Bougival

Last updated
Bougival
Bougival Eglise Notre-Dame.JPG
12th-century Notre-Dame Church
Blason Bougival01.svg
Bougival map.png
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Bougival
Bougival
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Bougival
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bougival
Coordinates: 48°52′00″N2°08′00″E / 48.8667°N 2.1333°E / 48.8667; 2.1333 Coordinates: 48°52′00″N2°08′00″E / 48.8667°N 2.1333°E / 48.8667; 2.1333
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Yvelines
Arrondissement Versailles
Canton Le Chesnay-Rocquencourt
Intercommunality CA Versailles Grand Parc
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Luc Wattelle [1]
Area
1
2.76 km2 (1.07 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
8,790
  Density3,200/km2 (8,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
78092 /78380
Elevation23–166 m (75–545 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Bougival (French pronunciation:  [buʒival] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a suburban commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located 15.3 km (9.5 mi) west from the centre of Paris, on the left bank of the River Seine, on the departmental border with Hauts-de-Seine. In 2019, Bougival had a population of 8,790.

Contents

As the site where many of the Impressionists (including Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Berthe Morisot and Auguste Renoir) painted country scenes along the Seine, the town today hosts a series of six historical placards, known as the "Impressionists Walk", at locations from which the noted painters depicted the scenes of Bougival. [3]

Bougival is also noted as the site of the Machine de Marly, a sprawling, complicated [4] hydraulic pumping device that began supplying the massive quantity of water required by the fountains at Palace of Versailles in the late 17th century. Considered one of the foremost engineering accomplishments of its era, the cacophonous, breakdown-prone [4] apparatus comprised fourteen waterwheels (approximately 38 feet in diameter) driven by the current of the Seine in turn powering more than 250 pumps, delivering water up a 500-foot vertical rise through a series of pumping stations, holding tanks, reservoirs, pipes and mechanical linkages. In use until 1817, the machine was subsequently updated, replaced with another pumping building in 1858 and finally replaced by an electrical generator in 1963. The building itself remained until 1968. Remnants are visible today at the riverbank. [4]

In Bougival, Georges Bizet composed the opera Carmen at his home at Rue Ivan Tourguenievf on the Seine [3] and noted Russian novelist and playwright Ivan Turgenev built a dacha, Les Frênes. A local monument commemorates the Montgolfier brothers, pioneers of flight, [3] and the commune hosts the annual Festival of Bougival et des Coteaux de Seine.

History

In the 19th century, Bougival emerged as a fashionable suburb of Paris. Pauline Viardot had a villa there, as did her paramour Ivan Turgenev, who died in the town in 1883. Bougival was also known as the "Cradle of Impressionism" during the Belle Époque. Painters Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Sisley among others painted the light, sky, and water of this area. Alexandre Dumas, fils set parts of his novel The Lady of the Camellias in Bougival.

The Junior division of the British School of Paris (formerly the English School of Paris) was located in Bougival up until 2008. Prior to the English School, it was a Catholic all-girls school called Marymount in the 1960s. It was reported that the Germans occupied the estate during World War II, along with the nuns that lived there, due to the estate's vantage point of the Seine River. Rennequin Sualem

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 8,444    
1975 8,599+0.26%
1982 8,473−0.21%
1990 8,552+0.12%
1999 8,432−0.16%
2007 8,416−0.02%
2012 8,498+0.19%
2017 8,699+0.47%
Source: INSEE [5]

Transport

Bougival is served by Bougival station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line. This station is located at the border between the commune of Bougival and the commune of La Celle-Saint-Cloud, on the La Celle-Saint-Cloud side of the border.

Two multiple locks on the River Seine are located in Bougival.

Education

Schools in Bougival include: [6]

Public preschools:

Public elementary schools:

There is a private school, Ecole privée Sainte-Thérèse/Collège privée Sainte Thérèse, that goes from preschool through junior high school level 3e. [6]

Nearby public secondary schools: [7]

Junior high schools:

Senior high schools/sixth form colleges:

The Bibliothèque Emile Richebourg is the community's public library. [8]

Notable residents

Rennequin Sualem, inventor of the Marly Machine, died in Bougival in 1708. Ivan Turgenev died in Bougival in 1883, as well as Georges Bizet in 1875. Pauline Viardot made Bougival her home. Gabrielle d'Estrées had a château there (destroyed in the 19th century).

The town has since been home to noted residents including Guillaume Depardieu, Jean-Louis Aubert, Michel Rocard, Laurent Garnier, Jean-Marie Hullot, Jean Michel Jarre, Benjamin Castaldi, Neymar, Charles-Louis Havas and Gilbert Montagné have been residents of Bougival. Recently, Pierre and Egle B moved from Paris to Bougival.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pierre-Auguste Renoir</span> French painter and sculptor (1841–1919)

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition which runs directly from Rubens to Watteau."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mantes-la-Jolie</span> Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Mantes-la-Jolie is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region of north-central France. It is located to the west of Paris, 48.4 km (30.1 mi) from the centre of the capital. Mantes-la-Jolie is a subprefecture; in 2016, it had a population of 44,231.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Argenteuil</span> Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Argenteuil is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.3 km (7.6 mi) from the center of Paris. Argenteuil is a sub-prefecture of the Val-d'Oise department, the seat of the arrondissement of Argenteuil.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2nd arrondissement of Paris</span> Municipal arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The 2nd arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is colloquially referred to as deuxième. It is governed locally together with the 1st, 3rd and 4th arrondissement, with which it forms the 1st sector of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rueil-Malmaison</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Rueil-Malmaison is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department, Île-de-France region. It is located 12.6 kilometres from the centre of Paris. In 2017, it had a population of 78,152. It is one of the wealthiest suburbs of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Croissy-sur-Seine</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Croissy-sur-Seine is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is a suburban town on the western outskirts of Paris. Many expatriates reside in Croissy, given as it is the site of The British School of Paris, one of the top ten private international schools in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Le Bourget</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Le Bourget is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km from the center of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Asnières-sur-Seine</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Asnières-sur-Seine is a commune in the Hauts-de-Seine department and Île-de-France region of north-central France. It lies on the left bank of the river Seine, some eight kilometres from the centre of Paris in the north-western suburbs of the French capital. The inhabitants are called the Asniérois and the Asniéroises in French.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chaville</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Chaville is a commune in the Hauts-de-Seine department and Île-de-France region of north-central France. It lies some 12 km from the centre of Paris in the south-western suburbs of the French capital.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louveciennes</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Louveciennes is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris, between Versailles and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and adjacent to Marly-le-Roi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Machine de Marly</span> French water pump, built 1684

The Machine de Marly, also known as the Marly Machine or the Machine of Marly, was a large hydraulic system in Yvelines, France, built in 1684 to pump water from the river Seine and deliver it to the Palace of Versailles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint-Pierre, Saint Pierre and Miquelon</span> Capital of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Saint-Pierre is the capital of the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, off the coast of the Canadian island of Newfoundland. Saint-Pierre is the more populous of the two communes (municipalities) making up Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Draveil</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Draveil is a commune in the department of Essonne in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 19.1 km (11.9 mi) from the center of Paris. It was formally twinned with Hove, East Sussex in The United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chessy, Seine-et-Marne</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Chessy is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located 30.6 km (19.0 mi) from the center of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Le Vésinet</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Le Vésinet is a suburban commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is a part of the affluent outer suburbs of western Paris, 16.4 km (10.2 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2019, it had a population of 15,943.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">La Celle-Saint-Cloud</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

La Celle-Saint-Cloud is a commune in the Yvelines department of the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is a western suburb of Paris, 15.6 km (9.7 mi) from the center.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thorigny-sur-Marne</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Thorigny-sur-Marne is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carrières-sur-Seine</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Carrières-sur-Seine is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

<i>Bain à la Grenouillère</i> 1869 painting by Claude Monet

Bain à la Grenouillère is an 1869 painting by the French impressionist painter, Claude Monet.. It depicts "Flowerpot Island", also known as the Camembert, and the gangplank to La Grenouillère, a floating restaurant and boat-hire on the Seine at Croissy-sur-Seine. He was accompanied by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, who also painted the scene at the same time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pays des Impressionnistes</span>

The Pays des Impressionnistes is a certification mark created by the Syndicat intercommunal à vocations multiples des Coteaux de Seine in 2001 to promote the cultural heritage of this touristic area. Nine municipalities in the Yvelines department of France bordering the loop of the Seine River, where, during the nineteenth century, impressionist painters exercised their art, are associated with this creation: Bougival, Carrières-sur-Seine, Chatou, Croissy-sur-Seine, Le Pecq, Le Port-Marly, Louveciennes, Marly-le-Roi and Noisy-le-Roi. There is the Path of the Impressionists, four hiking trails dotted with reproductions of paintings, reflecting the still remarkable character of this landscape of Impressionist sites which has been proposed for inclusion in the World Heritage Site since 2009. Rueil-Malmaison, in the Hauts-de-Seine department, joined them in 2010, when eight of these municipalities have entrusted development task of the Pays des Impressionnistes to the visitor center of Marly-le-Roi, which organises Impressionist cruises along the banks of the Seine, as well as visits of ateliers of contemporary painters.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 "Plan Bougival Version Anglais" (PDF). Office du Tourisme, Bougival. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-14.
  4. 1 2 3 Pendery, David (2014). "La Machine de Marly". machinedemarly.org. Retrieved 2020-07-29.
  5. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. 1 2 "Les écoles maternelles et élémentaires." Bougival. Retrieved on September 2, 2016.
  7. "L'enseignement secondaire." Bougival. Retrieved on September 2, 2016.
  8. "La Bibliothèque Emile Richebourg." Bougival. Retrieved on September 2, 2016.