Bruce Park

Last updated
Bruce Park
Bruce Park Portage Avenue Entrance.jpg
Entrance to Bruce Park
Location1966 Portage Ave.
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Coordinates 49°52′36″N97°13′33″W / 49.87667°N 97.22583°W / 49.87667; -97.22583 Coordinates: 49°52′36″N97°13′33″W / 49.87667°N 97.22583°W / 49.87667; -97.22583
Area13 acres (5.3 ha)
Established1936

Bruce Park is a 13-acre (53,000 m2) urban park located at 1966 Portage Avenue, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. The park is bordered to the south by the Assiniboine River, to the east by Douglas Park Road, to the west by Deer Lodge Place, and to the north by Portage Avenue.

Winnipeg Provincial capital city in Manitoba, Canada

Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada. Centred on the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, it is near the longitudinal centre of North America, approximately 110 kilometres (70 mi) north of the Canada–United States border.

Manitoba Province of Canada

Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is often considered one of the three prairie provinces and is Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.369 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi) with a widely varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States. The province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, and Northwest Territories to the northwest, and the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.

Assiniboine River river in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada

The Assiniboine River is a 1,070-kilometre (660 mi) river that runs through the prairies of Western Canada in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. It is a tributary of the Red River. The Assiniboine is a typical meandering river with a single main channel embanked within a flat, shallow valley in some places and a steep valley in others. Its main tributaries are the Qu'Appelle, Souris and Whitesand Rivers. For early history and exploration see Assiniboine River fur trade.

Contents

The park has three footbridges that cross the Truro Creek, which runs through the park. Features of the park include formal flower gardens, grassland and forest naturalization areas, the A.W. Hanks Walkway, the Bruce Park Cenotaph war memorial, a playground, and a wading pool. The park is open year-round.

English landscape garden style of garden

The English landscape garden, also called English landscape park or simply the English garden, is a style of "landscape" garden which emerged in England in the early 18th century, and spread across Europe, replacing the more formal, symmetrical jardin à la française of the 17th century as the principal gardening style of Europe. The English garden presented an idealized view of nature. It drew inspiration from paintings of landscapes by Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin, and from the classic Chinese gardens of the East, which had recently been described by European travellers and were realized in the Anglo-Chinese garden. The English garden usually included a lake, sweeps of gently rolling lawns set against groves of trees, and recreations of classical temples, Gothic ruins, bridges, and other picturesque architecture, designed to recreate an idyllic pastoral landscape. The work of Lancelot "Capability" Brown was particularly influential. By the end of the 18th century the English garden was being imitated by the French landscape garden, and as far away as St. Petersburg, Russia, in Pavlovsk, the gardens of the future Emperor Paul. It also had a major influence on the form of the public parks and gardens which appeared around the world in the 19th century. The English landscape garden was centred on the English country house.

History

Bruce Park is named after Peter Bruce. The Bruce family were Metis farmers that originally settled the land in the 1850s. The land where Peter Bruce lived was donated to the municipality of St. James in 1933 under the condition that it always remains a green space for all to enjoy.

In mid-May 1936 four Boy Scout troops in the St. James area planted trees and a lilac bush within the park. West District Troops taking part in the Arbour Day project included 7th Anglican, 33rd Soongy Tay Ay, 40th Deer Lodge, and 72nd St. James United. [1] [2]

There is a plaque, near the Portage Avenue entrance, commemorating their contribution to the area.

In 1992, the "Friends of Bruce Park" were formed to help preserve and protect the park.

Bruce Park Cenotaph

Bruce Park Cenotaph Bruce Park Cenotaph.JPG
Bruce Park Cenotaph

A cenotaph was erected in 1936 as a centrepiece in the park to honour the memory of the men and women of St. James who died in the Great War (World War I) [3] and approved on May 9. [4] The St. James memorial committee donated the monument to the city of St. James on June 30, 1936. [5] Due to the exemplary workmanship, the monument stood for over half a century. Frost damage destroyed the cenotaph in the 1980s.

Cenotaph "Empty tomb" or monument erected in honor of a person whose remains are elsewhere

A cenotaph is an empty tomb or a monument erected in honour of a person or group of people whose remains are elsewhere. It can also be the initial tomb for a person who has since been reinterred elsewhere. Although the vast majority of cenotaphs honour individuals, many noted cenotaphs are instead dedicated to the memories of groups of individuals, such as the lost soldiers of a country or of an empire.

The current cenotaph was erected in 1990. It was dedicated at 2 pm September 30, 1990 [6] to the memory of those who died in World War I, World War II, Korea, and to Canadian peacekeepers. The current monument is a true replica of the original cenotaph. The new cenotaph was built with $37,000 funding from St. James branch #4 Royal Canadian Legion in conjunction with the city of Winnipeg St. James-Assiniboia Parks and Recreation branch. [7]

Royal Canadian Legion organization

The Royal Canadian Legion is a non-profit Canadian ex-service organization founded in 1925. Membership includes people who have served as military, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, provincial and municipal police, Royal Canadian Air, Army and Sea Cadets, direct relatives of members and also affiliated members. Membership is now also open to the general public.

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References

  1. "Boy Scouts Plant Memorial Grove In Trees In St. James". Winnipeg Free Press. May 13, 1936. p. 2.
  2. "Scouts Help Plant Memorial Trees". The Winnipeg Evening Tribune. May 16, 1936. p. 36.
  3. "Cenotaph To Be Built In Bruce Park". The Winnipeg Evening Tribune. May 9, 1934. p. 9.
  4. "Plans For Cenotaph In St. James Are Approved". Winnipeg Free Press. May 10, 1934.
  5. "St. James War Memorial To Be Unveiled Sunday". The Winnipeg Evening Tribune. June 24, 1936. p. 7.
  6. "Ready for viewing". Winnipeg Free Press Weekly. September 23, 1990.
  7. Bridge, Bonnie (February 11, 1990). "Bus service, library cuts eyed in St. James". Winnipeg Free Press Weekly.