Boun Oum

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Boun Oum
ບຸນອຸ້ມ ນະ ຈຳປາສັກ
Boun Oum 1971.jpg
4th Prime Minister of Laos
In office
13 December 1960 23 June 1962
Monarch Sisavang Vatthana
Preceded by Souvanna Phouma
Succeeded by Souvanna Phouma
In office
25 March 1949 24 February 1950
Monarch Sisavang Vong
Preceded by Souvannarath
Succeeded by Phoui Sananikone
Personal details
Born2 December 1912 [1]
Champasak, Laos
Died17 March 1980 (aged 68)
Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Political party Independent
Spouse(s)Mom Nang Buvanabarni Bouaphanh
Children9
Funeral plate at Trivaux Cemetery in Meudon, France S.A.R Chao Boun Oum - Prince de Champassak - Grave at Meudon - Trivaux cemetery.jpg
Funeral plate at Trivaux Cemetery in Meudon, France

Prince Boun Oum (also Prince Boun Oum Na Champassak ; Lao : ບຸນອຸ້ມ ນະ ຈຳປາສັກ; Thai : บุญอุ้ม ณ จัมปาศักดิ์; RTGS: Bun-um Na Champasak; 2 December 1912 – 17 March 1980) was the son of King Ratsadanay, and was the hereditary prince of Champassak and also Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Laos from March 1949 to February 1950 and again from December 1960 to June 1962. [1]

Contents

Early life

He was born in Don Talad in 1912, the eldest son of Prince Ratsadanay, Prince of Champassak by his fourth wife, Princess Sudhi Saramuni. He was educated at Wat Liep Monastery Sch. and l'École de Droit, Vientiane. He met Mom Bouaphanh Soumpholphakdy of Kengkok and married in 1943. The couple had six sons and three daughters: Prince Keo Champhonesak na Champassak, Prince Saysanasak na Champassak, Prince Keo Halusak na Champassak, Prince Simoungkhounsak na Champassak, Prince Vannahsak na Champassak, Prince Vongdasak na Champassak, Princess Ninhdasak na Champassak, Princess Keosondarasak na Champassak and Princess Keomanisak na Champassak. He has 11 grandchildren. He succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Princely House of Champassak, June 1946. in the same time, he renounced his rights in order to establish a unified kingdom, the Kingdom of Laos, on 27 August 1946. He was appointed the President of the Royal Council in 1947. [1] In 1949, he was appointed as Inspector-General of the Kingdom.

Prime Minister of Laos

Sympathetic to the French in Laos, he commanded a force of 15,000 that fought Japanese troops and the Lao Issara in the south of Laos. [2] Titular leader of the royalist faction, he served as Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Laos from March 1949 to February 1950 and again from December 1960 to June 1962 [1] when The National Assembly installed him by unanimous vote.

He retired from politics to pursue business interests from his base in Pakse and Champassak but continued to be a major power broker until his exile in 1975, the year the communist Pathet Lao came to power. In 1975 he went to France for medical treatment and never returned to Laos. He died in Boulogne-Billancourt, France in 1980 and his ashes are buried at the Cimetiere de Trivaux in Meudon France, next to his wife Princess Bouaphanh na Champassak (1920–2013).

Honours

National Honours

Foreign Honours

Ancestry

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Stuart-Fox, Martin. "Historical Dictionary of Laos". epdf.pub. ISBN   978-0-8108-5624-0.
  2. Savada, Andrea Matles; Whitaker, Donald P (1995). Laos: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. p. 28. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
Political offices
Preceded by
Souvannarath
Prime Minister of Laos
1949–1950
Succeeded by
Phoui Sananikone
Preceded by
Souvanna Phouma
Prime Minister of Laos
1960–1962
Succeeded by
Souvanna Phouma