Buren

Last updated
Buren
Panorama Buren.JPG
Buren
Flag of Buren.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Buren2.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0214 (2009).svg
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 51°58′N5°26′E / 51.967°N 5.433°E / 51.967; 5.433 Coordinates: 51°58′N5°26′E / 51.967°N 5.433°E / 51.967; 5.433
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Jan de Boer (D66)
Area
[2]
  Total142.92 km2 (55.18 sq mi)
  Land134.26 km2 (51.84 sq mi)
  Water8.66 km2 (3.34 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (August 2017) [4]
  Total26,353
  Density196/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
Parts of 4000 and 4100 ranges
Area code 0344, 0345
Website www.buren.nl

Buren ( Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  ) is a town and municipality in the Betuwe region of the Netherlands. The name originated from the word the Dutch word “buren”, which means neighbour.

Municipality An administrative division having corporate status and usually some powers of self-government or jurisdiction

A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands, also called Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with some overseas territories in the Caribbean. In Europe, it consists of 12 provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Contents

Geography

Buren is located in Gelderland, a province of the Netherlands. It is part of the landscape of Betuwe, a very fertile strip of land between two branches of Rhine-Meuse Delta, the Nederrijn in the north and the Waal in the south.

Gelderland Province of the Netherlands

Gelderland, also known as Guelders in English, is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. With a land area of nearly 5,000 km2, it is the largest province of the Netherlands and shares borders with six other provinces and Germany.

Nederrijn Dutch part of the river Rhine

Nederrijn is the name of the Dutch part of the Rhine from the confluence at the town of Angeren of the cut-off Rhine bend of Oude Rijn and the Pannerdens Kanaal. The city of Arnhem lies on the right (north) bank of the Nederrijn, just past the point where the IJssel branches off. The Nederrijn flows on to the city of Wijk bij Duurstede, from where it continues as the Lek. The once-important but now small Kromme Rijn branch carries the name "Rhine" towards the city of Utrecht.

Waal (river) river in the Netherlands

The Waal is the main distributary branch of the river Rhine flowing approximately 80 km (50 mi) through the Netherlands. It is the major waterway connecting the port of Rotterdam to Germany. Before it reaches Rotterdam, it joins with the Afgedamde Maas near Woudrichem to form the Boven Merwede. Along its length, Nijmegen, Tiel, Zaltbommel and Gorinchem are towns of importance with direct access to the river.

Population Centers

Population centers include:

Asch, Netherlands Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

Asch is a town in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of Buren, and lies about 9 km northwest of Tiel.

Beusichem Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

Beusichem is a town in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of Buren, and lies about 11 kilometres (7 mi) northwest of Tiel.

Eck en Wiel Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

Eck en Wiel is a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of Buren, and lies about 9 km southwest of Veenendaal.

Dutch Topographic map of Buren, June 2015 Gem-Buren-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch Topographic map of Buren, June 2015

History

The earliest known settlement of the region occurred as early as 772. [5] The castle was built by the Lords of Buren and was first mentioned in 1298. The town was granted city rights in 1395 by Sir Alard IV of Buren which led to the construction of a defensive wall and a moat, significant portions of which still stand. In 1492, the region was promoted to a county (i.e. a territory ruled by a count) but had limited economic influence due to its geographic isolation. By 1574, the previously Catholic parish church of Saint-Lambert (Dutch : Sint Lambertus) became Calvinist Reformed Protestant.[ citation needed ]

A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French conté or cunté denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count (earl) or a viscount. The modern French is comté, and its equivalents in other languages are contea, contado, comtat, condado, Grafschaft, graafschap, Gau, etc..

Dutch language A West Germanic language

Dutch(Nederlands ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people as a first language and 5 million people as a second language, constituting the majority of people in the Netherlands and Belgium. It is the third-most-widely spoken Germanic language, after its close relatives English and German.

The Dutch Reformed Church was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930. It was the foremost Protestant denomination, and—since 1892—one of the two major Reformed denominations along with the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands.

The Castle eventually came into the possession of the House of Orange, the royal family of the Netherlands. The Dutch royal family has been known to use the name van Buren as an alias to give themselves some degree of anonymity. William III of England obtained the title Buren. The Dutch royal family, still use this as a title. The Castle was gradually demolished between 1804 and 1883. The eighth president of the United States, Martin Van Buren, traced his ancestry to inhabitants of the city, who had taken the surname Van Buren after relocating to the Dutch colony of New Netherland in what is now the state of New York.[ citation needed ]

Martin Van Buren (1782–1862) was the eighth President of the United States.

William III of England 17th-century Stadtholder, Prince of Orange and King of England, Scotland and Ireland

William III, also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from the 1670s and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death. As King of Scotland, he is known as William II. He is sometimes informally known as "King Billy" in Northern Ireland and Scotland, where his victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is still commemorated by Unionists and Ulster loyalists.

Martin Van Buren Eighth president of the United States

Martin Van Buren was an American statesman who served as the eighth president of the United States from 1837 to 1841. He was the first president born after the independence of the United States from the British Empire. A founder of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the ninth governor of New York, the tenth United States secretary of state, and the eighth vice president of the United States. He won the 1836 presidential election with the endorsement of popular outgoing President Andrew Jackson and the organizational strength of the Democratic Party. He lost his 1840 reelection bid to Whig Party nominee William Henry Harrison, due in part to the poor economic conditions of the Panic of 1837. Later in his life, Van Buren emerged as an elder statesman and important anti-slavery leader, who led the Free Soil Party ticket in the 1848 presidential election.

The current municipality is the result of 2 mergers. On 1 January 1978, the municipalities of Beusichem, Zoelen, and part of Buurmalsen were added to the existing municipality of Buren, that was formed in the mid 19th century. On 1 January 1999, Buren was enlarged with the addition of the municipalities of Lienden and Maurik.

Historical sites

De Prins Van Oranje windmill 20110924 40 Buren molen.jpg
De Prins Van Oranje windmill

Buren has two museums:

Marechaussee Museum museum in Buren, the Netherlands

The Marechaussee Museum or Royal Marechaussee Museum is a museum on the history of the Royal Marechaussee of the Netherlands from its foundation by William I of the Netherlands on 26th October 1814 until the present day. It is based in the former Koninklijk Weeshuis in Buren, originally opened as an orphanage on 26 May 1612 by Maria van Nassau and remaining in that role until 1953.

It is also home to De Prins Van Oranje, a restored windmill.

Government and politics

The title "Count or Countess of Buren and Leerdam" is held by the Dutch monarchy due to Prince William of Orange's marriage to the Countess of Buren, Anna of Egmont, in 1551. As a result, the county and the town of Buren fall under the control of the Royal House of Orange-Nassau.

Demographics

Twin town

Buren is twinned with:

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Lienden Place in Gelderland, Netherlands

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References

  1. "Samenstelling college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Buren. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 4021VZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 124127. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN   90-400-9406-3
  6. "Home - Marechausseemuseum". Marechausseemuseum.nl. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  7. "Burenenoranje". burenenoranje.nl. Archived from the original on 18 February 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  8. "Zorgatlas". www.zorgatlas.nl. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  9. "Kinderhook to honor sister city". Times Union. Albany, N.Y.: Hearst Newspapers. July 21, 2018. Retrieved August 5, 2018.