Brétigny-sur-Orge train crash

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Brétigny-sur-Orge train crash
Gare-de-Bretigny-sur-Orge - 2013-07-13 A - IMG 8912.jpg
The derailed 4th carriage of the train that crashed at the Brétigny station
Details
Date12 July 2013 (2013-07-12)
Time17:11 CEST (UTC+02:00)
Location Brétigny-sur-Orge, Île-de-France
Coordinates 48°36′26″N2°18′08″E / 48.607316°N 2.302274°E / 48.607316; 2.302274 Coordinates: 48°36′26″N2°18′08″E / 48.607316°N 2.302274°E / 48.607316; 2.302274
Country France
Operator SNCF
Incident type Derailment
CauseTrack defect
Statistics
Trains1
Passengers385
Deaths7
Injuries192

On 12 July 2013, a train crash occurred in the commune of Brétigny-sur-Orge in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, when a passenger train carrying 385 people derailed and hit the station platform. Six people were killed and nearly 200 were injured. [1]

Train wreck disaster involving one or more trains (for train colliding with a pedestrian, animal or other objects, see Q19403959)

A train wreck or train crash is a type of disaster involving one or more trains. Train wrecks often occur as a result of miscommunication, as when a moving train meets another train on the same track; or an accident, such as when a train wheel jumps off a track in a derailment; or when a boiler explosion occurs. Train wrecks have often been widely covered in popular media and in folklore.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Brétigny-sur-Orge Commune in Île-de-France, France

Brétigny-sur-Orge is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, 26.7 km (16.6 mi) from the city center.

Contents

The accident was cited as the most serious rail crash in France since the 1988 Gare de Lyon accident in which 56 people were killed. [2] [3]

Gare de Lyon rail accident train wreck

The Gare de Lyon rail accident occurred on 27 June 1988, when an SNCF commuter train headed inbound to Paris's Gare de Lyon terminal crashed into a stationary outbound train, killing 56 and injuring 60, resulting as the third deadliest rail disaster in peacetime France.

Accident

At 17:11 CEST (15:11 UTC) on 12 July 2013, [4] SNCF Corail Intercités train 3657 from Paris Gare d'Austerlitz to Limoges derailed and crashed at Brétigny station, resulting in the deaths of seven people (three passengers on the train and four on the platform) and injuries to "dozens" more. 385 passengers were on board, [5] [6] which occurred a few minutes after the train departed Austerlitz at 16:53. [7] It was scheduled to arrive at Limoges-Bénédictins at 20:05. The trains and platforms at Brétigny were particularly busy as it was the Friday before the Bastille Day holiday weekend. [5]

Coordinated Universal Time Primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time

Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about 1 second of mean solar time at 0° longitude, and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. In some countries where English is spoken, the term Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is often used as a synonym for UTC and predates UTC by nearly 300 years.

SNCF national state-owned railway company of France

The Société nationale des chemins de fer français is France's national state-owned railway company. Founded in 1938, it operates the country's national rail traffic along with Monaco, including the TGV, France's high-speed rail network. Its functions include operation of railway services for passengers and freight, and maintenance and signalling of rail infrastructure. The railway network consists of about 32,000 km (20,000 mi) of route, of which 1,800 km (1,100 mi) are high-speed lines and 14,500 km (9,000 mi) electrified. About 14,000 trains are operated daily.

Corail (train) French railway coach

Corail is the name given to a class of passenger rail cars of the SNCF that first entered commercial service in 1975. When introduced Corail carriages improved passenger comfort, featured air-conditioning, and superior levels of comfort, suspension and sound-proofing compared with previous InterCity carriages.

Reports indicate the train, which was not scheduled to stop, crashed at 137 km/h (85 mph) (below the speed limit of 150 km/h). The last four carriages derailed on a double slip, and the train then broke in two between its fourth and fifth carriages. [6] [8] The rear of the train deviated to the left from Track 1 to Track 3 at the following railroad switch. With the fifth and seventh carriages following different tracks, the sixth carriage swept the platform between them for a distance of around 100metres. It was pierced by a roof beam. The fifth carriage first hit the platform on its left and then came to rest along the opposite platform.

Railroad switch railroad turnout

A railroad switch (AE), turnout, or [set of] points (BE) is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off.

Accident bretigny croquis.png
Diagram of the derailment

Response

Railway workers immediately took action, preventing, by a few seconds, a collision between the derailed carriages and another approaching from the opposite direction. [9]

According to a police report, some thefts from passengers and throwing of projectiles at rescue workers occurred shortly after the accident. [10] [11] The Minister of Transport Frédéric Cuvillier and Interior Minister Manuel Valls described the incidents as "isolated acts" and said the throwing of missiles ceased when the police arrived. [12]

Frédéric Cuvillier French politician

Frédéric Cuvillier is a French politician who, until his appointment as Junior Minister for Transport and the Maritime Economy at the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, and Energy by President François Hollande on 16 May 2012, was a member of the National Assembly of France, where he represented the 5th constituency of Pas-de-Calais on behalf of the Parti Socialiste. He was mayor of Boulogne-sur-Mer from 22 November 2002 until 2012, when he became Secretary of State for Transport and the Maritime Economy.

Manuel Valls Prime Minister of France (2014–2016)

Manuel Carlos Valls Galfetti is a French and Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister of France from 2014 until 2016.

Investigation

The SNCF, French Land Transport Accident Investigation Bureau (BEA-TT), and judicial authorities started three separate investigations into the accident. [13]

The SNCF released its initial findings on 13 July 2013, reporting that the derailment appeared to have been caused by a track failure. A steel fishplate connecting two rails came loose 200 metres (660 ft) from the station at a set of switches, and became stuck in them. The last axle of the third carriage is thought to be the first to have hit the fishplate. [14]

In January 2019, an SNCF manager who had been supervising track inspections at Brétigny before the crash was charged with homicide. [15]

Causes

The 4 bolt fishplate involved in the derailment linked the lower right switch (here open) to the frog (the crossing zone). The inner plate swung around the last bolt and blocked the right frog of the double slip. Traversee-jonction double.jpg
The 4 bolt fishplate involved in the derailment linked the lower right switch (here open) to the frog (the crossing zone). The inner plate swung around the last bolt and blocked the right frog of the double slip.

Three investigations were initiated, by the Évry public prosecutor, the Land Transport Accident Investigation Bureau (BEA-TT) of the Ministry of Transport, and the SNCF. The train is believed to have derailed on the approach to Brétigny when passing over a switch 200 metres (660 ft) before the station. The French transport minister Frédéric Cuvillier stated that the accident was not due to human error and ruled out [ clarification needed ] any responsibility on the part of the driver.

At a press conference the day after the accident, an SNCF director stated that the failure of a fishplate (rail joint) was the cause of the accident, confirmed in the third SNCF press conference by supporting photographs. According to Guillaume Pepy, the SNCF president, the fishplate broke away from the rails and became lodged in the middle of the switch, causing the derailment.

Pepy said the SNCF considered itself responsible for the lives of its passengers and announced a campaign to check all similar equipment, nearly 5,000 units throughout the network, whose maintenance is within the SNCF's remit. [ clarification needed ]

See also

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References

  1. "Operations begin to clear wreckage of derailed train near Paris". France 24. 14 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  2. "Un train déraille à Brétigny : au moins 6 morts, Hollande se rend sur place" (in French). TF1. 12 July 2013. Archived from the original on 13 July 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  3. "Accident de train à Brétigny-sur-Orge : des précédents dramatiques" (in French). Microsoft. p. 6.[ dead link ]
  4. "Brétigny : la SNCF s'est trompée sur l'heure du déraillement du train". Le Figaro . 24 July 2013.
  5. 1 2 "Deadly French train crash at Bretigny-sur-Orge". BBC News. 12 July 2013.
  6. 1 2 "Packed train derails near Paris, 7 believed dead". AP via the Big Story. 12 July 2013. Archived from the original on 15 July 2013.
  7. "Six morts dans le déraillement d'un train dans l'Essonne". Libération (in French). 12 July 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  8. Bureau d’Enquêtes sur les Accidents de Transport Terrestre (BEA-TT). "Brétigny-sur-Orge". Les Enquêtes Techniques (in French). Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  9. 1 2 Déraillement mortel de train : une collision évitée”, Libération.
  10. Kovacs, Stéphane; Sallé, Caroline (19 July 2013). "Brétigny-sur-Orge : "T'as trouvé quoi dans les bagages ?"" [Brétigny-sur-Orge: "What did you find in the baggage?"]. Le Figaro (in French).
  11. Borredon, Laurent; Hopquin, Benoît (19 July 2013). "Brétigny : les autorités accusées de minimiser les incidents après l'accident" [Brétigny: The authorities are accused of downplaying incidents after the accident]. Le Monde (in French).
  12. "Brétigny. Un rapport de police confirme les vols et les caillassages après l'accident de train" [Brétigny. A police report confirms thefts and throwing of projectiles after train accident]. La Dépêche (in French). 19 July 2013.
  13. "Loose rail connector 'may have caused' France crash". BBC News. 13 July 2013.
  14. https://web.archive.org/web/20130716160306/http://www.itele.fr/france/video/bretigny-guillaume-pepy-confirme-la-defaillance-dune-eclisse. Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. https://www.lanouvellerepublique.fr/chateauroux/accident-de-bretigny-sur-orge-un-cadre-de-la-sncf-mis-en-examen