Brienne-le-Château

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Brienne-le-Château
Brienne-le-chateau-2009.jpg
The chateau in Brienne-le-Château
Blason Brienne-le-chateau.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Brienne-le-Château
Brienne-le-Chateau
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Brienne-le-Château
Grand Est region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Brienne-le-Château
Coordinates: 48°23′31″N4°31′35″E / 48.3919°N 4.5264°E / 48.3919; 4.5264 Coordinates: 48°23′31″N4°31′35″E / 48.3919°N 4.5264°E / 48.3919; 4.5264
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Bar-sur-Aube
Canton Brienne-le-Château
Government
  Mayor (2008–2014) Nicolas Dhuicq
Area
1
21.56 km2 (8.32 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2017) [1]
2,826
  Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10064 /10500
Elevation112–167 m (367–548 ft)
(avg. 126 m or 413 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Brienne-le-Château (French pronunciation:  [bʁijɛnləʃato] ) is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France. It is located 1 mile (2 km) from the right bank of the river Aube and 26 miles northeast of Troyes.

Contents

History

It was the centre of the medieval County of Brienne, whose lords, first counts and eventually dukes, had a claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem. John of Brienne ( c. 1170 – 27 March 1237), also known as John I, was King of Jerusalem from 1210 to 1225 (and Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1229 to 1237). He was the youngest son of Erard II of Brienne, a wealthy nobleman in Champagne.

The École de Brienne was established in 1730 and remained active until it was closed in 1790. It is currently a museum. Notable students included:

In 1814, it was the site of the Battle of Brienne, when the Sixth Coalition invaded France.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,968    
18001,967−0.1%
18061,859−5.5%
18211,747−6.0%
18311,920+9.9%
18362,002+4.3%
18411,830−8.6%
18461,886+3.1%
18511,880−0.3%
18562,013+7.1%
18612,057+2.2%
18662,078+1.0%
18721,886−9.2%
18761,889+0.2%
18811,918+1.5%
18861,872−2.4%
18911,732−7.5%
18961,701−1.8%
19011,753+3.1%
19061,872+6.8%
19111,815−3.0%
19211,708−5.9%
19261,932+13.1%
19312,218+14.8%
19362,232+0.6%
19461,972−11.6%
19542,177+10.4%
19623,534+62.3%
19683,939+11.5%
19754,033+2.4%
19824,060+0.7%
19903,752−7.6%
19993,332−11.2%
20083,142−5.7%
20122,987−4.9%

See also

Related Research Articles

Aube Department of France

Aube is a French department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. As with sixty departments in France, this department is named after a river: the Aube. With 305,606 inhabitants (2012), Aube is 76th department in terms of population. The inhabitants of the department are known as Aubois or Auboises

Battle of Brienne 1814 battle between Napoleon and Prussian and Russian forces

The Battle of Brienne saw an Imperial French army led by Emperor Napoleon attack Prussian and Russian forces commanded by Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher. After heavy fighting that went on into the night, the French seized the château, nearly capturing Blücher. However, the French were unable to dislodge the Russians from the town of Brienne-le-Château. Napoleon himself, making his first appearance on a battlefield in 1814, was also nearly captured. Very early the next morning, Blücher's troops quietly abandoned the town and retreated to the south, conceding the field to the French.

Isabella II of Jerusalem 13th century empress of the Holy Roman Empire

Isabella II, also known as Yolande of Brienne, was a princess of French origin who became monarch of Jerusalem.

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Aube department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Bar-sur-Seine Commune in Grand Est, France

Bar-sur-Seine is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Arrondissement of Bar-sur-Aube Arrondissement in Grand Est, France

The arrondissement of Bar-sur-Aube is an arrondissement of France in the Aube department in the Grand Est region. It has 108 communes. Its population is 28,759 (2016), and its area is 1,240.1 km2 (478.8 sq mi).

Amance, Aube Commune in Grand Est, France

Amance is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Aulnay, Aube Commune in Grand Est, France

Aulnay is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Bailly-le-Franc Commune in Grand Est, France

Bailly-le-Franc is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Balignicourt Commune in Grand Est, France

Balignicourt is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Barberey-Saint-Sulpice Commune in Grand Est, France

Barberey-Saint-Sulpice is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Bayel Commune in Grand Est, France

Bayel is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Brienne-la-Vieille Commune in Grand Est, France

Brienne-la-Vieille is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Maizières-lès-Brienne Commune in Grand Est, France

Maizières-lès-Brienne is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Erard II of Brienne was count of Brienne from 1161 to 1191, and a French general during the Third Crusade, most notably at the Siege of Acre. He was the son of Gautier II, count of Brienne, and Adèle of Baudemont, daughter of Andrew, lord of Baudemont and Agnes of Braine. His paternal grandparents were Erard I, Count of Brienne and Alix de Roucy. During this siege he saw his brother André of Brienne die on 4 October 1189, before being killed himself on 8 February 1191. Erard II's nephew was Erard of Brienne-Ramerupt.

Gabriel Bonvalot

Pierre Gabriel Édouard Bonvalot was a French explorer of Central Asia and Tibet. Bonvalot was born in the commune of Épagne in the Aube department in north-central France. He was the son of Pierre Bonvalot and Louise-Félicie, née Congniasse des Jardins. He attended schooling at Troyes.

Geoffrey VI was a Viscount of Châteaudun. He was the son of Geoffrey V, Viscount of Châteaudun, and Adelicia de Nevers. Although Adelicia's ancestry is not precisely known, she is likely the daughter of William IV, Count of Nevers, and Eléonore, Countess of Vermandois.

The canton of Brienne-le-Château is an administrative division of the Aube department, northeastern France. Its borders were modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Brienne-le-Château.

Matilda I, Countess of Nevers or Mathilde de Courtenay, or Mahaut de Courtenay, (1188–1257), was a ruling countess of Nevers, Auxerre and Tonnerre. She was the only daughter of Peter II of Courtenay and of Agnes of Nevers, born from the Capetian House of Courtenay, she was married to Hervé IV of Donzy and then to Guigues IV of Forez.

Brienne may refer to:

References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.

References