|House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha |
(Bulgarian royal line)
|Current head||Simeon II|
|Final ruler||Simeon II|
|Titles||Prince (Княз), Tsar (Цар)|
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
The current Bulgarian royal family is a line of the Koháry branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which ruled Bulgaria from 1887 to 1946. The last tsar, Simeon II, became Prime Minister of Bulgaria in 2001 and remained in office until 2005. Members of the royal family hold the titles of Prince (Princess) of Bulgaria and Duke (Duchess) in Saxony, with the style of Royal Highness.
Coburg Peak on Trinity Peninsula in Antarctica is named after the Bulgarian royal house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
The Bulgarian royal family includes:
The Tsar's extended family includes:
The ruling members were:
Ferdinand I, born Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the second monarch of the Third Bulgarian State, firstly as ruling prince (knyaz) from 1887 to 1908, and later as king (tsar) from 1908 until his abdication in 1918. Under his rule Bulgaria entered the First World War on the side of the Central Powers in 1915.
Simeon Borisov von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, known formerly or by courtesy as King Simeon II or Tsar Simeon II, is a Bulgarian politician, who had served as the last reigning Tsar of Bulgaria from 1943 to 1946, before later serving as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005.
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, VA, CI,, was the fourth child and third daughter of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. She was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom as well as of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.
Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma was the eldest daughter of Robert I, the last reigning Duke of Parma. She became Princess-consort of Bulgaria upon her marriage to Ferdinand of Bulgaria, the then prince-regnant. She was the mother of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria.
Giovanna of Italy was an Italian Princess of the House of Savoy who later became the Tsaritsa of Bulgaria by marriage to Boris III of Bulgaria.
Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela is the wife of Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria, whom she married after his exile. As such, she is also sometimes styled Tsaritsa Margarita; in this context, she may be styled as Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess in Saxony, due to her husband's descent from those former ruling families. During her husband's tenure as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, she was sometimes referred as Margarita Sakskoburggotska. The current Bulgarian government does not recognize the titles in exile of the former Bulgarian royal family.
The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is a German dynasty that ruled Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, one of the Ernestine duchies.
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the daughter of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Maria Antonia Koháry. Her father was the second son of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf.
The Bulgarian monarchy was abolished in 1946. The last monarch to reign was Tsar Simeon II, who remains head of the former Bulgarian Royal Family. The law of succession for the dynasty was constitutionally established as Salic primogeniture: only Orthodox males born of approved marriages and descended in the male-line from the first tsar (king) of the Saxe-Coburg line, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, by seniority of birth with provision for substitution were eligible to occupy Bulgaria's throne.
Boris, Prince of Turnovo, Duke in Saxony, is the elder son of Miriam Ungría y López and Kardam, Prince of Turnovo, and the grandson of former Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria.
Koháry was the name of an ancient Hungarian noble family with seats at Csábrág and Szitnya and the palace of Svätý Anton in Slovakia.
Princess Maria Louise of Bulgaria is the daughter of Tsar Boris III and Tsaritsa Ioanna and the older sister of Simeon II of Bulgaria. Her baptism in the Bulgarian Orthodox Church caused controversy at the time.
August Victor Louis of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was a German prince of the Catholic House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry. He was a General Major in the army of Saxony and the owner of Čábráď and Štiavnica, both in modern-day Slovakia.
Ferdinand Philipp Maria August Raphael of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the second prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and lord of Csábrág and Szitnya, both in modern-day Slovakia.
Prince Karl Vladimir Ernst Heinrich of Leiningen was the younger son of Karl, 6th Prince of Leiningen (1898–1946) and Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia. Maria was the daughter of Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Cyril Vladimirovich, Grand Duke of Russia. As such, Karl was a great-great-grandson of both Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Emperor Alexander II of Russia.
Hubertus Michael, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony is the heir-apparent of the head of the family which ruled the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until 1918.
Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia was the eldest daughter of Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Victoria Feodorovna. She was born in Coburg when her parents were in exile because their marriage had not been approved by Tsar Nicholas II. She was generally called "Marie," the French version of her name, or by the Russian nickname "Masha." The family returned to Russia prior to World War I, but was forced to flee following the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Princess Mária Antónia von Koháry was a Hungarian noblewoman and the ancestor of several European monarchs. She was the heiress of the Koháry family and one of the three largest landowners in Hungary.
The Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria was celebrated on 20 June 1887 on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of Queen Victoria's accession on 20 June 1837. It was celebrated with a banquet to which 50 European kings and princes were invited.
The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry is the Catholic cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, founded after the marriage of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág. Among its descendants were the last four kings of Portugal and the last three Tsars of Bulgaria.