|House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha |
(Bulgarian royal line)
|Current head||Simeon II|
|Final ruler||Simeon II|
|Titles||Prince (Княз), Tsar (Цар)|
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
The current Bulgarian royal family is a line of the Koháry branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which ruled Bulgaria from 1887 to 1946. The last tsar, Simeon II, became Prime Minister of Bulgaria in 2001 and remained in office until 2005. Members of the royal family hold the titles of Prince (Princess) of Bulgaria and Duke (Duchess) in Saxony, with the style of Royal Highness.
The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry is the Catholic cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, founded after the marriage of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág. Among its descendants were the last four kings of Portugal and the last three Tsars of Bulgaria.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria, also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom. Ferdinand I was crowned a Tsar at the Declaration of Independence, mainly because of his military plans and for seeking options for unification of all lands in the Balkan region with an ethnic Bulgarian majority.
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria is the head of government of Bulgaria. He or she is the leader of a political coalition in the Bulgarian parliament – known as the National Assembly of Bulgaria – and the leader of the cabinet.
Coburg Peak on Trinity Peninsula in Antarctica is named after the Bulgarian royal house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Coburg Peak is the rocky peak rising to 783 m in Erul Heights on Trinity Peninsula in Graham Land, Antarctica. It is surmounting Cugnot Ice Piedmont to the northeast.
Trinity Peninsula is the northernmost part of the Antarctic Peninsula. It extends northeastward for about 130 km (80 mi) to Cape Dubouzet from an imaginary line connecting Cape Kater on the north-west coast and Cape Longing on the south-east coast. Prime Head is the northernmost point of this peninsula. Some 20 kilometers southeast of Prime Head is Hope Bay with the year-round Argentinian Esperanza Base.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,200,000 square kilometres, it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. At 0.00008 people per square kilometre, it is by far the least densely populated continent. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.
The Bulgarian royal family includes:
Kyril, Prince of Preslav, Duke of Saxony, also known as Kyril of Saxe-Coburg, is the second son of Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria and his wife Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela.
Konstantin-Assen, Prince of Vidin, Duke of Saxony (born 5 December 1967) is the fourth son of Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria and his wife Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela. He is known also as Konstantin-Assen of Bulgaria and Konstantin-Assen of Vidin, the latter being the title of the fourth son of Bulgarian kings. He was born in Madrid. Simeon II was exiled as a child when Bulgaria ceased to be a monarchy, so Simeon's wife and children never received any royal titles from Bulgaria.
Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, Duchess of Saxony, Countess of Murany, is the fifth child and only daughter of the former Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria and his wife, Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela. Simeon II left Bulgaria as a child in 1945 when the country ceased to be a monarchy by referundum. He was then elected Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria in 2001.
Simeon II of Bulgaria is the last reigning Bulgarian monarch and later served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005.
Kardam, Prince of Tarnovo, Duke of Saxony was the eldest son of King Simeon II of Bulgaria and his wife Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela. Kardam was born after the abolition of the Bulgarian monarchy. As such, it was only by courtesy that he was sometimes styled as if being a crown prince. He was known also as Kardam of Bulgaria and Kardam of Tarnovo, the latter being the title of the heir apparent of the Bulgarian throne.
Prince Boris of Bulgaria, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Turnovo, is the elder son of Kardam, Prince of Turnovo, and the grandson of former Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria.
The Tsar's extended family includes:
Antonio José "Kitín" Muñoz y Valcárcel or Kitín Muñoz is a Spanish adventurer and former commando.
Prince Karl Boris Frank Markwart of Leiningen is the elder son of Prince Karl of Leiningen and of his wife, Princess Marie Louise of Bulgaria. As a third great-grandson of Queen Victoria, he is in the line of succession to the British throne.
Prince Karl Vladimir Ernst Heinrich of Leiningen was the younger son of Karl, 6th Prince of Leiningen (1898–1946) and Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia. Maria was the daughter of Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Cyril Vladimirovich, Grand Duke of Russia. As such, Karl was a great-great-grandson of both Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Emperor Alexander II of Russia.
The ruling members were:
Ferdinand I, born Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the second monarch of the Third Bulgarian State, firstly as ruling prince (knyaz) from 1887 to 1908, and later as king (tsar) from 1908 until his abdication in 1918. He was also an author, botanist, entomologist and philatelist.
Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma was the eldest daughter of Robert I, the last reigning Duke of Parma. She became Princess-consort of Bulgaria upon her marriage to Ferdinand of Bulgaria, the then prince-regnant. She was the mother of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria.
Giovanna of Italy was the Tsaritsa of Bulgaria by marriage to Boris III of Bulgaria.
Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela is the wife of Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria, whom she married after his exile. As such, she is also sometimes styled Tsaritsa Margarita; in this context, she may be styled as Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess of Saxony, due to her husband's descent from those former ruling families. During her husband's tenure as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, she was sometimes referred as Mrs Margarita Sakskoburggotska. Since Simeon had been exiled as a child and Bulgaria never returned to being a monarchy, Simeon's wife and children never received any royal titles from Bulgaria.
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the daughter of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág. Her father was the second son of Francis Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf.
The Bulgarian monarchy was abolished in 1946. The last monarch to reign was Tsar Simeon II, who remains head of the former Bulgarian Royal Family. The law of succession for the dynasty was constitutionally established as Salic primogeniture: only Orthodox males born of approved marriages and descended in the male-line from the first tsar (king) of the Saxe-Coburg line, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, by seniority of birth with provision for substitution were eligible to occupy Bulgaria's throne.
Princess Maria Louise of Bulgaria is the daughter of Tsar Boris III and Tsaritsa Ioanna and the older sister of Simeon II of Bulgaria. Her baptism in the Bulgarian Orthodox Church caused controversy at the time.
August Victor Louis of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was a German prince of the Catholic House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry. He was a General Major in the army of Saxony and the owner of Čábráď and Štiavnica, both in modern-day Slovakia.
Ferdinand Philipp Maria August Raphael of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the second prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and lord of Csábrág and Szitnya, both in modern-day Slovakia.
Prince Johannes Heinrich of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was a prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry and the last holder of Csábrág and Szitnya, both in modern-day Slovakia, lost to the communist regime of Czechoslovakia. He was the only son of Prince Rainer of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha by his first wife, Johanna Károlyi de Károly-Patty.
Hubertus Michael, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony is the heir-apparent of the head of the family which ruled the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until 1918.
Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia was the eldest daughter of Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Victoria Feodorovna. She was born in Coburg when her parents were in exile because their marriage had not been approved by Tsar Nicholas II. She was generally called "Marie," the French version of her name, or by the Russian nickname "Masha." The family returned to Russia prior to World War I, but was forced to flee following the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Princess Mária Antónia von Koháry was a Hungarian noblewoman and the ancestor of several European monarchs. She was the heiress of the Koháry family and one of the three largest landowners in Hungary.
The funeral of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India occurred on Friday, 20 May 1910.