Brønnøysund

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Brønnøysund
Southwest view of Bronnoysund 20150606 1.jpg
View of the town
Norway Nordland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Brønnøysund
Location of the town
Norway location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Brønnøysund
Brønnøysund (Norway)
Coordinates: 65°28′05″N12°12′27″E / 65.4681°N 12.2075°E / 65.4681; 12.2075 Coordinates: 65°28′05″N12°12′27″E / 65.4681°N 12.2075°E / 65.4681; 12.2075
Country Norway
Region Northern Norway
County Nordland
District Helgeland
Municipality Brønnøy Municipality
Established1923
Area
[1]
  Total3.38 km2 (1.31 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total5,045
  Density1,493/km2 (3,870/sq mi)
Demonym(s) brønnøyfjerding
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
8900 Brønnøysund
Brønnøysund herred

Brønnøysund ladested
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Helgeland
Established1 Jan 1923
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreBrønnøysund
Area
  Total4.6 km2 (1.8 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1964)
  Total2,064
  Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-1801
Preceded by Brønnøy in 1923
Succeeded by Brønnøy in 1964

Brønnøysund (Urban East Norwegian pronunciation:  [ˈbrœ̂nːœʏˌsʉn] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) [3] is a town and the administrative centre of Brønnøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is also a former municipality within Nordland county. The village of Brønnøysund originally was declared a ladested in 1923 which made it an independent municipality. After merging with Brønnøy in 1964, it lost its town status. Then in 2000, it once again received town status. The town lies along the coast and is often called "the coastal town in the middle of Norway." Brønnøysund is also the regional center of Southern Helgeland.

Contents

The 3.38-square-kilometre (840-acre) town has a population (2018) of 5,045 and a population density of 1,493 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,870/sq mi). [1]

History

During the Viking era, Torgar, by the foot of the legendary mountain Torghatten, was a nationally powerful chieftain seat and an important commercial center along the coast. The original inhabitants were wiped out in an outright massacre by Duke Skule and his men in the Norwegian civil wars that raged around 1240, in the high medieval era of Norway.

The region was re-populated by immigrants from Southern Norway, Trøndelag, and Sweden, which could explain the unique dialect with a Swedish-like intonation.

In May 1945 "the prisoners [foreign POWs] from Ylvingen" [4] were transported by ship from the harbor at Brønnøysund. [4] ("the song saved my life") documents the farewell to Igor Trapitsin and the other Soviet ex-POWs from the harbour at Brønnøysund. [5]

Municipal history

The village of Brønnøysund was established as a municipality on 1 January 1923 when it was separated from Brønnøy Municipality when it became a ladested (town) and municipality of its own. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the town of Brønnøysund (population: 2,064) was merged with Velfjord Municipality (population: 1,380), Sømna Municipality (population: 2,347), Brønnøy Municipality (population: 2,635), and the Lande-Tosen area of Bindal Municipality to form a new, enlarged Brønnøy Municipality. [6] At that time, it lost its status as a ladested (town). In 2000, after some changes to Norwegian law, the municipality of Brønnøy designated Brønnøysund as a town once again.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Bystyre) of Brønnøysund was made up of representatives that were elected to four-year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Brønnøysund Bystyre 19601963 [7]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
  Conservative Party (Høyre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:21
Brønnøysund Bystyre 19561959 [8]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Conservative Party (Høyre)4
  Liberal Party (Venstre)3
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:21
Brønnøysund Bystyre 19521955 [9]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)9
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:20
Brønnøysund Bystyre 19481951 [10]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)12
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:20
Brønnøysund Bystyre 19451947 [11]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)7
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:20
Brønnøysund Bystyre 19381941* [12]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
  Non-socialist common list (Borgerlige samling)10
Total number of members:20
Brønnøysund Bystyre 19351937 [13]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Free-minded People's Party (Frisinnede Folkeparti)5
  Non-Socialist Group (Borgerlig Samling)8
Total number of members:20

Economy

This building is known as Telegrafen as it originally housed the telegraph in town. Telegrafen Bronnoysund.jpg
This building is known as Telegrafen as it originally housed the telegraph in town.
Bronnoysund main street Storgata i Bronnoysund.jpg
Brønnøysund main street
Bronnoysund Register Centre buildings Bronnoysundregistrene seawards.jpg
Brønnøysund Register Centre buildings
Tarnskolen, the old school. Tarnskolen i Bronnoysund.jpg
Tårnskolen, the old school.

The 3.55-square-kilometre (1.37 sq mi) town of Brønnøysund has a population (2013) of 4,625 and a population density of 1,303 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,370/sq mi). [1] It is also the administrative and commercial centre of the municipality of Brønnøy.

In recent years, Brønnøysund has managed to create a certain economic growth. Fjord Seafood originated here, as well as the largest limestone mine in Northern Europe and the highest foodstuff production in Northern Norway are examples of entrepreneurship and well-run economy in this somewhat prosperous region. Modern agriculture, hydroponics, the large TTS transport corporation, wood-processing and tourism are the main driving industries.

Transportation

Brønnøysund has daily visits by the Hurtigruten (Coastal Express), northbound at night and southbound in the afternoon. It has its own airport, Brønnøysund Airport, Brønnøy, and a direct eastbound connection to the European route E6 highway.

Throughout Norway, the town is known as the location of the Brønnøysund Register Centre, in which the new e-government portal Altinn is the newest addition. Torghatten ASA has its headquarters in Brønnøysund.

Airport

Brønnøysund Airport, Brønnøy is located only about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the town centre, and is a vital communications link not only for the town, but also for a large region surrounding the town.

The airport opened in 1968, providing modern and much needed, time-effective transportation to the region, and making it possible to reach both the capital and medical services within an acceptable timeframe.

In May 2010, the direct flight to Oslo was launched, and since April 2011 there are three daily departures for Oslo with a 50-seat plane. [14] There are also connections to Sandnessjøen, Mo i Rana, Rørvik, Trondheim, and Bodø. [15]

It is served by Norway's oldest airline, Widerøe. It is also base for some of the offshore helicopter services, making it possible to exploit the vast petroleum resources offshore.

Culture

The town has a number of cultural institutions:

The NRK series Himmelblå, a franchise of the British Two Thousand Acres of Sky , was filmed in part in Brønnøysund and on various locations nearby. The local Brønnøy Church serves the town of Brønnøysund.

Geography

Southern part of Bronnoysund Bronnoysund im Februar 2005.jpg
Southern part of Brønnøysund

Brønnøysund sits on a narrow peninsula on the mainland surrounded by islands and water. The town is connected to the island Torget by the Brønnøysund Bridge.

Climate

Brønnøysund has a temperate oceanic climate with mild winters (Koppen Cfb) considering the northerly location, and a long frost-free season. 9 of the 12 monthly all-time lows are from 1940 or older; 3 from before 1900. The coldest low after 2000 is −14.8 °C (5.4 °F) from February 2010. The all-time low −18.4 °C (−1.1 °F) was recorded in February 1966, and the all-time high 32.1 °C (89.8 °F) was set on July 27th 2019.

Climate data for Brønnøysund Airport 1991-2020 (9 m, precipitaton 1961-90, extremes 1873-2020 includes earlier stations)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)10.2
(50.4)
10.9
(51.6)
14.7
(58.5)
21.1
(70.0)
27.2
(81.0)
30.3
(86.5)
32.1
(89.8)
30.1
(86.2)
24.6
(76.3)
20.3
(68.5)
17.6
(63.7)
12.2
(54.0)
32.1
(89.8)
Average high °C (°F)2
(36)
2
(36)
4
(39)
8
(46)
12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
17
(63)
14
(57)
9
(48)
6
(43)
4
(39)
9
(49)
Daily mean °C (°F)1.1
(34.0)
0.4
(32.7)
1.4
(34.5)
4.7
(40.5)
8.1
(46.6)
11.2
(52.2)
14.3
(57.7)
14
(57)
11.1
(52.0)
6.8
(44.2)
4
(39)
1.9
(35.4)
6.6
(43.8)
Average low °C (°F)0
(32)
−1
(30)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
5
(41)
9
(48)
12
(54)
12
(54)
9
(48)
5
(41)
2
(36)
1
(34)
5
(40)
Record low °C (°F)−17.1
(1.2)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−15.5
(4.1)
−10.1
(13.8)
−5
(23)
0
(32)
1
(34)
1.1
(34.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
−11.3
(11.7)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−18.4
(−1.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)138
(5.4)
102
(4.0)
114
(4.5)
97
(3.8)
66
(2.6)
83
(3.3)
123
(4.8)
113
(4.4)
180
(7.1)
192
(7.6)
145
(5.7)
157
(6.2)
1,510
(59.4)
Source 1: yr.no - Meteorologisk Institutt [16]
Source 2: Weatheronline.co.uk [17]
Frokenosen estuary, Bronnoysund Frokenosen fra sorenden.jpg
Frøkenosen estuary, Brønnøysund

See also

Bronnoysund and the bridge to the adjacent island Torget with Torghatten Bronnoysund, Mofjellet.JPG
Brønnøysund and the bridge to the adjacent island Torget with Torghatten

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References

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  2. "Brønnøysund, Brønnøy (Nordland)". yr.no . Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  3. Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co (W Nygaard). p. 54.
  4. 1 2 3 "Etterlyser folk som husker krigens dager". 9 April 2011.
  5. 1 2 Guri Kulås (3 March 2015). "Ny dokumentar om sovjetisk krigsfange blir vist under filmfestivalen Kosmorama i Trondheim: Han berga seg med song". Klassekampen. pp. 28–9.
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  14. Widerøe with three daily departures Brønnøysund - Oslo from April 2011
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. name=yr.no "Brønnøysund Airport statistics". yr.no. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  17. "Weatheronline climate robot (average high and low)".