Breightmet

Last updated

Breightmet
St James Church Breightmet (cropped).jpg
St James Church
World location map (equirectangular 180).svg
Red pog.svg
Breightmet
Location within
Population13,584 (2011.ward)
OS grid reference SD745095
Metropolitan borough
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOLTON
Postcode district BL2
Dialling code 01204
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
53°34′52″N2°23′10″W / 53.581°N 2.386°W / 53.581; -2.386 Coordinates: 53°34′52″N2°23′10″W / 53.581°N 2.386°W / 53.581; -2.386

Breightmet /ˈbrtmət/ is a neighbourhood of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England. The population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 13,584. [1] Historically a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, it lies 2 miles (3.2 km) north-east of Bolton and 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west of Bury. [2]

Contents

History

Toponymy

The name is from Old English breorht (bright) and maed (meadow). It was recorded variously as Brihtmede (1257), Brightemete (1277), Breghmete and Breghtmed (1292), Brithmete (1302), Brightmede (1510) and Breightmet (1574). [2]

Manor

The manor originated as part of the Marsey fee and one ploughland was held by Augustin de Breightmet in the 12th century. By marriage, one part descended to the Southworths of Samlesbury, who held it until the 16th century. This portion was later owned by Gerards, Ainsworths, Banastres, Baguley and Parker families. The other part was held by the Hollands until they forfeited it in 1461, when it was granted to Lord Stanley and his son, Lord Strange, the Earls of Derby. [2]

Industry

In the township there was a quarry and several collieries, including one accessing a seam of coal 3 yards (2.7 m) thick. There were handloom weavers producing quilts and counterpanes. Two cotton mills and a bleachworks were built. [3]

Governance

In 1837 Breightmet became part of the Bolton Poor Law Union, which took responsibility for funding the Poor Law in that area. [4] The township was incorporated in the borough of Bolton in 1898. [2] [5] Following the Local Government Act 1972, the County Borough of Bolton was abolished and Breightmet became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester in 1974. It is represented by three councillors on Bolton Council and is part of the Bolton North-East Westminster constituency.

Geography

The Breightmet township, which covered 825 acres (3.34 km2) acres of hilly land was two miles north east of Bolton on Bury road. It was separated from Tonge with Haulgh by the Bradshaw Brook. [3] Breightmet Hill, the highest point, rises to about 525 feet (160 m). [2] [6] There is a local nature reserve at Seven Acres Country Park. The park separates the west side of Breightmet from neighbouring Tonge Moor. [7]

Economy and facilities

The main shopping area within Breightmet is along the A58 Bury Road. It has a Morrisons store, formerly Netto, which was acquired from Asda in Jan 2011, [8] and a Home Bargains. There is a Breightmet Health Centre which includes GP surgeries, a library and pharmacy. In 2016 a retail park was built on the site of the former Mecca Bingo hall, and includes an Iceland, Greenhalghs bakery, Card Factory, Aldi and Barnardo's charity shop. As of July 2018 two units remain empty: one which has never been occupied and one, formally Poundworld, which closed in July 2018. In 2019 B & M bargains replaced it.

Religion

There are several places of worship in Breightmet including two Anglican churches, St James and St John the Evangelist, St Osmund's Roman Catholic church, Red Lane United Reformed Church [9] and the independent Kings Church Bolton, Unit 1, Millfield Rd, Boundary Industrial Estate.

St James' parish church designed by John Edgar Gregan was consecrated in 1855. Canon James Slade, Vicar of Bolton from 1817 to 1856, and founder of the Bolton Church Institute is buried in the churchyard.

Sport and leisure

Bolton St Catherine's Academy has a community leisure and sports centre. Leverhulme Park, the largest park area within Bolton has a community and children's centre with therapy suites, gymnasium, indoor athletics hall and outdoor athletics stadium, which hosts the town's school athletics competitions. The park has football pitches, 5-a-side football pitches, bowling greens and an athletics stadium as well as nature walks and picnic areas. The park is also home to the Bolton Parkrun.

Education

Bolton St Catherine's Academy caters for children from three to 19. It is a Church of England school incorporating the former Withins School, a secondary school and Top o'th Brow Primary School. [10]

Four other primary schools serve Breightmet. These are Red Lane County Primary School, Leverhulme Community Primary School, Blackshaw County Primary School, and St. Osmund and Andrew Roman Catholic County Primary School.

Notable residents

Badly Drawn Boy (real name Damon Gough), indie singer-songwriter, grew up in Breightmet.[ citation needed ] [Alex]

Related Research Articles

Bolton Human settlement in England

Bolton is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton.

Egerton, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Egerton,, is a village in the unparished area of South Turton, in the northern part of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. Historically a part of Lancashire, it is situated three miles north of Bolton and 12 miles north west of Manchester city centre within the West Pennine Moors.

Farnworth Human settlement in England

Farnworth is a town and an unparished area within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It is located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) southeast of Bolton, 4.3 miles south-west of Bury (7 km), and 7.5 miles (12.1 km) northwest of Manchester.

Horwich Human settlement in England

Horwich is a town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Lancashire, it is 5.3 miles (8.5 km) southeast of Chorley, 5.8 miles (9.3 km) northwest of Bolton and 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Manchester. It lies at the southern edge of the West Pennine Moors with the M61 motorway passing close to the south and west. At the 2011 Census, Horwich had a population of 20,067.

Ramsbottom Human settlement in England

Ramsbottom is a market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England. The population at the 2011 census was 17,872. Historically in Lancashire, it is on the River Irwell in the West Pennine Moors, 3.9 miles (6.3 km) northwest of Bury, and 12 miles (19 km) of Manchester.

Little Lever Human settlement in England

Little Lever commonly referred to as ‘The Village’ is a small town within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Lancashire, it is 2.4 miles (3.9 km) southeast of Bolton, 1.9 miles (3.1 km) west of Radcliffe and 4 miles (6.4 km) west-southwest of Bury. During the 19th century, the population was employed in cotton mills, paper mills, bleach works, terracotta works, a rope works and in numerous collieries.

Blackrod Human settlement in England

Blackrod is a town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It is 3.9 miles (6.3 km) north-northeast of Wigan and 6.6 miles (10.6 km) west of Bolton. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, Blackrod had a population of 5,300, but reduced to 5,001 at the United Kingdom Census 2011.

Darcy Lever Human settlement in England

Darcy Lever is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. Historically part of Lancashire, the area lies on the B6209, between Bolton and Little Lever. Its history dates to the time of William the Conqueror when it was part of the Salford Hundred given to Roger of Poitou for his participation in the Norman conquest of England.

Stoneclough Human settlement in England

Stoneclough is a suburban area of Kearsley in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It is located 3.7 miles (6 km) south-east of Bolton, 4 miles (6 km) south-west of Bury and 7.9 miles (13 km) north-west of Manchester. It is located on the banks of the River Irwell to the southeast of Bolton.

Harwood, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Harwood is a suburb to the north-northeast of Bolton, Greater Manchester, bordering Bury in North West England. Harwood is also part of the historic county of Lancashire.

Halliwell, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Halliwell is predominantly a residential area of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. It gives its name to an electoral ward of the wider Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. The population of this ward taken at the 2011 census was 13,929. Halliwell lies about 2 miles (3.2 km) to the north west of Bolton town centre and is bounded by Tonge Moor to the east and Heaton to the south west. Smithills Hall to the north is within the ancient township. It lies on the lower south facing slopes of the West Pennine Moors.

Bradshaw, Greater Manchester Human settlement in England

Bradshaw is a village of the unparished area of South Turton in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It gives its name to the larger Bradshaw electoral ward, which includes Harwood. Historically a part of Lancashire, Bradshaw lies on the southern edge of the West Pennine Moors.

Bolton Rural District was a short-lived rural district in the administrative county of Lancashire. It was created by the Local Government Act 1894 and comprised an area surrounding, but not including, the County Borough of Bolton. The district was abolished when the borough was extended in 1898.

Over Hulton Human settlement in England

Over Hulton is a suburb of Westhoughton within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England. Historically part of Lancashire, it lies 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south west of Bolton.

Tonge, Bolton Human settlement in England

Tonge is an outlying area of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England. The name is supposed to be derived from the Old English "tang" or "twang" meaning a fork in a river. Tonge comprises two areas, namely Tonge Fold and Tonge Moor. Tonge Fold sits upon the River Tonge, a region of whose banks is a geological site of special scientific interest (SSSI).

Great Bolton was a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, England. Despite its name, Great Bolton had a smaller acreage than its northern neighbour Little Bolton from which it was separated by the River Croal.

Little Bolton was a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, England. Besides the main part of Little Bolton, it had three detached parts which were separated by areas of Lower Sharples and Higher Sharples. Despite its name, Little Bolton had a larger acreage than its southern neighbour Great Bolton, from which it was separated by the River Croal.

Tonge with Haulgh was a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, England. In 2011 it was a ward of Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council. The ward population at the 2011 census was 13,126.

Sharples, a suburb of Bolton, was a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, England. It lay 2½ miles north of Bolton. It contained the smaller settlements of Banktop, Sweet-Loves, High-Houses, Gale, Folds, Belmont, Piccadilly, Water-Meetings, Old Houses and part of Astley Bridge.

References

  1. "Bolton Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1911), "Breightmet", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, British History Online, pp. 266–268, retrieved 27 November 2010
  3. 1 2 Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1848), "Breightmet or Breightmead", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 353–357, retrieved 27 November 2010
  4. Workhouse, workhouses.org.uk, archived from the original on 5 June 2011, retrieved 28 November 2010
  5. Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, Places names - B, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 27 November 2010
  6. Bolton Area Map: Ancient Parishes and Townships, Boydhouse, retrieved 9 August 2010
  7. Seven Acres Country Park, 7acres.org, retrieved 4 February 2011
  8. "Morrisons to acquire 16 Netto stores from Asda". Morrisons. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  9. The District of Breightmet, Bolton, Lancashire Online Parish Clerks, retrieved 8 May 2011
  10. "First pupils welcomed to St Catherine's CE Academy", The Bolton News, Newsquest Media Group, 7 September 2009, archived from the original on 13 September 2012, retrieved 8 May 2011