Buckeye, Arizona

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Buckeye
City of Buckeye
Buckye-Downtown Monroe Ave.JPG
Historic Buckeye downtown as seen from Monroe Avenue in October 2015
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Buckeye Highlighted 0407940.svg
Location of Buckeye in Maricopa County, Arizona
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Buckeye
Location of Buckeye in Maricopa County, Arizona
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Buckeye
Buckeye (the United States)
Coordinates: 33°22′14″N112°35′27″W / 33.37056°N 112.59083°W / 33.37056; -112.59083 Coordinates: 33°22′14″N112°35′27″W / 33.37056°N 112.59083°W / 33.37056; -112.59083
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
   Mayor Jackie M. Meck [1]
   City Council Tony Youngker
Patrick HagEstad
Michelle Hess
Jeanine Guy
Craig Heustis
Eric Orsborn
   City Manager Roger Klingler
Area
[2]
  Total392.65 sq mi (1,016.96 km2)
  Land392.52 sq mi (1,016.62 km2)
  Water0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
Elevation
869 ft (265 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total50,876
  Estimate 
(2017) [4]
68,453
  Density174.39/sq mi (67.33/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85326, 85396
Area code(s) 623, 602, 480, 928
FIPS code 04-07940
GNIS feature ID 2081
Website http://www.buckeyeaz.gov/
Private auto camp for cotton pickers in Buckeye, 1940 Buckeye, Maricopa County, Arizona. Private auto camp for cotton pickers, camp manager's store in for . . . - NARA - 522538.jpg
Private auto camp for cotton pickers in Buckeye, 1940

Buckeye is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona and is the westernmost suburb in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The population was estimated at 68,453 in 2017. [5] It is one of the fastest-growing cities in the US; in 2016, it placed seventh. [6] By 2017, it had grown to be the fastest growing city in the US.

Contents

History

Early settler Malie M. Jackson developed 10 miles (16 km) of the Buckeye Canal from 1884 to 1886, which he named after his home state of Ohio's moniker, "The Buckeye State". The town was founded in 1888 and originally named "Sidney," after Jackson's home town in Ohio. However, because of the significance of the canal, the town became known as Buckeye. The name was legally changed to Buckeye in 1910. The town was incorporated in 1929, at which time it included 440 acres (180 ha). The town's first mayor was Hugh M. Watson (1956–1958), who founded the Buckeye Valley Bank. Today, Watson Road is the site of the city's commercial center. [7]

In 2008, Buckeye was featured on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer as part of a week-long series entitled "Blueprint America." [8]

The PBS NewsHour is an American daily evening television news program that is broadcast on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), airing seven nights a week on more than 350 of the public broadcaster's member stations. As the nation's first hour-long nightly news broadcast, the program is known for its in-depth coverage of issues and current events.

In 2013, a video featuring a Verrado High School student who overcame Down's Syndrome to join the school's cheerleading squad, and using the Katy Perry song "Roar", was selected as a finalist in a Good Morning America contest. [9]

Verrado High School is a high school in the Verrado community of Buckeye, Arizona, United States under the jurisdiction of the Agua Fria Union High School District.

Down syndrome chromosomal disease characterized by flat-looking facial features and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy and is caused by trisomy of all or a critical portion of chromosome 21 and is associated with intellectual disability

Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is typically associated with physical growth delays, mild to moderate intellectual disability, and characteristic facial features. The average IQ of a young adult with Down syndrome is 50, equivalent to the mental ability of an 8- or 9-year-old child, but this can vary widely.

Katy Perry American singer, songwriter and actress

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson, known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer, songwriter, and television judge. After singing in church during her childhood, she pursued a career in gospel music as a teenager. Perry signed with Red Hill Records and released her debut studio album Katy Hudson under her birth name in 2001, which was commercially unsuccessful. She moved to Los Angeles the following year to venture into secular music after Red Hill ceased operations and she subsequently began working with producers Glen Ballard, Dr. Luke, and Max Martin. After adopting the stage name Katy Perry and being dropped by The Island Def Jam Music Group and Columbia Records, she signed a recording contract with Capitol Records in April 2007.

A vote to change the town into the City of Buckeye became effective in 2014. [10]

In November 2017, media outlets reported that a company associated with billionaire Bill Gates purchased 24,800 acres (100 km2) between Buckeye and Tonopah for $80 million. Gates's company plans to create a "smart city" called Belmont on the site. [11]

Bill Gates American business magnate and philanthropist

William Henry Gates III is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, and humanitarian. He is best known as the principal founder of Microsoft Corporation. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until May 2014.

Tonopah, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Tonopah is a census-designated place in western Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, approximately 50 miles (80 km) west of downtown Phoenix off Interstate 10. The community is near the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station, the largest power producer in the country, nuclear or otherwise.

Belmont is a proposed planned city in the Phoenix metropolitan area of Arizona, United States. The development, a partnership between billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates and local real estate investors, will be a "smart city" designed around emerging technologies. It is located in the West Valley area, along Interstate 10 near Tonopah.

Geography

Buckeye is located approximately 30 miles (48 km) west of downtown Phoenix.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 145.8 square miles (377.6 km2), all of it land.

Neighborhoods

The original Buckeye was built around downtown's main street, Monroe Avenue. There are currently nearly 30 master planned communities planned for Buckeye. Such master planned communities under development in which homes are occupied include Riata West, Sundance, Verrado, Westpark, Tartesso and Festival Ranch.

Other unbuilt planned communities within Buckeye include Douglas Ranch (planned for nearly 300,000 inhabitants), Sun Valley Villages, Spurlock Ranch, Trillium, Elianto, Westwind, Silver Rock, Sienna Hills, Henry Park, Southwest Ranch and Montierre.

Sundance Towne Center, a shopping center developed by Vestar Development in the Sundance community, opened in 2007.

Climate

Buckeye has a hot desert climate (Köppen BWh), with abundant sunshine due to the stable descending air of the eastern side of the subtropical anticyclone aloft and at sea level over the southwestern United States. Summers, as with most of the Sonoran Desert, are extremely hot, with 121.0 afternoons reaching 100 °F or 37.8 °C and 181.6 afternoons getting to 90 °F or 32.2 °C. The record high temperature of 125 °F (51.7 °C) occurred on July 28, 1995, and temperatures above 86 °F or 30 °C may occur in any month. Less hot weather may occasionally occur during summer, but such periods are no less unpleasant as they result from monsoonal weather with its attendant higher cloudiness and humidity; however actual rainfall from the monsoon is much more infrequent than in Flagstaff, Nogales or even Tucson. The heaviest daily rainfall has been 4.90 inches (124.5 mm) on September 2, 1894, but between 1971 and 2000 no month had more rainfall than 4.52 inches or 114.8 millimetres in December 1984.

The winter season from November to March is warm to very warm during the day, not much cooler than 68 °F or 20 °C during a typical afternoon, but 20.2 mornings typically fall to or below 32 °F or 0 °C, though no snowfall was recorded during the 1971 to 2000 period, and only twelve afternoons did not reach 50 °F or 10 °C. The coldest temperature recorded in Buckeye was 11 °F or −11.7 °C on January 8, 1913.

Climate data for Buckeye, Arizona (1971–2000); extremes 1893–2001
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)100
(38)
92
(33)
101
(38)
106
(41)
115
(46)
122
(50)
125
(52)
120
(49)
119
(48)
108
(42)
96
(36)
87
(31)
125
(52)
Average high °F (°C)68.3
(20.2)
73.2
(22.9)
78.7
(25.9)
87.3
(30.7)
95.9
(35.5)
105.8
(41.0)
108.4
(42.4)
106.3
(41.3)
101.0
(38.3)
90.0
(32.2)
76.8
(24.9)
68.2
(20.1)
88.3
(31.3)
Average low °F (°C)36.7
(2.6)
40.4
(4.7)
44.6
(7.0)
49.6
(9.8)
57.5
(14.2)
65.3
(18.5)
74.2
(23.4)
73.6
(23.1)
66.1
(18.9)
53.1
(11.7)
41.3
(5.2)
35.8
(2.1)
53.2
(11.8)
Record low °F (°C)11
(−12)
18
(−8)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
32
(0)
42
(6)
49
(9)
48
(9)
41
(5)
26
(−3)
20
(−7)
12
(−11)
11
(−12)
Average rainfall inches (mm)0.80
(20)
0.80
(20)
0.99
(25)
0.26
(6.6)
0.15
(3.8)
0.07
(1.8)
0.67
(17)
1.22
(31)
0.75
(19)
0.64
(16)
0.64
(16)
0.92
(23)
7.91
(199.2)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)3.43.14.01.50.80.42.04.12.42.31.93.129
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [12]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 200
1910 684242.0%
1920 7266.1%
1930 1,07748.3%
1940 1,30521.2%
1950 1,93248.0%
1960 2,28618.3%
1970 2,59913.7%
1980 3,43432.1%
1990 4,43629.2%
2000 6,53747.4%
2010 50,876678.3%
Est. 201768,453 [4] 34.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]

In 2015, the population of the city was 62,582 people living in 21,628 households. [5]

As of the census of 2010, there were 50,876 people residing in 16,499 households in the city. The population density was 135.6 people per square mile (17.3/km²). There were 18,207 housing units. 10.8% of the population were born overseas.

In terms of age brackets, the population was spread out with 9.1% under the age of 5; 30.6% under the age of 18; 53% aged between 18 and 64 and 6.7% were 65 years of age or older. 45.4% percent of the population are women.

From 2012 to 2016, the median income for a household in the town was $58,711. The per capita income for the town was $20,446. Both of these numbers are in 2016 dollars. About 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line.

Parks and recreation

The Buckeye Union High School A-Wing is listed on the National Register of Historic Places Buckeye-Buckeye Union High School A-Wing-1.JPG
The Buckeye Union High School A-Wing is listed on the National Register of Historic Places

A popular recreation destination in Buckeye is the Buckeye Hills Recreation Area. It is located 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Buckeye on State Route 85 (at mile marker 144). A 900-acre (3.6 km2) Buckeye Lake is planned. The City of Buckeye's Skyline Regional Park is an 8,700 acre mountain preserve located in the southern White Tank Mountains. The park features 8 miles of trails for hikers, mountain bikers and equestrians, picnic areas and camping. Entry to the park is free. By the end of September 2016, 9 additional miles of trails will be constructed for a total of 17 miles of trails.

Education

The City of Buckeye is served by the following school districts:

Estrella Mountain Community College recently renovated the original historic Buckeye Union High School building on Eason Avenue near 9th Street, also known as the "A" Wing, and started holding classes in this new satellite facility in the Fall of 2011. Named the Buckeye Educational Center, this facility provides academic courses, job training programs and community education classes.[ citation needed ] [15]

Media

There are several local newspapers including the West Valley View , Arizona Republic's Southwest Valley edition and the Buckeye Valley News. [16]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Buckeye is served by five highways, a municipal airport and several nearby airports, and the railroad. [17]

Roads

Major roadways serving the city include:

Bus

Buckeye is served by Valley Metro via a rural bus line connecting Phoenix-Goodyear-Gila Bend-Ajo. [18]

Rail

In 1910, the Arizona Eastern Railroad came to Buckeye; the first car in 1911; a steam rail line connected it to Phoenix by 1912; and a state highway by 1915. The coming of the railroad was so significant that the business district was moved to accommodate the location of the railroad station. As a result, Buckeye was booming. By 1912, major buildings were constructed, along with expansion of the business community. [7]

Union Pacific operates a rail line running east-west generally through the center of the city. [19]

Air

The Buckeye Municipal Airport (ICAO identifier KBXK), is owned and operated by the city government. [20] [21]

Notable people

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References

  1. "Mayor Jackie A. Meck - Buckeye, Arizona - City of Buckeye, Arizona". www.mayormeck.com.
  2. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  5. 1 2 "Buckeye's 2015 special census count reveals city's official population" . Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  6. "Buckeye ranked seventh-fastest growing city". West Valley News. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  7. 1 2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. "America in Gridlock ~ [VIDEO] Nowhere to Grow - Blueprint America - PBS". Public Broadcasting Service. October 15, 2008.
  9. "Katy Perry 'Roar' Contest: Girl With Down Syndrome Stars in Finalist Video". ABC News. October 7, 2013.
  10. "Buckeye officially changes name from 'town' to 'city'", cbs5az.com
  11. "Bill Gates invests $80 million to build Arizona smart city," http://money.cnn.com/2017/11/13/technology/future/bill-gates-smart-city-arizona/index.html, accessed 16 Jan 2018
  12. "Climatography of the United States No. 20: 1971–2000 – Buckeye, AZ" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2004. Retrieved on November 21, 2016.
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  14. "Buckeye Union High School School A-Wing". U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  15. "Career and Education / Home". www.mcrsd.org. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  16. "Buckeye Valley News". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 12, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. "Route 785 makes new stops in Buckeye" (Press release). Valley Metro. January 16, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014.
  19. "Arizona Railroads" (PDF). Arizona Department of Transportation.
  20. "Buckeye Municipal Airport". City of Buckeye.
  21. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)