12th-century Notre-Dame Church
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
|Intercommunality||CA Versailles Grand Parc|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Aline Pascal|
|2.76 km2 (1.07 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||23–166 m (75–545 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Bougival is a commune (or village) in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. Bougival is located 15.3 km (9.5 mi) from the center of Paris, in its western suburbs.
As the site where many of the French Masters (including Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Berthe Morisot, and Auguste Renoir) painted country scenes along the Seine, the village today hosts a series of six historical placards, known as the "Impressionists Walk," at locations from which the noted painters depicted the scenes of Bougival.
Bougival is also noted as the site of the Machine de Marly, a sprawling, complicated — in turn powering more than 250 pumps, delivering water up a 500-foot vertical rise through a series of pumping stations, holding tanks, reservoirs, pipes and mechanical linkages. In use until 1817, the machine was subsequently updated, replaced with another pumping building in 1858 and finally replaced by an electrical generator in 1963. The building itself remained until 1968. Remnants are visible today at the riverbank.hydraulic pumping device that began supplying the massive quantity of water required by the fountains at Palace of Versailles in the late 17th century. Considered one of the foremost engineering accomplishments of its era, the cacophonous, breakdown-prone apparatus comprised fourteen waterwheels (approximately 38 feet in diameter) driven by the current of the Seine
In Bougival, Georges Bizet composed the opera Carmen at his home at Rue Ivan Tourguenievf on the Seineand noted Russian novelist and playwright Ivan Turgenev built a datcha. A local monument commemorates the Montgolfier brothers, pioneers of flight. and the commune hosts the annual Festival of Bougival et des Coteaux de Seine.
In the 19th century, Bougival emerged as a fashionable suburb of Paris. Pauline Viardot had a villa there, as did her paramour Ivan Turgenev, who died in the town in 1883. Bougival was also known as the "Cradle of Impressionism" during the Belle Époque. Painters Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Sisley among others painted the light, sky, and water of this area. Alexandre Dumas, fils set parts of his novel The Lady of the Camellias in Bougival.
The Junior division of the British School of Paris (formerly the English School of Paris) was located in Bougival up until 2008. Prior to the English School, it was a Catholic all-girls school called Marymount in the 1960s. It was reported that the Germans occupied the estate during World War II, along with the nuns that lived there, due to the estate's vantage point of the Seine River. Rennequin Sualem
Bougival is served by Bougival station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line. This station is located at the border between the commune of Bougival and the commune of La Celle-Saint-Cloud, on the La Celle-Saint-Cloud side of the border.
Two multiple locks on the River Seine are located in Bougival.
Schools in Bougival include:
Public elementary schools:
There is a private school, Ecole privée Sainte-Thérèse/Collège privée Sainte Thérèse, that goes from preschool through junior high school level 3e.
Nearby public secondary schools:
Junior high schools:
Senior high schools/sixth form colleges:
The Bibliothèque Emile Richebourg is the community's public library.
Rennequin Sualem, inventor of the Marly Machine, died in Bougival in 1708. Ivan Turgenev died in Bougival in 1883, as well as Georges Bizet in 1875. Pauline Viardot made Bougival her home. Gabrielle d'Estrées had a château there (destroyed in the 19th century).
The town has since been home to noted residents including Darco, Frank Alamo, Guillaume Depardieu, Jean-Louis Aubert, Michel Rocard, Flavie Flament, Laurent Garnier, Jean-Marie Hullot, Jean Michel Jarre, Benjamin Castaldi, Neymar da Silva Santos Júnior (known as Neymar or Neymar Jr) and Gilbert Montagné have been residents of Bougival. Noted advertising pioneer Charles-Louis Havas lived in Bougival. Centennial Yvonne van Quickenborn, entrepreneur (STOP) and musician, spent the last 70 years of her life in Bougival.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir, was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition which runs directly from Rubens to Watteau."
Mantes-la-Jolie is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region of north-central France. It is located to the west of Paris, 48.4 km (30.1 mi) from the centre of the capital. Mantes-la-Jolie is a subprefecture; in 2016, it had a population of 44,231.
Argenteuil is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.3 km (7.6 mi) from the center of Paris. Argenteuil is a sub-prefecture of the Val-d'Oise department, the seat of the arrondissement of Argenteuil.
Rueil-Malmaison is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of France. It is located 12.6 kilometres from the centre of Paris. It is one of the wealthiest suburbs of Paris.
Croissy-sur-Seine is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is an affluent suburban town on the western outskirts of Paris. Many expatriates reside in Croissy, given as it is the site of The British School of Paris, one of the top ten private international schools in the world.
Asnières-sur-Seine is a commune in the Hauts-de-Seine department and Île-de-France region of north-central France. It lies on the left bank of the River Seine, some eight kilometres from the centre of Paris in the north-western suburbs of the French capital.
Louveciennes is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris, between Versailles and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and adjacent to Marly-le-Roi.
The Machine de Marly, also known as the Marly Machine or the Machine of Marly, was a large hydraulic system in Yvelines, France, built in 1684 to pump water from the river Seine and deliver it to the Palace of Versailles.
Draveil is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 19.1 km (11.9 mi) from the center of Paris. It was formally twinned with Hove, East Sussex in The United Kingdom.
VanvesFrench pronunciation: [vɑ̃v] is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 5.6 km (3.5 mi) from the center of Paris. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe and the tenth in France
Vaucresson is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is in the Hauts-de-Seine department 13.9 kilometres (8.6 mi) from the center of Paris.
Chessy is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located 30.6 km (19.0 mi) from the center of Paris.
Le Vésinet is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris, 16.4 km (10.2 mi) from the center of Paris.
La Celle-Saint-Cloud is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris 15.6 km (9.7 mi) from the center.
Thorigny-sur-Marne is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Carrières-sur-Seine is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Rennequin Sualem was a Walloon carpenter and engineer born on 29 January 1645 in Jemeppe-sur-Meuse, Wallonia, Belgium. His given name sometimes appears as 'Renkin'.
Bain à la Grenouillère is an 1869 painting by the French impressionist painter, Claude Monet.. It depicts "Flowerpot Island", also known as the Camembert, and the gangplank to La Grenouillère, a floating restaurant and boat-hire on the Seine at Croissy-sur-Seine. He was accompanied by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, who also painted the scene at the same time.
The Pays des Impressionnistes is a certification mark created by the Syndicat intercommunal à vocations multiples des Coteaux de Seine in 2001 to promote the cultural heritage of this touristic area. Nine municipalities in the Yvelines department of France bordering the loop of the Seine River, where, during the nineteenth century, impressionist painters exercised their art, are associated with this creation: Bougival, Carrières-sur-Seine, Chatou, Croissy-sur-Seine, Le Pecq, Le Port-Marly, Louveciennes, Marly-le-Roi and Noisy-le-Roi. There is the Path of the Impressionists, four hiking trails dotted with reproductions of paintings, reflecting the still remarkable character of this landscape of Impressionist sites which has been proposed for inclusion in the World Heritage Site since 2009. Rueil-Malmaison, in the Hauts-de-Seine department, joined them in 2010, when eight of these municipalities have entrusted development task of the Pays des Impressionnistes to the visitor center of Marly-le-Roi, which organises Impressionist cruises along the banks of the Seine, as well as visits of ateliers of contemporary painters.
Dance at Bougival is an 1883 work by Pierre-Auguste Renoir currently in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. It has been described as "one of the museum's most beloved works".
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