COVID-19 pandemic in Southeast Asia

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic in Southeast Asia
COVID-19 pandemic Southeast Asia map.svg
Confirmed cases in Southeast Asia as of 8 January 2022:
  <1,000 cases
  1,000–9,999 cases
  10,000–99,999 cases
  100,000–999,999 cases
  ≥1,000,000 cases
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Southeast Asia
First outbreak Wuhan, Hubei, China
Index case Bangkok, Thailand
Arrival date13 January 2020
(1 year, 11 months, 3 weeks and 5 days)
Confirmed cases14,583,669 [1]
Active cases608,608 [1]
Recovered13,675,097 [1]
Deaths
299,964 [1]
Fatality rate2.06%
Territories
11 countries [1]
Government website
ASEAN COVID-19 Cases

The COVID-19 pandemic in Southeast Asia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was confirmed to have spread to Southeast Asia on 13 January 2020, when a 61-year-old woman from Wuhan tested positive in Thailand, making it the first country other than China to report a case. [2] The first death occurred on 2 February, involving a 44-year-old Chinese man in the Philippines, also the first outside China. [3] By 24 March, all states in the region had announced at least one case.

Contents

As of 8January2022, Indonesia has the highest number of cases and deaths, ahead of the Philippines in both aspects. On the other hand, Brunei has the least number of cases and deaths.

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan, Hubei, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019. [4] [5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, [6] [7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll. [8] [6]

Timeline

Cumulative confirmed COVID-19 cases in Southeast Asia (log scale) COVID-19 Southeast Asia (log).svg
Cumulative confirmed COVID-19 cases in Southeast Asia (log scale)

Southeast Asia was among the first regions to be affected by the pandemic. Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Malaysia reported the index cases in January 2020, while the rest were in March.

Southeast Asia faced its first wave in January 2021 by reporting more than 15,000 cases daily. The second rise in infections began in early June amidst of the surge of the Delta variant, and peaked from July to August when the region averaged almost 100,000 cases and 3,000 deaths daily. All countries had its cases rising rapidly, leading to lockdowns and activities restrictions.

Confirmed cases

Brunei

COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Brunei (Density).svg

Brunei confirmed its first case on 9 March 2020 in Tutong, involving a 53-year-old man who had returned from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 3 March. [9] It has spread to all districts of Brunei.

Cambodia

Cambodia COVID-19 by number of cases.svg

On 27 January 2020, Cambodia announced its first case in Sihanoukville. It involved a 60-year-old Chinese man who had travel history to Wuhan with his family. [10]

East Timor

COVID-19 Outbreak in East Timor by Municipalities.svg

East Timor confirmed its first COVID-19 case on 21 March 2020. It was an imported case and its origin is unknown. [11]

Indonesia

COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Indonesia (Density).svg

Indonesia reported its first cases on 2 March 2020, after a dance instructor and her mother were tested positive for the virus. Both were in contact with a Japanese national who was later tested positive in Malaysia. [12] By 9 April, it had spread to all 34 provinces in the country. Jakarta, West Java, and Central Java are the worst-hit provinces.

Laos

Map of COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Laos.svg

Laos confirmed its first cases on 24 March 2020, becoming the last country in Southeast Asia to report COVID-19 cases. [13]

Malaysia

COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Malaysia (Density and Districts).svg

Malaysia announced its first cases on 25 January 2020. It started when eight Chinese nationals were quarantined at a hotel in Johor Bahru on 24 January after coming into contact with an infected person in neighbouring Singapore. [14] Despite early reports of them tested negative for the virus, [15] three of them were confirmed to be infected on 25 January and subsequently quarantined at the Sungai Buloh Hospital in Selangor.

Myanmar

COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Myanmar.svg

The pandemic reached Myanmar on 23 March 2020. Its first two cases involved a 36-year-old man travelling back from the United States and a 26-year-old man returning from Great Britain. Both were Myanmarese nationals and had tested positive. [16]

Philippines

COVID-19 pandemic cases in the Philippines (primary LGUs breakdown).svg

On 30 January 2020, the Philippines confirmed its first case in Metro Manila. It involved a 38-year-old Chinese woman who was confined in San Lazaro Hospital in Manila. The second case was confirmed on 2 February, involving a 44-year-old Chinese man who died a day earlier, which was also the first confirmed death from the disease outside mainland China.

Singapore

Singapore reported its first case on 23 January 2020, involving a 66-year-old Chinese man who flew in from Guangzhou with his family. [17]

Thailand

COVID-19 Cases in Thailand by province.svg

Thailand became the first country outside China to report a case. Its first case was on 13 January 2020, involving a 61-year-old Chinese woman who was a resident of Wuhan. She flew with her family to Suvarnabhumi Airport in Bangkok on 8 January where she was detected using a thermal surveillance and then hospitalised. A few days later she was tested positive for the virus.

Vietnam

COVID-19 Pandemic Cases in Vietnam.svg

On 23 January 2020, it was confirmed that the pandemic had spread to Vietnam, when a 66-year-old Chinese man travelling from epicenter Wuhan to Hanoi to visit his son tested positive. His son contracted the virus from his father when they met in Nha Trang. [18]

Statistics

COVID-19 cases in Southeast Asia (as of 18 December 2021) [1]
Countries or territoriesIndex case(s)CasesRecoveriesDeathsActive
Date [lower-alpha 1] Location14,583,66913,675,097299,964608,608
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei 9 March Tutong 15,38615,08398205
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia 27 January Sihanoukville 120,410116,7823,003625
Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor 21 MarchUnknown19,83319,7041227
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 2 March Kemang 4,260,3804,111,464143,9984,918
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos 24 March Vientiane 97,5057,33926889,898
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 25 January Johor Bahru 2,715,8472,630,68031,07354,094
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 23 March Tedim 528,101505,10319,2133,785
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 30 January Manila 2,837,5552,776,95650,6759,924
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 23 January Sentosa 275,655270,8548103,991
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 13 January Bangkok 2,188,6292,123,96921,35343,307
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 23 January Ho Chi Minh City 1,524,3681,097,16329,351397,854

Notes

  1. All occurred in 2020.

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