Bulgarian lev

Last updated

Bulgarian lev
български лев (Bulgarian)
The First Bulgarian Banknote Frontside.png
The first Bulgarian banknote, 1885
ISO 4217
CodeBGN (numeric:975)
Subunit 0.01
Plurallevove, numeric: leva
Symbol The abbreviation лв. (lv.) is used
Nicknamekint [1]
stotinkaст. (st.)
Banknotes5, 10, 20, 50, 100 leva
Coins1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 st., 1 lev, 2 leva
Date of introduction4 June 1880 (1880-06-04)
Central bank Bulgarian National Bank
Website www.bnb.bg
Mint Bulgarian Mint
Website www.mint.bg
Inflation 14.3% (2022)
Pegged with Euro (€) = 1.95583 leva
EU Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM)
Since10 July 2020
1  =BGN 1.95583 [2]
Band15.0% de jure; 0.0% de facto

The lev (Bulgarian : лев, plural: лева, левове / leva, [3] levove; ISO 4217 code: BGN; numeric code: 975) is the currency of Bulgaria. In old Bulgarian the word "lev" meant "lion", the word 'lion' in the modern language is lаv (IPA:  [ɫɤf] ; in Bulgarian: лъв). The lev is divided in 100 stotinki (стотинки, singular: stotinka, стотинка). Stotinka in Bulgarian means "a hundredth" and in fact is a translation of the French term "centime". Grammatically the word "stotinka" comes from the word "sto" (сто) - a hundred.


Since 1997, the lev has been in a currency board arrangement with initially the Deutsche Mark at a fixed rate of BGL 1000 to DEM 1. After the introduction of the euro and the redenomination of the lev in 1999, this has resulted in a fixed rate to the euro of BGN 1.95583 : EUR 1. Since 2020, the lev has been a part of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM II). The lev is scheduled to be supplanted by the euro on 1 January 2025.


The currency's name comes from the archaic Bulgarian word "lev," which meant "lion."

The lion is the national symbol of Bulgaria during the centuries. Bulgaria, the lion features on numerous historical monuments. The oldest images, found on slates in the city of Stara Zagora, date back to 9-10 century AD. A lion is depicted on The Madara Horseman- an impressive medieval rock relief carved into a towering rock plateau in North Eastern Bulgaria, which is on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. In the Middle Ages Bulgarian kings, such as Ivan Shishman, one of the last rulers of the Second Bulgarian kingdom, celebrated the lion as a symbol of power.

In the time of Bulgarian national awakening in the years of Ottoman bondage, the lion was considered and widely used as a major national symbol. Paisii of Hilendar, a discerning monastic and a key Revival figure, mentioned in his ground-breaking tome Istorija Slavjanobolgarskaja that Bulgarians had a lion on their kings’ royal seal: a symbol of the bravery, courage and invincibility of Bulgarian warriors, who fought “like lions”.

Lion images on revolutionary flags , used in the 1876 freedom-seeking April uprising, provide a proof that the lion continued to be considered as a national symbol. In the immediate period leading up to the revolt, revolutionary flags were made, featuring a golden lion rampant and the motto ”Freedom or Death”. These flags, most often hand-made by local teachers or icon painters, have been preserved in Bulgarian museums to the present day. Most flags were made of green silk and had a painted or embroidered lion on them, in a heraldic posture and trampling over the Crescent- the symbol of the Ottoman Empire. The same image can be seen on items of one-time rebel outfits such as hats and buttons. In Bulgarian folklore and Revival Literature, these lion depictions were called lion signs attributed to the Bulgarian revolutionaries´ image. “Young Bulgarian heroes...lion signs on their foreheads, fire blazing in their eyes”, says a most popular Bulgarian Revival period song.


First lev (1881–1952)

The lev was introduced as Bulgaria's currency in 1881 with a value equal to the French franc. The gold standard was suspended between 1899 and 1906 and suspended again in 1912. Until 1916, Bulgaria's silver and gold coins were issued to the same specifications as those of the Latin Monetary Union. Banknotes issued until 1928 were backed by gold ("leva zlato" or "zlatni", "лева злато" or "златни") or silver ("leva srebro" or "srebarni", "лева сребро" or "сребърни").

In 1928, a new gold standard of 1 lev = 10.86956 mg gold was established.

During World War II, in 1940, the lev was pegged to the German Reichsmark at a rate of 32.75 leva = 1 Reichsmark. With the Soviet occupation in September 1944, the lev was pegged to the Soviet ruble at 15 leva = 1 ruble. A series of pegs to the U.S. dollar followed: 120 leva = 1 dollar in October 1945, 286.50 leva in December 1945 and 143.25 leva in March 1947. No coins were issued after 1943; only banknotes were issued until the currency reform of 1952.


1883, 50 stotinki (the hole seen was punched through the coin to enable its wearing as an ornament, and is not standard) Stotinki-1883.jpg
1883, 50 stotinki (the hole seen was punched through the coin to enable its wearing as an ornament, and is not standard)
1912 20 stotinki Bulgaria 20 stotinka.JPG
1912 20 stotinki
1884 5 leva BULGARIA -5 LEVA 1884 a - Flickr - woody1778a.jpg
1884 5 leva

Between 1881 and 1884, bronze 2, 5 and 20 stotinki, and silver 50 stotinki, 1, 2 and 5 leva were introduced, followed, in 1888, by cupro-nickel 2+12, 5, 10 and 20 stotinki. Gold 10 and 20 leva were issued in 1894. Bronze 1 stotinka were introduced in 1901.

Production of silver coins ceased in 1916, with zinc replacing cupro-nickel in the 5, 10 and 20 stotinki in 1917. In 1923, aluminum 1 and 2 leva coins were introduced, followed by cupro-nickel pieces in 1925. In 1930, cupro-nickel 5 and 10 leva and silver 20, 50 and 100 leva were introduced, with silver coins issued until 1937, in which year aluminium-bronze 50 stotinki were issued.

In 1940, cupro-nickel 20 and 50 leva were issued, followed, in 1941, by iron 1, 2, 5 and 10 leva. In 1943, nickel-clad-steel 5, 10 and 50 leva were struck. These were the last coins issued for this version of the lev.


500 Leva banknote of 1942, Tsar Boris III Banknotes of Bulgaria 500 Leva banknote of 1942, Boris III.jpg
500 Leva banknote of 1942, Tsar Boris III

In 1885, the Bulgarian National Bank introduced notes for 20 and 50 gold leva, followed in 1887 by 100 gold leva and, in 1890, by 5 and 10 gold leva notes. In 1899, 5, 10 and 50 silver leva notes were issued, followed by 100 and 500 silver leva in 1906 and 1907, respectively. 500 gold leva notes were also introduced in 1907.

In 1916, 1 and 2 silver leva and 1000 gold leva notes were introduced, followed by 2500 and 10,000 gold leva notes in 1919. In 1924, 5000 leva notes were issued, the first to lack a metal designation. In 1928, a new series of notes (dated 1922 and 1925) was introduced which gave the denominations solely in leva. Denominations introduced were 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 leva. These were followed in 1929 by 200 and 250 leva.

In 1930, coins up to 100 leva replaced notes, although 20-lev notes were issued between 1943 and 1950. Between 1943 and 1945, State Treasury Bills for 1000 and 5000 leva were issued.

Second lev (1952–1962)

In 1952, following wartime inflation, a new lev replaced the original lev at a rate of 1 "new" lev = 100 "old" leva. However the rate for banking accounts was different, ranging from 100:3 to 200:1. Prices for goods were replaced at a rate of 25:1. [4] The new lev was pegged to the U.S. dollar at a rate of 6.8 leva = 1 dollar, falling to 9.52 leva on July 29, 1957.


In 1952, coins (dated 1951) were introduced in denominations of 1, 3, 5, 10 and 25 stotinki, with the lower three denominations in brass and the higher three in cupro-nickel. Shortly after, cupro-nickel 20 stotinki coins dated 1952 were also issued, followed by 50 stotinki in 1959 and 1 lev in 1960 which replaced the 1 lev note (both also in cupro-nickel). All stotinki coins feature a head of wheat around denomination on the reverse and state emblem on the obverse, while the lev coin depicts an olive branch wreath around the denomination.


In 1952, state notes (dated 1951) [5] were issued in 1, 3 and 5 leva, together with notes of the National Bank for 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200 leva. 500-lev notes were printed but not issued. 1 lev notes were withdrawn after the introduction of a coin in 1960. 1, 3, and 5 leva depict the state emblem, while all denominations 10 leva and up depict Georgi Dimitrov, who had a postmortem cult of personality built up around him by that time period. The reverse side of 1 lev, 3 and 5 leva notes depict hands holding up the hammer and sickle, while higher denominations each depict workers at various trades.

Third lev (1962–1999)

ISO 4217
Codeearlier codes: BGJ, BGK, BGL

In 1962, another redenomination took place at the rate of 10 to 1, setting the exchange rate at 1.17 leva = 1 U. S. dollar, with the tourist rate falling to 2 leva on February 1, 1964. The ISO 4217 code was BGL. After this, the lev remained fairly stable for almost three decades. However, like other Communist countries' currencies, it was not freely convertible for Western funds. Consequently, black market rates were five to ten times higher than the official rate. During the period, until 1989 the lev was backed by gold, and the banknotes have the text stating: "The bank note is backed by gold and all assets of the bank" (Bulgarian : "Банкнотата е обезпечена със злато и всички активи на банката").

After the fall of communism, Bulgaria experienced several episodes of drastic inflation and currency devaluation. In order to change this, in 1997, the lev was pegged to the Deutsche Mark, with 1,000 lev equal to 1 DM (one lev equal to 0.1 pfennig).

Since 1997, Bulgaria has been in a system of currency board, and all Bulgarian currency in circulation has been completely backed by the foreign exchange reserves of the Bulgarian National Bank (BNB).


In 1962, aluminum-bronze 1, 2, and 5 stotinki, and nickel-brass 10, 20 and 50 stotinki and 1 lev were introduced. The coin series strongly resembles coinage from the Soviet Union during the same period, particularly in design and size.

The state emblem is depicted on the obverse of all coins, which went through several changes. The first change in 1962 with the introduction of the new coinage, and the second change in 1974, with the ribbons being the most noticeable change.

A number of commemorative 2 leva coins also circulated during this period, often released into circulation as they had relatively high production numbers and little collector's value. Higher denomination lev coins have also been introduced into circulation at an irregular basis with varying sizes and metallic compositions, including silver. Mostly due to an overstock of numismatic coins not getting sold to collectors. Similar occurrences to this can be seen with high denomination coins from East Germany and Poland during the same period.

Communist era coins
ImageDenominationDiameterWeightCompositionObverseReverseMinted Year
1 stotinka15.2 mm1 gBrassCoat of ArmsDenomination and date1962-90
2 stotinki18.1 mm2 g
5 stotinki22.35 mm3.1 g
10 stotinki17.1 mm1.8 gNickel-brass
20 stotinki21.2 mm2.9 g
50 stotinki23.3 mm4.2 g
1 lev24 mm4.8 g
Post-communist coins

In 1992, after the communist era, older coins were withdrawn and a new coinage was introduced in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 stotinki, 1, 2, 5 and 10 leva. All were struck in nickel-brass except for the cupro-nickel 10 leva. In 1997, nickel-brass 10, 20 and 50 leva were introduced.


In 1962, the National Bank issued notes for 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 leva. A second series, in the same denominations, was issued in 1974. 50 leva notes were introduced in 1990. Again, denominations 10 leva and up featured Georgi Dimitrov, 1, 2, and 5 featured the state emblem. After the fall of the communist regime, new notes were introduced for 20, 50, 100 and 200 leva. These were followed by 500 leva notes in 1993, 1000 and 2000 leva in 1994, 5000 and 10,000 leva in 1996 (re-released with new design and look in 1997), and 50,000 leva in 1997. Furthermore, two new banknotes of 20,000 and 100,000 leva were scheduled to be introduced in 1997 and 1998, but their production was canceled following the introduction of currency board in 1997. [6] [7]

Fourth lev (1999–present)

On 5 July 1999 the lev was redenominated at 1000:1 with 1 new lev equal to 1 Deutsche Mark. [8] The ISO 4217 currency code for the new Bulgarian lev is BGN. The lev is pegged at €1 = 1.95583 leva (previously DEM 1 = BGN 1, continuing the fixed exchange rate from the third lev).

Euro adoption

Since Bulgaria gained EU membership in 2007 various dates have been suggested as the expected end of the lev: towards the end of that year 1 January 2012 was a possible date; [9] however, the global financial crisis of 2008 and the Eurozone crisis cooled the initial enthusiasm for the euro. Nevertheless, in 2009 The Economist noted suggestions to accelerate Bulgaria's path to the euro, or even let it be adopted immediately, despite the EU institutions' unwillingness to deviate from a policy of euro adoption only after five Euro convergence criteria have been met. [10] In 2011 the Bulgarian finance minister Simeon Djankov acknowledged his earlier eagerness for Bulgaria to join the euro, but considered 2015 as a more likely date. [11] If Bulgaria follows the standard path to euro adoption, it would use the euro two years after joining the European exchange rate mechanism (ERM II) (a formality given the lev's peg to the euro). In late 2010, given Bulgaria's improving economy, analysts thought that Bulgaria would join the ERM II the following year. [12] However, the continued postponement of joining the mechanism has prevented Bulgaria meeting all five convergence criteria: its rebounding economy later met the four other criteria. [13]

On 10 July 2020, along with Croatia, Bulgaria joined the ERM II, which allows it to adopt the euro no earlier than two years after joining assuming the other convergence criteria are met.


In 1999, coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 stotinki were introduced. [14] A 1 lev coin replaced the 1 lev banknote 2002, and a 2 lev coin the 2 lev banknote in 2015.

Coins of the fourth lev (1999–present) [15]
ImageValueTechnical parametersDescriptionDate of
1 stotinka16 mm1.8gCuAlNiPlainValue, year, twelve stars as symbol of Europe.Country name, Madara Rider 1999
5 July 1999 [14] Current
2 stotinki18 mm2.5 g
5 stotinki20 mm3.5 g
10 stotinki18.5 mm3.0 gCuNiZnreeded1999
20 stotinki20.5 mm4.0 g
50 stotinki22.5 mm5.0 g
1 lev24.5 mm7.0 gBimetallic: copper-nickel center in brass ringAlternating smooth and reeded segmentsValue, year, graphical pattern of two crossing lines.Country name, saint Ivan Rilski 20022 September 2002 [16]
2 leva26.5 mm9.0 gBimetallic: nickel brass center in copper-nickel ringSegmented reedingCountry name, Paisius of Hilendar 20157 December 2015 [17]
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.
Commemorative coins

In 2004, 2005, and 2007 commemorative circulation issues were struck of the 50 stotinkas coin. [15] In 2018 a commemorative circulation issue of the 2 leva coin was issued. These coins are not found in general circulation.

Many commercial commemorative coins have also been minted.


In 1999, banknotes were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 leva. 100 leva notes were added in 2003. The 1 and 2 lev notes were later replaced by coins of similar value and withdrawn from circulation.

Banknotes of the fourth leva (1999–present) [15]
ImageValueDimensionsDescriptionDate of
1 lev112 × 60 mm Ivan Rilski Rila Monastery Rampant lion19995 July 19991 January 2016 [18] Indefinitely
2 leva116 × 64 mm Paisiy Hilendarski Istoriya Slavyanobolgarskaya 1999
1 January 2021 [19]
5 leva121 × 67 mm Ivan Milev Paintings by Ivan MilevIvan Milev1999
10 leva126 × 70 mm Petar Beron Astronomical instrumentsPetar Beron1999
20 leva131 × 73 mm Stefan Stambolov Orlov most, Lavov most Stefan Stambolov1999
50 leva136 × 76 mm Pencho Slaveykov Poems by Pencho SlaveykovPencho Slaveykov1999
100 leva141 × 79 mm Aleko Konstantinov Aleko Konstantinov; his work "Bay Ganyo"Aleko Konstantinov2003
8 December 2003 [20]
These images are to scale at 0.7 pixel per millimetre. For table standards, see the banknote specification table.

Exchange rates

The fourth lev was pegged to the German mark at par from the start. With the replacement of the Deutsche Mark by the euro, the lev's peg effectively switched to the euro at the rate of 1.95583 leva = 1 euro (precisely equivalent to the German mark's fixed exchange rate to euro). This rate is unlikely to change before the lev's eventual retirement.

Current BGN exchange rates

See also


  1. The nickname for lev can be both kint (masc) and kinta (fem), inflected accordingly for plurals and numerical values (kinta, kinti); stotinka – which literally simply means hundredth (diminutive) – is usually shortened to stinka.
  2. Bank, European Central (10 July 2020). "Communiqué on Bulgaria".
  3. "Lev - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  4. "Нула = Нищо. А Три Нули?". Euro2001.net. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  5. "BULGARIA 500 LEVA 1951". Banknotesinfo.com. 12 May 1952. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  6. Capital.bg. "Нова банкнота от 10 хил. лева влиза в употреба" [New banknote of 10 thousand leva enters in circulation.]. www.capital.bg (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  7. "НОМИНАЛИТЕ НА ДЕМОКРАЦИЯТА" [The nominals of the democracy]. www.banker.bg (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  8. "Prof. Dr. Ivan Angelov: Bulgaria needs a managed floating exchange rate" . Retrieved 12 January 2009.
  9. "Bulgaria's budget of reform". The Sofia Echo. 30 November 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2008.
  10. "The bill that could break up Europe". The Economist. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  11. "Bulgaria puts off Eurozone membership for 2015". Radio Bulgaria. 26 July 2011. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  12. "The world in figures: Countries: Bulgaria". The Economist. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  13. "Convergence Report May 2012" (PDF). European Central Bank. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  14. 1 2 National Bank of Bulgaria. Annual Report 1999. Available at: http://www.bnb.bg/bnbweb/groups/public/documents/bnb_publication/p_anualreports_1999_en.pdf
  15. 1 2 3 National Bank of Bulgaria. Available at: http://www.bnb.bg/NotesAndCoins/NACCoinsCurrency/index.htm
  16. National Bank of Bulgaria. Annual Report 2002. Available at: http://www.bnb.bg/bnbweb/groups/public/documents/bnb_publication/p_anualreports_2002_en.pdf
  17. National Bank of Bulgaria. Press release: Today BNB presented a new circulation coin of 2 levs nominal value, issue 2015. Available at: https://www.bnb.bg/PressOffice/POPressReleases/POPRDate/PR_20151126_2LV_EN
  18. Bulgarian national bank. Press release. Available at https://www.bnb.bg/PressOffice/POPressReleases/POPRDate/PR_20151212_EN
  19. Bulgarian national bank. Press release. Available at https://www.bnb.bg/PressOffice/POPressReleases/POPRDate/PR_20201229_EN
  20. National Bank of Bulgaria. Annual Report 2003. Available at: http://www.bnb.bg/bnbweb/groups/public/documents/bnb_publication/p_anualreports_2003_en.pdf

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finnish markka</span> Former currency of Finland

The markka was the currency of Finland from 1860 until 28 February 2002, when it ceased to be legal tender. The markka was divided into 100 pennies, abbreviated as "p". At the point of conversion, the rate was fixed at €1 = 5.94573 Mk.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Norwegian krone</span> National currency of Norway

The krone, plural kroner, is currency of the Kingdom of Norway. It was traditionally known as the Norwegian crown in English, however this has fallen out of common usage. It is nominally subdivided into 100 øre, although the last coins denominated in øre were withdrawn in 2012.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spanish peseta</span> Currency of Spain from 1868 to 2002

The peseta was the currency of Spain between 1868 and 2002. Along with the French franc, it was also a de facto currency used in Andorra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Austrian schilling</span> Former currency of Austria

The schilling was the currency of Austria from 1925 to 1938 and from 1945 to 1999, and the circulating currency until 2002. The euro was introduced at a fixed parity of €1 = 13.7603 schilling to replace it. The schilling was divided into 100 groschen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Portuguese escudo</span> Former currency of Portugal from 1911 until 1999

The Portuguese escudo was the currency of Portugal from May 22, 1911, until the introduction of the euro on January 1, 2002. The escudo was subdivided into 100 centavos. The word escudo derives from the scutum shield.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saudi riyal</span> Currency of Saudi Arabia

The Saudi riyal is the currency of Saudi Arabia. It is abbreviated as ر.سSAR, or SR (Saudi Arabian Riyal/Saudi Riyal). It is subdivided into 100 halalas. The currency is pegged to the US dollar at a constant rate of exchange.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indian rupee</span> Official currency of India

The Indian rupee is the official currency in the Republic of India. The rupee is subdivided into 100 paise ; though as of 2023, coins of denomination of 1 rupee are the lowest value in use whereas 2000 rupees is the highest. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The Reserve Bank manages currency in India and derives its role in currency management on the basis of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Serbian dinar</span> Currency of Serbia

The dinar is the currency of Serbia. The dinar was first used in Serbia in medieval times, its earliest use dating back to 1214. The dinar was reintroduced as the official Serbian currency by Prince Mihailo Obrenović in the 19th century. One dinar was formerly subdivided into 100 para.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lithuanian litas</span> Former currency of Lithuania

The Lithuanian litas (ISO currency code LTL, symbolized as Lt; plural litai or litų was the currency of Lithuania, until 1 January 2015, when it was replaced by the euro. It was divided into 100 centų. The litas was first introduced on 2 October 1922 after World War I, when Lithuania declared independence, and was reintroduced on 25 June 1993 following a period of currency exchange from the Soviet ruble to the litas with the temporary talonas then in place. The name was modeled after the name of the country. From 1994 to 2002, the litas was pegged to the U.S. dollar at the rate of 4 to 1. The litas was pegged to the euro at the rate of 3.4528 to 1 since 2002. The euro was expected to replace the litas by 1 January 2007, but persistent high inflation and the economic crisis delayed the switch. On 1 January 2015 the litas was switched to the euro at the rate of 3.4528 to 1.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romanian leu</span> Currency of Romania

The Romanian leu is the currency of Romania. It is subdivided into 100 bani, a word that means both "money" and "coin" in the Romanian language.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peruvian sol (1863–1985)</span> Former currency of Peru

The sol, later sol de oro, was the currency of Peru between 1863 and 1985. It had the ISO 4217 currency code PES. It was subdivided into 10 dineros or 100 centavos. It also had two different superunits over its circulation life, the inca (1881-1882) and later the gold pound, both worth 10 soles.

The Colombian peso is the currency of Colombia. Its ISO 4217 code is COP. The official peso symbol is $, with Col$. also being used to distinguish it from other peso- and dollar-denominated currencies.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bulgarian National Bank</span> Central bank of Bulgaria

The Bulgarian National Bank, or BNB, is the central bank of the Republic of Bulgaria. Headquartered in Sofia, the bank was established in 1879. It is the 13th oldest central bank in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ugandan shilling</span> Currency of Uganda

The shilling is the currency of Uganda. Officially divided into cents until 2013, due to substantial inflation the shilling now has no subdivision.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Egyptian pound</span> Currency of Egypt

The Egyptian pound is the official currency of Egypt. It is divided into 100 piastres, or ersh, or 1,000 milliemes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tunisian dinar</span> Currency of Tunisia

The dinar is the currency of Tunisia. It is subdivided into 1000 milim or millimes (ملّيم). The abbreviation DT is often used in Tunisia, although writing "dinar" after the amount is also acceptable ; the abbreviation TD is also mentioned in a few places, but is less frequently used, given the common use of the French language in Tunisia, and the French derivation of DT.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belgian franc</span> Currency of Belgium from 1832 until 2003

The Belgian franc was the currency of the Kingdom of Belgium from 1832 until 2002 when the Euro was introduced. It was subdivided into 100 subunits, each known as a centiem in Dutch, centime in French or a Centime in German.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luxembourg franc</span> Former currency of Luxembourg

The Luxembourg franc (F or ISO LUF, Luxembourgish: Frang), subdivided into 100 centimes, was the currency of Luxembourg between 1854 and 2002, except from 1941 to 1944. From 1944 to 2002, its value was equal to that of the Belgian franc. The franc remained in circulation until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro. From 1999 to 2002, the franc was officially a subdivision of the euro (€1 = 40.3399F), but the euro did not circulate in physical form before 1 January 2002. Under the principle of "no obligation and no prohibition", financial transactions could be conducted in euros and francs, but physical payments could be made only in francs, as euro notes and coins were not available yet.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cape Verdean escudo</span> Currency of the Republic of Cape Verde

The escudo is the currency of the Republic of Cape Verde. One escudo is subdivided into one hundred centavos.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brazilian real (old)</span> Former currency of Brazil

The first official currency of Brazil was the real, with the symbol Rs$. As the currency of the Portuguese empire, it was in use in Brazil from the earliest days of the colonial period, and remained in use until 1942, when it was replaced by the cruzeiro.