Burr Harrison

Last updated
Burr Harrison
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Virginia's 7th district
In office
November 5, 1946 January 3, 1963
Preceded by A. Willis Robertson
Succeeded by John O. Marsh, Jr.
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 25th district
In office
January 10, 1940 1943
Preceded by T. Russell Cather
Succeeded by Burgess E. Nelson
Personal details
BornJuly 2, 1904
Winchester, Virginia
DiedDecember 29, 1973(1973-12-29) (aged 69)
Winchester, Virginia
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Hampden-Sydney College
University of Virginia
Georgetown University
Occupationattorney, judge, politician

Burr Powell Harrison (July 2, 1904 – December 29, 1973) was a Virginia lawyer, judge and Democratic politician who was a member of the Byrd Organization and served as U.S. Congressman representing Virginia's 7th congressional district (as had his father).


Early and family life

Born in Winchester, Virginia to Virginia lawyer and soon-to-be Congressman Thomas W. Harrison and his wife, Burr Harrison was descended from the First Families of Virginia and named for his great-great grandfather Burr William Harrison (1793-1865) who represented Loudoun County in the Virginia General Assembly in the 1840s and great-great-great-great grandfather Burr Harrison (patriot) (1734-1790), who represented Prince William County and fought in the American Revolutionary War. This Burr Harrison attended the public schools, then Woodberry Forest School, Virginia Military Institute, Hampden-Sydney College, and the University of Virginia. He graduated from Georgetown University Law School, Washington, D.C., in 1926.


Harrison was admitted to the Virginia bar the same year and commenced practice in Winchester, Virginia with his father (who died in 1935). Harrison was the attorney for Frederick County in 1932–1940. During the years 1940–1943, Harrison represented Frederick County (part-time) in Senate of Virginia. His colleagues elected him as judge of the seventeenth judicial circuit and the corporation court of Winchester in 1943–1946.

Voters of Virginia's 7th congressional district (which his father had represented during World War I and before the Great Depression) elected Harrison as a Democrat to the Seventy-ninth and to the Eightieth Congress, initially by special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of United States Representative A. Willis Robertson (who successfully ran for election as U.S. Senator). Voters reelected Harrison to the seven succeeding Congresses (November 5, 1946 – January 3, 1963). He was a member of the House Un-American Activities Committee during the McCathy era. Like his father, Harrison was a member of the Byrd Organization led by Virginia's U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd (of Winchester) and accordingly supported Massive Resistance to the U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Brown v. Board of Education . He signed the 1956 Southern Manifesto that opposed the desegregation of public schools. Harrison did not seek his party's renomination to the Eighty-eighth Congress in 1962, but instead resumed his legal practice in Winchester, Virginia. Fellow Democrat John O. Marsh, Jr. succeeded to the Congressional seat.

Death and legacy

Harrison died in Winchester on December 29, 1973 and was interred in Winchester's Mount Hebron Cemetery.

Electoral history

See also


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
A. Willis Robertson
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
John O. Marsh, Jr.

Related Research Articles

Harry F. Byrd Jr. politician from the United States

Harry Flood Byrd Jr. was an American orchardist, newspaper publisher and politician. He served in the Senate of Virginia and then represented Virginia in the United States Senate, succeeding his father, Harry F. Byrd Sr. His public service spanned thirty-six years, while he was a publisher of several Virginia newspapers. After the decline of his family's political machine, due to its infamous support of massive resistance, he abandoned the Democratic Party in 1970, citing concern about its leftward tilt. He rehabilitated his political career, becoming the first independent in the history of the U.S. Senate to be elected by a majority of the popular vote.

Thomas B. Stanley American politician

Thomas Bahnson Stanley was an American politician, furniture manufacturer and Holstein cattle breeder. A Democrat and member of the Byrd Organization, Stanley served in a number of different political offices in Virginia, including as the 47th Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates and as the Commonwealth's 57th Governor. He became known for his support of the Massive Resistance strategy to prevent school desegregation mandated by the United States Supreme Court's decisions in Brown v. Board of Education, and Virginia's attempt to circumvent those decisions was known as the Stanley plan.

Claude A. Swanson American politician

Claude Augustus Swanson was an American lawyer and Democratic politician from Virginia. He served as U.S. Representative (1893-1906), Governor of Virginia (1906-1910), and U.S. Senator from Virginia (1910-1933), before becoming U.S. Secretary of the Navy under President Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 until his death. Swanson and fellow U.S. Senator Thomas Staples Martin led a Democratic political machine in Virginia for decades in the late 19th and early 20th century, which later became known as the Byrd Organization for Swanson's successor as U.S. Senator, Harry Flood Byrd.

Andrew Jackson Montague American politician

Andrew Jackson Montague was a Virginia lawyer and American politician. He served as the 44th Governor of Virginia, from 1902 to 1906, and a Congressman from 1912 until his death in 1937. A Democrat, Montague is best remembered as the first Virginia governor since the American Civil War not to have served in the Confederate military. Initially a Progressive, Governor Montague expanded the state capitol building, supported public education and the Good Roads Movement and opposed the Martin Organization. However, later as U.S. Congressman, he became a Conservative Democrat and supporter of the Byrd Organization.

Absalom Willis Robertson American politician

Absalom Willis Robertson was an American politician from Virginia who served over 50 years in public office. A member of the Democratic Party and ally of the Byrd Organization led by fellow U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Robertson represented Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives (1933–1946) and the U.S. Senate (1946–1966), and had earlier served in the Virginia General Assembly. A Dixiecrat or member of the conservative coalition during his congressional career, Robertson was also the father of televangelist Pat Robertson.

1976 United States Senate elections

The 1976 United States Senate elections was an election for the United States Senate that coincided with Democratic Jimmy Carter's presidential election and the United States Bicentennial celebration. Although almost half of the seats decided in this election changed parties, Carter's narrow victory did not provide coattails for the Democrats, and the balance of the chamber remained the same.

1972 United States Senate elections

The 1972 United States Senate elections coincided with the landslide re-election of Republican President Richard Nixon. Despite Nixon's victory, Democrats increased their majority by two seats. After the elections, Democrats held 56 seats and Republicans held 42 seats, with 1 Conservative and 1 independent Senator. These were the first elections in which all citizens at least 18 years of age could vote due to the 1971 passage of the 26th Amendment.

Byrd Organization political machine headed by Harry F. Byrd (1887–1966)

The Byrd Organization or Byrd Machine was a political machine led by former Governor and U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr. (1887–1966) that dominated Virginia politics for much of the 20th century. From the 1890s until the late 1960s, the Byrd Organization effectively controlled the politics of the state through a network of courthouse cliques of local constitutional officers in most of the state's counties.

William M. Tuck American politician

William Munford Tuck was a Virginia lawyer and lieutenant in the Byrd Organization, who served as the 55th Governor of Virginia from 1946 to 1950 as a Democrat, and as a U.S. Congressman from 1953 until 1969.

Thomas J. Bliley Jr. American politician

Thomas Jerome Bliley Jr. is a United States Republican politician and former U.S. Representative from the state of Virginia.

John Randolph Tucker (politician) American politician

John Randolph Tucker was an American lawyer, author, and politician from Virginia. From a distinguished slaveholding family, he was elected Virginia's attorney general in 1857 and after re-election served during the American Civil War. After a pardon and Congressional Reconstruction, Tucker was elected as U.S. Congressman (1875-1887), and later served as the first dean of the Washington and Lee University Law School.

Owen B. Pickett American politician

Owen Bradford Pickett was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Virginia.

John J. Davis (congressman) American politician

John James Davis was an attorney and politician who helped found West Virginia and later served as a United States Representative in Congress from that state.

Menalcus ("Mack") Lankford was a Virginia lawyer, naval aviator and Republican politician who served two terms as U.S. Representative from Virginia's 2nd congressional district, whose largest city is Norfolk.

M. Caldwell Butler American politician

Manley Caldwell Butler was an American lawyer and politician widely admired for his integrity, bipartisanship and courage. A native of Roanoke, Butler served his hometown and wider community first as a member of the Republican Party in the Virginia General Assembly (1962–1972) and later United States House of Representatives (1972–1983).

J. Kenneth Robinson American politician

James Kenneth Robinson was a State Senator and U.S. Representative from Virginia.

Thomas W. Harrison American politician

Thomas Walter Harrison was a Virginia lawyer, judge and politician. He served in the Senate of Virginia and in the United States House of Representatives.

2010 United States House of Representatives elections in Kansas

The 2010 congressional elections in Kansas were held on November 2, 2010, and determined who would represent the state of Kansas in the United States House of Representatives. Kansas has four seats in the House, apportioned according to the 2000 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms; the elected served in the 112th Congress from January 3, 2011 until January 3, 2013.

The 2010 congressional elections in West Virginia were held on November 2, 2010 to determine who would represent the state of West Virginia in the United States House of Representatives. Representatives are elected for two-year terms; the elected served in the 112th Congress from January 2011 until January 2013.

2018 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia

The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia were held on November 6, 2018, to elect the three U.S. Representatives from the West Virginia, one from each of the state's three congressional districts. The filing deadline was January 27, 2018. The primary elections were held on May 8, 2018. The elections coincided with the other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections.