Buzău County

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Buzău County

Județul Buzău
County
Buzau in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°16′N26°46′E / 45.27°N 26.77°E / 45.27; 26.77 Coordinates: 45°16′N26°46′E / 45.27°N 26.77°E / 45.27; 26.77
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Est
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Buzău
Government
  TypeCounty Board
  President of the County BoardPetre Emanoil Neagu (PSD)
  Prefect2Carmen Ichim
Area
  Total6,103 km2 (2,356 sq mi)
Area rank 17th in Romania
Population
 (2011)
  Total432,054
  Rank 18th in Romania
  Density81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
12wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x38 4
Car Plates BZ5
GDPUS$ 2.561 billion (2015)
GDP/capita US$ 5,927 (2015)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Buzău County (Romanian pronunciation:  [buˈzəw] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Buzău.

Contents

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 432,054 and the population density was 70.7/km2.

YearCounty population [2]
1948430,225
1956Increase2.svg 465,829
1966Increase2.svg 480,951
1977Increase2.svg 508,424
1992Increase2.svg 516,307
2002Decrease2.svg 496,214
2011Decrease2.svg 432,054

Geography

This county has a total area of 6,103 km2.

In the North Side there are the mountains from the southern end of the Eastern Carpathians group – the Vrancea Mountains and the Buzău Mountains with heights over 1,700 m. The heights decrease in the South and East passing through the subcarpathian hills to the Bărăgan Plain at about 80 m.

The main river crossing the county is the Buzău River which collects many small rivers from the mountains and flows to the East into the Siret River.

Neighbours

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

The hilly area is well-suited for wines and fruit orchards. Salt and oil are the main resources extracted in the county.

Tourism

The Magura sculpture camp Magura sculpture camp.jpg
The Măgura sculpture camp

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics

The Buzău County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition: [3]

   PartySeatsCurrent County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD)21                    
  National Liberal Party (PNL)7                    
  People's Movement Party (PMP)4                    

Administrative divisions

Buzau RO BZ Courthouse 2.jpg
Buzău
Ramnicu Sarat RSCityHall.JPG
Râmnicu Sărat

Buzău County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 82 communes.

Historical county

Județul Buzău
County (Județ)
RO BZ Palat Comunal frontal straight cloudy.jpg
The Buzău County prefecture building of the interwar period.
Interbelic Buzau County CoA.png
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Buzau.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Dobrogea
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Buzău
Area
  Total4,936 km2 (1,906 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
  Total309,405
  Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the central-southern part of Greater Romania, in the northeastern part of the historical region of Muntenia. Its territory included the southern and western parts of today's Buzău County and several localities that are today in Prahova County, including the town of Mizil. It was bordered on the west by Prahova County, to the north by the counties of Brașov, Trei Scaune, and Putna, to the east by the counties of Râmnicu Sărat and Brăila, and to the south by Ialomița County.

Administration

Map of Buzau County as constituted in 1938. 1938 map of interwar county Buzau.jpg
Map of Buzău County as constituted in 1938.

The county has seen multiple subdivisions administratively.

At the end of the 19th century, the county was subdivided into six districts ( plăṣi ): [4]

  1. Plasa Sărata, with the town of Buzău and 16 communes
  2. Plasa Câmpului, with 14 communes
  3. Plasa Tohani, with the town of Mizil and 17 communes
  4. Plasa Buzău, with 17 communes
  5. Plasa Pârscov, with 16 communes
  6. Plasa Slănic, with 19 communes

In the interwar period, the territory of the county was initially divided into four districts: [5]

  1. Plasa Buzău, headquartered at Pătârlagele
  2. Plasa Câmpul, headquartered at Buzău
  3. Plasa Slănic, headquartered at Săpoca
  4. Plasa Tohani, headquartered at Mizil

Subsequently, the territory of the county was reorganized into seven districts, by abolishing Plasa Câmpul and establishing four new districts:

  1. Plasa Buzău, headquartered at Pătârlagele
  2. Plasa Câlnău, headquartered at Buzău
  3. Plasa Câmpeni, headquartered at Pogoanele
  4. Plasa Orașul, headquartered at Buzău
  5. Plasa Pârscov, headquartered at Pârscov
  6. Plasa Slănic, headquartered at Săpoca
  7. Plasa Tohani, headquartered at Mizil

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 309,405 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 97.4% Romanians, 1.5% Romanies, 0.5% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 98.9% Eastern Orthodox, 0.5% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 42,127 inhabitants, comprising 91.2% Romanians, 3.7% Jews, 2.3% Romanies, 0.9% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 93.3% Eastern Orthodox, 3.9% Jewish, 1.0% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Related Research Articles

Muntenia

Muntenia is a historical region of Romania, usually considered Wallachia-proper. It is situated between the Danube, the Carpathian Mountains and Moldavia, and the Olt River to the west. The latter river is the border between Muntenia and Oltenia. Part of the traditional border between Wallachia/Muntenia and Moldavia was formed by the rivers Milcov and Siret.

Brăila County County of Romania

Brăila County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Brăila.

Dâmbovița County County of Romania

Dâmbovița County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Târgoviște.

Ialomița County County of Romania

Ialomița County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Slobozia.

Prahova County County of Romania

Prahova County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploiești.

Bacău County County of Romania

Bacău County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Western Moldavia, with its capital city at Bacău. It has one commune, Ghimeș-Făget, in Transylvania.

Argeș County County of Romania

Argeș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești.

Ilfov County County of Romania

Ilfov is the county that surrounds Bucharest, the capital of Romania. It used to be largely rural, but, after the fall of Communism, many of the county's villages and communes developed into high-income commuter towns, which act like suburbs or satellites of Bucharest. The gentrification of the county is continuing, with many towns in Ilfov, such as Otopeni, having some of the highest GDP per capita levels in the country.

Ialomița (river) River in Romania

The Ialomița is a river of Southern Romania. It rises from the Bucegi Mountains in the Carpathians. It discharges into the Borcea branch of the Danube in Giurgeni. It is 417 km (259 mi) long, and its basin area is 10,350 km2 (4,000 sq mi). Ialomița County takes its name from this river.

Buzău (river)

The Buzău is a river in eastern Romania, tributary of the river Siret. Its total length is 302 km, and its drainage basin area is 5,264 km2. Its source is in the south-eastern Carpathian Mountains, east of Brașov. The Buzău flows through the Romanian counties Brașov, Covasna, Buzău and Brăila. It flows into the Siret close to its confluence with the Danube, west of Galați.

Pătârlagele Town in Buzău, Romania

Pătârlagele is a town in Buzău County, Muntenia, Romania. In 2011 it had a population of 7,304.

Mânzălești Commune in Buzău, Romania

Mânzăleşti is a commune in the north of Buzău County, Muntenia, Romania. It is composed of thirteen villages: Beșlii, Buștea, Cireșu, Ghizdita, Gura Bădicului, Jghiab, Mânzălești, Plavățu, Poiana Vâlcului, Satu Vechi, Trestioara, Valea Cotoarei and Valea Ursului.

Salcia may refer to several places:

Buzău Region

Regiunea Buzău was one of the newly established administrative divisions of the People's Republic of Romania, copied after the Soviet style of territorial organisation.

Puiești, Buzău Commune in Buzău, Romania

Puiești is a commune in Buzău County, Muntenia, Romania, with a population of approximately 4,590.

In the NUTS codes of Romania (RO), the three levels are:

Gura may refer to:

Administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Romania (1941–44)

This article discusses the administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Romania between 1941 and 1944. As a result of the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Second Vienna Award and the Treaty of Craiova, territories that had previously been part of Romania were lost to the Soviet Union, Hungary and Bulgaria respectively. By September 1940 the administrative system set up in 1938 based on 'ținuturi' (regions) was disbanded and the former counties (județe) were reintroduced.

Putna County County in Romania

Putna County was a county in the Kingdom of Romania, in southern Moldavia. The county seat was Focșani.

Râmnicu Sărat County County in Romania

Râmnicu Sărat County is one of the historic counties of Muntenia, Romania. The county seat was Râmnicu Sărat.

References

  1. National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  2. National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  4. Lahovari, George Ioan (1899). Marele Dicționar Geografic al României. 2. Bucharest: Stab. grafic J. V. Socecu. p. 113.
  5. Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Buzău