Branko Crvenkovski

Last updated

Branko Crvenkovski
Бранко Црвенковски
3rd President of Macedonia
In office
12 May 2004 12 May 2009
Prime Minister Radmila Šekerinska (Acting)
Hari Kostov
Radmila Šekerinska (Acting)
Vlado Bučkovski
Nikola Gruevski
Preceded by Boris Trajkovski
Succeeded by Gjorge Ivanov
2nd Prime Minister of Macedonia
In office
1 November 2002 12 May 2004
President Boris Trajkovski
Ljupčo Jordanovski
Preceded by Ljubčo Georgievski
Succeeded by Radmila Šekerinska (Acting)
In office
17 August 1992 30 November 1998
President Kiro Gligorov
Stojan Andov
Kiro Gligorov
Preceded by Nikola Kljusev
Succeeded by Ljubčo Georgievski
Personal details
Born (1962-10-12) 12 October 1962 (age 58)
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia
Political party Social Democratic Union
Spouse(s)Jasna Crvenkovska
Alma mater Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje

Branko Crvenkovski (Macedonian : Бранко Црвенковски [ˈbraŋkɔ tsr̩ˈvɛŋkɔfski] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); born 12 October 1962) is a Macedonian politician who served as Prime Minister of Macedonia from 1992 to 1998 and again from 2002 to 2004, and as President of Macedonia from 2004 to 2009. He was also leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.


Background and earlier career

Crvenkovski was born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then part of Yugoslavia. [1]

In 1986 he obtained a bachelor's degree in Computer Science and Automation from the School of Electrical Engineering at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje.

He was elected member of the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia at the first multi-party elections in Yugoslavia in 1990 after serving for several years as head of department at the Semos company in Skopje. A former communist, Crvenkovski has been at the head of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia since April 1991.

Prime Minister of Macedonia

On 5 September 1992 he became Macedonia's second prime minister after its secession from Yugoslavia and continued in the post for another four years following the December 1994 elections.

He served as Prime Minister from 1992 to 1998 and from 2002 until 2004. He was most recently elected in 2002 after his Social Democratic Union of Macedonia party won parliamentary elections.

In July 1997 he ordered that Albanian flags in front of government buildings in western part of Macedonia be removed. The situation escalated with one person dead and many injured. In 2005, on his initiative, the Albanian flag was legalized.

President of Macedonia

He won the April 2004 presidential election against Saško Kedev and took office on 12 May 2004. He then resigned as Prime Minister.

Crvenkovski did not run for a second term in the March 2009 presidential election. Instead, he returned to his party and was elected to be the head of the party on 24 May 2009. [2]

Honours and awards

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of North Macedonia Political system of North Macedonia

Politics in North Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated North Macedonia a "hybrid regime" in 2019.


Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity, simplified as VMRO-DPMNE is a political party in North Macedonia and one of the two major parties in the country, the other being the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.

Social Democratic Union of Macedonia Political party in North Macedonia

The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia is a social-democratic political party, and the main centre-left party in North Macedonia. The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia was founded on 20 April 1991 at the 11th Congress of the League of Communists of Macedonia, when it was transformed into the SDSM. Branko Crvenkovski was elected as the party's first president. Its current leader is Zoran Zaev. The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia is a member of the Progressive Alliance and an associate affiliate of the Party of European Socialists (PES). The party supported a practical solution to the Macedonian naming dispute with Greece, which succeeded under the Prespa agreement.

Democratic Union for Integration

The Democratic Union for Integration is the largest ethnic Albanian political party in North Macedonia and the third largest political party in the country. It was formed immediately after the country's 2001 armed conflict between the National Liberation Army (NLA), a terrorist organization, and Macedonian security forces. NLA leader Ali Ahmeti has been the party's president ever since.

2004 Macedonian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Macedonia on 14 April 2004, with a second round on 28 April. They followed the death in an air crash in February of incumbent President Boris Trajkovski.

Hari Kostov was the Prime Minister of Macedonia from May 2004 to November 2004. He was appointed to the position of Prime Minister by the parliament on May 31, 2004, two weeks after being nominated by President Branko Crvenkovski. Kostov was an economic advisor to the Macedonian government and the World Bank during the 1980s and 1990s. He was the interior minister in the previous government, which was led by Crvenkovski and lasted from 2002 until 2004, and ended when Crvenkovski was elected president. Kostov retained most officials from the Crvenkovski government.

Radmila Šekerinska Macedonian politician

Radmila Šekerinska Jankovska is the current defense minister of North Macedonia and a former leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM). Šekerinska was previously Deputy Prime Minister for European Integration and National Coordinator for Foreign Assistance of North Macedonia and also was the acting Prime Minister of North Macedonia from 12 May 2004 until 12 June 2004 and from 3 November 2004 until 15 December 2004. She was elected 5 November 2006 the SDUM leader.

The Albanians in North Macedonia are the second largest ethnic group in North Macedonia.

Vlado Bučkovski

Vlado Bučkovski is a former prime minister of the Republic of Macedonia, elected by parliament on 17 December 2004. He was previously the defense minister of Macedonia from May 2001 to November 2001 and from November 2002 to December 2004. He was president of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia. After the 2006 election defeat by the centre-right VMRO-DPMNE, Radmila Šekerinska took over the party's leadership.

President of North Macedonia

The president of the Republic of North Macedonia is the head of state of North Macedonia.

League of Communists of Macedonia Political party

The League of Communists of Macedonia was the Macedonian branch of the ruling League of Communists of Yugoslavia during the period 1943 – 1990. It was formed on the base of the Regional Committee of the Communists in Macedonia under the name Communist Party of Macedonia during the antifascist National Liberation War of Macedonia in the Second World War. It retained that name until April 1952.

Zoran Jolevski

Zoran Jolevski is a Macedonian diplomat and the former Minister of Defense of the Republic of Macedonia. Prior to his appointment as Minister of Defense, he served as Macedonia's Ambassador to the United States of America. In November 2008, he was appointed chief negotiator to the Macedonia naming dispute, and in 2011 he was appointed Ambassador to the United Mexican States and as Permanent Representative to the Organization of American States. He served as Secretary General of the late Macedonian president Boris Trajkovski from 2000–2004. He holds a Ph.D. in International Economy from Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje. He is married to Suzana Jolevska, and together they have two sons, Pero (1988) and Filip (1992).

In 1991, the Socialist Party of Albania, with specific social democratic ideology took control of the country through democratic elections. One year later the Democratic Party of Albania won the new elections. After 1990, Albania has been seeking a closer relationship with the West. What followed were deliberate programs of economic and democratic reform, but Albanian inexperience with capitalism led to the proliferation of pyramid schemes – which were not banned due to the corruption of the government. Chaos in late 1996 to early 1997, as a result of the collapse of these pyramid schemes, alarmed the world and prompted the influx of international peacekeeping forces. In 1995, Albania was accepted into the Council of Europe and requested membership in NATO and is a potential candidate country for accession to the European Union. The workforce of Albania has continued to emigrate to Western countries, especially Greece and Italy.

Gjorge Ivanov Macedonian politician

Gjorge Ivanov is a Macedonian politician, who served as the 4th President of North Macedonia from 2009 to 2019.

Bujar Nishani Albanian politician

Bujar Nishani is an Albanian politician. He served as President of Albania from 24 July 2012 to 24 July 2017.

Zoran Zaev Prime Minister of North Macedonia

Zoran Zaev is a Macedonian economist and politician who is serving as the Prime Minister of North Macedonia since 30 August 2020, a position he previously held from 31 May 2017 to 3 January 2020.

Teuta Arifi Macedonian politician of Albanian origin

Teuta Arifi is a Macedonian politician of Albanian origin. In April 2013 Teuta Arifi was elected the Mayor of Municipality of Tetovo. Previous to her run for local elections, Teuta Arifi served as Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia in charge of European Affairs. Arifi was the first Albanian woman to be elected in the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia in 2002. She was subsequently re-elected as Member of Parliament in 2006, 2008, and 2011. She also holds the position of Vice-President of the Democratic Union for Integration (DUI), key political party of the Albanians in North Macedonia. She speaks Albanian, Macedonian, English, French, Italian and Turkish.

Stevo Pendarovski President of North Macedonia

Stevo Pendarovski is a Macedonian politician who has served as the president of North Macedonia since 12 May 2019.

Nevzat Halili

Nevzat Halili, is a Macedonian politician and teacher of English. Halili was first elected to the Macedonian parliament in 1991 and is a member of the Party for Democratic Prosperity. In an open letter to president Kiro Gligorov in 1993, Halili argued that the Albanians in Macedonia were discriminated against in the state administration and the public sector. He was minister without portfolio in the second government of Branko Crvenkovski (1994-1998). During the 1990s, Halili was sentenced to prison for participation in demonstrations and preventing police officers from exercising their duty.

Donika Gërvalla-Schwarz is a Kosovan politician. A member of the Guxo political list of the Vetëvendosje political party, she has served as minister of foreign affairs and second deputy prime minister in the second Kurti cabinet since 2021. Gërvalla-Schwarz is the daughter of assassinated Albanian activist Jusuf Gërvalla.


  1. President of Republic of Macedonia – Branko Crvenkovski Archived 29 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Социјалдемократски Сојуз на Македонија – Претседател". Retrieved 10 June 2011.
  3. "". Archived from the original on 31 August 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  4. Received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Political offices
Preceded by
Nikola Kljusev
Prime Minister of Macedonia
Succeeded by
Ljubčo Georgievski
Preceded by
Ljubčo Georgievski
Prime Minister of Macedonia
Succeeded by
Radmila Šekerinska
Preceded by
Boris Trajkovski
President of Macedonia
Succeeded by
Gjorge Ivanov