Bristol Temple Meads railway station

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7 ft 14 in (2,140 mm)broad gauge. The station was on a viaduct to raise it above the level of the Floating Harbour and River Avon, the latter being crossed via the Grade I listedAvon Bridge. The station was covered by a 200-foot (60 m)train shed, extended beyond the platforms by 155 feet (47 m) into a storage area and engine shed, fronted by an office building in the Tudor style. [11] Train services to Bath commenced on 31 August 1840 and were extended to Paddington on 30 June 1841 following the completion of Box Tunnel. [12]

Brunel's original station as it appears today Bristol Temple Meads old station frontage (750px).jpg
Brunel's original station as it appears today

A few weeks before the start of the services to Paddington the Bristol and Exeter Railway (B&ER) had opened, on 14 June 1841, [13] its trains reversing in and out of the GWR station. The third railway at Temple Meads was the Bristol and Gloucester Railway, which opened on 8 July 1844 and was taken over by the Midland Railway (MR) on 1 July 1845. [12] This used the GWR platforms, diverging onto its own line on the far side of the bridge over the Floating Harbour. Both these new railways were engineered by Brunel and were initially broad gauge. [13] Brunel also designed the Bristol and South Wales Union Railway, but this was not opened until 25 August 1863, nearly four years after his death. It terminated at Temple Meads.

Bristol and Exeter Railway station

The Bristol and Exeter Railway headquarters 2008 at Bristol Temple Meads - Bristol and Exeter House.jpg
The Bristol and Exeter Railway headquarters

In 1845 the B&ER built its own station at right angles to the GWR station and an "express platform" on the curve linking the two lines so that through trains no longer had to reverse. The wooden B&ER station was known locally as "The Cowshed"; [11] but a grand headquarters was built at street level on the west side of its station in 1852–54 to the Jacobean designs of Samuel Fripp. [10] The Bristol and Portishead Pier and Railway opened a branch off the Bristol and Exeter line west of the city on 18 April 1867, the trains being operated by the B&ER and using its platforms at Temple Meads. [14]

In 1850 an engine shed had been opened on the south bank of the River Avon on the east side of the line to the B&ER station. [15] Between 1859 and 1875, 23 engines were built in the workshops attached to the shed, including several distinctive Bristol and Exeter Railway 4-2-4T locomotives. [16]

Goods stations

A 1911 Railway Clearing House junction diagram showing railways around Bristol Bristol RJD 9.jpg
A 1911 Railway Clearing House junction diagram showing railways around Bristol

The GWR built a 326-by-138-foot (99 m × 42 m) goods shed on the north side of the station adjacent to the Floating Harbour, with a small dock for transhipment of goods to barges (not seagoing ships, as the wharf was upstream of Bristol Bridge). Wagons had to be lowered 12 feet (4 m) to the goods shed on hoists. On 11 March 1872, a direct connection to the harbour was made in the form of the Bristol Harbour Railway, a joint operation of the three railways, which ran between the passenger station and the goods yard, across the street outside on a bridge, and descended into a tunnel under the churchyard of St. Mary Redcliffe on its way to a wharf downstream of Bristol Bridge. [11] The southern end of the tunnel can still be seen between the bottom of Guinea Street and the Ostritch public house. The footbridge across the entrance to Bathhurst Basin is on the site of the railway bascule bridge.

The B&ER had a goods depot at Pylle Hill (south of the station) from 1850, and the MR had an independent yard at Avonside Wharf on the opposite side of the Floating Harbour from 1858. [17]

Effects of the change of gauge

On 29 May 1854 the Midland Railway laid a third rail along their line to Gloucester to provide mixed gauge so that it could operate 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge passenger trains while broad gauge goods trains could still run to collieries north of Bristol. Sidings at South Wales Junction allowed traffic to be transhipped between wagons on the two different gauges. The GWR continued to operate its trains on the broad gauge, [12] but on 3 September 1873 it opened the standard gauge Bristol and North Somerset Railway. This had a junction nearly 12 mile (800 m) from the station on the London line and so mixed gauge was extended to that point. During the following year mixed gauge track was continued beyond Bath in connection with the conversion of the Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth Railway to standard gauge. Mixed gauge was laid through Box Tunnel on 16 May 1875 and so standard gauge trains could run to London, although broad gauge was retained west of Temple Meads and through trains from London to Penzance and other stations in Devon and Cornwall continued to be broad gauge. [13] Goods traffic was transhipped between the two gauges in the B&ER yard at Pylle Hill.

The B&ER converted the line to Taunton to mixed gauge by 1 June 1875, but the remainder of the line to Exeter was not done until 1 March 1876, three months after the B&ER had amalgamated with the GWR. The remainder of the lines beyond Exeter were converted to standard gauge on 21 May 1892 [13] so the extra rails at Temple Meads fell into disuse and were removed to leave a purely standard gauge layout. This allowed the through station to be rebuilt with two additional platform faces. [11]

1870s expansion

The main entrance to the station built in the 1870s between the terminal and through platforms. The tower was topped by a spire until World War II. Gare de Bristol.jpg
The main entrance to the station built in the 1870s between the terminal and through platforms. The tower was topped by a spire until World War II.

The additional railway routes put the two short 140-yard (130 m) platforms of Brunel's terminus under pressure and a scheme was developed to extend the station. An enabling Act of Parliament for a new Bristol Joint Station was passed in 1865, and between 1871 and 1878 the station was extensively rebuilt by a committee formed of the three principal railway companies that used the station. Brunel's platforms were extended by 212 yards (194 m) towards London, and a new three-platform through station was built on the site of the express platform, while the B&ER station was closed and the site used for a new carriage shed. [18] From the 1960s, the work was usually attributed to Brunel's former associate Matthew Digby Wyatt, but in 2020 it was established to be by Bristol architect Henry Lloyd under the superintendence of Francis Fox, the engineer of the B&ER. [19] The curved wrought-iron train shed over the new through platforms was 500 feet (150 m) long on the platform wall. The goods depot was rebuilt, with the inconvenient wagon hoists replaced by a steep incline from the east end of Temple Meads, which meant that the sidings in the goods shed were at right angles to their original alignment; and the barge dock was filled in. [17]

Trains on the Bristol and South Wales Union and the Midland routes operated from the terminal platforms, while the GWR used the new through platforms. [11] The capital costs of the new work were split 4/14 GWR/B&ER and 10/14 MR, and operating costs were split GWR 3/8, MR 3/8 and B&ER 2/8. Hence, when the GWR absorbed the B&ER in 1876 the split became GWR 5/8 and MR (later LMS) 3/8, until nationalisation on 1 January 1948. [20]

Twentieth-century changes

Original terminus in 1958 Bristol Temple Meads Station, original terminus with steam train and Diesel railcar - geograph.org.uk - 2124234.jpg
Original terminus in 1958
A Paignton to Leeds express stands at Platform 7 (now Platform 5) in 1960. Bristol Temple Meads Station and an Up LMR express 2093479 27e4170c.jpg
A Paignton to Leeds express stands at Platform 7 (now Platform 5) in 1960.
A view looking northwards from Bath Road. The 1870s arched train shed is surrounded by the flatter canopies of the newer platforms opened in 1935. Bristol Temple Meads from Bath Road bridge.jpg
A view looking northwards from Bath Road. The 1870s arched train shed is surrounded by the flatter canopies of the newer platforms opened in 1935.

In 1924 the goods depot was rebuilt with 15 platforms, each 575 feet (175 m) long. Large warehousing and cellar space was provided to store goods, although by this time another city centre goods depot had been opened at Canons Marsh. [17]

Between 1930 and 1935 the through station was expanded under the direction of the GWR's chief architect P E Culverhouse, in Art Deco style, both eastwards over the old cattle market and southwards on a new wider bridge across Cattle Market Road and the New Cut of the River Avon. This made room for the addition of five through-platform faces, while the removal of the narrow island platforms in the middle of the train shed allowed the main Up and Down platforms to be both widened and lengthened. [18] All the routes approaching Temple Meads were widened to four tracks to allow more flexibility. [17]

As part of this work, four manual signal boxes were replaced by three power signal boxes, and the semaphore signals and mechanical point linkages were replaced by colour light signals and point motors. The new Bristol Temple Meads East box was the largest on the GWR, with 368 miniature levers operated by three signalmen assisted by a "booking boy". The other two boxes were at Bristol Temple Meads West, and controlling the movements in and out of the new Bath Road Depot, which replaced the old B&ER locomotive works in 1934. [17]

During World War II the station was bombed, which led to the destruction of the wooden spire of the clock tower above the ticket office on 3 January 1941. [18] Gas lighting was replaced by fluorescent electric lights in 1960. [17]

Bristol Panel Signal Box was built on the site of Platform 14. When opened, it controlled 280 multiple-aspect signals and 243 motor-worked points on 114 miles (183 km) of route, the largest area controlled by a single signal box on British Rail at the time. [21]

The construction of this signal box, completed in 1970, involved the demolition of almost half of the 1870s extension to Brunel's terminus and completely blocked rail access to the Old Station. [22]

A second main-line station serving the city, Bristol Parkway, opened in 1972. It is on the northern outskirts of the conurbation close to the M32 motorway and was designed as a park and ride facility for long-distance travellers. [23]

In the late 1960s the Royal Mail built a mail conveyor at the northern end of the station, with significant aesthetic impact. This was out of use for many years following the transfer of Royal Mail's activities to the West of England Mail Centre at Filton and the opening of the short-lived Railnet Hub next to Bristol Parkway station in May 2000. [24] It was finally dismantled in stages and removed between October and December 2014. [25] In 1990/91, £2 million was spent by InterCity on a renovation of the main train shed and another £7 million on restoring some of the older areas of the station, including the refurbishment of the subway and construction of new retail outlets. The shorter of the two 1935 platform islands had been used only for parcels traffic since the 1960s but was temporarily brought back into passenger use during this work. It was fully restored for passenger use in 2001. [18]

In August 1998, a 15-month, £7 million project commenced with work performed on the external facade, clocktower, roof and paving. [26] [27] As part of this work, the quarry from which the dolomite stone had originally been extracted was reopened in Abbots Leigh. [28]

Bristol Temple Meads
National Rail logo.svg
Bristol Temple Meads station (6466232797).jpg
Facade of the station
General information
Location Redcliffe, Bristol
England
Coordinates 51°26′56″N2°34′48″W / 51.449°N 2.580°W / 51.449; -2.580
Grid reference ST597725
Managed by Network Rail
Platforms13 in use
Other information
Station codeBRI
Classification DfT category A
History
Original company Great Western Railway
Key dates
1840Opened
1871–1878Extended
1930sExtended
1965Original platforms closed
Passengers
2018/19Increase2.svg 11.368 million
 Interchange Decrease2.svg 1.454 million
Preceding station Historical railways Following station
St Anne's Park   Great Western Railway
To London via Box
  Bedminster
Lawrence Hill   Great Western Railway
To London via Badminton,
To Cardiff
and Pilning via Avonmouth
 
Brislington   Great Western Railway
To Radstock
 Terminus
Fishponds   Bristol and Gloucester Railway
(later Midland Railway)
 Terminus

Closure of lines

Passenger traffic on the old North Somerset line ceased on 2 November 1959, and many more closures followed after the publication of Dr Beeching's The Reshaping of British Railways in 1963. The connection to the Bristol Harbour Railway was closed on 6 January 1964; passenger trains to Portishead were withdrawn on 7 September 1964; and most local services in the north of the city were withdrawn on 23 November 1964. The following year saw local services on the Midland route to Gloucester withdrawn [29] and the Midland route to Bath Green Park via Mangotsfield was closed on 7 March 1966. St Anne's Park and Saltford on the line towards Bath survived until 5 January 1970. [29]

On 12 September 1965, the terminal platforms were closed. This allowed the platforms to be renumbered with the order reversed (see list below). [17] The redundant train shed became a covered car park in February of the following year, but from 1989 until 1999 the original (Brunel) part was an interactive science centre known as The Exploratory and an exhibition space. From 2002 to 2008, it housed the British Empire and Commonwealth Museum. [30] As of 2016, the shed, now known as the Passenger Shed, is a venue for events such as conferences and weddings. [31]

This sign should read "Platforms 1 to 12" but refers to the earlier numbering system when these platforms were numbers 1 and 2. They are now 15 (left) and 13 (right). 2008 at Bristol Temple Meads - Platform 13 subway sign.jpg
This sign should read "Platforms 1 to 12" but refers to the earlier numbering system when these platforms were numbers 1 and 2. They are now 15 (left) and 13 (right).
Bristol Panel Signal Box, built on the old Platform 14 2008 at Bristol Temple Meads - Power Signal Box.jpg
Bristol Panel Signal Box, built on the old Platform 14
OldNewLocation
115
213
312West end
411East end
59 & 10East and west ends numbered differently
67 & 8East and west ends numbered differently
75East end in the main train shed
86West end beyond (new ) platform 5
93East end in the main train shed
104West end beyond (new) platform 3
112West end bay (not in use)
121East end of arrival platform
13ClosedWest end of arrival platform
14ClosedEast end of departure platform
15ClosedWest end of departure platform
Bristol Temple Meads
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Brunelian
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Grey lines represent trainsheds
U = Up through line    
D = Down through line

Enterprise zone and station redevelopment

Bristol Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone, an enterprise zone with an area of 70 hectares (170 acres) centred on Temple Meads, [32] was announced in 2011, [33] and launched in 2012. Network Rail is a partner in coordinating development in the zone. [32] In November 2012, Network Rail announced a £100 million redevelopment of the station, with two unused platforms to be opened up. Station Approach Road will be turned into a public square and the station's main entrance moved to the north side. [34] A large bridge above the tracks at the east end of the station which was erected in the 1970s for postal traffic was demolished at Christmas 2014. [35] In November 2016, the University of Bristol announced that it plans to build a Temple Quarter Campus to the east of the station, replacing the derelict sorting office which was formerly connected to the station by the bridge. [36]

Bristol and Exeter House has been redeveloped by TCN UK as a business hub for small and medium-sized enterprises. Part of Brunel's station has found a new use in a redevelopment by the City Council, the University of Bristol and the West of England Local Enterprise Partnership. [32] Opened in 2013 as the Engine Shed, [33] it hosts business incubators for startups. [37]

Plans to build a 12,000-capacity arena [38] on the former site of the Bristol Bath Road Traction Maintenance Depot, to the south of the station, were cancelled in 2018. [39]

21st century

The Great Western Main Line from London to Bristol was part of electrification plans first announced by the UK government in 2009. [40] However, because of cost overruns and delays, on 8 November 2016 the government announced that several elements of the programme would be deferred including electrification south-west of Thingley Junction near Chippenham, and between Temple Meads and Bristol Parkway. Although this left Temple Meads un-electrified, the Hitachi Super Express trains are bi-mode so can operate on diesel around Bristol and can use electricity where the electrification work is complete. [41] [42] The electrification plans do not extend west of Bristol, so local services will continue to be provided using diesel trains, with Class 165/166s cascaded from Thames Valley services scheduled to replace the 150/153/158s on local services. [43] [44]

The Portishead branch line, which runs along the south side of the River Avon from a junction just beyond Parson Street station is proposed to be reopened. [45] There is an aspiration of two trains per hour between Portishead and Temple Meads in peak periods, possibly calling at Bedminster and Parson Street. [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] The line was built in the 1860s but closed to passenger traffic in 1964, leaving Portishead as one of Britain's largest towns without a railway station. The line was reopened for freight traffic to serve Royal Portbury Docks in 2001, and the restoration of passenger traffic is considered part of the Greater Bristol Metro scheme, which was given the go-ahead in July 2012 as part of a City Deal, whereby local councils would be given greater control over money by the government. [45]

The Metro scheme could also see the reopening of the Henbury Loop Line to passengers, with the possibility of services from Temple Meads to Bristol Parkway via Clifton Down and Henbury. [45] Plans for a loop were rejected by the West of England Joint Transport Board, but in July 2015 Bristol City Councillors voted to send the decision back to the board for further discussion. [51] [52]

On 1 April 2014, Network Rail took over management of the station from First Great Western. [7] [53]

A new station reception was opened in 2023, replacing the information desk on platform three. [54]

Refurbishment

In 2013, it was announced that the station roof would be refurbished as part of a scheme to transform the station over the 25 years commencing 2013. [55] In September 2021, foundations were installed for a planned eastern entrance to the station. [56] Following the erection of scaffolding inside the station, work on the roof began in April 2022. [57]

Description

Bristol Temple Meads, panaroma from south.jpg
The station from the south. The main approach is from the left, behind the brown brick offices (Collett House). The turrets behind these belong to Bristol & Exeter House, which hides Brunel's building. Fox's extension can be seen to the right of Bristol & Exeter House, linking Brunel's station with the large arch of the main train shed. The flatter canopies belong to Culverhouse's 1935 extensions, with platform 4 on the extreme left and Platform 15 partly hidden by the trees on the right. The lower modern buildings behind the station are the Temple Quay office complex, on the site of the old goods shed. The demolition rubble in the foreground is the remains of Bristol Bath Road TMD.

Approaches

The station approach looks straight towards Fox's turreted 1870s station entrance. Part of Brunel's original station on the left with Fox's 1870s extension between that and the entrance; the current station train shed is to the right of the entrance. Bristol Temple Meads approach road (750px).jpg
The station approach looks straight towards Fox's turreted 1870s station entrance. Part of Brunel's original station on the left with Fox's 1870s extension between that and the entrance; the current station train shed is to the right of the entrance.

Although it is now possible to reach the station through the Temple Quay office development (on the site of the goods shed) or from the Bristol Ferry Boat Company landing stage on the Floating Harbour, the traditional and main approach is from Temple Gate. Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Tudor-style offices, later used by the former British Empire and Commonwealth Museum, face this road and are flanked on the north side by an archway that used to be the main station for departing passengers; a matching arch on the other side was the arrivals gateway but was removed when the station was expanded in the 1870s. [11]

Opposite these offices are the Grosvenor Hotel and the derelict George Railway Hotel, which were built in the 1870s, [10] on either side of the site of the Bristol Harbour Railway bridge. A modern pub named The Reckless Engineer as a tribute to Brunel faces the approach road to the station.

Autumn sunset over Bristol Temple Meads station Bristol Temple Meads sunset.jpg
Autumn sunset over Bristol Temple Meads station

On the right of the Station Approach but at a lower level is the B&ER office building designed by Samuel Fripp; the 1930s offices known as "Collett House" (named after Charles Collett) and a disused parcels depot lie beyond. On the left is Brunel's original station building. The train shed is 72 feet (22 m) wide with a wooden box-frame roof and cast iron columns disguised as hammerbeams above Tudor arches. It is believed to be the widest hammerbeam roof in England and, along with most of the station, is a Grade 1 listed building, [58] [59] and forms part of a proposed Great Western Railway World Heritage Site. [60] At the top of the slope an entrance on the left to the covered car park marks the junction between the original terminus and Fox's 1870s extension.

Ahead is the turreted main station building, and to the right a flat area marks the site of the B&ER station. The tunnel beneath this area was the route for passengers to and from the Down platform from 1878 until the station was enlarged in 1935. [18]

Outside the old station building is a statue of Brunel, moved here in 2021 but first erected in the city centre in 1982. [61]

Station

Entering the main building, the ticket office and ticket machines are immediately ahead, and the route from Temple Quay and the ferry is on the left; a newsagent is on the right, next to the platform entrance. [5] Customer Information System screens by the entrance show arrival and departure information for all platforms, as do displays on each of the platforms.

There are 13 numbered platforms serving 8 tracks. The platforms are numbered from 1–15 with 2 and 14 omitted. Platforms 1, 13 and 15 do not share tracks with any other platform. Platforms 3–12 consist of five tracks that are each subdivided into a pair of numbered platforms. Of those, the odd numbered platforms are at the north end of the station, while even numbers are at the south end. [62] All platforms are signalled for trains in either direction and the flexible layout means that trains on any route can use any part of the station. [63]

Platform 3 and the ticket gates that control entrance to the platforms Bristol Temple Meads, automatic ticket gates and platform 3.jpg
Platform 3 and the ticket gates that control entrance to the platforms

Entrance to the platforms is controlled by automatic ticket gates on Platform 3, which is used by many northbound CrossCountry trains and local services to Bristol Parkway and Gloucester. The main station restaurant and bar is on the left [64] and the short Platform 1, a bay, is beyond this. This is most frequently used by Severn Beach Line trains but is long enough to handle any four-car Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU). Behind Platform 1 is a brick wall that forms part of the signal box and on this are some metal artworks created by artists with learning difficulties to celebrate Brunel's 200th anniversary in 2006; an interpretation panel is nearby. The High Level Siding beyond Platform 1 is the rump of the Bristol Harbour Railway, and Bristol Barton Hill TMD can be seen in the distance alongside Bristol East Junction (formerly South Wales Junction) where the lines to Bristol Parkway and Bath diverge.

The subway, below the station, links the platforms Temple Meads Underpass.jpg
The subway, below the station, links the platforms

On the right of the entrance is the subway that links all the platforms, reached either by steps or lift; [64] it houses the main public toilets, automated teller machines (ATM) and several catering outlets (there is catering on all platform islands except 13–15). A passenger information office and lounge are above the subway, the British Transport Police office and cycle racks are beyond, [64] and at the western end is Platform 4, used by only a few trains. Alongside this is Platform 2, another bay platform but not signalled for passenger trains and used only for stabling empty trains, as is the former Motorail unloading bay alongside. At the far end of this track is the old Fish Dock, occasionally used for stabling engineers' on-track equipment. Beyond the end of the platform the tracks swing to the right (the west) and pass out of sight beneath Bath Road Bridge, a girder bridge that carries the A4 out of the city.

The first island platform comprises platforms 5 to 8. Platform 5 is inside the main train shed while 6 is a southerly extension and 7 and 8 were added outside the supporting wall in the 1930s. [18] Platform 5 is used by trains towards Cardiff and platform 7 to Portsmouth; platforms 6 and 8 are the main platforms for Weston-super-Mare and stations to Penzance. Between platforms 5 and 7 are the two spur sidings that are long enough to stable a single Class 153 DMU.

The third island platform comprises platforms 9 to 12 and also dates from the 1930s. [18] It is longer than platforms 5–8 but the rear of a High Speed Train on the west end platforms will block part of the east end platform. [62] A wide variety of trains use these platforms, including to and from London Paddington and Weymouth.

The final island platform is shorter and only has east-end platforms 13 and 15: 15 is used by most trains from Paddington that continue westwards to Weston-super-Mare or beyond. Platform 13 is a terminus platform and is used by many trains from Paddington, some local services and occasionally by CrossCountry. There is another siding beyond platform 15 that used to be the In/out Road for Bristol Bath Road TMD. This depot has been demolished. Between platforms 3/4 and 5/6 are the Up Through line and the Middle Siding, the latter is often used to stable Mark 1 carriages between Torbay Express duties in the summer months. The Down Through line runs between platforms 11/12 and 13. [62]

To the north of the station lies Arriva TrainCare's Barton Hill TMD, and to the south-east of the station lies St Philip's Marsh depot which services the Great Western Railway fleet. This is accessible from both ends of Temple Meads station.

Other facilities include pay phones, public Wi-Fi, a post box, photo booth, and passenger assistance such as information points, waiting rooms, a lost property office, first aid room, and CCTV. [64]

Passenger volume

Temple Meads is the busiest station in the Bristol area. Official statistics show it to have the 35th-largest number of people entering or leaving any national rail station, the 14th busiest outside London. Comparing the year from April 2009 with the year from April 2002, estimated passenger numbers increased by 52%. [note 1]

 2002–032004–052005–062006–072007–082008–092009–102010–112011–122012–132013–14
Entries2,590,5432,823,2583,039,1043,279,8983,541,9463,914,8143,937,8434,204,6704,442,3134,549,6844,761,420
Exits2,586,5752,818,1143,027,1363,268,9613,540,1523,914,8143,937,8434,204,6704,442,3134,549,6844,761,420
Interchangesunknown798,961856,644917,595845,178890,706979,9551,107,5551,327,1791,386,6641,434,465
Total5,177,1186,440,3336,922,8837,466,4547,927,2768,720,3348,855,6419,516,89510,211,80510,486,03210,957,305

The statistics cover twelve-month periods that start in April.

Services

Rail

Customer Information System showing arrivals and departures Bristol Temple Meads CIS 158771.jpg
Customer Information System showing arrivals and departures

Great Western Railway operates main line services between Bristol Temple Meads and London Paddington, some of which continue beyond Bristol to Weston-super-Mare or Taunton. [66] The company also operates other routes through Bristol such as between Cardiff Central and Portsmouth Harbour, [67] Cardiff Central and Taunton including extensions as far as Penzance, [68] Worcester Foregate Street/Gloucester [69] and Westbury/Weymouth, [70] and Severn Beach and Weston-super-Mare. [71]

Regular CrossCountry services run south to Paignton, Plymouth and Penzance and north to Birmingham New Street, Derby, Leeds, Newcastle and Edinburgh. A limited number of services operate to other destinations in the north such as Manchester Piccadilly, Glasgow Central and Aberdeen. [72]

Preceding station National Rail logo.svg National Rail Following station
Bristol Parkway   CrossCountry
Scotland and North England – South West England
  Taunton
Bath Spa   Great Western Railway
Great Western Main Line
  Nailsea & Backwell
Filton Abbey Wood   Great Western Railway
Cardiff Central – Penzance
  Nailsea & Backwell
  Great Western Railway
Cardiff Central – Portsmouth
  Bath Spa
Lawrence Hill   Great Western Railway
Worcester – Weymouth
  Keynsham
  Great Western Railway
Severn Beach - Weston-super-Mare
  Bedminster

Bus

Bus services at the station include the Airport Flyer A1 service, 73 Bristol Temple Meads - Bradley Stoke North, and MetroBus route m3.

See also

Notes

  1. Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Patchway, from Office of Rail and Road statistics. [65] Methodology may vary year on year.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Great Western Railway</span> British railway company (1833–1947)

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the southwest, west and West Midlands of England and most of Wales. It was founded in 1833, received its enabling act of Parliament on 31 August 1835 and ran its first trains in 1838 with the initial route completed between London and Bristol in 1841. It was engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who chose a broad gauge of 7 ft —later slightly widened to 7 ft 14 in —but, from 1854, a series of amalgamations saw it also operate 4 ft 8+12 in standard-gauge trains; the last broad-gauge services were operated in 1892.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bristol Harbour Railway</span>

The Bristol Harbour Railway was a standard-gauge industrial railway that served the wharves and docks of Bristol, England. The line, which had a network of approximately 5 mi (8.0 km) of track, connected the Floating Harbour to the GWR mainline at Bristol Temple Meads. Freight could be transported directly by waggons to Paddington Station in London. The railway officially closed in 1964.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wessex Main Line</span>

The Wessex Main Line is the railway line from Bristol Temple Meads to Southampton Central. Diverging from this route is the Heart of Wessex Line from Westbury to Weymouth. The Wessex Main Line intersects the Reading to Taunton Line at Westbury and the West of England Main Line at Salisbury.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Exeter St Davids railway station</span> Railway station in Devon, England

Exeter St Davids railway station is the principal railway station serving the city of Exeter in Devon, England. It is 193 miles 72 chains from the zero point at London Paddington, on the line through Bristol which continues to Plymouth and Penzance. It is also served by an alternative route to London Waterloo, via Salisbury, and branch lines to Exmouth, Barnstaple and Okehampton. It is currently managed by Great Western Railway and is served by trains operated by Great Western Railway, South Western Railway and CrossCountry. It is the busiest station in Devon, and the third busiest station in South West England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yeovil Pen Mill railway station</span> Railway station in Yeovil, England

Yeovil Pen Mill railway station is one of two stations serving the town of Yeovil, Somerset, England. The station is situated just under a mile to the east of the town centre. The station is located 59.5 miles (96 km) south of Bristol Temple Meads, on the Heart of Wessex Line. The station is managed by Great Western Railway, with trains being operated by them and by South Western Railway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taunton railway station</span> Railway station in Somerset, England

Taunton railway station is a junction station on the route from London to Penzance, 163 miles 12 chains (263 km) west of London Paddington station, measured via Box. It is situated in Taunton, Somerset, and is operated by Great Western Railway. The station is also served by CrossCountry trains and by the West Somerset Railway on special event days and by mainline steam excursions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bath Spa railway station</span> British railway station in Bath, England

Bath Spa railway station is the principal station serving the city of Bath in Somerset, England. It is on the Great Western Main Line, 106 miles 71 chains down the line from the zero point at London Paddington between Chippenham to the east and Oldfield Park to the west. It is the busiest station in Somerset, and the second busiest station in South West England after Bristol Temple Meads.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salisbury railway station</span> Railway station in Wiltshire, England

Salisbury railway station serves the cathedral city of Salisbury in Wiltshire, England. It is 83 miles 43 chains (134.4 km) from London Waterloo on the West of England line to Exeter St Davids. This is crossed by the Wessex Main Line from Bristol Temple Meads to Southampton Central. The station is operated and served by South Western Railway (SWR), and is also served by Great Western Railway (GWR).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Highbridge and Burnham railway station</span> Railway station in Somerset, England

Highbridge and Burnham railway station is situated on the Bristol Temple Meads - Exeter St David's Line in the town of Highbridge, Somerset and also serves the neighbouring town of Burnham-on-Sea. It is 145 miles 25 chains from the zero point at London Paddington via Box. It is unstaffed but managed by Great Western Railway who operate all the regular services.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Weston-super-Mare railway station</span> Main railway station for Weston-super-Mare, England

Weston-super-Mare railway station serves the seaside town of Weston-super-Mare in North Somerset, England. It is situated on a loop off the main Bristol to Taunton Line, 137 miles 33 chains from the zero point at London Paddington via Box.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yatton railway station</span> Railway station near Bristol, England

Yatton railway station, on the Bristol to Exeter line, is in the village of Yatton in North Somerset, England. It is 12 miles (19 km) west of Bristol Temple Meads railway station, and 130 miles (209 km) from London Paddington. Its three-letter station code is YAT. It was opened in 1841 by the Bristol and Exeter Railway, and served as a junction station for trains to Clevedon and Cheddar, but these lines closed in the 1960s. The station, which has two platforms, is managed by Great Western Railway, the seventh company to be responsible for the station, and the third franchise since privatisation in 1997. They provide all train services at the station, mainly hourly services between Bristol Parkway and Weston-super-Mare, and between Cardiff Central and Taunton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bradford-on-Avon railway station</span> Railway station in Wiltshire, England

Bradford-on-Avon railway station is a railway station on the Wessex Main Line in between Avoncliff and Trowbridge, serving the town of Bradford on Avon, in Wiltshire, England. The station is 9 miles 35 chains (15.2 km) south east of Bath Spa. The station was originally conceived by the Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth Railway, but was not built until after the company was purchased by the Great Western Railway in 1850 and did not open until 1857.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Worle railway station</span> Railway station in Weston-super-Mare, England

Worle railway station, on the Bristol to Exeter line, serves the Worle, West Wick and St Georges suburbs of Weston-super-Mare in North Somerset, England. It is 16 miles (26 km) west of Bristol Temple Meads railway station, and 134 miles (216 km) from London Paddington. Its three-letter station code is WOR. It was opened in 1990 by British Rail. The station, which has two platforms, is managed by Great Western Railway, the seventh company to be responsible for the station, and the third franchise since privatisation in 1997. They provide all train services at the station, mainly half hourly services between Severn Beach and Weston-super-Mare, and between Cardiff Central and Taunton. The station's car park was significantly expanded in 2013.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shirehampton railway station</span> Railway station in Bristol, England

Shirehampton railway station is on the Severn Beach Line and serves the district of Shirehampton in Bristol, England. It is 7.6 miles (12.2 km) from Bristol Temple Meads. Its three letter station code is SHH. The station has a single platform which serves trains in both directions. As of 2015 it is managed by Great Western Railway, which is the third franchise to be responsible for the station since privatisation in 1997. They provide all train services at the station, mainly a train every 30 minutes in each direction.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bristol and Exeter Railway</span> Former English railway company

The Bristol and Exeter Railway (B&ER) was an English railway company formed to connect Bristol and Exeter. It was built on the broad gauge and its engineer was Isambard Kingdom Brunel. It opened in stages between 1841 and 1844. It was allied with the Great Western Railway (GWR), which built its main line between London and Bristol, and in time formed part of a through route between London and Cornwall.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bedminster railway station</span> Railway station in Bristol, England

Bedminster railway station is on the Bristol to Exeter line and serves the districts of Bedminster and Windmill Hill in Bristol, south-west England. It is 0.9 miles (1.4 km) to the west of Bristol Temple Meads, and 119 miles (192 km) from London Paddington. Its three letter station code is BMT. It was opened in 1871 by the Bristol and Exeter Railway, was resited slightly further to the west in 1884 and was rebuilt in 1932. The station, which has three through-lines and two island platforms, but minimal facilities, is managed by Great Western Railway who operates all train services that serve the station, mainly an hourly service between Bristol Parkway and Weston-super-Mare.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parson Street railway station</span> Railway station in Bristol, England

Parson Street railway station serves the western end of Bedminster in Bristol, England. It also serves other surrounding suburbs including Bishopsworth, Ashton Vale and Ashton Gate, along with Bristol City FC. It is 2 miles (3.2 km) from Bristol Temple Meads, and 120 miles (193 km) from London Paddington. Its three letter station code is PSN. It was opened in 1927 by the Great Western Railway, and was rebuilt in 1933. The station, which has two through-lines and two platforms, plus one freight line for traffic on the Portishead Branch Line, has minimal facilities. As of 2020, it is managed by Great Western Railway, which is the sixth company to be responsible for the station, and the third franchise since privatisation in 1997. They provide all train services at the station, mainly an hourly service between Bristol Parkway and Weston-super-Mare.

The Cheddar Valley line was a railway line in Somerset, England, running between Yatton and Witham. It was opened in parts: the first section connecting Shepton Mallet to Witham, later extended to Wells, was built by the East Somerset Railway from 1858. Later the Bristol and Exeter Railway built their branch line from Yatton to Wells, but the two lines were prevented for a time from joining up. Eventually the gap was closed, and the line became a simple through line, operated by the Great Western Railway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clifton Bridge railway station</span> Former railway station in England

Clifton Bridge railway station is a former railway station in the Bower Ashton district of Bristol, England, near the River Avon. It was opened in 1867 by the Bristol and Portishead Pier and Railway Company as a single platform stop 3.4 miles (5.5 km) along the line from Bristol to Portishead. It was later taken over by the Great Western Railway and had a second platform added.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pill railway station</span> Former railway station in North Somerset, England

Pill railway station was a railway station on the Portishead Branch Line, 7.8 miles (12.6 km) west of Bristol Temple Meads, serving the village of Pill in North Somerset, England. The station was opened by the Bristol and Portishead Pier and Railway Company on 18 April 1867. It had two platforms, on either side of a passing loop, with a goods yard and signal box later additions. Services increased until the 1930s, at which point a half-hourly service operated. However the Portishead Branch was recommended for closure by the Beeching report, and the station was closed on 7 September 1964, although the line saw freight traffic until 1981. Regular freight trains through the station began to run again in 2002 when Royal Portbury Dock was connected to the rail network.

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Further reading