Bulgarian royal family

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House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Bulgarian royal line)
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (1927-1946).svg
Parent house Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry
Country Bulgaria
Founded1887
Founder Ferdinand I
Current head Simeon II
Final ruler Simeon II
Titles Prince (Княз), Tsar (Цар)
Estate(s) Vrana Palace
Deposition1946
Bulgarian Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (1927-1946).svg
Ferdinand I
Children
Boris III
Kyril, Prince of Preslav
Princess Eudoxia
Nadejda, Duchess Albrecht Eugen of Württemberg
Boris III
Children
Marie Louise, Princess of Koháry
Simeon II
Simeon II
Children
Kardam, Prince of Turnovo
Kyril, Prince of Preslav
Kubrat, Prince of Panagiurishte
Konstantin-Assen, Prince of Vidin
Princess Kalina, Mrs. Muñoz
Grandchildren
Boris, Prince of Turnovo
Prince Beltran
Princess Mafalda
Princess Olimpia
Prince Tassilo
Prince Mirko
Prince Lukás
Prince Tirso
Prince Umberto
Princess Sofia

The current Bulgarian royal family is a line of the Koháry branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which ruled Bulgaria from 1887 to 1946. The last tsar, Simeon II, became Prime Minister of Bulgaria in 2001 and remained in office until 2005. Members of the royal family hold the titles of Prince (Princess) of Bulgaria and Duke (Duchess) in Saxony, with the style of Royal Highness. [1]

The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry is the Catholic cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, founded after the marriage of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág. Among its descendants were the last four kings of Portugal and the last three Tsars of Bulgaria.

Kingdom of Bulgaria Kingdom on the Balkan Peninsula between 1908 and 1946

The Kingdom of Bulgaria, also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom. Ferdinand I was crowned a Tsar at the Declaration of Independence, mainly because of his military plans and for seeking options for unification of all lands in the Balkan region with an ethnic Bulgarian majority.

Prime Minister of Bulgaria

The Prime Minister of Bulgaria is the head of government of Bulgaria. He or she is the leader of a political coalition in the Bulgarian parliament – known as the National Assembly of Bulgaria – and the leader of the cabinet.

Contents

Coburg Peak on Trinity Peninsula in Antarctica is named after the Bulgarian royal house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. [2]

Coburg Peak

Coburg Peak is the rocky peak rising to 783 m in Erul Heights on Trinity Peninsula in Graham Land, Antarctica. It is surmounting Cugnot Ice Piedmont to the northeast.

Trinity Peninsula

Trinity Peninsula is the northernmost part of the Antarctic Peninsula. It extends northeastward for about 130 km (80 mi) to Cape Dubouzet from an imaginary line connecting Cape Kater on the north-west coast and Cape Longing on the south-east coast. Prime Head is the northernmost point of this peninsula. Some 20 kilometers southeast of Prime Head is Hope Bay with the year-round Argentinian Esperanza Base.

Antarctica Polar continent in the Earths southern hemisphere

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,200,000 square kilometres, it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. At 0.00008 people per square kilometre, it is by far the least densely populated continent. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Members of the royal family

The Bulgarian royal family includes: [1]

Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Tsar and Prime minister of Bulgaria

Simeon II of Bulgaria is the last reigning Bulgarian monarch and later served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005.

Kardam, Prince of Turnovo Spanish prince

Kardam, Prince of Tarnovo, Duke of Saxony was the eldest son of King Simeon II of Bulgaria and his wife Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela. Kardam was born after the abolition of the Bulgarian monarchy. As such, it was only by courtesy that he was sometimes styled as if being a crown prince. He was known also as Kardam of Bulgaria and Kardam of Tarnovo, the latter being the title of the heir apparent of the Bulgarian throne.

Prince Boris of Bulgaria, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Turnovo, is the elder son of Kardam, Prince of Turnovo, and the grandson of former Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria.

Members of the extended family

The Tsar's extended family includes:

Antonio José "Kitín" Muñoz y Valcárcel or Kitín Muñoz is a Spanish adventurer and former commando.

Prince Karl Boris Frank Markwart of Leiningen is the elder son of Prince Karl of Leiningen and of his wife, Princess Marie Louise of Bulgaria. As a third great-grandson of Queen Victoria, he is in the line of succession to the British throne.

Prince Karl Vladimir Ernst Heinrich of Leiningen was the younger son of Karl, 6th Prince of Leiningen (1898–1946) and Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia. Maria was the daughter of Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Cyril Vladimirovich, Grand Duke of Russia. As such, Karl was a great-great-grandson of both Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Emperor Alexander II of Russia.

Tsardom of Bulgaria

The ruling members were:

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Almanach de Gotha (187th ed.). 2004. pp. 124–125.
  2. Coburg Peak. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2015-07-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

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