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USS Buckley (DE-51)
|Displacement:||1,740 tons (fully loaded)|
|Length:||306 ft (93.3 m)|
|Beam:||36 ft 6 in (11.1 m)|
|Draft:||11 ft (3.4 m) (fully loaded)|
|Propulsion:||Two Foster-Wheeler Express "D"-type water-tube boilers, two GE steam turbines of 13,500 horsepower (10,100 kW) total, two generators (9,200 kilowatts (12,300 hp) total), 12,000 horsepower (8,900 kW) of electric motors drove the two propeller shafts|
|Speed:||24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph) (most ships could attain 26/27 knots)|
|Range:||5,500 nautical miles (10,190 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)|
|Capacity:||350 tons oil (fuel)|
|Sensors and |
The Buckley-class destroyer escorts were 102 destroyer escorts launched in the United States in 1943–44. They served in World War II as convoy escorts and anti-submarine warfare ships. The lead ship was USS Buckley which was launched on 9 January 1943. The ships had General Electric steam turbo-electric transmission. The ships were prefabricated at various factories in the United States, and the units brought together in the shipyards, where they were welded together on the slipways.
The Buckley class was the second class of destroyer escort, succeeding the Evarts-class destroyer escorts. One of the main design differences was that the hull was significantly lengthened on the Buckley class; this long-hull design proved so successful that it was used for all further destroyer escort classes. The class was also known as the TE type, from Turbo Electric drive. The TE was replaced with a diesel-electric plant to yield the design of the successor Cannonclass ("DET").
A total of 154 were ordered with 6 being completed as high speed transport ("APD"). A further 37 were later converted after completion while 46 of the Buckleys were delivered to the Royal Navy under the Lend-Lease agreement. These 46 were classed as frigates and named after Royal Navy captains of the Napoleonic Wars, forming part of the Captain-class frigate along with 32 Lend-Lease ships of the Evarts class.
After World War II, most of the surviving units of this class were transferred to Taiwan, South Korea, Chile, Mexico and other countries. The rest were retained by the US Navy's reserve fleet until they were decommissioned.
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The Buckley-class' main armament was three 3"/50 caliber guns in Mk 22 dual purpose open mounts. They fired fixed fire shot (anti-aircraft, armor-piercing, or star shell) and had a range of 14,600 yards (13,400 m) at 45 degrees, and an anti-aircraft ceiling of 28,000 feet (8,500 m)
With regard to anti-aircraft weaponry, the Buckley-class carried four 1.1 inch/75 (28mm) gun or two Bofors 40 mm guns fitted in the 'X' position. These were not included in the Captain-Class units. Eight Oerlikon 20 mm cannons were positioned two in front of the bridge behind and above B gun mount, one on each side of the B gun mount in sponsons, and two on each side of the ship in sponsons just abaft the funnel. Some of the ships had an extra one or two Oerlikons fitted on top of the superstructure amidships. The Captain-Class units had additional 20 mm guns fitted in 'X' position, and on the director stand for 'X' position.
For anti-submarine weapons, the Buckley-class carried a Hedgehog—a British designed ahead throwing mortar which fired 24 bombs ahead of the ship, situated on the main deck just aft of A gun mount. They also had up to 200 depth charges. Two sets of double rails were mounted on each side of the ship at the stern, each set held 24 charges; eight (two on Captain-class units) K-gun depth charge throwers each holding 5 charges were on each side of the ship just forward of the stern rails. On Captain-class ships, just forward of these double sets of ready racks were fitted along each side of the ship extending to midships, each set holding 60 depth charges (these ready rails were added after the ships first arrived in the UK).
They also carried three 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes in a triple mount mounted just aft of the stack.
Most of the film The Enemy Below (1957) was filmed on USS Whitehurst, a Buckley-class DE. The rest of the film is set in the submarine that it is hunting.
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Decommissioned||Fate|
|Buckley||DE-51||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Bethlehem Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Massachusetts||21 July 1942||9 January 1943||30 April 1943||3 July 1946||Reclassified DER-51 26 April 1949, reclassified DE-51 29 September 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1968; sold for scrap July 1969|
|Charles Lawrence||DE-53||1 August 1942||16 February 1943||31 May 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-37 23 October 1944|
|Daniel T. Griffin||DE-54||7 September 1942||25 February 1943||9 June 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-38 23 October 1944|
|Donnell||DE-56||27 November 1942||13 March 1943||26 June 1943||23 October 1945||Torpedoed by U-473 in North Atlantic 3 May 1944; reclassified IX-182 15 July 1944; served as a floating power plant at Cherbourg, France. Struck from the Navy List 10 November 1945; sold 29 April 1946|
|Fogg||DE-57||4 December 1942||20 March 1943||7 July 1943||27 October 1947||Reclassified DER-57 18 March 1949, reclassified DE-57 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 April 1965; sold for scrap 4 January 1966|
|Foss||DE-59||31 December 1942||10 April 1943||23 July 1943||30 October 1957||Struck from Navy List 1 November 1965 and sold for scrap|
|Gantner||DE-60||31 December 1942||17 April 1943||29 July 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-42 23 February 1945|
|George W. Ingram||DE-62||6 February 1943||8 May 1943||11 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-43 23 February 1945|
|Ira Jeffery (ex-Jeffery)||DE-63||13 February 1943||15 May 1943||15 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-44 23 February 1945|
|Lee Fox||DE-65||1 March 1943||29 May 1943||30 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-45 31 July 1944|
|Amesbury||DE-66||8 March 1943||6 June 1943||31 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-46 31 July 1944|
|Bates||DE-68||29 March 1943||6 June 1943||12 September 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-47 31 July 1944; sunk by kamikazes and bombs off Okinawa 25 May 1945|
|Blessman||DE-69||22 March 1943||19 June 1943||19 September 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-48 31 July 1944|
|Joseph E. Campbell (ex-Campbell)||DE-70||29 March 1943||26 June 1943||23 September 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-49 24 November 1944|
|Reuben James||DE-153||Norfolk Navy Yard||7 September 1942||6 February 1943||1 April 1943||11 October 1947||Struck from Navy List 30 June 1968, sunk as a target 1 March 1971|
|Sims||DE-154||7 September 1942||6 February 1943||24 April 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-50 25 September 1944|
|Hopping||DE-155||15 December 1942||10 March 1943||21 May 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-51 25 September 1944|
|Reeves||DE-156||7 February 1943||22 April 1943||9 May 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-52 25 September 1944|
|Fechteler||DE-157||7 February 1943||22 April 1943||1 July 1943||N/A||Torpedoed and sunk by U-967 northwest of Oran, Algeria 5 May 1944|
|Chase||DE-158||16 March 1943||24 April 1943||18 July 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-54 28 November 1944|
|Laning||DE-158||23 April 1943||4 July 1943||1 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-55 28 November 1944|
|Loy||DE-160||23 April 1943||4 July 1943||12 September 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-56 23 October 1944|
|Barber||DE-161||27 April 1943||20 May 1943||10 October 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-57 23 October 1944|
|Lovelace||DE-198||22 May 1943||4 July 1943||7 November 1943||22 May 1946||Sunk as target off California, 25 April 1968|
|Manning||DE-199||Charleston Navy Yard||15 February 1943||1 June 1943||1 October 1943||15 January 1947||Struck from Navy List 31 July 1968; sold for scrap 27 October 1969|
|Neuendorf||DE-200||15 February 1943||1 June 1943||18 October 1943||14 May 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1967|
|James E. Craig||DE-201||15 April 1943||22 July 1943||1 November 1943||2 July 1946||Struck from Navy List 30 July 1968; sunk as target off California February 1969|
|Eichenberger||DE-202||15 April 1943||22 July 1943||17 November 1943||14 May 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972; sold for scrap 1 November 1973|
|Thomason||DE-203||5 June 1943||23 August 1943||10 December 1943||22 May 1946||Struck from Navy List 30 June 1968; sold for scrap 30 June 1969|
|Jordan||DE-204||5 June 1943||23 August 1943||17 December 1943||19 December 1945||Struck from Navy List 8 January 1946; sold for scrap 10 July 1947|
|Newman||DE-205||8 June 1943||9 August 1943||26 November 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-59 5 July 1944|
|Liddle||DE-206||12 June 1943||9 August 1943||6 December 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-60 5 July 1944|
|Kephart||DE-207||12 May 1943||6 September 1943||7 January 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-61 5 July 1944|
|Cofer||DE-208||12 May 1943||6 September 1943||19 January 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-62 5 July 1944|
|Lloyd||DE-209||26 July 1943||23 October 1943||11 February 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-63 5 July 1944|
|Otter||DE-210||26 July 1943||23 October 1943||21 February 1944||January 1947||Sunk as target off Puerto Rico 10 July 1970|
|Hubbard||DE-211||11 August 1943||11 November 1943||6 March 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-53 1 June 1945|
|Hayter||DE-212||11 August 1943||11 November 1943||16 March 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-80 1 June 1945|
|William T. Powell||DE-213||26 August 1943||27 November 1943||28 March 1944||9 December 1949||Reclassified DER-213 18 March 1949, reclassified DE-213 1 December 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 November 1965, sold for scrap 3 October 1966|
|28 November 1950||17 January 1958|
|Scott||DE-214||Philadelphia Navy Yard||1 January 1943||3 April 1943||20 July 1943||3 March 1947||Conversion to High Speed Transport and reclassification as APD-64 canceled 10 September 1945. Struck from Navy List 1 July 1965, sold for scrap 20 January 1967|
|Burke||DE-215||1 January 1943||3 April 1943||20 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-65 24 January 1945|
|Enright||DE-216||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||21 September 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-66 24 January 1945|
|Coolbaugh||DE-217||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||15 October 1943||21 February 1960||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 17 August 1973|
|Darby||DE-218||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||15 November 1943||28 April 1947||Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sunk as a target 24 May 1970|
|24 October 1950||23 September 1968|
|J. Douglas Blackwood||DE-219||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||15 December 1943||20 April 1946||Struck from Navy List 30 January 1970, sunk as a target 20 July 1970|
|5 February 1951||30 January 1970|
|Francis M. Robinson||DE-220||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||15 January 1944||20 June 1960||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 12 July 1973|
|Solar||DE-221||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||15 February 1944||21 May 1946||Destroyed by ammunition explosion at Earle, New Jersey 30 April 1946. Hulk sunk at sea 9 June 1946|
|Fowler||DE-222||5 April 1943||3 July 1943||15 March 1944||28 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1965, sold for scrap 29 December 1966|
|Spangenberg||DE-223||5 April 1943||3 July 1943||15 April 1943||18 July 1947||Reclassified DER-223 in March 1949, reclassified DE-223 1 December 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 November 1965, sold for scrap 3 October 1966|
|Ahrens||DE-575||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Bethlehem Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Massachusetts||5 November 1943||21 December 1943||12 February 1944||24 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 April 1965, sold for scrap 20 January 1967|
|Barr||DE-576||5 November 1943||28 December 1943||16 February 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-39 31 July 1944|
|Alexander J. Luke||DE-577||5 November 1943||28 December 1943||19 February 1944||18 October 1947||Reclassified DER-577 7 December 1945, reclassified DE-577 in August 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 May 1970, sunk as a target 22 October 1970|
|Robert I. Paine||DE-578||5 November 1943||30 December 1943||26 February 1944||21 November 1947||Reclassified DER-578 18 March 1949, reclassified DE-578 1 December 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1968, sold for scrap 18 July 1969|
|Foreman||DE-633||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco||9 March 1943||1 August 1943||22 October 1943||28 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 April 1965, sold for scrap 1966|
|Whitehurst||DE-634||21 March 1943||5 September 1943||19 November 1943||27 November 1946||Struck from Navy List 12 July 1969, sunk as target by Trigger (SS-564) 28 April 1971|
|1 September 1950||6 December 1958|
|2 October 1961||1 August 1962|
|England||DE-635||4 April 1943||26 September 1943||10 December 1943||15 October 1945||Reclassified APD-41 in mid-1945 but conversion to High Speed Transport was canceled 10 September 1945. Struck from Navy List 1 November 1945, sold and broken up 26 November 1946|
|Witter||DE-636||28 April 1943||17 October 1943||29 December 1943||22 October 1945||Reclassified APD-58 in mid-1945 but conversion to High Speed Transport was canceled 15 August 1945. Struck from Navy List 16 November 1945, sold and broken up 2 December 1946|
|Bowers||DE-637||28 May 1943||31 October 1943||27 January 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-40 25 June 1945|
|Willmarth||DE-638||25 June 1943||21 November 1943||13 March 1944||26 April 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1966, sold for scrap 1 July 1968|
|Gendreau||DE-639||1 August 1943||12 December 1943||17 March 1944||13 March 1948||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 11 September 1973|
|Fieberling||DE-640||19 March 1944||2 April 1944||11 April 1944||13 March 1948||Struck from Navy List 1 March 1972, sold for scrap 20 November 1972|
|William C. Cole||DE-641||5 September 1943||29 December 1943||12 May 1944||13 March 1948||Struck from Navy List 1 March 1972, sold for scrap 20 November 1972|
|Paul G. Baker||DE-642||26 September 1943||12 March 1944||25 May 1944||3 February 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1969, sold for scrap October 1970|
|Damon M. Cummings||DE-643||17 October 1943||18 April 1944||29 June 1944||3 February 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 March 1972, sold for scrap 18 May 1973|
|Vammen||DE-644||1 August 1943||21 May 1944||27 July 1944||12 July 1969||Struck from Navy List 12 July 1969, sunk as target 18 February 1971|
|Jenks||DE-665||Dravo Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||12 May 1943||11 September 1943||19 January 1944||26 June 1946||Conversion to High Speed Transport and reclassification as APD-67 canceled 1944. Struck from Navy List 1 February 1966, sold for scrap 5 March 1968|
|Durik||DE-666||22 June 1943||9 October 1943||24 March 1944||15 June 1946||Conversion to High Speed Transport and reclassification as APD-68 canceled 1944. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1965, sold for scrap 30 January 1967|
|Wiseman||DE-667||26 July 1943||6 November 1943||4 April 1944||31 May 1946||Struck from Navy List 15 April 1973, sold for scrap 29 April 1974|
|11 September 1950||15 April 1973|
|Weber||DE-675||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts||22 February 1943||1 May 1943||30 June 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-75 15 December 1944|
|Schmitt||DE-676||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||24 July 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-76 24 January 1945|
|Frament||DE-677||1 May 1943||28 June 1943||15 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-77 15 December 1944|
|Harmon||DE-678||31 May 1943||25 July 1943||31 August 1943||25 March 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1965, sold for scrap 30 January 1967|
|Greenwood||DE-679||29 June 1943||21 August 1943||25 September 1943||20 February 1967||Struck from Navy List 20 February 1967, sold for scrap 6 September 1967|
|Loeser||DE-680||27 July 1943||11 September 1943||10 October 1943||28 March 1947||Struck from Navy List 23 August 1968, sunk as a target 1969|
|9 March 1951||23 August 1968|
|Gillette||DE-681||24 August 1943||25 September 1943||27 October 1943||3 February 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 11 September 1973|
|Underhill||DE-682||16 September 1943||15 October 1943||15 November 1943||N/A||Sunk by Japanese Kaiten human torpedo northeast of Luzon 24 July 1945|
|Henry R. Kenyon||DE-683||29 September 1943||30 October 1943||30 November 1943||3 February 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1969, sold for scrap 22 October 1970|
|Bull||DE-693||Defoe Shipbuilding Company, Bay City, Michigan||15 December 1942||25 March 1943||12 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-78 31 July 1944|
|Bunch||DE-694||22 February 1943||29 May 1943||21 August 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-79 31 July 1944|
|Rich||DE-695||27 March 1943||22 June 1943||1 October 1943||N/A||Sunk by three mines off Utah Beach, Normandy 8 June 1944|
|Spangler||DE-696||28 April 1943||15 July 1943||31 October 1943||8 October 1958||Struck from Navy List 1 March 1972, sold for scrap 20 November 1972|
|George||DE-697||22 May 1943||14 August 1943||20 November 1943||8 October 1958||Struck from Navy List 1 November 1969, sold for scrap 12 October 1970|
|Raby||DE-698||7 June 1943||4 September 1943||7 December 1943||22 December 1953||Reclassified DEC-698 2 November 1949, reclassified DE-698 27 December 1957. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1968, sold for scrap|
|Marsh||DE-699||23 June 1943||25 September 1943||12 January 1944||1 August 1962||Struck from Navy List 15 April 1973, sold for scrap 20 February 1974|
|Currier||DE-700||21 July 1943||14 October 1943||1 February 1944||4 April 1960||Sunk as a target off California 11 July 1967|
|Osmus||DE-701||17 August 1943||4 November 1943||23 February 1944||15 March 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 27 November 1973|
|Earl V. Johnson||DE-702||7 September 1943||24 November 1943||18 March 1944||18 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 May 1967, sold for scrap 3 September 1968|
|Holton||DE-703||28 September 1943||15 December 1943||1 May 1944||31 May 1946||Scrapped|
|Cronin||DE-704||19 October 1943||5 January 1944||5 May 1944||31 May 1946||Reclassified DEC-704 13 September 1950, reclassified DE-704 27 December 1957. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1970, sunk as target 16 December 1971|
|9 February 1951||4 December 1953|
|Frybarger||DE-705||8 November 1943||25 January 1944||18 May 1944||30 June 1947||Reclassified DEC-705 13 September 1950, reclassified DE-705 27 December 1957. Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 27 November 1973|
|6 October 1950||9 December 1954|
|Tatum||DE-789||Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas||22 April 1943||7 August 1943||22 November 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-81 15 December 1944|
|Borum||DE-790||28 April 1943||14 August 1943||30 November 1943||15 June 1946||Conversion to High Speed Transport and reclassification as APD-82 canceled September 1945. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1965, sold for scrap 1966|
|Maloy||DE-791||10 May 1943||18 August 1943||13 December 1943||28 May 1965||Conversion to High Speed Transport and reclassification as APD-83 canceled September 1945. Reclassified EDE-791 14 August 1946. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1965, sold for scrap 11 March 1966|
|Haines||DE-792||17 May 1943||26 August 1943||27 December 1943||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-84 15 December 1944|
|Runels||DE-793||7 June 1943||4 September 1943||3 January 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-85 24 January 1945|
|Hollis||DE-794||5 July 1943||11 September 1943||24 January 1944||N/A||Converted to High Speed Transport, reclassified APD-86 24 January 1945|
|Gunason||DE-795||9 August 1943||16 October 1943||1 February 1944||13 March 1948||Sunk as target 28 July 1973, struck from Navy List 1 September 1973|
|Major||DE-796||16 August 1943||23 October 1943||12 February 1944||13 March 1948||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 27 November 1973|
|Weeden||DE-797||18 August 1943||27 October 1943||19 February 1944||9 May 1946||Struck from Navy List 30 June 1968, sold for scrap 27 October 1969|
|20 November 1946||26 February 1958|
|Varian||DE-798||27 August 1943||6 November 1943||29 February 1944||15 March 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 12 January 1974|
|Scroggins||DE-799||4 September 1943||6 November 1943||30 March 1944||15 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1965, sold for scrap 5 April 1967|
|Jack W. Wilke||DE-800||18 October 1943||18 December 1943||7 March 1944||24 May 1960||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 4 March 1974|
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable, long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against powerful short range attackers. They were originally developed in the late 19th century by Fernando Villaamil for the Spanish Navy as a defense against torpedo boats, and by the time of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, these "torpedo boat destroyers" (TBDs) were "large, swift, and powerfully armed torpedo boats designed to destroy other torpedo boats". Although the term "destroyer" had been used interchangeably with "TBD" and "torpedo boat destroyer" by navies since 1892, the term "torpedo boat destroyer" had been generally shortened to simply "destroyer" by nearly all navies by the First World War.
HMS Intrepid was one of nine I-class destroyers built for the Royal Navy during the 1930s.
Destroyer escort (DE) was the United States Navy mid-20th-century classification for a 20-knot (23 mph) warship designed with endurance to escort mid-ocean convoys of merchant marine ships. Kaibōkan were designed for a similar role in the Imperial Japanese Navy. The Royal Navy and Commonwealth forces identified such warships as frigates, and that classification was widely accepted when the United States redesignated destroyer escorts as frigates (FF) in 1975. From circa 1954 until 1975 new-build US Navy ships designated as destroyer escorts (DE) were called ocean escorts. Destroyer escorts, frigates, and kaibōkan were mass-produced for World War II as a less expensive antisubmarine warfare alternative to fleet destroyers. Other similar warships include the 10 Kriegsmarine escort ships of the F-class and the two Amiral Murgescu-class vessels of the Romanian Navy.
The Benham class of ten destroyers was built for the United States Navy (USN). They were part of a series of USN destroyers limited to 1,500 tons standard displacement by the London Naval Treaty and built in the 1930s. The class was laid down in 1936-1937 and all were commissioned in 1939. Much of their design was based on the immediately preceding Gridley and Bagley-class destroyers. Like these classes, the Benhams were notable for including sixteen 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, the heaviest torpedo armament ever on US destroyers. They introduced a new high-pressure boiler that saved space and weight, as only three of the new boilers were required compared to four of the older designs. The class served extensively in World War II in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Pacific theaters, including Neutrality Patrols in the Atlantic 1940-1941. Sterett received the United States Presidential Unit Citation for the Battle of Guadalcanal and the Battle of Vella Gulf, and the Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation for her World War II service. Two of the class were lost during World War II, three would be scrapped in 1947, while the remaining five ships would be scuttled after being contaminated from the Operation Crossroads atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
The Allen M. Sumner class was a group of 58 destroyers built by the United States during World War II. Another twelve ships were completed as destroyer minelayers. Often referred to as simply the Sumner class, this class was characterized by their twin 5-inch/38 caliber gun mounts, dual rudders, additional anti-aircraft weapons, and many other advancements over the previous Fletcher class. The Allen M. Sumner design was extended 14 feet (4.3 m) amidships to become the Gearing class, which was produced in larger numbers.
The C class was a class of 32 destroyers of the Royal Navy that were launched from 1943 to 1945. The class was built in four flotillas of 8 vessels, the "Ca", "Ch", "Co" and "Cr" groups or sub-classes, ordered as the 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th Emergency Flotillas respectively. The sub-class names are derived from the initial 2 letters of the member ships' names, although the "Ca" class were originally ordered with a heterogeneous mix of traditional destroyer names. A fifth flotilla, the "Ce" or 15th Emergency Flotilla, was planned but were cancelled in favour of the Weapon-class destroyers after only the first two ships had been ordered. The pennant numbers were all altered from "R" superior to "D" superior at the close of World War II; this involved some renumbering to avoid duplications.
The Evarts-class destroyer escorts were destroyer escorts launched in the United States in 1942–44. They served in World War II as convoy escorts and anti-submarine warfare ships. They were also known as the GMT or "short hull" DE class, with GMT standing for General Motors Tandem Diesel drive.
The Captain class was the designation given to 78 frigates of the Royal Navy, constructed in the United States of America, launched in 1942–1943 and delivered to the United Kingdom under the provisions of the Lend-Lease agreement. They were drawn from two sub-classes of the American destroyer escort classification: 32 from the Evarts subclass and 46 from the Buckley subclass. Upon reaching the UK the ships were substantially modified by the Royal Navy, making them distinct from the US Navy destroyer escort ships.
The Rudderow-class destroyer escorts were destroyer escorts launched in the United States in 1943 to 1945. Of this class, 22 were completed as destroyer escorts, and 50 were completed as Crosley-class high speed transports and were re-classified as high speed transport APDs. One ship was converted to an APD after completion. They served in World War II as convoy escorts and anti-submarine warfare ships.
The Cannon class was a class of destroyer escorts built by the United States primarily for ocean antisubmarine warfare escort service during World War II. The lead ship, USS Cannon, was commissioned on 26 September 1943 at Wilmington, Delaware. Of the 116 ships ordered, 44 were cancelled and six were commissioned directly into the Free French Forces. Destroyer escorts were regular companions escorting the vulnerable cargo ships.
The 3″/50 caliber gun in United States naval gun terminology indicates the gun fired a projectile 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter, and the barrel was 50 calibers long. Different guns of this caliber were used by the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard from 1890 through the 1990s on a variety of combatant and transport ship classes.
HMS Undaunted was a U-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy that saw service during World War II. She was later converted into a Type 15 fast anti-submarine frigate, with the new pennant number F53.
HMS Balfour was a Buckley-class Captain-class frigate during World War II.
HMS Bentley was a Buckley class Captain class frigate which served during World War II. The ship was named after Sir John Bentley who entered the Royal Navy in 1720. Between 1744 and 1761 he commanded a series of ships and took part in the decisive victory at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759 while commanding a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line HMS Warspite.
HMS Dacres (K472) was a Captain-class frigate, built in the United States as a Evarts-class destroyer escort, and transferred to the Royal Navy under the terms of Lend-Lease, which served in World War II.
The Visby class was a Swedish World War II destroyer class. During the years 1942–1944 four ships, Visby, Sundsvall, Hälsingborg and Kalmar, were built and delivered to the Swedish navy. The ships were a part of Sweden's military buildup during the war. Under this period the ships were used as neutral guards and escort ships. In 1965 the ships were modified and rebuilt as frigates. Two of the ships were decommissioned in 1978 and the last two followed in 1982.
The Dealey-class destroyer escorts were the first post-World War II escort ships built for the United States Navy.
The Van Amstel-class was a class of 6 frigates that were built during the Second World War in the United States and served as destroyer Escort during that war. After the war the destroyer escorts were loaned to the Dutch navy as part of the MDAP and from 1950 to 1967 served as the Van Amstel-class frigates.
The CANNON class was very similar in design to the BUCKLEY class, the primary difference being a diesel-electric power plant instead of the BUCKLEY class's turbo-electric design. The fuel efficient diesel electric plant greatly improved the range of the CANNON class, but at the cost of speed.