Building in the center of Bujanovac
Location of the municipality of Bujanovac within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Mayor||Nagip Arifi|
|• Town||8.95 km2 (3.46 sq mi)|
|• Municipality||461 km2 (178 sq mi)|
|Elevation||384 m (1,260 ft)|
|• Municipality density||94/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Bujanovac (Serbian Cyrillic : Бујановац, pronounced [bǔjanɔvats] ; Albanian : Bujanoc) is a town and municipality located in the Pčinja District of southern Serbia. Situated in the South Morava basin, it is located in the geographical area known as Preševo Valley. It is also known for its source of mineral water and spa town Bujanovačka banja.
Serbs are traditionally the largest ethnic group in the town, while the largest ethnic group in the municipality are Albanians.
Kale-Krševica, located south of Ristovac, is an archaeological site of a 5th-century BC Ancient city of Macedon, thought to be Damastion. The Thracian Triballi and Paeonian Agrianes dwelled in the region, with the Scordisci settling here after the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC. The region was conquered by the Romans after 75 BC. It became part of the Roman propraetorial province Moesia in 29 BC (imperial from 27 BC). In 87 AD the region was re-organized into the Moesia Superior, which was a province of the Roman Empire.
Medieval Serbian state like the Kingdom of Serbia or the Serbian Empire included part of this region in the 12th century and most of it until the 14th century. Since the 15th century, the region was under Ottoman administration.
It became part of Rumelia, as a historical term describing the area now referred to as the Balkans or the Balkan Peninsula when it was administrated by the Ottoman Empire.
After the Berlin agreement, signed in 1878, there were some administrative changes in the Ottoman Empire. Bujanovac and its surroundings became part of the "Preševo area" of the Priština District and in 1905–1912 Bujanovac belonged to the 2nd category of borough covering 28 villages. After the Balkan Wars, the area belonged to Kumanovo District of the Kingdom of Serbia.
After the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, in 1918, Bujanovac became part of Vranje Oblast, which was formed in 1921 after the Vidovdan Constitution. With administrative changes in 1929, it became part of Vardar Banovina, with the town of Skopje as capital. With the forming of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, it was part of Socialist Republic of Serbia from 1943 to 1992. After World War II, in 1947, Bujanovac was established as one of 117 municipalities of Central Serbia, under its own name.
From 1945 until 1992 Bujanovac was part of Socialist Republic of Serbia, within SFR Yugoslavia.
In 1992, the Albanians in the area organized a referendum in which they voted that Bujanovac, Preševo and Medveđa should join the self-declared assembly of the Republic of Kosova. However, no major events happened until the end of the 1990s.
Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, and nearby Kosovo War which lasted until 1999, between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian paramilitary separatist organization, the UÇPMB, raised an armed insurgency in the Preševo Valley, in the region mostly inhabited by Albanians, with a goal to occupy these three municipalities from Serbia and join them to the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosova.
Unlike in the case of Kosovo, western countries condemned the attacks and described it as the "extremism" and use of "illegal terrorist actions" by the group.Following the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević, the new Yugoslav government suppressed the violence by 2001 and defeated the separatists. NATO troops also helped the Yugoslav government by ensuring that the rebels do not import the conflicts back into Kosovo. Thereafter, the situation has stabilized even though large number of forces exist in this small municipality.
In 2009, Serbia opened a military base Cepotina five kilometers south of Bujanovac, to further stabilize the area.
Today, Bujanovac is located in the Pčinja District of southern Serbia.
On 7 March 2017, the President of Albania Bujar Nishani made a historical visit to the municipalities of Bujanovac and Preševo, in which Albanians form the ethnic majority.
Aside from the town of Bujanovac, the municipality includes the following settlements:
According to the 2002 census, the municipality of Bujanovac had a population of 43,302 people. Most of the municipality population live in rural areas, with only 27.74% living in the urban parts. The municipality of Bujanovac has 59 inhabited places.
The majority of the municipality population according to the 2002 census are Albanians, encompassing 54.69% of the total population. During the 2011 census, undercounting of the census units, owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community in the municipality of Bujanovac, was reported. The ethnic composition of the municipality is as follows:
Bujanovac has a number of football teams, the most notable being BSK Bujanovac, Kf Tërnoci and KF Besa.
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||35|
|Mining and quarrying||22|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||24|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||199|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||739|
|Transportation and storage||268|
|Accommodation and food services||261|
|Information and communication||36|
|Financial and insurance activities||31|
|Real estate activities||2|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||151|
|Administrative and support service activities||52|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||658|
|Human health and social work activities||456|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||123|
|Other service activities||109|
|Individual agricultural workers||178|
Novi Pazar is a city located in the Raška District of southwestern Serbia. As of the 2011 census, the urban area has 66,527 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 100,410 inhabitants. The city is the cultural center of the Bosniaks in Serbia and the region of Sandžak. A multicultural area of Muslims and Orthodox Christians, many monuments of both religions, like the Altun-Alem Mosque and the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, are found in the region which has a total of 30 protected monuments of culture.
Preševo is a town and municipality located in the Pčinja District of southern Serbia. It is the southernmost town in Serbia and largest in the geographical region of Preševo Valley.
Medveđa is a town and municipality located in the Jablanica District of southern Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 2,848 inhabitants, while the municipality has of 7,438 inhabitants.
Bosilegrad is a town and municipality located in the Pčinja District of southern Serbia. The municipality comprises an area of 571 km2 (220 sq mi). According to 2011 census, town has a population of 2,624 inhabitants, while the municipality has 8,129 inhabitants.
Ivanjica is a town and municipality located in the Moravica District of southwestern Serbia. The population of the town is 11,715, while the population of the municipality is 31,963 inhabitants. With an area of 1090 km², it is the eighth largest municipality in Serbia.
Breznica is a village located in the municipality of Bujanovac, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the town has a population of 1,362 people. Of these, 1334 (97,94 %) were ethnic Albanians, 1 (0,07 %) Serb, and 11 (0,80 %) others.
Dobrosin is a village located in the municipality of Bujanovac, southern Serbia.
Končulj is a village located in the municipality of Bujanovac, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 1,306 people, entirely composed of ethnic Albanians. There is administrative border crossing between Central Serbia and Kosovo near Končulj.
Mali Trnovac is a village located in the municipality of Bujanovac, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the town has a population of 343 people. Of these, 339 (98,83 %) were ethnic Albanians, and 1 (0,29 %) other.
Muhovac is a village located in the municipality of Bujanovac, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the town has a population of 570 people. Of these, 567 (99,47 %) were ethnic Albanians, 2 (0,35 %) were Bosniaks and 1 (0,17 %) other.
Veliki Trnovac is a village in the municipality of Bujanovac, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village had a population of 6,762. Of these, 6,730 (99,52%) were ethnic Albanians, 1 (0,01%) Bulgarian, 1 (0,01%) Bosniak, and 12 (0,17%) others.
Cakanovac is a village located in the municipality of Preševo, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 221 people. Of these, 186 (84,16 %) were Serbs, 32 (14,47 %) were ethnic Albanians, and 3 (1,35 %) Macedonians.
Čukarka is a village located in the municipality of Preševo, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 512 people. Of these, 427 (83,39 %) were ethnic Albanians, and 85 (16,60 %) were Serbs.
Golemi Dol is a village located in the municipality of Preševo, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 294 people. Of these, 266 (90,47 %) were ethnic Albanians, and 28 (9,52 %) were Serbs.
Ilince is a village in the municipality of Preševo, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 136 people. Of these, 134 (98,52 %) were ethnic Albanians, and 2 (1,47 %) were Hungarians.
Ranatovce is a village located in the municipality of Preševo, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 65 people. Of these, 64 were ethnic Albanians, and 1 other.
Stanevce is a village located in the municipality of Preševo, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 68 people. Of these, 67 (98,52 %) were ethnic Albanians, and 1 (1,47 %) Bosniak.
Žujince is a village located in the municipality of Preševo, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 1248 people. Of these, 1189 (95,27 %) were ethnic Albanians, 52 (4,16 %) were Serbs, and 3 (0,24 %) others.
Oplećani is a village in the municipality of Tomislavgrad in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Varjače is a settlement in the Kotor Varoš municipality, in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|a.||^ At the time, today's municipality of Preševo was a part of Bujanovac.|
|b.||^ In the municipality of Bujanovac there was undercoverage of the census units owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community.|
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