Bradfield Dale

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View down the dale from Boots Folly, Dale Dike reservoir in view Dale Dyke Resr from Boots Folly.jpg
View down the dale from Boots Folly, Dale Dike reservoir in view

Bradfield Dale is a rural valley 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west-northwest of the City of Sheffield in England. The valley stands within the north-eastern boundary of the Peak District National Park just west of the village of Low Bradfield. The dale is drained by the Strines Dike which becomes the Dale Dike lower down the valley, these being the headwaters of the River Loxley. The dale contains two reservoirs, Strines and Dale Dike, and a third Agden Reservoir stands in a side valley just above Low Bradfield. The dale is characterised by agricultural land interspersed with farming and residential buildings. It is approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) long from its foot at Low Bradfield to its head on Strines Moor.

Contents

Roads

Two roads travel up the valley from its lower regions: Dale Road passes on the north side of the dale with Blindside Lane on the south. Mortimer Road traverses around the valley at a height of around 310 metres (1,020 ft). This road was named after Hans Winthrop Mortimer, the Lord of Bamford and a former Member of Parliament, who obtained an Act of Parliament in 1771 to improve the bridleway between Penistone and Bamford by repairing, widening and building bridges to make it fit for wheeled traffic.

Great Sheffield Flood

The lower part of Bradfield Dale was the first area to be inundated by the Great Sheffield Flood of 1864. The dale beneath the stricken Dale Dike reservoir is rural with very few habitations. However, the farmstead of John Empsall and his family which stood by the Annet bridge was completely swept away by the torrent. Luckily the Empsalls including their three children survived, as did their lodger William Rose, a reservoir construction worker. They had been forewarned of the imminent disaster ten minutes earlier by local resident Thomas Fish. The Annet bridge was destroyed in the deluge, to be rebuilt at a later date. [1]

Significant buildings

Hallfield House and Sugworth Hall are the best two examples of residential houses within Bradfield Dale, both being given listed status by English Heritage. [2] [3] Hallfield dates from at least the 14th century, while Sugworth was mentioned in documents in the 16th century although it was then completely different in character to its present form. Just to the north of Sugworth Hall stands Boot's Folly (also known as Sugworth Tower [4] ), a conspicuous landmark on a hillside above Strines Reservoir.

Haychatter House Haychatter, Bradfield.JPG
Haychatter House

Thornseats Lodge

Thornseats Lodge is an imposing house, which stands high (320 metres/1,050 ft) on the north side of the valley off Mortimer Road above Dale Dike Reservoir dam wall. It was built in 1855 for the steel maker Sidney Jessop as a base for grouse shooting on the surrounding moorland. His better known brother Thomas Jessop (1804–1887) inherited the lodge and made significant improvements. The lodge eventually passed to Thomas' son William (1856–1905). Sheffield City Council purchased the building for use as an orphanage and then a children's home in the 1930s. In the 1980s it was sold to local businessman Doug Hague, and it now stands in a derelict state. [5]

Cruck barn at Woodseats farm Cruck barn, Woodseats Farm, Low Bradfield.JPG
Cruck barn at Woodseats farm

Farm buildings

Many of the farm buildings in the valley are of some age. Lower Thornseat farmhouse on Dale Road (grade II listed [6] ) dates from 1721 and stands within a small group of buildings which includes the Dale Dike reservoir keeper's house, a substantial stone built house dating from the 1870s. Further down Dale Road is Walker House Farm, which includes an early 17th-century cruck barn. Woodseats Farm on the dale's northern slopes also has a surviving cruck barn. [7] Almost adjacent to Walker House on Dale Road is Haychatter House, which dates from the late 1500s and was a farm building for several hundred years. When the reservoirs were built in the dale during the 1860s the farm became a public house serving the large number of navvies who arrived to do the construction work. Initially called the Reservoir Inn and then the Haychatter Inn, the pub closed in 2003, being run by the Siddall family for last 30 years of operation. Today it is a private house. Edgefield House, now marked on maps as Edgefield Farm, is one of the largest houses in the dale; built in a sunless north-facing position off Hoar Stones Road, it was the home of the eminent Sheffield solicitor William Tattershall (1774–1834). By the roadside is a small unusual listed building, [8] erected to protect people from a spring in which a child drowned in 1832. [5] [9]

Strines Inn

The Strines Inn, the only public house left in the dale with the closing of the Haychatter, stands at the head of the valley on Mortimer Road at a height of 1000 feet above sea level. Although there are claims that there was a structure on the site in the 13th century, it seems that the building dates from the 16th century, with the upper wing added in the 18th century and the part adjacent to the road constructed in 1860. The Worralls were a local gentry family who lived at Strines, and their coat of arms is carved above the doorway. The inn was converted to a public house in the 1770s. [10]

Related Research Articles

Bradfield, South Yorkshire Civil parish in South Yorkshire, England

Bradfield is a civil parish in the City of Sheffield, in South Yorkshire, England.

High Bradfield Village in South Yorkshire, England

High Bradfield is a rural village 6.5 miles (10 km) north-west of the centre of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England and within the city's boundaries. The village lies just within the Peak District National Park, 1.3 miles (2 km) inside the park's north-eastern border, is at an altitude of 260 metres (850 feet) AOD and has extensive views across Bradfield Dale towards Derwent Edge and the Dark Peak.

Low Bradfield

Low Bradfield is a village within the civil parish of Bradfield in South Yorkshire, England. It is situated within the boundary of the city of Sheffield in the upper part of the Loxley Valley, 6¼ miles west-northwest of the city centre and just inside the northeast boundary of the Peak District National Park. Low Bradfield and the surrounding area is noted for its attractive countryside which draws many visitors from the more urban parts of Sheffield. At weekends the village can become quite crowded, especially when there is a match on the village cricket pitch. Low Bradfield which stands in the shadow of Agden Reservoir has a sister village High Bradfield which is located at a higher altitude, ½ mile to the northeast. The two villages are joined by the steep Woodfall Lane.

River Loxley

The River Loxley is a river in the City of Sheffield South Yorkshire, England. Its source is a series of streams which rise some 10 miles (16 km) to the north-west of Sheffield on Bradfield Moors, flowing through Bradfield Dale to converge at Low Bradfield. It flows easterly through Damflask Reservoir and is joined by Storrs Brook at Storrs, near Stannington, and the River Rivelin at Malin Bridge, before flowing into the River Don at Owlerton, in Hillsborough. The Loxley valley provided the initial course of the Great Sheffield Flood, which happened after the Dale Dyke Dam collapsed shortly before its completion in March 1864.

Loxley, South Yorkshire Human settlement in England

Loxley is a village and a suburb of the city of Sheffield, England. It is a long linear community which stretches by the side of the River Loxley and along the B6077 for almost 2.5 miles (4 km). Loxley extends from its borders with the suburbs of Malin Bridge and Wisewood westward to the hamlet of Stacey Bank near Damflask Reservoir. The centre of the suburb is situated at the junction of Rodney Hill and Loxley Road where the old village green stands and this is located 3 miles (5 km) north west of Sheffield city centre. The suburb falls within the Stannington ward of the City of Sheffield.

Damflask Reservoir Reservoir in South Yorkshire, England

Damflask Reservoir is situated at grid reference SK277907 five miles west of the centre of Sheffield in the Loxley valley close to the village of Low Bradfield and within the city's boundaries. The hamlet of Stacey Bank is located to the east. The reservoir has a capacity of 4,250.9 million litres and has a surface area of 47 hectares with a maximum depth of 27 metres (88 ft). The dam wall is approximately 400 metres (1,312 ft) wide with a height of 28 metres (92 ft).

Agden Reservoir Reservoir in South Yorkshire, England

Agden Reservoir is a water storage reservoir, situated at grid reference SK260925, 6.5 miles (10 km) west of the centre of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. It is owned by Yorkshire Water which is part of the Kelda Group. The reservoir covers an area of 25 hectares and has a capacity of 559 million gallons (2.11x109 litres) of water, the dam wall has a width of approximately 350 metres with a height of 30 metres.

Dale Dike Reservoir Reservoir in the north-east Peak District, England

Dale Dike Reservoir or Dale Dyke Reservoir is a reservoir in the north-east Peak District, in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, a mile (1.6 km) west of Bradfield and eight miles (13 km) from the centre of Sheffield, on the Dale Dike, a tributary of the River Loxley.

Dungworth Hamlet in South Yorkshire, England

Dungworth is a hamlet in the civil parish of Bradfield, west of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England.

Strines Reservoir Reservoir in South Yorkshire, England

Strines Reservoir is a water storage reservoir situated at 53.4099°N 1.6557°W, 8 miles (13 km) west of the centre of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England.

Midhopestones Village in South Yorkshire, England

Midhopestones is a village in the civil parish of Bradfield within the Stocksbridge and Upper Don electoral ward in the borough of the City of Sheffield, England.

Fair House Farmhouse

Fair House Farmhouse is a 17th-century building situated on Annet Lane in the village of Low Bradfield within the boundary of the City of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England. The farmhouse is a Grade II* Listed Building while the stable and garage buildings immediately to the west of the main house are Grade II listed..

Hallfield House

Hallfield House is a Grade II listed building situated in Bradfield Dale, 1.7 miles (2.74 km) west of the village of Low Bradfield, near Sheffield in England.

Colden, West Yorkshire Hamlet in West Yorkshire, England

Colden is a hamlet in the civil parish of Heptonstall in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the hamlet consists of scattered houses and farms on high ground west of Heptonstall, above the valley of Colden Water.

Upper Midhope Village in South Yorkshire, England

Upper Midhope is a village in the civil parish of Bradfield within the Stocksbridge and Upper Don electoral ward in the borough of the City of Sheffield, England. It lies just on the edge of the Peak District national park.

Storrs, South Yorkshire Human settlement in England

Storrs is a hamlet within the boundaries of the City of Sheffield in England, it is situated 6.5 km west-northwest of the city centre. Storrs is located between the suburb of Stannington and the village of Dungworth in the civil parish of Bradfield at a height of 210 metres above sea level between the Loxley and Rivelin valleys. Although historically a farming settlement, water-powered milling on the Storrs Brook and small scale cutlery making has also taken place in the hamlet.

Brightholmlee

Brightholmlee is a small rural hamlet situated within the City of Sheffield in England. The hamlet falls within the Stannington Ward of the City. It is located 6.2 miles (10 km) north-west of the city centre and 0.6 miles (1 km) west of Wharncliffe Side within Bradfield Parish. Previously a farming community, it consist of four farmsteads, Manor Farm, Old Hall Farm, High Lea Farm and Lee Farm. It is now almost entirely residential with the last working farm being sold for development in 2013.

Sugworth Hall Country house in Bradfield, South Yorkshire, UK

Sugworth Hall is an English country house on Sugworth Road in Bradfield Dale, near Sheffield, England. It is situated approximately 8 miles (13 km) west from Sheffield City Centre. The hall is a Grade II listed building which stands within the Peak District National Park at a height of 984 feet (300 m) above sea level.

Ughill Hamlet in South Yorkshire, England

Ughill is a small, rural hamlet within the City of Sheffield in Bradfield Parish in England. It is 5 mi west-northwest of the city centre. It stands in a lofty position at 918 ft above sea level, on a ridge between Bradfield Dale and the valley of the Ughill Brook. It has traditionally been a farming community, but there was some mining in the area in the late 19th and 20th century. Ughill Hall was the scene of an infamous murder in September 1986. The hamlet falls within the Stannington ward of the City.

New Mills is a civil parish in High Peak, Derbyshire. It contains 65 listed buildings, which are designated by Historic England and recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, one is listed at Grade II*; the rest are at Grade II. Hague Bridge and Borderstone/Hope Cottage have two listings, as they span parish boundaries.

References

  1. Machan, Peter (1999). The Dramatic Story of the Great Sheffield Flood. ALD Design and Print. p. 32. ISBN   1 901587 05 3.
  2. Historic England. "Hallfield House  (Grade II) (1192122)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  3. Historic England. "Sugworth Hall  (Grade II) (1314556)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  4. Historic England. "Sugworth Tower  (Grade II) (1203769)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  5. 1 2 Redfern, Roger (2005). Portrait of Bradfield Dale. The Cottage Press. ISBN   0 9547605 2 2.
  6. Historic England. "Lower Thornseat Farmhouse  (Grade II) (1191778)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  7. Historic England. "Cruck Barn at Walker House Farm  (Grade II) (1260969)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  8. Historic England. "Monument approximately 110 metres west of junction with Ughill Road  (Grade II) (1132818)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  9. Castle, Joe (2008). A Look At Life in Bradfield Dale and the Surrounding Area. Northend Creative Print Solutions. ISBN   0901100811. Gives details of buildings.
  10. Historic England. "Strines Inn  (Grade II) (1192191)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 April 2020.

Coordinates: 53°24′59″N1°38′24″W / 53.4164382°N 1.6399508°W / 53.4164382; -1.6399508