Buddy Knox

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Buddy Knox
Buddy Knox 1957.JPG
Knox in 1957.
Background information
Birth nameBuddy Wayne Knox
Born(1933-07-20)July 20, 1933
Happy, Texas, United States
DiedFebruary 14, 1999(1999-02-14) (aged 65)
Bremerton, Washington
Genres Rock and roll, rockabilly, pop [1]
Occupation(s) Singer, songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active19561980s
LabelsTriple-D Records
Roulette Records
Liberty Records
United Artists Records

Buddy Wayne Knox (July 20, 1933 – February 14, 1999) [2] was an American singer and songwriter, best known for his 1957 rock hit song, "Party Doll". [2]

Contents

Biography

Knox was born in the tiny farming community of Happy, Texas, United States, and learned to play the guitar in his youth. [3] In his teens, he and some high school friends formed a band called the "Rhythm Orchids". [3] After they performed on the same 1956 radio show as fellow Texan Roy Orbison and his "Teen Kings" band, Orbison suggested that Knox go to record producer Norman Petty, who had a recording studio in Clovis, New Mexico, [3] the same studio where Buddy Holly recorded several of his early hits, including "That'll Be the Day".

Knox's song "Party Doll" was released on the Roulette record label, [3] and went to No.1 on the Cash Box record chart in 1957 (after being picked from the tiny Triple-D label). [4] It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA. [5] This success was followed by "Rock Your Little Baby To Sleep", a No.17 hit, and "Hula Love", a No.9 hit. [3] While he never achieved the same level of artistic success as Holly or Orbison, Knox outlived both and enjoyed a long career in music. For his pioneering contribution, Knox was elected to the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. "Party Doll" was voted one of The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.

In the early 1960s, Knox signed with Liberty Records and released several more mainstream pop records, featuring string arrangements and backing vocalists. "Lovey Dovey" and "Ling-Ting-Tong" were the most notable recordings from this era. [3] The sound captured on these recordings was a distinct departure from his earlier rockabilly work for Roulette. Liberty and principal record producer Snuff Garrett successfully employed the same production techniques for their other mainstream pop artists of the time, which included Johnny Burnette and Bobby Vee. [3]

In 1968, Knox, who had been living in semi-retirement in Macon, Georgia while running his publishing company, moved to Nashville, Tennessee and signed a new recording contract with United Artists Records. Working with producer Bob Montgomery (songwriter), Knox honed his traditional rockabilly style more toward the modern country sound of the day. His first album on United Artists earned him the nickname by which he would be known for the remainder of his life. The title song of the album, Gypsy Man, written by Sonny Curtis [3] and featuring Curtis' acoustic guitar work, received airplay on country music radio stations.

Several singles recorded by Knox between 1968 and 1974 were notable for his experimenting with a variety of sounds and styles and, from a creative and critical standpoint, may have been his most productive era. His version of Delaney Bramlett's "God Knows I Love You", along with his self-penned "Salt Lake City", placed Knox firmly in the midst of the new pop music genre, being populated by artists such as Delaney & Bonnie, Eric Clapton, and others who were on the leading edge of the developing Southern rock style such as Black Oak Arkansas and the Allman Brothers Band. His cover version of James Hendricks' "Glory Train" was another stylistic stretch and featured a gospel-like chorus of backing vocalists. His cover of the Fleetwoods' "Come Softly to Me" demonstrated a vocal range not heard on his older recordings. He also reached out to the new generation of songwriters who would become prominent during Nashville's "Outlaw Era" of the 1970s, as he was one of the first artists to record Mickey Newbury's "I'm Only Rockin'". Several other major country music artists later recorded this song, but under the alternate title of "T. Total Tommy". Knox also recorded songs by Alex Harvey, John D. Loudermilk and Gary Paxton. On several of these recordings, Knox experimented with multi-tracking, something few artists had done up to that time.

Throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and early 1990s he was based out of Manitoba, Canada and toured primarily in Western Canada and upper Midwest U.S. with occasional European appearances. In 1981, he starred in an independent Canadian movie Sweet Country Road.

He said the fame took a toll on his family life. Traveling 250 days a year for 35 years, he was voted "the most traveling entertainer in the world" by Billboard magazine, but he said it cost three marriages for him.

In 1992, he divorced and moved to British Columbia where he was involved in several business ventures including a partnership in a local British Columbia nightclub.

His son, Michael Knox, is a record producer. [6]

Death

Moving to Port Orchard, Washington in 1997 to be with his fiancee, he experienced a fall and injured his hip. The doctor informed him at that time that he had terminal lung cancer. Knox scheduled a farewell show but died just a few weeks later on February 14, 1999, in Bremerton, Washington. He is interred in Dreamland Cemetery, in Canyon, Texas.

Discography

Compilation albums

Buddy Knox — Greatest Hits — all the Roulette and Liberty recordings

  1. "Party Doll" (1957, US no. 2, UK no. 29)
  2. "Storm Clouds" (1957)
  3. "That's Why I Cry" (1959, US no. 88)
  4. "Hula Love" (1957, US no. 12)
  5. "C'mon Baby" (1959)
  6. "All For You" (1959)
  7. "I Think I'm Gonna Kill Myself" (1959, US no. 55)
  8. "Lovey Dovey" (1961, US no. 25)
  9. "Ling-Ting-Tong" (1961, US no. 65)
  10. "Somebody Touched Me" (1958, US no. 22)
  11. "Rock Your Little Baby to Sleep" (1957)
  12. "Cause I'm In Love" (1957)
  13. "Swinging Daddy" (1958, US no. 80)
  14. "The Girl with the Golden Hair" (1959)
  15. "Devil Woman" (1957)
  16. "Mary Lou" (1957)
  17. "Rock House" (1957)
  18. "Maybellinne" (1957)
  19. "Rock Around the Clock" (1957)
  20. "She's Gone" (1962, UK no. 45)
  21. "Slippin' and Slidin'" (1962)
  22. "Chi-Hua-Hua" (1962)
  23. "OPEN YOUR LOVIN' ARMS" (1962)
  24. "Dear Abby" (1962)
  25. "Three Eyed Man" (1962)
  26. "Tomorrow is a Comin'" (1963)
  27. "Hitch Hike Back To Georgia" (1963)
  28. "I Got You" (1960)
  29. "I Ain't Sharin' Sharon" (1959)
  30. "I'm in Love With You" (1957)
  31. "Long Lonely Nights" (1960)
  32. "Good Time Girl" (1965)
  33. "Livin' in a House Full of Love" (1965)
  34. "Love Has Many Ways" (1965)
  35. "Teasable, Pleasable You" (1959, US no. 85)

Singles

YearTitles
Both sides from same album except where indicated
Chart positionsAlbum
US US R&BUK
1957"Party Doll"
b/w "My Baby's Gone" (Non-album track)
2329Buddy Knox
"Rock Your Little Baby To Sleep"
b/w "Don't Make Me Cry"
23
"Hula Love"
b/w "Devil Woman"
1213
1958"Swingin' Daddy"
b/w "Whenever I'm Lonely"
80Non-album tracks
"Somebody Touched Me"
b/w "C'mon Baby"
22Buddy Knox & Jimmy Bowen
1959"That's Why I Cry" /88
"Teasable, Pleasable You"85
"I Think I'm Gonna Kill Myself"
b/w "To Be With You"
55Non-album tracks
"Taste Of The Blues"
b/w "I Ain't Sharin' Sharon"
1960"Long Lonely Nights"
b/w "Storm Clouds"
"Lovey Dovey"
b/w "I Got You" (Non-album track)
25Buddy Knox's Golden Hits
1961"Ling, Ting, Tong"
b/w "The Kisses (They're All Mine)" (Non-album track)
65
"Three Eyed Man"
b/w "All By Myself" (from Buddy Knox's Golden Hits)
Non-album track
1962"Chi-Hua-Hua"
b/w "Open Your Lovin' Arms"
Buddy Knox's Golden Hits
"She's Gone"
b/w "Now There's Only Me" (Non-album track)
45
"Three Way Love Affair"
b/w "Dear Abby" (from Buddy Knox's Golden Hits)
Non-album tracks
1963"Tomorrow Is A Comin'"
b/w "Shadaroom"
"Thanks A Lot"
b/w "Hitchhike Back To Georgia"
1964"Good Lovin'"
b/w "All Time Loser"
"Jo Ann"
b/w "Don't Make A Ripple"
1965"Good Time Girl"
b/w "Livin' In A House Full Of Love"
"A Lover's Question"
b/w "You Said Goodbye"
1966"That Don't Do Me No Good"
b/w "A White Sport Coat (and A Pink Carnation)"
"Sixteen Feet Of Patio"
b/w "Love Has Many Ways"
1968"Gypsy Man"A
b/w "This Time Tomorrow"
Gypsy Man
"Today My Sleepless Nights Came Back To Town"
b/w "A Million Years Or So"
1969"God Knows I Love You"
b/w "Night Runners" (from Gypsy Man)
Non-album tracks
"Salt Lake City"
b/w "I'm Only Rockin'"
1970"Back To New Orleans"
b/w "Yesterday Is Gone"
"Glory Train"
b/w "White Dove"
1971"Travelin' Light"
b/w "Come Softly To Me"

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References

  1. Jason Ankeny. "Buddy Knox | Biography". AllMusic . Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  2. 1 2 Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 1998 - 1999". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 721. ISBN   1-85227-745-9.
  4. Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 38. CN 5585.
  5. Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p.  93. ISBN   0-214-20512-6.
  6. "Super Producer Michael Knox Gets 1st CMA Nomination «". Nashville.com. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015.