Burlingame, California

Last updated

City of Burlingame
Burlingame Avenue
Seal of Burlingame, California.png
San Mateo County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Burlingame Highlighted 0609066.svg
Location of Burlingame in San Mateo County, California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°35′0″N122°21′49″W / 37.58333°N 122.36361°W / 37.58333; -122.36361
Country United States
State California
Incorporated June 6, 1908 [1]
Named for Anson Burlingame [2]
   Mayor Donna Colson [3]
   City manager Lisa Goldman [4]
  Total6.04 sq mi (15.64 km2)
  Land4.39 sq mi (11.38 km2)
  Water1.65 sq mi (4.26 km2)  27.25%
39 ft (12 m)
  Density7,144.55/sq mi (2,758.42/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
Area code 650
FIPS code 06-09066
GNIS feature IDs 1659704, 2409945
Website www.burlingame.org

Burlingame ( /ˈbɜːrlɪŋɡm/ ) is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. It is located on the San Francisco Peninsula and has a significant shoreline on San Francisco Bay. The city is named after diplomat Anson Burlingame and is known for its numerous eucalyptus groves, high quality of life,[ citation needed ] walkable downtown area, and public school system. [7] As of the 2020 census, the city population was 31,386. [8]



Burlingame was originally part of Rancho San Mateo, granted to Californio ranchero Cayetano Arenas in 1846. Diseno of Rancho San Mateo.jpg
Burlingame was originally part of Rancho San Mateo, granted to Californio ranchero Cayetano Arenas in 1846.
Howard–Ralston Eucalyptus Tree Rows
Howard-Ralston Eucalyptus Tree Rows.jpg
LocationEl Camino Real, Burlingame, CA
NRHP reference No. 12000127
Added to NRHPMarch 15, 2012

Burlingame is situated on land previously owned by San Francisco-based merchant William Davis Merry Howard. [9] Howard planted many eucalyptus trees on his property and retired to live on the land. Howard died in 1856 and the land was sold to William C. Ralston, a prominent banker. In 1868, Ralston named the land after his friend Anson Burlingame, the United States Ambassador to China. After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, hundreds of lots in Burlingame were sold to people looking to establish new homes, and the town of Burlingame was incorporated in 1908. [9] In 1910, the neighboring town of Easton was annexed and this area is now known as the Easton Addition neighborhood of Burlingame.

Burlingame refers to itself as the City of Trees due to its over 18,000 public trees within the city. In 1908, the Burlingame board of trustees passed an ordinance "prohibiting cutting, injuring, or destroying trees". [10] The city also has many parks and eucalyptus groves.

In 2018, upon the 150th anniversary of the 1868 landmark Burlingame Treaty between the U.S. and China, a new bust of diplomat Anson Burlingame, sculpted by Zhou Limin from China, was unveiled at an international ceremony at the Burlingame Public Library. [11] [12]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2). 4.4 square miles (11 km2) of it is land, and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) of it (comprising 27.25%) is water. [13]

Several creeks drain across Burlingame from the peninsula foothills to the San Francisco Bay.


Burlingame experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Burlingame has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate. [14]

Climate data for Burlingame, California
Record high °F (°C)74
Average high °F (°C)56.5
Daily mean °F (°C)48.4
Average low °F (°C)40.3
Record low °F (°C)22
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.8
Average precipitation days109853101147958
Source: [15]


Historical population
1910 1,565
1920 4,107162.4%
1930 13,270223.1%
1940 15,94020.1%
1950 19,88624.8%
1960 24,03620.9%
1970 27,32013.7%
1980 26,173−4.2%
1990 26,8012.4%
2000 28,1585.1%
2010 28,8062.3%
2020 31,3869.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]

The 2010 United States Census [17] reported that Burlingame had a population of 28,806. The population density was 6,537.9 inhabitants per square mile (2,524.3/km2). Details regarding the demographic profile are shown below.

Demographic profile [18] 2010
Total Population28,806 – 100.0%
White (Non-Hispanic)17,434 – 60.5%
Asian alone5,773 – 20.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)3,966 – 13.8%
Black or African American alone327 – 1.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone34 – 0.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone129 – 0.4%
Some other race alone156 – 0.5%
Two or more races alone987 – 3.4%

The population was spread out, with 6,256 people (21.7%) under the age of 18, 1,496 people (5.2%) aged 18 to 24, 8,872 people (30.8%) aged 25 to 44, 8,136 people (28.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,046 people (14.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

There were 13,027 housing units at an average density of 2,956.7 per square mile (1,141.6/km2). There were 12,361 households with average household size of 2.29. There were 7,183 families (58.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.02.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), median household income was $122,999 and per capita income was $70,519, in 2018 dollars. [19]



In the California State Legislature, Burlingame is in the 13th Senate District , represented by Democrat Josh Becker, and in the 21st Assembly District , represented by Democrat Diane Papan. [20]

In the United States House of Representatives, Burlingame is in California's 15th congressional district , represented by Democrat Kevin Mullin. [21]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Burlingame has 17,750 registered voters. Of those, 8,439 (47.5%) are registered Democrats, 3,048 (17.2%) are registered Republicans, and 5,551 (31.3%) have declined to state a political party. [22]


In the 1920s, Burlingame became a popular location for automobile retailers which became known as "Auto Row". [23]

In the 1960s, various aerospace and airline support service businesses opened in Burlingame due to its proximity to San Francisco International Airport. [24] As of 2018, LSG/Sky Chefs, Inc. and China Airlines are all located in Burlingame. The airport location has also attracted the headquarters of medium-sized multi-site companies such as Meri Meri and Proterra, Inc.

Historically, Burlingame has been home to many candy and chocolate companies, including the It's-It ice cream factory and store, Guittard Chocolate, [25] the See's Candies lollipop factory, [26] and family-owned candy stores, including Powell's, Preston's, Aida Opera Candies, and Nuts for Candy.

Since 2010, Burlingame's economy has diversified substantially and it has become an attractive location for biotechnology companies given its proximity to South San Francisco. Biotechnology companies with offices in Burlingame include Annai Systems, Breathometer, Cala Health, Cleave Biosciences, Collaborative Drug Discovery, [27] Confidence Clinical Research, Corvus Pharmaceuticals, Igenica Biotherapeutics, Kindred Biosciences, Omnitura, Phoenix Pharmaceuticals, Pulse Biosciences, Respira Therapeutics, and Vector Labs. [28]

Additionally, multiple high-technology firms have established offices in Burlingame due to its location between the booming technology centers of Silicon Valley to the south and San Francisco to the north. Tech companies with Burlingame offices include: Zecco.com, Natsume, Color Genomics, CarWoo, Jobvite, DataStax, Sprint's M2M Collaboration Center, YouWeb, OpenFeint, CrowdStar, BitGravity, Veebeam, and TellApart. [29]

As of March 2022, the median single home value in Burlingame was $2.8 million. [30]


Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

San Mateo Union High School District operates local high schools while the Burlingame School District operates elementary and middle schools.

Burlingame High School is the city's sole public high school. Burlingame Intermediate School is Burlingame's sole public middle school. There are six public elementary schools serving Burlingame. They are Franklin Elementary, Lincoln Elementary, McKinley Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, Washington Elementary, and Hoover Elementary. [31] According to the 2009 Base Academic Performance Index (API) Scores from the California Department of Education, the Burlingame School District ranks among the best in the state, with 4 out of their 6 public elementary schools (Roosevelt Elementary, Washington Elementary, Franklin Elementary, and Lincoln Elementary) scoring well between 880 and 925, and with ratings of 9 or 10. [32] Burlingame school district enrollment has continually been increasing as young families move to the city. The city has passed two bond measures to add new facilities and modernize existing facilities to provide state-of-the-art classrooms. The city recently extensively renovated and modernized the Hoover School, which was built in 1931 and reopened in 2016.

Private schools

Mercy High School is a private Catholic all-girls high school in Burlingame. It was founded in 1931 by the Sisters of Mercy. The school is located in the Kohl Mansion which is a Historic Landmark. [33] Our Lady of Angels School and St. Catherine of Siena School are located in Burlingame.

Burlingame Library Burlingame Library.JPG
Burlingame Library

Public libraries

Burlingame Library is located in Burlingame. It was established by city ordinance October 11, 1909. Following the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, the City approved a bond issue to reconstruct the library. The architecture has won awards and earned a cover story in the 1998 American Libraries journal. [34] A second branch, located on Easton Drive, is substantially smaller than the main branch. Both are operated by the Peninsula Library System, the library authority for the county.

Points of interest

The Kohl Mansion, now the home of Mercy High School USA-Burlingame-Kohl Mansion-3.jpg
The Kohl Mansion, now the home of Mercy High School



Three highways pass through Burlingame. Highway 101 runs from San Jose to San Francisco along San Francisco Bay. Highway 82, also known as El Camino Real, runs parallel to Highway 101 and acts as the main corridor for local traffic going up and down the peninsula. A small section of Highway 35 (Skyline Boulevard) also lies with city limits. It connects with Interstate 280, which runs along the side of Burlingame opposite Highway 101.

Public transport

Caltrain has served Burlingame station since 1985 when it bought out Southern Pacific. It uses the same depot that was used in the early 20th century. [40]

Bay Area Rapid Transit has its southern terminus for the Yellow line and Red line in Millbrae, just north of Burlingame. BART's tracks are within Burlingame city limits.

In terms of buses, Burlingame is served by SamTrans bus lines 292, 398, 46 and the ECR as well as Commute.org and Caltrain shuttles. The City of Burlingame and local businesses sponsor the Burlingame Trolley, a two-route shuttle. [41]

Air transport

Burlingame is among the closest cities to San Francisco International Airport, and through BART and buses, is directly accessible to the airport's AirTrain system. Through BART, Burlingame is also connected to Oakland International Airport, and by using a combination of CalTrain services and VTA buses or light rail, Burlingame is connected to San Jose International Airport.

Notable people

Dianna Agron Dianna Agron 2014.jpg
Dianna Agron
Scott Feldman Scott Feldman at Minute Maid Park in August 2014.jpg
Scott Feldman


Artists and designers

Businesspeople and entrepreneurs




See also

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