Breamore

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Breamore
Breamore Church.JPG
St. Mary's parish church
Hampshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Breamore
Location within Hampshire
Population363  [1]
364 (2011 Census) [2]
OS grid reference SU158180
Civil parish
  • Breamore
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FORDINGBRIDGE
Postcode district SP6
Dialling code 01725
Police Hampshire and Isle of Wight
Fire Hampshire and Isle of Wight
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
Website Breamore Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°57′43″N1°46′30″W / 50.962°N 1.775°W / 50.962; -1.775

Breamore ( /ˈbrɛmər/ BREM-ər) is a village and civil parish near Fordingbridge in Hampshire, England. The parish includes a notable Elizabethan country house, Breamore House, built with an E-shaped ground plan. [3] The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary has an Anglo-Saxon rood.

Contents

Overview

The village of Breamore is mainly situated along the A338 road between Fordingbridge and Downton, although the Saxon church and Breamore House are about three-quarters of a mile west of the road. Within the Parish is the Marsh (an important surviving manorial green) [4] and the River Avon: both are listed as Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Other parts of the Parish fall within the Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. [5]

History

Giants Grave long barrow NW of Breamore Village Giants grave long barrow breamore.jpg
Giants Grave long barrow NW of Breamore Village
The "Mizmaze" northwest of Breamore village The Breamore Mizmaze - geograph.org.uk - 24118.jpg
The "Mizmaze" northwest of Breamore village

Breamore Down northwest of the village has several Bronze Age bowl barrows. There is also a long barrow known as the Giant's Grave, originally 65m long and 26m wide with flanked ditches, it is now partly damaged. Breamore Down also has a mysterious mizmaze on its heights. Argument rages as to whether the Bronze Age people or mediaeval monks were responsible for these patterns cut in the turf. [4]

The name Breamore, recorded as Brumore in 1086, may be derived from Old English "Brommor" meaning "broom(covered) marsh". [6] At an early date the manor of Breamore belonged to the Crown, and in 1086 was part of the royal manor of Rockbourne. [7]

At an early date, probably by grant of Henry I, Breamore passed to the Earls of Devon, lords of the Isle of Wight, who held it from the king in chief. In 1299, Edward I assigned it to his consort, Margaret of France, but in 1302 Breamore was delivered to Hugh de Courtenay. From that time it descended with the Earls of Devon until it was granted, in 1467, to Walter Blount, 1st Baron Mountjoy.

In 1475, Breamore escheated to the king, who granted it for life in 1490 to Sir Hugh Conway and Elizabeth his wife. In 1512, it was granted to Catherine of York widow of William Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon and her heirs. Her son Henry was created Marquess of Exeter in 1525, but was beheaded in 1538–9, when the manor again passed to the Crown. [8]

The manor was granted in 1541 to the queen consort, Catherine Howard, and in 1544 to Catherine Parr, who, after the death of Henry VIII, married Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, to whom Breamore was granted by Edward VI in 1547. On his execution in 1549 it again passed to the Crown and was granted in 1579 by Elizabeth I to Christopher Hatton. William Dodington purchased from him and died in 1600 leaving a son and heir Sir William. From this date Breamore followed the descent of South Charford until 1741, when Francis Lord Brooke sold it to Samuel Dixon, preliminary to its sale to Sir Edward Hulse. [8]


Breamore railway station opened in 1866. It was served by the Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway, a line running north–south along the River Avon, connecting Salisbury to the North and Poole to the South. [9] It closed in 1964, the disused station still exists on the road that leads east from the A338.

St Mary's Church

The church of Saint Mary is an almost complete example of an Anglo-Saxon church. [10] The building consists of a chancel and aisleless nave separated by square central tower. The east window with net like tracery dates from 1340. There is a "leper window" in the north wall. Seven "double-splayed" Saxon windows remain. The chancel arch and arch in west wall of the tower are 15th century. The tower houses four bells cast in late 16th and early 17th centuries. There is an Anglo Saxon inscription dating from the reign of Æthelred the Unready, and a badly mutilated Saxon rood with figures of Our Lady and Saint John. [11]

Breamore Priory

The priory of Breamore was founded towards the end of the reign of Henry I by Baldwin de Redvers and Hugh his uncle, to whose descendants the advowson belonged. It was apparently visited by Richard II in 1384. Baldwin and Hugh de Redvers endowed their priory of Breamore with certain land in Breamore which formed the nucleus of the manor later known as Breamore Bulborn. Various donors added gifts of adjoining land which were merged in the manor.

On the dissolution of the priory in July 1536 the site was granted in November of that year with the manors of Breamore and Bulborn to Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter and his wife Gertrude. It then followed the descent of Breamore Bulborn, becoming merged in that manor. [8]

Breamore House NW of Village Breamore House - the South Facade - geograph.org.uk - 870215.jpg
Breamore House NW of Village
Breamore village stocks Stocks, Breamore - geograph.org.uk - 1284389.jpg
Breamore village stocks

Breamore House

Breamore House stands northwest of the church. The original house was a very fine late 16th-century building of brick and stone, but was unfortunately burnt in 1856. It was restored on the old lines, incorporating such of the old masonry as was left, and now from a short distance still resembles an Elizabethan building. [8]

Breamore stocks

The village stocks can be viewed by the A338 roadside. [12] They were originally at the road junction, but are now opposite the Bat and Ball Hotel. They were restored after being badly damaged by a lorry. The stocks have a whipping post and horizontals with four leg holes. [13] A modern roof has been erected over them. [12]

Breamore Mill from the road bridge Breamore Mill Hampshire.jpg
Breamore Mill from the road bridge
Victorian ironwork on Breamore bridge Breamore bridge ironwork.jpg
Victorian ironwork on Breamore bridge

Breamore Mill

Breamore Mill is on the river Avon on the east side of the village.

Near the mill on the road to Woodgreen village is a Victorian bridge will elaborate cast iron sides.


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References

  1. "2001 Census Neighbourhood Statistics – Civil Parishes in the New Forest". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  2. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  3. "History of the House" . Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  4. 1 2 "New Forest". Hampshire Treasures. Hampshire County Council. 3 November 2010. pp. 33, 35. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  5. "Breamore Parish Council". Breamore Parish Council. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  6. "Old Hampshire Gazetteer" . Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  7. "Place: Breamore". Open Domesday. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  8. 1 2 3 4 "Parishes: Breamore". A History of the County of Hampshire. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. 1911. pp. 596–602. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  9. "Station Name: Breamore". Disused Stations. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  10. "St Mary’s Church, One of England’s most important Anglo-Saxon Churches," by Simon Jenkins
  11. New Forest. 3 November 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2014.{{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  12. 1 2 New Forest. 3 November 2010. p. 40. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2014.{{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  13. "Breamore Stocks". Old Hampshire Gazetteer. Retrieved 29 September 2014.