Brooklyn (New Zealand electorate)

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Brooklyn was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in Wellington city from 1946 to 1954. It was represented by two prominent members of the Labour Party: Peter Fraser, who was Prime Minister (1940–1949), and Arnold Nordmeyer, who was later Minister of Finance (1957–1960).

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Brooklyn. [1] The electorate was based on the southern suburbs of Wellington city, around the hill suburb of Brooklyn. [2]

The Brooklyn electorate was abolished through the 1952 electoral redistribution, and its area divided between the Wellington Central, Island Bay, and Karori electorates. These changes came into effect through the 1954 election. [3]

History

The electorate existed from 1946 to 1954, [4] but both the MPs who held the seat were prominent in the Labour Party; Peter Fraser, who was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1940–1949 in the First Labour Government; [5] and after Fraser's death on 12 December 1950 [6] Arnold Nordmeyer, [7] who was later Minister of Finance in the Second Labour Government from 1957–1960, [8] famous for the Black Budget that contributed to Labour's defeat at the 1960 election. [9] In 1954 Nordmeyer moved to the Island Bay electorate. [7]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour   

ElectionWinner
1946 election Peter Fraser
1949 election
1951 by-election Arnold Nordmeyer
1951 election
(Electorate abolished in 1954; see Island Bay)

Election results

1951 election

1951 general election: Brooklyn [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 6,375 58.35 -5.21
National Charles William Clift4,54941.64
Majority1,82616.71-11.96
Turnout 10,92483.53+19.93
Registered electors 13,077

1951 by-election

1951 Brooklyn by-election [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 5,287 63.56
National Leonard Theodor Jacobsen [11] 2,90234.88
Communist Connie Birchfield 1291.55-0.59
Majority2,38528.67
Turnout 8,31863.60-22.13
Registered electors 13,077
Labour hold Swing

1949 election

1949 general election: Brooklyn [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Peter Fraser 7,176 63.91 -1.84
National Berta Burns 4,22037.58
Communist Connie Birchfield 2412.14
Majority2,95626.32-5.16
Turnout 11,22885.73-1.36
Registered electors 13,096

1946 election

1946 general election: Brooklyn [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Peter Fraser 8,216 65.75
National Stewart Hardy4,28134.45
Majority3,93531.48
Turnout 12,49787.09
Registered electors 14,349

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 94.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 94–99.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 259.
  5. Wilson 1985, pp. 58, 198.
  6. Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  7. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 223.
  8. Wilson 1985, p. 88.
  9. Brown, Bruce. "Nordmeyer, Arnold Henry". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  10. 1 2 Norton 1988, p. 203.
  11. "Public Notices". The Evening Post . CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  12. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  13. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

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