|3rd President of Macedonia|
12 May 2004 –12 May 2009
|Prime Minister|| Radmila Šekerinska (Acting)|
Radmila Šekerinska (Acting)
|Preceded by||Boris Trajkovski|
|Succeeded by||Gjorge Ivanov|
|2nd Prime Minister of Macedonia|
1 November 2002 –12 May 2004
|President|| Boris Trajkovski |
|Preceded by||Ljubčo Georgievski|
|Succeeded by||Radmila Šekerinska (Acting)|
17 August 1992 –30 November 1998
|President|| Kiro Gligorov |
|Preceded by||Nikola Kljusev|
|Succeeded by||Ljubčo Georgievski|
|Born||12 October 1962|
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia
|Political party||Social Democratic Union|
|Alma mater||Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje|
Branko Crvenkovski (Macedonian : Бранко Црвенковски [ˈbraŋkɔ tsr̩ˈvɛŋkɔfski] ( listen ); born 12 October 1962) is a Macedonian politician who served as Prime Minister of Macedonia from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2002 to 2004, and as President of Macedonia from 2004 to 2009. He was also leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.
Crvenkovski was born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then part of Yugoslavia.
In 1986 he obtained a bachelor's degree in Computer Science and Automation from the School of Electrical Engineering at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje.
He was elected member of the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia at the first multi-party elections in Yugoslavia in 1990 after serving for several years as head of department at the Semos company in Skopje. A former communist, Crvenkovski has been at the head of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia since April 1991.
On 5 September 1992 he became Macedonia's second prime minister after its secession from Yugoslavia and continued in the post for another four years following the December 1994 elections.
He served as Prime Minister from 1992 to 1998 and from 2002 until 2004. He was most recently elected in 2002 after his Social Democratic Union of Macedonia party won parliamentary elections.
In July 1997 he ordered that Albanian flags in front of government buildings in western part of Macedonia be removed. The situation escalated with one person dead and many injured. In 2005, on his initiative, the Albanian flag was legalized.
He won the April 2004 presidential election against Saško Kedev and took office on 12 May 2004. He then resigned as Prime Minister.
Crvenkovski did not run for a second term in the March 2009 presidential election. Instead, he returned to his party and was elected to be the head of the party on 24 May 2009.
Politics in North Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated North Macedonia a "hybrid regime" in 2019.
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity, simplified as VMRO-DPMNE is a political party in North Macedonia and one of the two major parties in the country, the other being the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.
The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia is a social-democratic political party, and the main centre-left party in North Macedonia. The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia was founded on 20 April 1991 at the 11th Congress of the League of Communists of Macedonia, when it was transformed into the SDSM. Branko Crvenkovski was elected as the party's first president. Its current leader is Zoran Zaev. The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia is a member of the Progressive Alliance and an associate affiliate of the Party of European Socialists (PES). The party supported a practical solution to the Macedonian naming dispute with Greece, which succeeded under the Prespa agreement.
The Democratic Union for Integration is the largest ethnic Albanian political party in North Macedonia and the third largest political party in the country. It was formed immediately after the country's 2001 armed conflict between the National Liberation Army (NLA), a terrorist organization, and Macedonian security forces. NLA leader Ali Ahmeti has been the party's president ever since.
Presidential elections were held in Macedonia on 14 April 2004, with a second round on 28 April. They followed the death in an air crash in February of incumbent President Boris Trajkovski.
Hari Kostov was the Prime Minister of Macedonia from May 2004 to November 2004. He was appointed to the position of Prime Minister by the parliament on May 31, 2004, two weeks after being nominated by President Branko Crvenkovski. Kostov was an economic advisor to the Macedonian government and the World Bank during the 1980s and 1990s. He was the interior minister in the previous government, which was led by Crvenkovski and lasted from 2002 until 2004, and ended when Crvenkovski was elected president. Kostov retained most officials from the Crvenkovski government.
Radmila Šekerinska Jankovska is the current defense minister of North Macedonia and a former leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM). Šekerinska was previously Deputy Prime Minister for European Integration and National Coordinator for Foreign Assistance of North Macedonia and also was the acting Prime Minister of North Macedonia from 12 May 2004 until 12 June 2004 and from 3 November 2004 until 15 December 2004. She was elected 5 November 2006 the SDUM leader.
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Vlado Bučkovski is a former prime minister of the Republic of Macedonia, elected by parliament on 17 December 2004. He was previously the defense minister of Macedonia from May 2001 to November 2001 and from November 2002 to December 2004. He was president of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia. After the 2006 election defeat by the centre-right VMRO-DPMNE, Radmila Šekerinska took over the party's leadership.
The president of the Republic of North Macedonia is the head of state of North Macedonia.
The League of Communists of Macedonia was the Macedonian branch of the ruling League of Communists of Yugoslavia during the period 1943 – 1990. It was formed on the base of the Regional Committee of the Communists in Macedonia under the name Communist Party of Macedonia during the antifascist National Liberation War of Macedonia in the Second World War. It retained that name until April 1952.
Zoran Jolevski is a Macedonian diplomat and the former Minister of Defense of the Republic of Macedonia. Prior to his appointment as Minister of Defense, he served as Macedonia's Ambassador to the United States of America. In November 2008, he was appointed chief negotiator to the Macedonia naming dispute, and in 2011 he was appointed Ambassador to the United Mexican States and as Permanent Representative to the Organization of American States. He served as Secretary General of the late Macedonian president Boris Trajkovski from 2000–2004. He holds a Ph.D. in International Economy from Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje. He is married to Suzana Jolevska, and together they have two sons, Pero (1988) and Filip (1992).
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Nevzat Halili, is a Macedonian politician and teacher of English. Halili was first elected to the Macedonian parliament in 1991 and is a member of the Party for Democratic Prosperity. In an open letter to president Kiro Gligorov in 1993, Halili argued that the Albanians in Macedonia were discriminated against in the state administration and the public sector. He was minister without portfolio in the second government of Branko Crvenkovski (1994-1998). During the 1990s, Halili was sentenced to prison for participation in demonstrations and preventing police officers from exercising their duty.
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