CMT (U.S. TV channel)

Last updated

CMT
CMT 2017.png
LaunchedMarch 5, 1983;36 years ago (1983-03-05)
Owned by Viacom Media Networks
Picture format 1080i HDTV
(downscaled to letterboxed 480i for the SDTV feed)
Country United States
Language English
Broadcast areaUnited States
Headquarters New York City, United States
Formerly called CMTV (1983)
Replaced [1]
Sister channel(s)
Website CMT.com
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV Channel 327
Channel 1327 (VOD)
Dish Network Channel 166
Cable
Verizon FiOS Channel 221 (SD)
Channel 721 (HD)
IPTV
AT&T U-verse Channel 525 (SD)
Channel 1525 (HD)
Streaming media
Sling TV Internet Protocol television
Philo Internet Protocol television

CMT, originally launched as CMTV, is an American pay television channel that is owned by Viacom Media Networks, a division of Viacom. Its name is an initialism for "Country Music Television", which has since been de-emphasized. It was the first nationally available channel devoted to country music and country music videos. Programming on the channel originally focused on country music; including music videos, taped concerts and biographies of country music stars. CMT's current programming now mainly consists of original reality programs and scripted series, [2] off-network syndicated shows, and theatrically-released movies.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

Pay television or subscription television are subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analog and digital cable and satellite television, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial, IPTV and internet television. Subscription television began in the multi-channel transition and transitioned into the post-network era. Some parts of the world, notably in France, Latin America and the United States, have also offered encrypted analog terrestrial signals available for subscription.

Viacom Media Networks American mass media division and company owned by Viacom

Viacom Media Networks, formerly known as MTV Networks, is an American mass media division of Viacom that oversees the operations of many of its television channels and Internet brands. Its sister international division is Viacom International Media Networks.

Contents

As of January 2018, approximately 92 million U.S. homes [3] (or 76.9% of the Nielsen-estimated 119.2 million television households [4] ) receive CMT. The channel's headquarters are located in One Astor Plaza in New York City, and has additional offices in Nashville, Tennessee.

One Astor Plaza Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

One Astor Plaza is a high-rise office building located in the Times Square area of Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The building is 54 stories tall and stands at a height of 745 ft (227 m). It was designed by Der Scutt of Ely J. Kahn & Jacobs. It is located at 1515 Broadway between West 44th and 45th Streets and is currently the headquarters for Viacom and houses the MTV Studios, Minskoff Theatre, PlayStation Theater, and some retail outlets. The Hotel Astor had occupied the site from 1904 to 1967. Construction of the building began in 1968 and was completed in 1972. The building was the headquarters of the W. T. Grant retail chain, which leased almost 400,000 square feet (37,000 m2) of space on the building's top 14 floors, but only occupied it for four years until their 1976 liquidation.

Tennessee State of the United States of America

Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by eight states, with Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, and Missouri to the northwest. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560 and a 2017 metro population of 1,903,045. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017.

History

Early years (1983–1991)

CMTV, an initialism of Country Music Television, was founded by Glenn D. Daniels, the owner of Video World Productions in Hendersonville, Tennessee. Daniels put together the ownership group of Telestar Corporation and the Blinder Robinson & Company investment bank in a three-way split. Daniels also served as the program director and the first president of the network. [5]

Hendersonville, Tennessee Satellite City in Tennessee, United States

Hendersonville is the largest city in Sumner County, Tennessee, on Old Hickory Lake. The population was 51,372 at the 2010 census and 54,068 according to 2013 estimates.

The network launched on March 5, 1983, at 6:19 p.m. CT, beating its chief competitor, TNN, to air by two days. The first video clip to air on CMT was Faron Young's 1971 hit "It's Four in the Morning". [6] The following summer, MTV filed a trademark infringement lawsuit over the initials CMTV, and the network changed its name to simply CMT. [7]

The Nashville Network, usually referred to as TNN, was an American country music-oriented cable television network. Programming included music videos, taped concerts, movies, game shows, syndicated programs, and numerous talk shows. On September 25, 2000, after an attempt to attract younger viewers failed, TNN's country music format was changed and the network was renamed The National Network, eventually becoming Spike TV in 2003 and Paramount Network in 2018.

Faron Young American singer

Faron Young was an American country music singer and songwriter from the early 1950s into the mid-1980s and one of its most successful and colorful stars. Hits including "If You Ain't Lovin' " and "Live Fast, Love Hard, Die Young" marked him as a honky-tonk singer in sound and personal style; and his chart-topping singles "Hello Walls" and "It's Four in the Morning" showed his versatility as a vocalist. Known as the Hillbilly Heartthrob, and following a movie role, the Young Sheriff, Young's singles reliably charted for more than 30 years. He committed suicide in 1996. Young is a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame.

Its Four in the Morning 1971 single by Faron Young

"It's Four in the Morning" is a song made famous by country music singer Faron Young. Released in 1971, the song was his first No. 1 hit single on the Billboard Hot Country Singles chart since 1961's "Hello Walls." The song was written by Jerry Chesnut.

Gaylord years (1991–1997)

CMT used this logo from 1991 to 2004. When this logo debuted, it originally consisted of the letters in red, yellow, and blue, all in black squares, which made to look like alphabet blocks. In 1996 a "GENUINE" stamp was added to the logo. Its colors were swapped in 2000 by MTV. CMT TV 1.png
CMT used this logo from 1991 to 2004. When this logo debuted, it originally consisted of the letters in red, yellow, and blue, all in black squares, which made to look like alphabet blocks. In 1996 a "GENUINE" stamp was added to the logo. Its colors were swapped in 2000 by MTV.

In 1991, Opryland USA and its owner Gaylord Entertainment Company acquired CMT in a $34 million deal. [8] The network was sold by a group led by radio station owner Robert Sillerman, record producer James Guercio and Nyhl L Henson. [8] Opryland USA and owner Gaylord also owned CMT's competitor The Nashville Network.

Opryland USA Former amusement park in Nashville, Tennessee

Opryland USA was an amusement park in suburban Nashville, Tennessee. It operated seasonally from 1972 to 1997, and for a special Christmas-themed engagement every December from 1993 to 1997. During the late 1980s, nearly 2.5 million people visited the park annually. Billed as the "Home of American Music," Opryland USA featured a large number of musical shows along with typical amusement park rides such as roller coasters, carousels, and the like.

Ryman Hospitality Properties, Inc. is a hotel, resort, entertainment, and media company named after National Historic Landmark the Ryman Auditorium, built as a tabernacle by Captain Thomas G. Ryman in 1892 and later the home of the Grand Ole Opry from 1943 to 1974. The hospitality group was founded by Edward Gaylord. Prior to its public ownership, it was previously a subsidiary of the Oklahoma City-based Oklahoma Publishing Company, which was formerly owned by the Gaylord family for 71 years until 2011. The OPUBCO company was once the longtime publisher of the Daily Oklahoman newspaper. Until 2012, the company was known as Gaylord Entertainment Company, and earlier as Gaylord Broadcasting Company. The company has operated as a real estate investment trust since October 1, 2012.

In October 1992, CMT launched its first international channel, CMT Europe, as part of the Sky Multichannels package. By 1998, Gaylord reported $10 million in losses from CMT Europe and decided to cease broadcasting the declining network on March 31, 1998. [9] Gaylord had planned to emulate the successful model created by E!, by selling large programming blocks to other European channels, but these plans never occurred. [9]

CMT Europe

CMT Europe was a European television channel. It was a European version of Country Music Television.

Sky Multichannels

Sky Multichannels was a package of analogue television channels offered by BSkyB on the Astra satellites at 19.2° east. from 1 September 1993 to 27 September 2001, which started off with 15 channels before expanding to over 40.

E! is an American pay television channel that is owned by the NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment Group division of NBCUniversal, all owned by Comcast.

In 1994, Gaylord made its first major format change for CMT by adding several new programs, including Big Ticket, Jammin' Country, CMT Signature Series, The CMT Delivery Room, CMT Saturday Nite Dance Ranch, and CMT Top 12 Countdown. [10] All shows eventually were cancelled by 2001.

In 1995, CMT dropped all videos by Canadian artists without U.S. record contracts in response to the network being replaced in Canada by Calgary, Alberta-based New Country Network. [11] By March 1996, CMT had eventually returned the dropped videos to its playlist after reaching an agreement to acquire a 20% ownership of New Country Network, in addition to renaming it CMT. [12]

CBS/Viacom years (1997–present)

CMT's offices are located at Viacom's headquarters in New York City, but has additional offices in downtown Nashville, Tennessee (as seen here). Cmt building.jpg
CMT's offices are located at Viacom's headquarters in New York City, but has additional offices in downtown Nashville, Tennessee (as seen here).

In 1997, both CMT and TNN were sold to Westinghouse, then-owner of CBS for a reported $1.5 billion. [13] The acquisition of the two country-themed networks, along with the formation of the ill-fated CBS Eye on People network, and two regional sports networks (the Baltimore-area Home Team Sports, now Comcast SportsNet Mid-Atlantic, and Midwest Sports Channel in the Twin Cities, now Fox Sports North) formed the CBS Cable division, based in Nashville at the Grand Ole Opry and a Charlotte office at Lowe's Motor Speedway.

In 1999, Viacom acquired CBS, assuming ownership of CMT and TNN and folding them into the MTV Networks stable. The resulting moves in 2000 led to the closing of the CBS Charlotte office, while Viacom moved TNN's operations from Nashville to its own headquarters in New York City and changed its format, eventually renaming it The National Network and then reformatting it again as Spike; it was renamed as the Paramount Network in January 2018. CMT also experienced a migration of its mainline operations from Nashville to New York (although their Nashville office building was kept as a secondary operation), and experienced a format change; being modeled after sister networks MTV and VH1 to include series and movies, in addition to music videos. Over time, the number of music videos on the network had steadily decreased with the late May 2006 rebranding of VH1 Country to CMT Pure Country, with music video programming on CMT eventually being relegated mainly to the overnight and morning hours (similar to MTV and VH1). Also, on January 3, 2006, the original Viacom split into two different companies: One being the legal successor to Viacom, CBS Corporation, and the other being the 'new' Viacom, with CMT, Spike TV and the MTV family of networks being part of the latter company.

Despite the decrease in music videos, CMT has experienced significant ratings gains since its acquisition by MTV Networks in 1999. By 2007, the channel was available in more than 83 million homes. [14] As of 2009, the network now reaches 88 million homes.

On April 4, 2012, CMT announced its first cartoon series, Bounty Hunters, featuring the voices of Jeff Foxworthy, Larry the Cable Guy and Bill Engvall who also serve as executive producers. CMT also announced that it would air Trinity 911, a 10-episode "workplace docu-comedy" that follows the police force in a small Texas town. [15] Trinity 911 was later renamed Big Texas Heat [16] and removed from the schedule after airing four episodes.

On June 10, 2016, CMT announced that they would pick up the primetime network series Nashville after ABC's cancellation of the series, and renewed the series for a fifth full season of 22 episodes; it will continue to be streamed beginning the day after an episode's first airing on Hulu. [17] In 2017, when the network announced a transition into an unscripted programming-oriented schedule, Nashville's sixth season (which CMT renewed) would also be its last; Nashville was CMT's last original scripted show at the time. [18] [19]

As part of its shift back to unscripted programming, CMT announced Music City in September 2017, [20] a reality series created by Adam DiVello of The Hills and Laguna Beach fame. [21] Set in Nashville, Tennessee, the show focuses on eight friends as they try to make it in Nashville, including Bryant Lowry, drummer in up and coming Nashville pop band Jet Black Alley Cat. [22] [23] The series premiered on March 1, 2018. [24] [25]

Programming

CMT's current programming consists of general entertainment programming, movies and reality shows, a significant portion of which is not related to country music. The channel's daily music programming currently consists of a four-hour music video block, seen during the early morning hours, as well as the Hot 20 Countdown, which airs on weekend mornings. Of Viacom's various mainline channels (not counting its suite of all-music digital channels), CMT used to devote the most time to music videos, with at least six hours of the daily schedule set aside for them during the overnight and morning hours.

CMT's music mix is primarily focused on mainstream hit country songs, but also includes occasional videos from crossover, Americana and alternative acts (dubbed "CMT Edge"). One of the most popular programs the channel has aired is its annual CMT Music Awards, featuring awards in various categories and performances by country music artists. These awards are aired live every year from Nashville, Tennessee.

See also

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References

  1. Charles K. Wolfe; James E. Akenson. Country Music Annual 2001. University Press of Kentucky. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  2. "Country Music Television : Country Music Television - News, Videos, Artists : Online Radio, TV Shows and More". CMT. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  3. "Spectrum Reach: Country Music Television". Spectrum. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  4. "Nielsen Insights: National Television Household Universe 2017-2018 Season". Nielsen Research. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  5. Wolfe, Charles; Akenson, James (2001). Country Music Annual 2001. The University Press of Kentucky. p. 8. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
  6. Andrew Leahey (March 6, 2015). "Flashback: CMT Airs First Country Music Video". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
  7. Kingsbury, Paul; McCall, Michael; Rumble, John (2012). The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Oxford University Press. p. 94. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
  8. 1 2 "Nashville Net closes CMT acquisition deal". Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2009.  via HighBeam (subscription required)
  9. 1 2 Katz, Richard (February 3, 1998). "Gaylord shutters CMT Euro". Variety. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
  10. "CMT launches new series". BNET. Archived from the original on July 2, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
  11. "U.S. country TV drops Canadian videos". Toronto Star. January 10, 1995. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
  12. "Country music TV channels in accord". Toronto Star. March 8, 1996. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
  13. "CBS makes cable a 'core business;' with purchase of TNN and CMT, network doubles its cable holdings.(cable television networks)" Article from: Broadcasting & Cable: February 17, 1997 Author: Katz, Michael
  14. Underwood, Ryan (April 15, 2007). "If it has a screen, CMT is on it". The Tennessean.[ permanent dead link ]
  15. Bibel, Sara (April 4, 2012). "CMT Picks Up Two New Series: 'Bounty Hunters,' and 'Trinity 911'". TV by the Numbers . Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  16. "CMT Lines Up Big Premieres for November with Returning Favorite "Redneck Island" Along with New Series "Chainsaw Gang" and "Big Texas Heat"". The Futon Critic. October 15, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  17. Andreeva, Nellie (June 10, 2016). "'Nashville' Picked Up For Season 5 By CMT With Next-Day Play on Hulu". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  18. Andreeva, Nellie; Andreeva, Nellie (May 3, 2017). "CMT Programming Chief Jayson Dinsmore On CMT's New 'Reinforcing' Brand Status, More 'Sun Records' & Scripted Future". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  19. Andreeva, Nellie; Andreeva, Nellie (November 17, 2017). "'Nashville' To End: Season 6 On CMT Will Be Country Drama Series' Last". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  20. "New Docu-Series Music City Coming to CMT in 2018". CMT News. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  21. "Can 'Music City' break Nashville's reality TV curse?". The Tennessean. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  22. Thompson, Avery (February 9, 2018). "'Music City': Meet The Newest Cast Members Of CMT's Nashville Reality Show". Hollywood Life. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  23. Maue, Savanna. "Bryant Lowry, a musician with Topeka roots, featured in upcoming CMT show 'Music City'". The Topeka Capital. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  24. "Kerry and Rachyl's Marriage Is Tested This Season on Music City: 'I Kind of Messed Up'". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  25. "Meet the Music City Cast". CMT News. Retrieved March 12, 2018.