CONCACAF

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Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (Concacaf)
Concacaf logo.svg
CONCACAF member associations map.svg
AbbreviationCONCACAF
Formation18 September 1961;57 years ago (1961-09-18)
Founded at Mexico City, Mexico
TypeSports organisation
Headquarters Miami, Florida, United States
Coordinates 25°46′23″N80°08′17″W / 25.773°N 80.138°W / 25.773; -80.138 Coordinates: 25°46′23″N80°08′17″W / 25.773°N 80.138°W / 25.773; -80.138
Region
North America, Central America and the Caribbean
Membership
41 member associations
Official language
Victor Montagliani
General Secretary
Philippe Moggio
Parent organization
FIFA
Affiliations
Website www.concacaf.com

The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football [1] [2] (CONCACAF /ˈkɒn.kəkæf/ KON-kə-kaf; typeset for branding purposes since 2018 as Concacaf) [3] is the continental governing body for association football in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region. Three geographically South American entities — the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana — are also members. [4] CONCACAF's primary functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup and Women's World Cup qualifying tournaments.

North America Continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Contents

CONCACAF was founded in its current form on 18 September 1961 in Mexico City, Mexico, with the merger of the NAFC and the CCCF, which made it one of the then five, now six continental confederations affiliated with FIFA. Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao), Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname and United States were founding members. [5]

Mexico City Capital in Mexico

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.

North American Football Confederation organization

The North American Football Confederation (NAFC) was founded in 1946 and a forerunner to the CONCACAF as the governing body of football in North America until 1961, when it merged with the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) to form CONCACAF.

Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol organization

The Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol, also known by its initiallism CCCF, was the governing body of association football in Central America and the Caribbean from 1938 to 1961.

CONCACAF is the third-most successful FIFA confederation. Mexico dominated CONCACAF men's competition early on and has since won the most Gold Cups since the beginning of the tournament in its current format. The Mexican national team is the only CONCACAF team to win an official FIFA tournament by winning the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup. While the U.S. is the only country outside Europe and South America to receive a medal in the World Cup, finishing third in 1930, they also reached the 2002 World Cup quarterfinals and the 2009 Confederations Cup final. Between them, Mexico and the U.S. have won all but one of the editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. In recent years Costa Rica and Panama have become powers in the region; in 2014, Costa Rica became the 4th CONCACAF country after the United States, Cuba, and Mexico to make the World Cup quarterfinals, while Panama became the eleventh country from the confederation to participate in the World Cup in 2018. The United States has been very successful in the women's game, being the only CONCACAF member to win all three major worldwide competitions in women's football — the World Cup (3), the Olympics (4), and the Algarve Cup (10). Canada is the only other member to win at least one of the major competitions, winning the Algarve Cup in 2016.

CONCACAF Gold Cup The main association football competition of the mens national football teams governed by CONCACAF

The CONCACAF Gold Cup is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the continental champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

Mexico national football team mens national association football team representing Mexico

The Mexico national football team represents Mexico in international football and is governed by the Mexican Football Federation. It competes as a member of CONCACAF, which encompasses the countries of North and Central America, and the Caribbean. The team plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca.

1999 FIFA Confederations Cup 4th FIFA Confederations Cup, held in Mexico

The 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup was the fourth FIFA Confederations Cup, and the second organised by FIFA. The tournament was hosted by Mexico between 24 July and 4 August 1999.

Governance

CONCACAF is led by a General Secretary, Executive Committee, Congress, and several standing committees. The Executive Committee is composed of eight members — one president, three vice-presidents, three members, and one female member. [6] Each of the three geographic zones in CONCACAF is represented by one vice-president and one member. The Executive Committee carries out the various statutes, regulations, and resolutions.

Leadership

Logo used until 2018 CONCACAF logo (2014-18).svg
Logo used until 2018

The first leader of CONCACAF was Costa Rican Ramón Coll Jaumet; he had overseen the merger between the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) and the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF). In 1969, he was succeeded in the role by Mexican Joaquín Soria Terrazas, who served as president for 21 years.

Ramón Coll Jaumet was a Costa Rican sports administrator and President of CONCACAF between 1961 and 1968.

Joaquín Soria Terrazas was a Mexican athletics director. Soria Terrazas was president of the amateur sector of the Mexican Football Federation. He was president of CONCACAF between 1969 and 1990, he was succeeded by Trinidadian Jack Warner.

His successor Jack Warner was the CONCACAF president from 1990 to 2011, also for 21 years. Warner was suspended as president on 30 May 2011 due to his temporary suspension from football-related activity by FIFA following corruption allegations. [7] Chuck Blazer was the General Secretary during the same period. [8]

Jack Warner (football executive) Trinidad and Tobago politician, businessman, and former FIFA executive

Austin "Jack" Warner is a Trinidadian politician, businessman, and former football executive. Warner was Vice President of FIFA and President of CONCACAF until his suspension and eventual resignation from these roles in 2011. He is also the former Minister of National Security of Trinidad and Tobago and was an elected member of the country's parliament from 2007 to 2015. A former history teacher, he is the owner of Joe Public F.C., a professional football club in Tunapuna, Trinidad and Tobago.

Chuck Blazer American soccer administrator

Charles Gordon Blazer was an American soccer administrator, who held a number of high level positions before becoming a government informant on widespread corruption within organized soccer. He was a FIFA Executive Committee member from 1996 to 2013, the CONCACAF General Secretary from 1990 until 2011, and Executive Vice President of the U.S. Soccer Federation.

On 20 June 2011, Jack Warner resigned from the presidency of CONCACAF, and removed himself from all participation in football, in the wake of the corruption investigation resulting from 10 May 2011 meeting of the Caribbean Football Union. [9] The vice-president of CONCACAF, Alfredo Hawit, acted as president until May 2012. [10]

In May 2012, Cayman Islands banker Jeffrey Webb was installed as President of CONCACAF. On 27 May 2015, Webb was arrested in Zurich, Switzerland on corruption charges in the U.S.

Victor Montagliani, leader of the Canadian Soccer Association, was elected as president of CONCACAF in May 2016. [11]

Current leaders

Name [12] NationPosition
Victor Montagliani Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaPresident
Rodolfo Villalobos Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa RicaVice president
Sunil Gulati Flag of the United States.svg United StatesVice president
Decio De Maria Flag of Mexico.svg MexicoVice president
Philippe Moggio Flag of France.svg FranceGeneral secretary
Jurgen Mainka Flag of the United States.svg United StatesMedia and communications manager
Hugo Salcedo Flag of the United States.svg United StatesTechnical director

Corporate structure

CONCACAF countries location map.png
Red pog.svg
Nassau, Bahamas
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Bridgetown, Barbados
Red pog.svg
Miami, United States
Red pog.svg
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Red pog.svg
Kingston, Jamaica
Locations of CONCACAF offices

CONCACAF is a non-profit company registered in Nassau, Bahamas.

The headquarters of the CONCACAF are located in Miami, United States. Previously it had been the Admiral Financial Center, George Town, Cayman Islands—the home city of former CONCACAF president Jeffrey Webb and prior to that, they were based in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago under the presidency of Jack Warner. The administration office of CONCACAF was previously located in Trump Tower, New York when Chuck Blazer was the General Secretary.

In February 2017, a satellite office was opened in Kingston, Jamaica. [13] In July 2017, a second satellite office was opened in Guatemala City, which is shared with UNCAF, [14] and most recently another satellite office for the FIFA Caribbean Development Office [15] [16] was opened in Bridgetown, Barbados' suburb of Welches. [17] [18]

Members

CONCACAF has 41 member associations: [19]

Code AssociationNational teamsFoundedFIFA
affiliation
CONCACAF
affiliation
IOC
member
North American Zone (NAFU)
CAN Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada (M, W)191219131961Yes
MEX Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico (M, W)192719291961Yes
USA Flag of the United States.svg United States (M, W)191319141961Yes
Central American Zone (UNCAF)
BLZ Flag of Belize.svg Belize (M, W)198019861986Yes
CRC Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica (M, W)192119271961Yes
SLV Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador (M, W)193519381961Yes
GUA Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala (M, W)191919461961Yes
HON Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras (M, W)193519511961Yes
NCA Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua (M, W)193119501961Yes
PAN Flag of Panama.svg Panama (M, W)193719381961Yes
Caribbean Zone (CFU)
AIA Flag of Anguilla.svg Anguilla (M, W)199019961996No
ATG Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda (M, W)19281972between 1961 and 1973Yes
ARU Flag of Aruba.svg Aruba (M, W)193219881986Yes
BAH Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas (M, W)19671968between 1961 and 1973Yes
BRB Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados (M, W)191019681967Yes
BER Flag of Bermuda.svg Bermuda [m 1] (M, W)192819621967Yes
BOE Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire [m 2] (M, W)1960N/A2014No
VGB Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg British Virgin Islands (M, W)197419961996Yes
CAY Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg Cayman Islands (M, W)196619921990Yes
CUB Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba (M, W)192419291961Yes
CUW Flag of Curacao.svg Curaçao (M, W)192119321961No
DMA Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica (M, W)197019941994Yes
DOM Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic (M, W)195319581964Yes
GUF Flag of French Guiana.svg French Guiana [m 2] [m 3] (M, W)1962N/A2013No
GRN Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada (M, W)192419781978Yes
GLP Flag of Guadeloupe (local).svg Guadeloupe [m 2] (M, W)1958N/A2013No
GUY Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana [m 3] (M, W)19021970between 1969 and 1971Yes
HAI Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti (M, W)190419341961Yes
JAM Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica (M, W)191019621963Yes
MTQ Snake Flag of Martinique.svg Martinique [m 2] (M, W)1953N/A2013No
MSR Flag of Montserrat.svg Montserrat (M, W)199419961996No
PUR Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico (M, W)194019601964Yes
SKN Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis (M, W)193219921992Yes
LCA Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia (M, W)197919881986Yes
SMN Flag of France.svg Saint Martin [m 2] (M, W)1999N/A2013No
VIN Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (M, W)197919881986Yes
SMA Flag of Sint Maarten.svg Sint Maarten [m 2] (M, W)1986N/A2013No
SUR Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname [m 3] (M, W)192019291961Yes
TRI Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago (M, W)190819641964Yes
TCA Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg Turks and Caicos Islands (M, W)199619981996No
VIR Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg U.S. Virgin Islands (M, W)199219981987Yes

M = Men's National Team. W = Women's National Team
N/A: not applicable, not available or no answer.

  1. Inside the North American zone, but CFU member.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Full CONCACAF member, but not a FIFA member.
  3. 1 2 3 South American country or territory, but CONCACAF member.

Bonaire were promoted from an association member to a full member at the XXIX Ordinary CONCACAF Congress in São Paulo on 10 June 2014.

Teams not affiliated to the IOC are not eligible to participate in the Summer Olympics football tournament, as a result, they do not participate in the CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament or the CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament.

Membership relation

Elections at the CONCACAF Congress are mandated with a one-member, one-vote rule. The North American Football Union is the smallest association union in the region with only three members, but its nations have strong commercial and marketing support from sponsors and they are the most populous nations in the region.

The Caribbean Football Union has the ability to outvote NAFU and UNCAF with less than half of its membership. Consequently, there is a fractious relationship between members of CFU, UNCAF and NAFU.[ citation needed ] This provoked former Acting-President Alfredo Hawit to lobby for the CONCACAF Presidency to be rotated between the three unions in CONCACAF in 2011.

Trinidad's Jack Warner presided over CONCACAF for 21 years, and there was little that non-Caribbean nations could do to elect an alternative. Under Warner, the CFU members voted together as a unit with Warner acting as a party whip. It happened with such regularity that sports political commentators referred to the CFU votes as the "Caribbean bloc" vote.[ citation needed ] Warner rejected the idea in 1993 of merging several smaller nations' national teams into a Pan-Caribbean team. His reasoning was that the nations were more powerful politically when separate than when together. He commented that "being small is never a liability in this sport". [20]

Competitions

The Gold Cup and the Champions League are the two most visible CONCACAF tournaments. [19]

CONCACAF Gold Cup

The CONCACAF Gold Cup is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, held since 1991. The Gold Cup is CONCACAF's flagship competition, and the Gold Cup generates a significant part of CONCACAF's revenue. [21]

The Gold Cup determines the regional champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. The Gold Cup is held every two years. Twelve teams compete for the Gold Cup — three from North America, five from Central America, and four from the Caribbean. The Central American teams qualify through the Central American Cup, and the Caribbean teams qualify through the Caribbean Cup.

The winners of two successive Gold Cups (for example, the 2013 and 2015 editions) face each other in a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the next Confederations Cup. If the same team has won the Gold Cup on both relevant occasions, there will be no playoff and that team automatically qualifies for the Confederations Cup. [22]

CONCACAF Nations League

All men's national teams of member associations are to take part in the Nations League; a competition created in 2017. National teams will be placed into tiers and play matches against teams in the same tier. At the end of each season, several national teams can be promoted to the tier above or relegated to the tier below depending upon their results.

CONCACAF Champions League

The CONCACAF Champions League, originally known as the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, is an annual continental club association football competition organized by CONCACAF since 1962 for the top football clubs in the region. It is the most prestigious international club competition in North American football. The winner of the Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup. The knockout tournament spans February through April. [23]

Sixteen teams compete in each Champions League; 9 from North America, 6 from Central America, and 1 team from the Caribbean. The North American and Central American teams qualify through their national leagues or other national tournaments, while the Caribbean team qualifies through the CFU Club Championship.

The title has been won by 28 different clubs, 17 of which have won the title more than once. Mexican clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, with 31 titles. The second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División with six titles in total. The most successful club is Club América from Mexico, with seven titles; fellow Mexico side Cruz Azul is just behind with six.

CONCACAF League

Sixteen clubs from Central America and the Caribbean compete in the 2017-established CONCACAF League. The winner of the competition will be awarded a place in the following year's CONCACAF Champions League.

Current title holders

CompetitionChampionTitleRunner-upNext edition
Clubs
CONCACAF Champions League Flag of Mexico.svg Guadalajara 5th Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Toronto FC 2019
CONCACAF League Flag of Costa Rica.svg Herediano 1st Flag of Honduras.svg Motagua 2019
CONCACAF Futsal Club Championship Flag of Costa Rica.svg Grupo Line Futsal 1st Flag of the United States.svg Elite Futsal 2019
Nations Men
CONCACAF Gold Cup Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6thFlag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 2019
CONCACAF Cup Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1stFlag of the United States.svg  United States 2019
CONCACAF Nations League 2019–20
CONCACAF U-20 Championship Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2ndFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 2020
CONCACAF U-17 Championship Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 7thFlag of the United States.svg  United States 2019
CONCACAF U-15 Championship Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1stFlag of the United States.svg  United States ?
CONCACAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 7thFlag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 2019
CONCACAF Futsal Championship Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 3rdFlag of Panama.svg  Panama 2020
CONCACAF Beach Soccer Championship Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 1stFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 2019
Nations Women
CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup Flag of the United States.svg  United States 8thFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 2022
CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1stFlag of the United States.svg  United States 2020
CONCACAF Women's U-17 Championship Flag of the United States.svg  United States 4thFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 2020
CONCACAF Girls U-15 Championship Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2ndFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico ?
CONCACAF Women's Pre-Olympic Tournament Flag of the United States.svg  United States 4thFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 2020

CONCACAF competitions

Defunct competitions

CONMEBOL tournaments

The following CONMEBOL tournaments have CONCACAF competitors:

National teams

Clubs

Rankings

Men's national teams