Brienne-le-Château

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Brienne-le-Château
Brienne-le-chateau-2009.jpg
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Coat of arms
Location of Brienne-le-Château
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Brienne-le-Château
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Brienne-le-Château
Coordinates: 48°23′31″N4°31′35″E / 48.3919°N 4.5264°E / 48.3919; 4.5264 Coordinates: 48°23′31″N4°31′35″E / 48.3919°N 4.5264°E / 48.3919; 4.5264
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Bar-sur-Aube
Canton Brienne-le-Château
Government
  Mayor (2008–2014) Nicolas Dhuicq
Area
1
21.56 km2 (8.32 sq mi)
Population
(2016-01-01)2 [1]
2,920
  Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10064 /10500
Elevation112–167 m (367–548 ft)
(avg. 126 m or 413 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Brienne-le-Château [bʁi.jɛn.lə.ʃa.to] is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France. It is located 1 mile (2 km) from the right bank of the Aube River and 26 miles northeast of Troyes.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Aube Department of France

Aube is a French department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. As with sixty departments in France, this department is named after a river: the Aube. With 305,606 inhabitants (2012), Aube is 76th department in terms of population. The inhabitants of the department are known as Aubois or Auboises

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

History

It was the centre of the medieval County of Brienne, whose lords, first counts and eventually dukes, had a claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem which never materialized, though many claimed the title. The École de Brienne was established in 1730 and remained active until it was closed in 1790. It is currently a museum. Notable students included:

The County of Brienne was a medieval county in France centered on Brienne-le-Château.

Władysław Franciszek Jabłonowski Polish general

Władysław Franciszek Jabłonowski was a Polish and French general. He is the first known Polish general of African descent.

Louis-Nicolas Davout Marshal of France

Louis-Nicolas d'Avout, better known as Davout, 1st Duke of Auerstaedt, 1st Prince of Eckmühl, was a French general who was Marshal of the Empire during the Napoleonic era. His talent for war along with his reputation as a stern disciplinarian earned him the title "The Iron Marshal". He is ranked along with Masséna and Lannes as one of Napoleon's finest commanders. His loyalty and obedience to Napoleon were absolute. During his lifetime, Davout's name was commonly spelled Davoust, which is how it appears on the Arc de Triomphe and in much of the correspondence between Napoleon and his generals.

Louis-Edmond Antoine le Picard de Phélippeaux (1767–1799), mainly referred to as Antoine de Phélippeaux, was a French émigré best known for defeating Napoleon Bonaparte in an effort to defend Egypt. In 1783, Louis Phélippeaux met Napoleon Bonaparte at the École Militaire in Paris where the two young men became lifelong enemies. Phélippeaux was also an enemy of the state to France, due to his loyalty to the Ancien Régime and his participation in many anti-revolutionary movements. Previously a French military officer, Phélippeaux immigrated to Great Britain in 1791 during the French Revolution. He served in the Army of Condé and fought against the French Republic. Fighting against Napoleon in a battle in Acre, Phélippeaux died from fever in May 1799.

In 1814, it was the site of the Battle of Brienne, when the Sixth Coalition invaded France.

Battle of Brienne 1814 battle between Napoleon and Prussian and Russian forces

The Battle of Brienne saw an Imperial French army led by Emperor Napoleon attack Prussian and Russian forces commanded by Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher. After heavy fighting that went on into the night, the French seized the château, nearly capturing Blücher. However, the French were unable to dislodge the Russians from the town of Brienne-le-Château. Napoleon himself, making his first appearance on a battlefield in 1814, was also nearly captured. Very early the next morning, Blücher's troops quietly abandoned the town and retreated to the south, conceding the field to the French.

War of the Sixth Coalition Part of the Napoleonic Wars

In the War of the Sixth Coalition, sometimes known in Germany as the War of Liberation, a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and a number of German States defeated France and drove Napoleon into exile on Elba. After the disastrous French invasion of Russia of 1812, the continental powers joined Russia, the United Kingdom, Portugal and the rebels in Spain who were already at war with France.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,968    
18001,967−0.1%
18061,859−5.5%
18211,747−6.0%
18311,920+9.9%
18362,002+4.3%
18411,830−8.6%
18461,886+3.1%
18511,880−0.3%
18562,013+7.1%
18612,057+2.2%
18662,078+1.0%
18721,886−9.2%
18761,889+0.2%
18811,918+1.5%
18861,872−2.4%
18911,732−7.5%
18961,701−1.8%
19011,753+3.1%
19061,872+6.8%
19111,815−3.0%
19211,708−5.9%
19261,932+13.1%
19312,218+14.8%
19362,232+0.6%
19461,972−11.6%
19542,177+10.4%
19623,534+62.3%
19683,939+11.5%
19754,033+2.4%
19824,060+0.7%
19903,752−7.6%
19993,332−11.2%
20083,142−5.7%
20122,987−4.9%

See also

Communes of the Aube department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 431 communes of the Aube department of France.

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Bayel Commune in Grand Est, France

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Brienne-la-Vieille Commune in Grand Est, France

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Essoyes Commune in Grand Est, France

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Fresnoy-le-Château Commune in Grand Est, France

Fresnoy-le-Château is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Lignol-le-Château Commune in Grand Est, France

Lignol-le-Château is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Maizières-lès-Brienne Commune in Grand Est, France

Maizières-lès-Brienne is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Mesgrigny Commune in Grand Est, France

Mesgrigny is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France. It is a small village located in the canton of Creney-près-Troyes and the arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Seine. It is located 120 km from Paris and 310 km from the port at Calais. Nearby towns include Méry-sur-Seine, 2.4 km (1.5 mi) north; Vallant-Saint-Georges, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) southeast; and Châtres, 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest. M. Jean-Marc Tranchand is the current Mayor of the township (2008–14).

La Motte-Tilly Commune in Grand Est, France

La Motte-Tilly is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France. The Château de La Motte-Tilly is situated in the commune.

Perthes-lès-Brienne Commune in Grand Est, France

Perthes-lès-Brienne is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Saint-Léger-sous-Brienne Commune in Grand Est, France

Saint-Léger-sous-Brienne is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Vendeuvre-sur-Barse Commune in Grand Est, France

Vendeuvre-sur-Barse is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

The canton of Brienne-le-Château is an administrative division of the Aube department, northeastern France. Its borders were modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Brienne-le-Château.

Brienne may refer to:

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE . Retrieved 25 April 2019.

References