Bujanovac

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Bujanovac

Бујановац

Bujanoc
Bujanovc Qendra - panoramio.jpg
Building in the center of Bujanovac
COA Bujanovac.svg
Coat of arms
Municipalities of Serbia Bujanovac.png
Location of the municipality of Bujanovac within Serbia
Coordinates: 42°28′N21°46′E / 42.467°N 21.767°E / 42.467; 21.767 Coordinates: 42°28′N21°46′E / 42.467°N 21.767°E / 42.467; 21.767
Country Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Pčinja
Settlements59
Government
  MayorNagip Arifi
Area
  Town8.95 km2 (3.46 sq mi)
  Municipality461 km2 (178 sq mi)
Elevation
384 m (1,260 ft)
Population
 (2002 census) [3]
  Municipality
43,302
  Municipality density94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
17520
Area code +381(0)17
Car plates BU
Website www.bujanovac.rs/en
Municipality of Bujanovac Municipality of Bujanovac in District Pcinja en.svg
Municipality of Bujanovac

Bujanovac (Serbian Cyrillic : Бујановац, pronounced  [bǔjanɔvats] ; Albanian : Bujanoc) is a town and municipality located in the Pčinja District of southern Serbia. Situated in the South Morava basin, it is located in the geographical area known as Preševo Valley. It is also known for its source of mineral water and spa town Bujanovačka banja.

Contents

Serbs are traditionally the largest ethnic group in the town, while the largest ethnic group in the municipality are Albanians.

History

Ancient history

Kale-Krševica, located south of Ristovac, is an archaeological site of a 5th-century BC Ancient city of Macedon, thought to be Damastion. The Thracian Triballi and Paeonian Agrianes dwelled in the region, with the Scordisci settling here after the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC. The region was conquered by the Romans after 75 BC. It became part of the Roman propraetorial province Moesia in 29 BC (imperial from 27 BC). In 87 AD the region was re-organized into the Moesia Superior, which was a province of the Roman Empire.

Medieval Serbian era

Medieval Serbian state like the Kingdom of Serbia or the Serbian Empire included part of this region in the 12th century and most of it until the 14th century. Since the 15th century, the region was under Ottoman administration.

Ottoman era

It became part of Rumelia, as a historical term describing the area now referred to as the Balkans or the Balkan Peninsula when it was administrated by the Ottoman Empire.

After the Berlin agreement, signed in 1878, there were some administrative changes in the Ottoman Empire. Bujanovac and its surroundings became part of the "Preševo area" of the Priština District and in 1905–1912 Bujanovac belonged to the 2nd category of borough covering 28 villages. After the Balkan Wars, the area belonged to Kumanovo District of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Yugoslavia (1918–92)

After the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, in 1918, Bujanovac became part of Vranje Oblast, which was formed in 1921 after the Vidovdan Constitution. With administrative changes in 1929, it became part of Vardar Banovina, with the town of Skopje as capital. With the forming of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, it was part of Socialist Republic of Serbia from 1943 to 1992. After World War II, in 1947, Bujanovac was established as one of 117 municipalities of Central Serbia, under its own name. [4]

From 1945 until 1992 Bujanovac was part of Socialist Republic of Serbia, within SFR Yugoslavia.

Breakup of Yugoslavia (1991–99)

Sites near Bujanovac where NATO aviation used munition with depleted uranium during 1999 bombing Kosovo uranium NATO bombing1999.png
Sites near Bujanovac where NATO aviation used munition with depleted uranium during 1999 bombing

In 1992, the Albanians in the area organized a referendum in which they voted that Bujanovac, Preševo and Medveđa should join the self-declared assembly of the Republic of Kosova. However, no major events happened until the end of the 1990s.

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, and nearby Kosovo War which lasted until 1999, between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian paramilitary separatist organization, the UÇPMB, raised an armed insurgency in the Preševo Valley, in the region mostly inhabited by Albanians, with a goal to occupy these three municipalities from Serbia and join them to the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosova.

Unlike in the case of Kosovo, western countries condemned the attacks and described it as the "extremism" and use of "illegal terrorist actions" by the group. [5] Following the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević, the new Yugoslav government suppressed the violence by 2001 and defeated the separatists. NATO troops also helped the Yugoslav government by ensuring that the rebels do not import the conflicts back into Kosovo. [6] Thereafter, the situation has stabilized even though large number of forces exist in this small municipality.

In 2009, Serbia opened a military base Cepotina five kilometers south of Bujanovac, to further stabilize the area. [7]

Modern

Today, Bujanovac is located in the Pčinja District of southern Serbia.

On 7 March 2017, the President of Albania Bujar Nishani made a historical visit to the municipalities of Bujanovac and Preševo, in which Albanians form the ethnic majority. [8]

Settlements

Aside from the town of Bujanovac, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194834,472    
195336,810+1.32%
196139,064+0.75%
197143,522+1.09%
198146,689+0.70%
199149,238+0.53%
200243,302−1.16%
2011 [b] 18,067−9.26%
Source: [9]

According to the 2002 census, the municipality of Bujanovac had a population of 43,302 people. Most of the municipality population live in rural areas, with only 27.74% living in the urban parts. The municipality of Bujanovac has 59 inhabited places.

Ethnic groups

The majority of the municipality population according to the 2002 census are Albanians, encompassing 54.69% of the total population. During the 2011 census, undercounting of the census units, owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community in the municipality of Bujanovac, was reported. The ethnic composition of the municipality is as follows:

Ethnic groupPopulation
1948 [10] [a]
Population
1953 [11] [a]
Population
1961 [12]
Population
1971 [13]
Population
1981 [14]
Population
1991 [15]
Population
2002 [16]
Population
2011 [17] [b]
Albanians 27,17428,65316,61821,20925,84829,58823,681244
Serbs 25,14327,68120,03318,84015,91414,66014,78212,989
Romani 2,838-112,7494,1304,4083,8674,576
Macedonians 29544055105-3647
Bulgarians 923----3323
Gorani ------1060
Montenegrins 23168232444719
Muslims 314-13481121133615
Yugoslavs -911,08115967523
Others4086,2861,14755045133087891
Total55,93862,80439,06443,52246,68949,23843,30218,067

Culture and society

Sports

Bujanovac has a number of football teams, the most notable being BSK Bujanovac, Kf Tërnoci and KF Besa.

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018): [18]

ActivityTotal
Agriculture, forestry and fishing35
Mining and quarrying22
Manufacturing1,228
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply24
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities199
Construction227
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles739
Transportation and storage268
Accommodation and food services261
Information and communication36
Financial and insurance activities31
Real estate activities2
Professional, scientific and technical activities151
Administrative and support service activities52
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security658
Education775
Human health and social work activities456
Arts, entertainment and recreation123
Other service activities109
Individual agricultural workers178
Total5,575

International cooperation

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  2. "Насеља општине Бујановац" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  3. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN   978-86-6161-109-4 . Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. European Centre for Minority Issues Staf (1 January 2003). European Yearbook of Minority Issues: 2001/2. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 652. ISBN   90-411-1956-6.
  6. Lobjakas, Ahto. "NATO: Yugoslav Officials Discuss Presevo Valley". rferl.org. Radio Free Europe / Liberty. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  7. "Otvorena baza na jugu Srbije". b92.net (in Serbian). Beta. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  8. "Musliu: Albanski predsednik Bujar Nišani posetiće 7. marta Bujanovac i Preševo". blic.rs (in Serbian). Beta. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  9. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  10. "STALNO STANOVNISTVO PO NARODNOSTI" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  11. "UKUPNO STANOVNIŠTVO PO NARODNOSTI (1953)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  12. "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1961)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  13. "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1971)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  14. "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva SFR Jugoslavije (1981)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  15. "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NACIONALNOJ PRIPADNOSTI (1991)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  16. "Popis stanovnistva, domacinstava i stanova u 2002" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  17. "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  18. "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.

Notes

a.  ^ At the time, today's municipality of Preševo was a part of Bujanovac.
b.  ^ In the municipality of Bujanovac there was undercoverage of the census units owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community.