Bouaké

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Bouaké

Bwake
Cibkechu.JPG
University hospital complex of Bouaké
Cote d'Ivoire adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bouaké
Location within Ivory Coast
Coordinates: 7°41′N5°1′W / 7.683°N 5.017°W / 7.683; -5.017
CountryFlag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast
District Vallée du Bandama
Region Gbêkê
Department Bouaké
Founded1899
Area
  City, sub-prefecture, and commune 71.788 km2 (27.718 sq mi)
Elevation
312 m (1,024 ft)
Population
(2014) [1]
  City, sub-prefecture, and commune 536,189
  Density7,500/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
   Metro
680,694
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Website mairiebke.e-monsite.com

Bouaké (or Bwake) is the second-largest city in Ivory Coast, with a population of 536,189 (2014 census). It is the seat of three levels of subdivisionVallée du Bandama District, Gbêkê Region, and Bouaké Department. The city is located in the central part of Ivory Coast about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Lake Kossou, the country's largest lake. It is approximately 350 kilometres (220 mi) north of Abidjan on the Abidjan-Niger Railway and about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Yamoussoukro, the capital of the country.

Ivory Coast State in West Africa

Ivory Coast or Côte d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country located on the south coast of West Africa. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan. It borders Guinea and Liberia to the west, Burkina Faso and Mali to the north, Ghana to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.

Ivory Coast is a relatively decentralised state. The country divided into 14 districts, of which two are cities organised as autonomous districts. The 12 non-autonomous districts are subdivided into 31 second-level regions. The autonomous districts and the regions are divided into 108 third-level departments. The departments are divided into 510 fourth-level sub-prefectures. Sub-prefectures contain villages and, in some instances, several villages are combined into fifth-level communes. There are 197 communes.

Vallée du Bandama District District in Ivory Coast

Vallée du Bandama District is one of fourteen administrative districts of Ivory Coast. The district is located in the north-central part of the country. The capital of the district is Bouaké.

Contents

Bouaké is a centre for the Baoulé people and is known for its crafts. The economy is based on the cotton industry. The city largely grew from the 1970s after the construction of the power station at Kossou Lake flooded land to the west of the city. Bouaké is known for its large carnival and market and for the St Michael's Cathedral. The city has a large airport located north-west of the city with a 3,300 metres (10,800 ft) runway. Celtic FC defender Kolo Touré and his brothers, Yaya Touré and Ibrahim Touré, were born in Bouaké.

Baoulé people ethnic group in Côte dIvoire

The Baule or Baoulé are an Akan people and one of the largest groups in Côte d'Ivoire who historically migrated from Ghana. The Baoulé are traditionally farmers who live in the centre of Côte d'Ivoire, in a triangle shaped region between the rivers Bandama and N'Zi. This area broadly encompasses the regions around the cities of Bouaké and Yamoussoukro. The Baoulé have come to play a relatively important role in the recent history of Côte d'Ivoire : the State's first President, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, was a Baoulé ; additionally, since the Ivorian cocoa boom of the 1960-70s, the Baoulé have also become one of the most widespread ethnicity throughout the country, especially in the Southern forests where they are amongst the most numerous planters of cocoa, rubber, and coffee and sometimes seem to outnumber the local native ethnic groups.

Cotton plant fiber from the genus Gossypium

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds.

Kossou Dam embankment dam

The Kossou Dam is an embankment dam the Bandama River about 32 kilometres (20 mi) northwest of Yamoussoukro in Côte d'Ivoire. It has a power generating capacity of 174 megawatts (233,000 hp), enough to power over 118,000 homes. The dam impounds the largest lake in Côte d'Ivoire, Lake Kossou.

Demographics

YearPopulation
19213,600
194522 000
196060,000
1970120,000
1975C175,000
1988C329,850
1998C461,618
2014C542,000

History

Bouaké was established as a French military post in 1899 and has been an administrative center since 1914.

French and United Nations peacekeepers currently reside in the city as part of an enforced ceasefire between the rebel-held north and the government-held south. After the attempt to overthrow the president Laurent Gbagbo had failed, the rebel forces FN (forces nouvelles) led by Guillaume Soro made Bouaké their center of control. Subsequently, Bouaké University, opened in 1996, was closed down in September 2002. Financed by Unesco, the university reopened in April, 2005.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

Peacekeeping Activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace

Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace. Research generally finds that peacekeeping reduces civilian and battlefield deaths and reduces the risk of renewed warfare.

On 4 November 2004, governmental forces used Sukhoi-25s to raid the city as an opening movement towards "territorial liberation", according to Captain Jean-Noël Abbey of the Côte d'Ivoire army. Korhogo, 225 kilometres (140 miles) north of Bouaké, was also targeted.

Korhogo Place in Savanes, Ivory Coast

Korhogo is a city in northern Ivory Coast. It is the seat of both Savanes District and Poro Region. It is also a commune and the seat of and a sub-prefecture of Korhogo Department. In the 2014 census, the city had a population of 286,071, making it the fourth-largest city in the country and the largest in northern Ivory Coast.

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies Bouaké's climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw). [2] The city features a lengthy wet season spanning the months of March through October, and a shorter harmattan-influenced dry season that covers the remaining 4 months. Despite the lengthy wet season, Bouaké does not see the level of rainfall experienced in Abidjan. Bouaké on average sees roughly 1,100 millimetres (43 in) of precipitation annually.

Wet season yearly period of high rainfall, especially in the tropics

The monsoon season is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs. Generally the season lasts at least a month. The term "green season" is also sometimes used as a euphemism by tourist authorities. Areas with wet seasons are dispersed across portions of the tropics and subtropics.

Harmattan season in the West African subcontinent which occurs between the end of November and the middle of March

The Harmattan is a season in the West African subcontinent, which occurs between the end of November and the middle of March. It is characterized by the dry and dusty northeasterly trade wind, of the same name, which blows from the Sahara Desert over West Africa into the Gulf of Guinea. The name is related to the word haramata in the Twi language. The temperature is cold in most places, but can also be hot in certain places, depending on local circumstances.

The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics. The weather in the tropics is dominated by the tropical rain belt, which moves from the northern to the southern tropics and back over the course of the year. The tropical rain belt lies in the southern hemisphere roughly from October to March; during that time the northern tropics have a dry season with sparser precipitation, and days are typically sunny throughout. From April to September, the rain belt lies in the northern hemisphere, and the southern tropics have their dry season. Under the Köppen climate classification, for tropical climates, a dry season month is defined as a month when average precipitation is below 60 millimetres (2.4 in).

Climate data for Bouaké
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
33.8
(92.8)
32.7
(90.9)
31.0
(87.8)
29.9
(85.8)
27.8
(82.0)
27.7
(81.9)
28.5
(83.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.6
(79.9)
27.8
(82.0)
27.8
(82.0)
27.0
(80.6)
26.1
(79.0)
25.0
(77.0)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
25.0
(77.0)
25.7
(78.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.7
(78.3)
Average low °C (°F)20.6
(69.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
21.1
(70.0)
21.3
(70.3)
21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
21.3
(70.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)12.5
(0.49)
40.0
(1.57)
83.8
(3.30)
126.4
(4.98)
123.7
(4.87)
147.2
(5.80)
117.5
(4.63)
128.0
(5.04)
168.1
(6.62)
107.9
(4.25)
30.2
(1.19)
14.6
(0.57)
1,099.9
(43.30)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226.5206.6201.4194.2202.3129.797.790.6122.8174.0184.7188.02,018.5
Source #1: NOAA [3]
Source #2: Climate Charts (latitude: 07°44'N; longitude: 005°04'W; elevation: 376m) [4]

Economy

Tobacco products, building materials, and textiles are produced, and cotton sisal and rice are processed. Gold, mercury, and manganese are found nearby. The overall economy was shaken during the near decade long rebel rule that started in 2002. Many companies either shut down or relocated to Abidjan, Ivory Coast’s coastal economic hub. These events resulted in the 60% reduction in formal employment. For example, the city’s biggest textile mill, the Gonfreville Establishment, saw an employment decrease of 1200 workers, an 80% reduction. Economic recovery was slow until the early 2010s. After the State took back control of Bouake after the 2010-2011 election, the economy moved into a state of reconstruction. Roads were repaved after years of neglect, which allowed the transportation of goods to become an easier task. Cash crops such as cotton and cashews started to be transported in higher quantities to be processed in Bouake. Singapore-based Olam opened a cashew processing plant in Bouake in 2012, which accounts for nearly 2400 jobs. The agribusiness as a whole is beginning to turn to its original state before the rebel conflict. Additionally, banks have opened new branches and supermarkets have returned to normal operation. The government is stimulating this regrowth through policies, such as price floors, and projects to increase trade, including the construction of a highway to connect Bouake to the nation’s capital, Yamoussoukro.

Education

Higher education
Publique

  • University of Bouaké

Primary Schools
Public

  • École primaire Publique Zone1

Secondary Schools
Public

  • Lycée classique
  • Lycée technique
  • lycée Djibo Sounkalo (ex lycée Municipal)
  • Lycée moderne Belleville

Semi-Public

  • Lycée St Michel d'Anyama

Private

Public Colleges

  • College de jeunes filles
  • Collège Moderne TSF
  • College moderne de Nimbo (ex COB)
  • College G. Koko (ex CEG KOKO)

Private Colleges

  • Collège Marie Thérèse Yamousso
  • Collège Martin Luther King
  • Collège Moderne Saint Jacques
  • Collège Victor Hugo
  • Collège Ruth Fidèle
  • Collège Ouezzin Coulibaly
  • Collège Renaissance
  • Collège Moderne N'Takpe
  • Collège Saint-Viateur
  • Collège international chrétien
  • Collège Adventiste

Administration

List of mayors of Bouaké since 1960
Date electedNameParty
1960Djibo Sounkalo PDCI-RDA
1980Konan Blédou PDCI-RDA
1985Konan Blédou PDCI-RDA
1990Konan Antoine PDCI-RDA
1995Konan Konan Denis PDCI-RDA
2000Fanny Ibrahima RDR

Subdivisions

The city itself is a sub-prefectures of Bouaké Department; the surrounding suburbs that are outside of the city limits are also organised into a sub-prefecture known as "Bouaké-SP". Bouaké is also a commune.

Religion

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bouaké. The cathedral of the archdiocese is the Cathédrale Sainte Thérèse in Bouaké. Since 1960, Bouaké has also been home to a Benedictine monastery, Monastère Bénédictin Sainte-Marie. However, the city is predominantly Muslim.

Sport

Brothers Kolo Touré, now an assistant for Celtic F.C., and Yaya Toure, former midfielder for Manchester City, were born in Bouaké.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Bouaké is twinned with: [5]

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References

  1. "Côte d'Ivoire". geohive.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  2. "Climate: Bouaké - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  3. "Bouaké–Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  4. "Bouake - Aero, Ivory Coast: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  5. "Villes amies de Bouaké" [Twin towns with Bouaké] (in French). mairiebke.e-monsite.com. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  6. "Lista municipiilor înfrățite din România" [List of municipality twinnings in Romania] (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 13 August 2011.

Coordinates: 7°41′N5°1′W / 7.683°N 5.017°W / 7.683; -5.017