C. V. Sridhar

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C. V. Sridhar
CV Sridhar 2013 stamp of India.jpg
Sridhar on a 2013 stamp of India
Born
Chithamoor Vijayaragavalu Sridharakrishnan & (Sridhar)

(1933-07-22)22 July 1933
Chithamur, Chengalpattu, Madras Presidency, British India
Died20 October 2008(2008-10-20) (aged 75)
Chennai
Occupation
  • Film director
  • producer
  • screenwriter
Years active1959–1991
Spouse(s)Devasena
Parent(s)Vijayaraghavalu Reddiyar
Thaayarammal

Chitthamoor Vijayaraghavalu Sridhar (22 July 1933 – 20 October 2008) was an Indian screenwriter and film director. He has directed nearly 60 films in Tamil, Hindi and Telugu.

Contents

Early life

Sridhar hailed from Chitthamur, a village near Maduranthakam, Tamil Nadu. He studied at St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School from Chengalpattu where he began writing and staging plays while he was in the Seventh Standard.

Career

Entry

In 1951, 18-year-old Sridhar went to AVM Productions with his story Latchiyavathi but P. Neelakantan rejected his story. [1] Avvai T. K. Shanmugam was very much impressed by the story and Sridhar wrote the screenplay and dialogues for the drama. It was staged as Raththa Paasam and was one of the most successful dramas staged by TKS brothers. Sridhar was proudly taken to the stage and introduced to the audience as the writer. It was later produced jointly by TKS and Jupiter pictures under Jupiter – Avvai Productions where Jupiter pictures recommended some other writer to write the dialogues for the film. It was T. K. Shanmugam who was staunch that Sridhar should write the screenplay and dialogues. Sridhar made his entry into films as a screenwriter in Ratha Paasam . Later AVM Productions produced it in Hindi as Bhaai Bhaai in 1956 starring Ashok Kumar and Kishore Kumar but direction was by R. S. Mani. The film Bhai Bhai gave a big commercial break for the music director Madan Mohan and the writer Sridhar himself. [2]

Sridhar wrote story and dialogues for Edhir Paradhathu . Sridhar wrote the dialogues in Tamil for the Telugu movie Parivartana and the movie was dubbed in 1955 as Latchadhipathi. Sridhar continued on writing for films like Maaman Magal, Maheswari, Amara Deepam , Maadharkula Manikkam, Engal Veetu Mahalakshmi , Yaar Paiyan , Manjal Mahimai , Uthama Puthiran and Punar Jenmam .

While working in Modern Theatres as writer for the film Maheswari, Sridhar had an opportunity to improve his knowledge and skills about film production. T. R. Sundaram had a huge library of international books about great films and directors, about film production, critical and technical essays. Sridhar had a very high esteem on the legendary director V. Shantaram. [3]

Venus Pictures

In 1956, Sridhar turned producer along with associates Krishnamoorthi, Govindarajan and Sundararajan in Venus Pictures where he scripted Amara Deepam and followed by Uthama Puthiran . Both films had Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini as the main roles. He made his debut as a director with Kalyana Parisu . This movie ran for more than 25 weeks, and is revered to this day as a milestone in the history of Tamil cinema. After this, he had a huge fan following and his name was talked about among the middle class movie going audience. [4]

Chithralaya

He started his own production company Chithralaya (the emblem was designed by Art director Ganga) in 1961 with his friends Gopu, Vincent, Sundaram and Tiruchi Arunachalam made Then Nilavu . The latter which had Gemini Ganesan and Vyjayanthimala in the lead was the first Tamil film to be shot in Jammu and Kashmir. [5] He made a series of commercially successful films like Nenjil Or Aalayam , Kaadhalikka Neramillai , Vennira Adai and many more.

Film-making style

Sridhar was known as Nava-rasa-director, as he made films in a variety of styles, from the comedy Kaadhalikka Neramillai to the serious Kalai-kovil and Nenjil Or Aalayam . The latter was remade in Hindi with Rajendra Kumar and Meena Kumari as Dil Ek Mandir which earn him two nomination at Filmfare Awards, Best Director and Best Story categories. He brought out the best in comedians T. R. Ramachandran, K. A. Thangavelu, and Nagesh, and helped introduce Murthy, Nirmala to a wider audience in Vennira Adai . Murthy, Nirmala, now a TV and movie comedian, is still referred to as "Venniradai Moorthy", "Venniradai Nirmala" after the fame he received from his performance in the movie. Even the actresses Jayalalitha and Nirmala used to be referred to as Venniraadai Jayalalitha and Venniraadai Nirmala [6] [7]

Sridhar's Kaadhalikka Neramillai was one of the greatest blockbusters of Tamil film history. It was later remade in Hindi with actor Kishore Kumar and Shashi Kapoor by himself. Sridhar helped launch the career of many celebrities in Tamil cinema, namely, Saroja Devi in Kalyaana Parisu, R. Muthuraman and Devika in Nenjil Or Aalayam , Srikanth, J. Jayalalithaa, Vennira Aadai Nirmala and Venniradai Moorthy in Vennira Adai (White Dress), Ravichandran, Kanchana and Rajasree in Kaadhalikka Neramillai , Kamal and Rajini in Ilamai Oonjal Aadigirathu, Karthik and Gigi in Ninaivellaam Nithya, Jayashree in Thendralae Ennai Thodu and Vikram in Thanthu Vitten Ennai .

His Bollywood films include Nazrana (1961), Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Pyar Kiye Jaa (1966) and Gehri Chaal (1973). Nazrana, starring by Raj Kapoor, Vyjayanthimala, Usha Kiran and Gemini Ganesan in guest appearance, earned him Filmfare Award for Best Story.The landmark film Nai Roshni directed by him in Hindu had Ashok Kumar, P. Bhanumati, Mala Sinha, Biwajeet and Raajkumar in lead roles and became the 7th highest-grossing film of the year 1967 in Hindi. Subsequently, this film was remade in Tamil as Poovum Pottum directed by Dada Mirasi.

Sridhar's films with Sivaji Ganesan include Ooty Varai Uravu , Nenjirukkum Varai , Sivantha Mann . Sivanthaman was the first color movie in Tamil shot at foreign locations. Dharti, the Hindi version was released in 1970 with Rajendra Kumar, Waheeda Rehman and Sivaji Ganesan in lead roles.

When in 1973, he went through sudden financial problems, at the insistence of Rajendra Kumar he approached M. G. Ramachandran, who suggested that a film be made and using that his financial woes would get resolved. Sridhar then made Urimai Kural which was a commercial success in 1974 and went on to direct M.G.R again in Meenava Nanban that was released in 1977.

In 1978, he brought together Kamal Hasan, Rajnikanth, Sripriya for romantic film Illamai Oonjal Aadugirathu. Then he remade the same in 1982 in Hindu as Dil-E-Nadan starring Rajesh Khanna, Shatrughan Sinha and Jaya Prada in lead roles. Both versions were successful.

In all his films he used a combination of stars, melodrama and melodious songs. He has directed films in Tamil, Hindi and Telugu. Sridhar was considered an expert in song picturisation as he could transform any song into sheer poetry. The formidable Sridhar – KannadasanM. S. Viswanathan combination held a magic spell on the audience and the songs contributed to the tremendous success of those films.

Retirement and death

Sridhar, whose career spanned four decades, is credited with understanding the pulse of the public and creating movies in tune with the times. His memoirs Thirumpip Parkkiren [Looking Back], written by Chandra Maouli, was published in 2002.

Sridhar died of Heart attack in Chennai on 20 October 2008. [8]

Filmography

List of films directed by Sridhar. You may refer to the notes for the extra activities of him in the particular films.

YearFilmCredited asLanguageNotes
DirectorProducerStoryScreenplay/ Dialogues
1954 Ratha Paasam Red x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg Tamil
1954 Ethir Paradhathu Red x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1955 Maheswari Green check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1955 Latchadhipathi Red x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgTamilTelugu dubbing of Parivartana
1955 Maaman Magal Green check.svgTamil
1956 Amara Deepam Red x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1956 Bhai-Bhai Green check.svg Hindi
1956 Mathar Kula Manickam Green check.svgTamil
1957 Enga Veettu Mahalakshmi Green check.svgTamil
1957 Yaar Paiyyan Green check.svgTamil
1958 Uthama Puthiran Red x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1959 Manjal Mahimai Green check.svgTamil
1959 Kalyana Parisu Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg Tamil Certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1960 Pelli Kanuka Green check.svgGreen check.svg Telugu
1960 Meenda Sorgam Green check.svgTamil
1960 Vidivelli Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1961 Then Nilavu Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1961 Punar Jenmam Red x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1961 Nazrana Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svg Hindi Filmfare Award for Best Story
1962 Sumaithaangi Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1962 Policekaran Magal Green check.svgTamil
1962 Nenjil Or Aalayam Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1963 Nenjam Marappathillai Green check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1963 Chittor Rani Padmini Green check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1963 Dil Ek Mandir Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgHindiNominated: Filmfare Award for Best Director
Nominated: Filmfare Award for Best Story
1964 Kalai Kovil Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1964 Kaadhalikka Neramillai Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1965 Venniradai Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1966 Pyar Kiye Jaa Green check.svgHindi
1966 Manase Mandiram Green check.svgTelugu
1966 Kodimalar Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1967 Nenjirukkum Varai Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgTamil
1967 Nai Roshni Green check.svgHindi
1967 Ooty Varai Uravu Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1968 Galatta Kalyanam Green check.svgTamil
1968 Saathi Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgHindi
1969 Sivantha Mann Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1970 Dharti Green check.svgHindi
1971 Uttharavindri Ulle Vaa Red x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgTamil
1971 Avalukendru Oru Manam Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1971 Duniya Kya Jane Green check.svgHindi
1973 Alaigal Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil25th Film
1973 Gehri Chaal Green check.svgGreen check.svgHindi
1974 Urimai Kural Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamilFirst movie with MGR
1975 Vaira Nenjam Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1975 Ninagai Nanu Green check.svgTelugu
1975 Lakshmi Nirdoshi Green check.svgTeluguTelugu dubbing of Alaigal (1973)
1975 Jagruthi Green check.svgHindi
1976 Oh Manju Green check.svgTamil
1977 Seeta Geeta Datithe Green check.svgTamil
1977 Anna Nee En Deivam Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1977 Meenava Nanban Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamilSecond movie with MGR.
1978 Ilamai Oonjalaadugirathu Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1978 Vayasu Pilichindi Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTelugu
1979 Azhage Unnai Aarathikkiren / Urvasi Neene Nanna Preyasi / Urvasi Neeve Naa Preyasi Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil / Kannada / Telugu
1980 Soundaryame Varuga Varuga Green check.svgTamil
1980 Hare Krishna Hello Radha Green check.svgTelugu
1981 Mohana Punnagai Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1982 Ninaivellam Nithya Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1982 Dil-E-Nadaan Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgHindi
1983 Thudikkum Karangal Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1983 Oru Odai Nadhiyagirathu Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1984 Alaya Deepam Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1985 Unnai Thedi Varuven Green check.svgTamil
1985 Thendrale Ennai Thodu Green check.svgTamil
1986 Yaaro Ezhuthiya Kavithai Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1986 Naanum Oru Thozhilali Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1986 Kulirkaala Megangal Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil
1987 Iniya Uravu Poothathu Green check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil50th Film
1988 Premayanam Green check.svgTelugu
1991 Thanthu Vitten Ennai Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgTamil

Awards

Won
Nominated

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