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Bursera simaruba0.jpg
Bursera simaruba
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Jacq. ex L. [1]
Type species
Bursera simaruba

About 100, see text.



Bursera, named after the Danish botanist Joachim Burser (1583-1639), is a genus with about 100 described species [2] of flowering shrubs and trees varying in size up to 25 m (82 ft) high. They are native (often for many species endemic) to the Americas, from the southern United States south through to northern Argentina, in tropical and warm temperate forest habitats.

Denmark constitutional monarchy in Europe

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million.

Shrub type of plant

A shrub or bush is a small- to medium-sized woody plant. Unlike herbs, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground. They are distinguished from trees by their multiple stems and shorter height, and are usually under 6 m (20 ft) tall. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions. Small, low shrubs, generally less than 2 m (6.6 ft) tall, such as lavender, periwinkle and most small garden varieties of rose, are often termed "subshrubs".

Tree Perennial woody plant with elongated trunk

In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. In wider definitions, the taller palms, tree ferns, bananas, and bamboos are also trees. Trees have been in existence for 370 million years. It is estimated that there are just over 3 trillion mature trees in the world.


A number of species from tropical Asia were once included in this genus, but are now treated in the genus Protium.

Asia Earths largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.

<i>Protium</i> (plant) genus of plants

Protium is a genus of more than 140 species of flowering plants in the family Burseraceae. It is native to the Neotropics, Madagascar, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and southern Asia from Pakistan east to Vietnam. The genus had been included in Bursera, but is distinct, being most closely related to Crepidospermum and Tetragastris.


Bursera aromatica is a species of plant in the Burseraceae family. It is endemic to Jamaica.

Bursera bipinnata is a Mesoamerican species of trees widespread across Mexico and Central America from Chihuahua to Honduras.

Bursera cerasifolia is an uncommon North American species of trees in the Frankincense Family in the soapwood order. It has been found only in the State of Baja California Sur in northwestern Mexico.

Bursera lancifolia is a Mexican species of trees in the frankincense family in the soapwood order. It is widespread in western Mexico from Sonora to Oaxaca.

Bursera laxiflora is a North American species of trees in the frankincense family in the soapwood order, native to northwestern Mexico. It is fairly common in Sonora with additional populations in Sinaloa, Baja California Sur, and Socorro Island. There is a report of the species being found in the United States, but it is from the property of the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum west of Tucson, most likely a cultivated or escaped specimen.

Bursera lunanii is a species of plant in the Burseraceae family. It is endemic to Jamaica and listed as "near threatened."

list sources : [2] [4]

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<i>Canarium paniculatum</i> species of plant

Canarium paniculatum is a species of flowering plant in the family Burseraceae. It is endemic to Mauritius.

<i>Protium serratum</i> species of plant

Protium serratum is a small-medium tree species in the genus Protium and the family Burseraceae. The Catalogue of Life does not record any subspecies.


<i>Bursera penicillata</i> species of plant

Bursera penicillata is a Mexican species of trees in the frankincense family in the soapwood order. It is widespread in much of Mexico from Sonora and Chihuahua to Oaxaca and Veracruz.

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<i>Anacardium</i> genus of plants

Anacardium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Anacardiaceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas.

<i>Moringa</i> genus of plants

Moringa, native to parts of Africa and Asia, is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Moringaceae. The name is derived from murungai, the Tamil word for drumstick, and the plant is commonly referred to as the drumstick tree. It contains 13 species from tropical and subtropical climates that range in size from tiny herbs to massive trees. Moringa species grow quickly in many types of environments.

<i>Ampelopsis</i> genus of plants

Ampelopsis, commonly known as peppervine or porcelainberry, is a genus of climbing shrubs, in the grape family Vitaceae. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek: ἅμπελος (ampelos), which means "vine". The genus was named in 1803. It is disjunctly distributed in eastern Asia and eastern North America extending to Mexico. Ampelopsis is primarily found in mountainous regions in temperate zones with some species in montane forests at mid-altitudes in subtropical to tropical regions. Ampelopsis glandulosa is a popular garden plant and an invasive weed.

<i>Bombax</i> genus of plants

Bombax is a genus of mainly tropical trees in the mallow family. They are native to western Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and the subtropical regions of East Asia and northern Australia. It is distinguished from the genus Ceiba, which has whiter flowers.

<i>Theobroma</i> genus of plants

Theobroma is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae, that is sometimes classified as a member of Sterculiaceae. It contains roughly 20 species of small understory trees native to the tropical forests of Central and South America. The generic name is derived from the Greek words θεός (theos), meaning "god," and βρῶμα (broma), meaning "food". It translates to "food of the gods."

<i>Schinus</i> genus of plants

Schinus is a genus of flowering trees and tall shrubs in the sumac family, Anacardiaceae. Members of the genus are commonly known as pepper trees. The Peruvian pepper tree is the source of the spice known as pink peppercorns. They can become an invasive species outside their natural habitats. Schinus polygama, although less well known, is also potentially weedy in mesic areas.

<i>Terminalia</i> (plant) genus of plants

Terminalia is a genus of large trees of the flowering plant family Combretaceae, comprising around 100 species distributed in tropical regions of the world. This genus gets its name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots.

<i>Gouania</i> genus of plants

Gouania is a genus of flowering plants in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae. The 50 to 70 species it contains are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Africa, Madagascar, the Indian Ocean islands, southern Asia, the Americas and Hawaii. They are shrubs or lianas. A revision of the species in Madagascar and the other western Indian Ocean islands is in preparation, where the genus has an important centre of diversity. The work will recognise several new species.

<i>Cocculus</i> genus of plants

Cocculus is a genus of 11 species of woody vines and shrubs, native to warm temperate to tropical regions of North America, Asia and Africa. The common name moonseed is also used for the closely related genus Menispermum. The related Indian Berry is known as "Cocculus Indicus" in pharmacology.

<i>Pisonia</i> genus of plants

Pisonia is a genus of flowering plants in the four o'clock flower family, Nyctaginaceae. It was named for Dutch physician and naturalist Willem Piso (1611–1678). Certain species in this genus are known as catchbirdtrees, birdcatcher trees or birdlime trees because they catch birds. The sticky seeds are postulated to be an adaptation of some island species that ensures the dispersal of seeds between islands by attaching them to birds, and also allows the enriching of coralline sands. These island species include P. brunoniana of Australasia and Polynesia and P. umbellifera, which is widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific region.

<i>Amyris</i> genus of plants

Amyris is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek word αμυρων (amyron), which means "intensely scented" and refers to the strong odor of the resin. Members of the genus are commonly known as Torchwoods because of their highly flammable wood.

<i>Brucea</i> genus of plants

Brucea is a genus of plant in the family Simaroubaceae. It is named for the Scottish scholar and explorer James Bruce.

<i>Esenbeckia</i> (plant) genus of plants

Esenbeckia is a genus of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae. All species in the genus are native to the Americas, with the highest diversity in South America. They are commonly known as jopoy, the Mayan word for E. berlandieri, or gasparillo (Spanish).

<i>Maytenus</i> genus of plants

Maytenus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Celastraceae. Members of the genus are distributed throughout Central and South America, Southeast Asia, Micronesia and Australasia, the Indian Ocean and Africa. They grow in a very wide variety of climates, from tropical to subpolar.

<i>Dracontomelon</i> genus of plants

Dracontomelon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Anacardiaceae, growing mostly in SE Asia and the Pacific islands. The fruit may be used in local cuisine, especially as souring agents.

<i>Bursera microphylla</i> species of plant

Bursera microphylla is a North American species of tree in the frankincense family in the soapwood order. Bursera microphylla, known by the common name elephant tree in English or 'torote' in Spanish, is a tree in genus Bursera. It grows into a distinctive sculptural form, with a thickened, water-storing or caudiciform trunk. It is found in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico.

<i>Bursera fagaroides</i> species of plant

Bursera fagaroides is a species of flowering plant in the genus Bursera known by the common names torchwood copal and fragrant bursera. It is widespread across much of Mexico from Sonora to Oaxaca, and its range extends just into Arizona in the United States, although some sources suggest that it may now be extirpated in Arizona.

<i>Metopium</i> genus of plants

Metopium or poisonwood is a genus of flowering plants in the sumac family, Anacardiaceae.

<i>Strombosia</i> genus of plants

Strombosia is a plant genus of about 10 species in the family Olacaceae. It has also been classified in the family Strombosiaceae. The generic name is from the Greek strombos, meaning "pear-shaped", referring to the fruit.


  1. "Genus: Bursera Jacq. ex L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
  2. 1 2 Becerra, Judith X.; D. Lawrence Venable (2008). Rees, Mark, ed. "Sources and Sinks of Diversification and Conservation Priorities for the Mexican Tropical Dry Forest". PLoS ONE. 3 (10): e3436. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003436. PMC   2562985 . PMID   18927613. no
  3. Becerra, Judith X.; Noge, Koji (2010). "The Mexican roots of the Indian lavender tree". Acta Botanica Mexicana. 91: 27–36.
  4. 1 2 "GRIN Species Records of Bursera". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-18.