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Brâncovenești (formerly Ieciu and Delavrancea; Hungarian : Marosvécs, Hungarian pronunciation: [mɒroʃveːtʃ] or Vécs; German : Wetsch) is a commune in Mureș County, Romania.
Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America and in Israel. Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family. With 13 million speakers, it is its largest member in terms of speakers.
German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.
Mureș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.
The commune is composed of five villages: Brâncovenești, Idicel (Idecspatak), Idicel-Pădure (Erdőidecs), Săcalu de Pădure (Erdőszakál) and Vălenii de Mureș (Disznajó).
Brâncovenești is the site of the Kemény Castle, which was the only castle in Transylvania to survive the Mongol Invasion of Hungary in 1241-42. At the time, it was referred to as Vécs, and it guarded the salt mines of Gömör.
Kemény Castle, situated at the foot of the Călimani Mountains on the right bank of the Mureș River in Brâncovenești, Mureș County, Romania, is one of the finest examples of Renaissance architecture in Transylvania. It was built using the remains of a Roman fortification situated not on the site of today's building but in the adjoining orchard.
Transylvania is a historical region which is located in central Romania. Bound on the east and south by its natural borders, the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended westward to the Apuseni Mountains. The term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also parts of the historical regions of Crișana and Maramureș, and occasionally the Romanian part of Banat.
The Battle of Mohi, also known as Battle of the Sajó River or Battle of the Tisza River, was the main battle between the Mongol Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary during the Mongol invasion of Europe. It took place at Muhi, southwest of the Sajó River. After the invasion, Hungary lay in ruins. Nearly half of the inhabited places had been destroyed by the invading armies. Around 15–25 percent of the population was lost, mostly in lowland areas, especially in the Great Hungarian Plain, the southern reaches of the Hungarian plain in the area now called the Banat and in southern Transylvania.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
Sângeorgiu de Pădure is a town in Mureș County, Romania.
Ernei is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania, composed of six villages:
Sâncraiu de Mureș is a commune in Mureș County, Romania composed of two villages:
Sântana de Mureș is a commune in Mureș County, Romania, composed of four villages:
Zau de Câmpie is a commune in Mureș County, Romania composed of nine villages:
Vătava is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania composed of three villages: Dumbrava (Marosliget), Râpa de Jos (Alsórépa) and Vătava. It has a population of 2,135: 95% Romanians, 4.7% Roma and 0.3% Hungarians.
Solovăstru is a commune in Mureș County, Romania that is composed of two villages, Jabenița (Görgénysóakna) and Solovăstru. It has a population of 2,847: 94% Romanians, 5% Romani and 1% Hungarians.
Beica de Jos is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Beica de Jos, Beica de Sus (Felsőbölkény), Căcuciu (Görgénykakucs), Nadășa (Görgénynádas), Sânmihai de Pădure (Szentmihály) and Șerbeni (Soropháza).
Cucerdea is a commune in Mureș County, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Bord (Bord), Cucerdea and Șeulia de Mureș (Oláhsályi).
Cozma is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of five villages: Cozma, Fânațele Socolului (Szénaszokol), Socolu de Câmpie (Mezőszokol), Valea Sasului (Szászvölgye) and Valea Ungurului (Magyarvölgye).
Chiheru de Jos is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Chiheru de Jos, Chiheru de Sus (Felsőköhér), Urisiu de Jos (Alsóoroszi) and Urisiu de Sus (Felsőoroszi).
Ideciu de Jos is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of three villages: Deleni (Oroszidecs), Ideciu de Jos and Ideciu de Sus (Felsőidecs).
Ibănești is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of ten villages: Blidireasa (Blidirászaházcsoport), Brădețelu (Disznópatak), Dulcea (Dulcsa), Ibănești, Ibănești-Pădure (Erdőlibánfalva), Lăpușna (Laposnyatelep), Pârâu Mare (Sziródrész), Tireu (Tyiró), Tisieu (Tyiszó) and Zimți (Zimc).
Hodac is a commune in Mureș County, Romania. It is composed of seven villages: Arșița (Ársica), Bicașu (Bikás), Dubiștea de Pădure (Erdődubiste), Hodac, Mirigioaia (Mirigalja), Toaca (Toka) and Uricea (Uricse).
Gurghiu is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of ten villages: Adrian (Görgényadorján), Cașva (Kásva), Comori (Kincsesfő), Fundoaia (Kásvavölgy), Glăjărie (Görgényüvegcsűr), Gurghiu, Larga (Lárgatelep), Orșova (Görgényorsova), Orșova-Pădure (Szécs) and Păuloaia (Pálpatak).
Gănești is a commune in Mureș County, Romania. It is composed of four villages: Gănești, Păucișoara (Küküllőpócsfalva), Seuca (Szőkefalva) and Sub Pădure (Erdőalja). It also included Cuștelnic village until 2002, when it was transferred to Târnăveni city.
Fărăgău is a commune in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Fărăgău, Fânațe (Fönácé), Hodaia (Telekytanya), Onuca (Unoka), Poarta (Körtekapu) and Tonciu (Tancs).
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