 20|
|50 pula||Brown||President Sir Seretse Khama||Okavango Delta swamps, boat, fish eagle||Rampant zebra and electrotype 50|
|100 pula||Blue||Three chiefs (Sebele I, Bathoen I, Khama III)||Diamond sorting, open-pit diamond mine||Rampant zebra and electrotype 100|
|200 pula||Purple||Female teacher and children||Zebras||Rampant zebra and electrotype 200|
|Current BWP exchange rates|
|From Google Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR|
|From Yahoo! Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR|
|From XE.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR|
|From OANDA:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR|
|From fxtop.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR|
Due to hyperinflation in Zimbabwe from 2006 to 2008, the government of Zimbabwe has allowed circulation of foreign currency since 2008. The Zimbabwean dollar became obsolete on 12 April 2009. Several currencies, including the South African rand and Botswana pula, circulate in Zimbabwe,along with the Zimbabwean bond notes and bond coins.
The word pula also serves as part of the national motto of the Kingdom of Lesotho. As in Botswana, it means "rain" in the Sotho language and is considered a synonym for "blessing".
The afghani is the currency of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which is issued by the nation's central bank called Da Afghanistan Bank. It is nominally subdivided into 100 puls (پول), although there are no pul coins currently in circulation. In 2020, one U.S. dollar was exchanged for approximately 77 afghanis.
The lev is the currency of Bulgaria. In old Bulgarian the word "lev" meant "lion", the word 'lion' in the modern language is luv. The lev is divided in 100 stotinki. Stotinka in Bulgarian means "a hundredth" and in fact is a translation of the French term "centime". Grammatically the word "stotinka" comes from the word "sto" (сто) - a hundred.
The Syrian pound or Syrian lira is the currency of Syria and is issued by the Central Bank of Syria. The pound is subdivided into 100 qirsh, although coins in qirsh are no longer issued. The standard abbreviation for the Syrian pound is SYP.
The Saudi riyal ; is the currency of Saudi Arabia. It is abbreviated as ر.س or SAR (Saudi Arabian Riyal). It is subdivided into 100 halalas.
The Macau pataca or Macanese pataca is the currency of Macau. It is subdivided into 100 avos, with 10 avos called ho (毫) in Cantonese. The abbreviation MOP$ is commonly used.
The córdoba is the currency of Nicaragua. It is divided into 100 centavos.
The Indian rupee is the official currency of India. The rupee is subdivided into 100 paise, though as of 2019, coins of denomination of 1 rupee is the lowest value in use. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The Reserve Bank manages currency in India and derives its role in currency management on the basis of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.
The Sri Lankan Rupee is the currency of Sri Lanka, divided into 100 cents. It is issued by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka. The abbreviation is generally Rs., but "LKR" is occasionally used to distinguish it from other currencies also called rupee.
The lilangeni is the currency of Eswatini and is subdivided into 100 cents. It is issued by the Central Bank of Eswatini. Similarly in situation to the Lesotho loti, there are singular and plural abbreviations, namely L and E, so where one might have an amount L1, it would be E2, E3, or E4.
The sol, later sol de oro, was the currency of Peru between 1863 and 1985. It had the ISO 4217 currency code PES. It was subdivided into 10 dineros or 100 centavos.
In Cuba, until 1 January 2021, there were two currencies, both called peso. One is the "Cuban peso" and the other is the Cuban convertible peso. Both currencies are subdivided into 100 centavos. The CUC was pegged to the US dollar at par, while the CUP is currently 25 CUP = 1 CUC = US$1, for cash exchanges. Both currencies are not traded internationally, and they cannot be bought in advance outside Cuba. Importation/exportation of CUCs is prohibited.
The shilling is the currency of Uganda. Officially divided into cents until 2013, the shilling now has no subdivision.
The Egyptian pound is the currency of Egypt. It is divided into 100 piastres, or ersh, or 1,000 milliemes.
The kyat is the currency of Myanmar (Burma). It is often abbreviated as "K" or "Ks" (plural), which is placed before or after the numerical value, depending on author preference.
The shilingi is the currency of Tanzania. It is subdivided into 100 senti . The Tanzanian shilling replaced the East African shilling on 14 June 1966 at par.
The Jamaican dollar has been the currency of Jamaica since 1969. It is often abbreviated to J$, the J serving to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents, although cent denominations are no longer in use as of 2018. Goods and services may still be priced in cents, but cash transactions are now rounded to the nearest dollar.
The Solomon Islands dollar is the currency of Solomon Islands since 1977. Its symbol is "$", with "SI$" used to differentiate it from other currencies also using the dollar sign. It is subdivided into 100 cents.
The guilder was the currency of Suriname until 2004, when it was replaced by the Surinamese dollar. It was divided into 100 cents. Until the 1940s, the plural in Dutch was cents, with centen appearing on some early paper money, but after the 1940s the Dutch plural became cent.
The Tuvaluan dollar is the currency of Tuvalu, whose unofficial international currency code is TVD. Tuvalu has never had banknotes of its own, and has been issuing coins since 1976. However, the Tuvaluan dollar is used as a unit of account, and is pegged to the Australian dollar at parity. From 1966 to 1976, Tuvalu officially used the Australian dollar. In 1976, Tuvalu began issuing its own coins, which continue to circulate alongside Australian coins. Tuvalu continues to use Australian banknotes. Tuvaluan coins are not legal tender in Australia. Similar to the Faroese króna's relationship to the Danish krone and the Panamanian balboa's relationship to the United States dollar, the Tuvaluan dollar is not an independent currency, but a variation of the Australian dollar.
The Cook Islands dollar was the former currency of the Cook Islands, which now uses the New Zealand dollar, although some physical cash issued for the Cook Islands dollar remains in use. The dollar was subdivided into 100 cents, with some older 50-cent coins carrying the denomination as "50 tene".
Pula (rain) was an easy choice for the currency, and the decimal coins were called thebe (shield).(Memoirs of a former president of Botswana)
The new names pula and thebe were chosen following an invitation to the public to submit a their suggestions [...] The meaning of "thebe" is shield — the traditional means of defence.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Botswana pula .|
South African rand
Reason: creation of independent currency
Ratio: at par
|Currency of Botswana |