Bussell Highway

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Bussell Highway

OIC Bussell Hwy Forest Grove.jpg
Bussell Highway in Forest Grove
Bussell Highway
General information
Type Highway
Length140 km (87 mi)
Opened1894
Route number(s) Australian state route 10.svg State Route 10 (excluding Busselton to Vasse)
Major junctions
North endBlair Street, Bunbury
 
South endBlackwood Avenue, Augusta
Location(s)
Major settlements Capel, Busselton, Vasse, Cowaramup , Margaret River, Karridale
Highway system

Bussell Highway is a generally north–south highway in the South West of Western Australia. The highway links the city of Bunbury with the town of Augusta and is approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) in length. [1] The highway is signed State Route 10, except in Busselton where the construction of the Busselton Bypass in 2000 resulted in this stretch being changed to Alternate State Route 10 with the Bypass signed State Route 10.

Contents

The highway is sealed dual carriageway from Bunbury to Capel and in the town of Busselton; and is single carriageway from Capel to Busselton and from Vasse to Augusta with regular overtaking lanes.

History

Bussell Highway was built in 1894 by M. C. Davies, a timber miller, as a road connecting Busselton with his mill at Karridale. [2] The tender had been let to Davies by the State government under John Forrest. In 1932, the road from Busselton to Augusta was completed and named Bussell Highway after the Bussell family, some of the region's first settlers, on the suggestion of Premier James Mitchell in consultation with historian James Battye; the name, which incorporated a portion of Quindalup Road, was announced on 8 April of that year to coincide with Busselton's centenary celebrations. [3] In 1946 Bunbury Road and Vasse Road were incorporated into Bussell highway, thus extending the highway to Bunbury. [3] By the early 1960s, the road had been completely sealed. [4] In 1995, the Ludlow deviation, a replacement of part of the highway that bypasses the Tuart Forest National Park, was opened; the old route through the forest is now named Tuart Drive. [5] [6] The Busselton Bypass was completed in December 2000, while the Vasse bypass was completed in January 2016. [7] [8]

In 2016, Main Roads asked the local government Shire of Capel to clear land along the final stretch for the proposed dual carriageway between Capel and Busselton. [9]

In 2019, the Margaret River Perimeter Road, which diverts heavy traffic from Bussell Highway around, rather than through, Margaret River, was completed. [10]

In 2020, funding was brought forward for the dual carriageway to support jobs during the COVID-19 pandemic. [11] [12]

Bussell Highway and surrounding highways SWAHighways.png
Bussell Highway and surrounding highways

Route description

Departing Bunbury, the highway commences at the intersection of Blair Street and Parade Road outside the Bunbury Racecourse in Carey Park. After about 500 metres (1,600 ft), it intersects at a large roundabout with Bunbury's ring road, Robertson Drive, connecting the highway to several major routes: Australind Bypass and Forrest Highway lead to Perth via Mandurah; South Western Highway north-eastbound to Harvey, and to Collie via Coalfields Highway; and South Western Highway south-westbound to Donnybrook.

It exits Bunbury as a sealed dual carriageway, bypassing the town of Capel before becoming a single carriageway to Busselton. This section was considered the most dangerous road in regional Western Australia according to a 2019 survey by the Royal Automobile Club of Western Australia. [13] [14]

At a large roundabout, it intersects with the Busselton Bypass and changes its name to Causeway Road, then turns left into Albert Street in Busselton's CBD. After one block it reverts to Bussell Highway, proceeding for 9 kilometres (6 mi) as a dual carriageway through Busselton's western suburbs before turning left at Abbey. The road then proceeds as a single carriageway with regular overtaking lanes to Augusta through small dairy and crop farms, orchards and wineries – the only slow point on this entire journey is when it becomes the main street of the popular tourist and seachange town of Margaret River. The linked Margaret River Perimeter Road bypasses the town. [10]

The highway ends at the entrance to Augusta, but the road continues as Blackwood Avenue through the town and then as Leeuwin Road for 9 kilometres (6 mi) before reaching Cape Leeuwin, the southwestern tip of Western Australia.

Major towns

Major intersections

LGALocationkm [1] miDestinationsNotes
Bunbury Carey Park, South Bunbury 00.0Blair Street north / Nuytsia Avenue east  Bunbury city centreNorthern highway terminus: continues as Blair Street
Carey Park, Withers, College Grove 1.40.87Australian state route 10.svg Robertson Drive (State Route 10)  Perth Roundabout intersection; State Route 10 northern concurrency terminus: continues east
Capel Dalyellup, Gelorup 5.13.2Norton Promenade  Dalyellup Traffic light controlled intersection
Stratham 14.69.1Boyanup West Road  Boyanup
Capel 23.214.4Capel Drive  Capel, Donnybrook Northern loop road intersection
24.515.2Capel Drive – Capel, DonnybrookSouthern loop road intersection
28.317.6Tuart Drive (Ludlow Tuart Forest Tourist Drive)  Busselton (alternate route)Old Bussell Highway route; Bussell Highway southbound is the main route to Busselton
Busselton Yalyalup 41.926.0Sues Road  Nannup, Pemberton, Augusta
43.527.0Tuart Drive (Ludlow Tuart Forest Tourist Drive)  Capel (alternate route)Bussell Highway northbound is the main route to Capel
Yalyalup, Bovel, Reinscourt 46.929.1Australian state route 104.svg Vasse Highway (State Route 104)  Nannup, Pemberton
Bovel, Reinscourt, Busselton 47.829.7Australian state route 10.svg Busselton Bypass (State Route 10) south / Causeway Road (Bussell Highway) east  Dunsborough, Margaret River, Augusta , Busselton town centreRoundabout intersection; State Route 10 concurrency terminus: continues south
Busselton 49.730.9Albert Street (Bussell Highway) west / Causeway Road (Bussell Highway) south / Albert Street east / Queen Street north – Busselton town centreTraffic light controlled intersection
Abbey 57.735.9Australian Tourist Drive 250.svg Caves Road to Caves Road Tourist Drive (Tourist Drive 250)  Dunsborough, Yallingup Roundabout intersection
Vasse 59.436.9Australian state route 10.svg Busselton Bypass (State Route 10) east  Capel, Bunbury Roundabout intersection; State Route 10 concurrency terminus: continues east
Augusta-Margaret River Cowaramup 87.254.2Cowaramup Bay Road  Gracetown
Margaret River 97.460.5Wallcliffe Road west / Forrest Street east  Prevelly
Karridale 12678Australian state route 10.svg Brockman Highway (State Route 10)  Nannup State Route 10 also continues south along Bussell Highway to Augusta as a spur route
Augusta 14087Western Australia MR-SM-1.svgBlackwood Avenue North – Augusta HospitalHighway terminus: Continues south as Blackwood Avenue towards Cape Leeuwin; State Route 10 southern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

Related Research Articles

Margaret River, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Margaret River is a town in the South West of Western Australia, located in the valley of the eponymous Margaret River, 277 kilometres (172 mi) south of Perth, the state capital. Its Local Government Area is the Shire of Augusta-Margaret River.

Tuart Forest National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Tuart Forest National Park is a national park in the South West region of Western Australia, 183 kilometres (114 mi) south of Perth. It contains the largest remaining section of pure tuart forest in the world. Traditionally the state forest associated with this stand of trees has been known as the Ludlow State Forest, named for Frederick Ludlow.

Busselton City in Western Australia

Busselton is a city in the South West region of the state of Western Australia. As of the 2016 census, Busselton had a population of 25,329. Founded in 1832 by the Bussell family, Busselton is 220 km (140 mi) south-west of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. Busselton was voted Western Australia's top tourist town in 1995, 1996, and 2005.

The South West region is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. It is so named because it is located in the south-west corner of Western Australia. The South West region has an area of 23,970 km², and a population of about 170,000 people, which is predicted to rise to 217,000 people by 2023. Bunbury is the capital of the region.

Shire of Augusta–Margaret River Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Augusta Margaret River is a local government area in the south-west corner of the South West region of Western Australia, approximately 270 kilometres (168 mi) south of Perth. The shire covers an area of 2,243 square kilometres (866 sq mi) and had a population of over 14,000 at the 2016 Census, about half of whom live in the towns of Margaret River and Augusta.

Capel, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Capel is a town in the South West region of Western Australia, located 212 kilometres (132 mi) south of Perth and midway between Bunbury and Busselton.

Bussell family

The Bussell family were a family of early settlers in colonial Western Australia. The four brothers John, Joseph Vernon, Alfred and Charles emigrated from England on Warrior, arriving at Fremantle on 12 March 1830. Lenox, Frances and Elizabeth arrived at Fremantle on Cygnet on 27 January 1833, and Mrs Frances Louisa and Mary arrived at Albany on 19 June 1834.

Augusta, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Augusta is a town on the south-west coast of Western Australia, where the Blackwood River emerges into Flinders Bay. It is the nearest town to Cape Leeuwin, on the furthest southwest corner of the Australian continent. In the 2001 census it had a population of 1,091; by 2016 the population of the town was 1,109.

John Bussell

John Garrett Bussell was an early settler in Western Australia.

Flinders Bay Branch Railway

The Flinders Bay Branch Railway, also known as the Boyanup to Flinders Bay Section ran between Boyanup and Flinders Bay, in South Western Western Australia.

The electoral district of Capel was a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. The district was named for the South West town of Capel, located between Bunbury and Busselton, which fell within its borders. The seat was abolished after only one term at the 2007 redistribution, taking effect from the 2008 election due to the one vote one value legislation. Most parts of the seat now fall within the new seat of Collie-Preston, which is regarded as a marginal Labor seat by Antony Green based on 2005 figures, with the Busselton portions becoming part of Vasse.

Vasse Highway

Vasse Highway is a Western Australian highway connecting Busselton and the South Western Highway 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of Manjimup. It is 151 kilometres (94 mi) long and travels through jarrah and karri hardwood forests for most of its length, with some small agricultural areas and wineries nearby, and forms the main street of the towns of Nannup and Pemberton.

Karridale, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Karridale is a small township in the south-west of Western Australia. It is located just north of Augusta and south of Margaret River between Caves Road and Bussell Highway. A newer township was built a short distance north east of the original Old Karridale following fires that destroyed the town in 1961. At the 2006 census, Karridale had a population of 285.

Forrest Highway Highway in Western Australia

Forrest Highway is a 95-kilometre-long (59 mi) highway in Western Australia's Peel and South West regions, extending Perth's Kwinana Freeway from east of Mandurah down to Bunbury. Old Coast Road was the original Mandurah–Bunbury route, dating back to the 1840s. Part of that road, and the Australind Bypass around Australind and Eaton, were subsumed by Forrest Highway. The highway begins at Kwinana Freeway's southern terminus in Ravenswood, continues around the Peel Inlet to Lake Clifton, and heads south to finish at Bunbury's Eelup Roundabout. There are a number of at-grade intersections with minor roads in the shires of Murray, Waroona, and Harvey including Greenlands Road and Old Bunbury Road, both of which connect to South Western Highway near Pinjarra.

Boranup, Western Australia

Boranup, in the Shire of Augusta-Margaret River, is the site of a large coastal dune blow out known as the "Boranup sand patch" as part of the Boranup beach, and the site of a former M. C. Davies timber company mill. The sand patch area and sand blows affected the alignment of the Busselton to Flinders Bay railway.

Margaret River Airport

Margaret River Airport is located in Bramley near Margaret River, Western Australia. It was established in 1981 and sealed in 1999.

Caves Road is a 111-kilometre-long (69 mi) scenic route in the South West region of Western Australia. It connects western Busselton with Augusta, running along or to the west of the Leeuwin-Naturaliste ridge, and is an alternative route to Bussell Highway. Caves Road is also a major component of the route from Cape Naturaliste to Cape Leeuwin, in what is known as the state's Capes Region.

Robertson Drive, also known as the Bunbury Bypass, Bunbury Ring Road, or Bunbury Inner Ring Road, is a 4.9-kilometre-long (3.0 mi) road in Bunbury, Western Australia. It forms a partial ring road around Bunbury, allowing highway traffic to bypass the city centre. The road connects four highway routes that radiate out Bunbury: Forrest Highway to the north, South Western Highway north-eastbound and south-east bound, and Bussell Highway to the south. A dual carriageway along the route was completed in 1992.

The Margaret River Perimeter Road is a highway bypass of Margaret River, Western Australia. The seven-kilometre-long (4.3 mi) road deviates Bussell Highway traffic, including heavy vehicles, to the east of the town, and connects to a new airport access road. It is planned to eventually be a dual carriageway, but has initially been constructed as a single carriageway, in two stages. Construction of stage one, from south of Margaret River to Rosa Brook Road, began in December 2014 and was completed in May 2015. Construction of stage two – the remaining northern section – began in September 2017 and was completed in February 2019, with an opening in December 2018. An extension of John Archibald Drive and the redevelopment of Bussell Highway in the town were included in the business case for constructing stage two.

Metricup, Western Australia place in Western Australia

Metricup is a locality near the town of Cowaramup on the Bussell Highway. It is in the Margaret River wine region and its local government area is the City of Busselton. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 226.

References

  1. 1 2 Google (16 March 2013). "Bussell Highway" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  2. "Bridgefield Monument". Heritage Council of Western Australia . Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Bunbury Public Roads Street Name Register" (PDF). City of Bunbury. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  4. "Thematic History". Municipal Heritage Inventory (PDF). City of Busselton. 2013. p. 14. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  5. "Official opening of $12M deviation on Bussell Highway". Government of Western Australia. 5 April 1995. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  6. "management plan 792014: Tuart Forest National Park" (PDF). Parks and Wildlife Service. August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  7. "Busselton Bypass open to traffic four months ahead of schedule". Government of Western Australia. 19 December 2000. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  8. "Safety boosted with opening of Vasse Bypass". Government of Western Australia. 29 January 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  9. "Pre-construction work to start this year for Bussell Highway revamp". ABC News. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  10. 1 2 "Margaret River Perimeter Road reaches practical completion". Government of Western Australia. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  11. "Premier Mark McGowan defends hard border as $223 million for WA roads unveiled". ABC News . 21 June 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  12. "Bussell Highway crash victim welcomes lane duplication funding for risky road". ABC South West WA . 22 June 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  13. Kirk, Emma (17 April 2019). "2019 RAC Risky Roads Survey". Busselton-Dunsborough Mail. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  14. "RAC Risky Roads Survey results 2018/19" (PDF). Royal Automobile Club of Western Australia . Retrieved 21 November 2020.

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