Cabinet of Japan

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The Prime Minister's Official Residence is where the Cabinet is located Soridaijinkantei3.jpg
The Prime Minister's Official Residence is where the Cabinet is located
Cabinet of Japan
Native name
内閣
Romanized name
Naikaku
Founded22 December 1885
Headquarters Japan
Key people
Fumio Kishida (Prime Minister)
Naruhito (Emperor)
Owner Government of Japan

The Cabinet of Japan (Japanese: 内閣, Hepburn: Naikaku) is the executive branch of the government of Japan. It consists of the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the Emperor after being designated by the National Diet, and up to nineteen other members, called Ministers of State. The Prime Minister is designated by the Diet, and the remaining ministers are appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Diet and must resign if a motion of no confidence is adopted by the Diet.

Contents

Appointment

Under the constitution, Cabinet ministers are appointed after the selection of the Prime Minister. A majority of the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister, must be members of the Diet, and all members must be civilians. Under the Cabinet Law, the number of Cabinet Ministers (excluding the Prime Minister) must be fourteen or less, but this may be increased to nineteen if a special need arises. If the Cabinet collectively resigns, it continues to exercise its functions until the appointment of a new Prime Minister. While they are in office, legal action may not be taken against Cabinet ministers without the consent of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet must resign en masse in the following circumstances:

Powers

The Cabinet exercises two kinds of power. Some of its powers are nominally exercised by the Emperor with the binding "advice and approval" of the Cabinet. Other powers are explicitly vested in the Cabinet. Contrary to the practice in many constitutional monarchies, the Emperor is not even the nominal Chief Executive. Instead, the Constitution explicitly vests executive authority in the Cabinet. Hence, nearly all of the day-to-day work of governing is done by the Cabinet.

In practice, much of the Cabinet's authority is exercised by the Prime Minister. Under the Constitution, the Prime Minister exercises "control and supervision" over the executive branch, and no law or Cabinet order can take effect without the Prime Minister's countersignature (and the Emperor's promulgation). While Cabinet Ministers in most other parliamentary democracies theoretically have some freedom of action (within the limits of cabinet collective responsibility), the Japanese Cabinet is effectively an extension of the Prime Minister's authority.

According to Article 75 of the Constitution, Ministers of State are not subject to legal action without the consent of the Prime Minister during their tenure of office.

A paulownia flower pattern is routinely considered to be a symbol of the Japanese prime minister and cabinet. Go-shichi no kiri crest 2.svg
A paulownia flower pattern is routinely considered to be a symbol of the Japanese prime minister and cabinet.

Powers exercised via the Emperor

Explicit powers

List of Former Cabinets

Under edicts

Cabinets between 1885 and 1947 were formed under the cabinet edicts of 1885 and 1889. Cabinets were individually responsible to the Emperor, and prime ministers were appointed.

Oligarchic "transcendent" (non-/anti-partisan) cabinets
Interwar period / "Taishō democracy" party cabinets
Wartime "national unity" cabinets
Under allied occupation

Under constitution

Cabinets since 1947 were formed under the Constitution of Japan. Cabinets were collectively responsible to the National Diet, and prime ministers were elected.

Occupation period, multi-party system
LDP dominance
"Lost decades" coalition cabinets

Current cabinet

The current cabinet was formed on 4 October 2021, and is headed by Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.

   Liberal Democratic

   Komeito

R = Member of the House of Representatives

C = Member of the House of Councillors

Kishida Cabinet
PortfolioMinisterTermNote
Prime Minister Kishida Fumio (2021).jpg Fumio Kishida ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [1] [2]
Minister of Finance
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister in charge of Overcoming Deflation
Shunichi Suzuki cropped 2 Shunichi Suzuki and Yukiya Amano 20130701.jpg Shun'ichi Suzuki ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [3]
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications Kaneko Yasushi (2020).jpg Yasushi Kaneko ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [4]
Minister of Justice Furukawayoshihisa.jpg Yoshihisa Furukawa ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [5]
Minister for Foreign Affairs Toshimitsu Motegi 20200916.jpg Toshimitsu Motegi RSeptember 11, 2019 – Present [3]
Minister of Defense Nobuo Kishi 20200916.jpg Nobuo Kishi RSeptember 16, 2020 – Present [6]
Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Minister in charge of Education Rebuilding and Reform
Shinsuke Suematsu in Takarazuka (04) IMG 2150 20130407.JPG Shinsuke Suematsu COctober 4, 2021 – Present [7]
Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare
Minister in charge of Working-style Reform
24gotou.jpg Shigeyuki Goto ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [8]
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Jin Zi Yuan Er Lang .jpg Genjiro Kaneko COctober 4, 2021 – Present
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Minister in charge of Industrial Competitiveness
Minister for Economic Cooperation with Russia
Minister in charge of the Response to the Economic Impact caused by the Nuclear Accident
Minister of State for the Nuclear Damage Compensation and Decommissioning Facilitation Corporation
Koichi Hagiuda 20200916.jpg Koichi Hagiuda ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [9]
Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Minister in charge of Water Cycle Policy
Tetsuo Saito.jpg Tetsuo Saito ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [10]
Minister of the Environment
Minister of State for Nuclear Emergency Preparedness
Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi cropped.jpg Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [11]
Chief Cabinet Secretary
Minister in charge of Mitigating the Impact of U.S. Forces in Okinawa
Minister in charge of the Abductions Issue
Hirokazu Matsuno.jpg Hirokazu Matsuno ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [12] [13]
Minister of Reconstruction
Minister in charge of Comprehensive Policy Coordination for Revival from the Nuclear Accident at Fukushima
Minister in charge of Administrative Reforms
Minister in charge of Civil Service Reform
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Regulatory Reform
98 nishime kousaburou.jpg Kosaburo Nishime ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [14]
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister in charge of Building National Resilience
Minister in charge of Territorial Issues
Minister of State for Disaster Management
Minister of State for Ocean Policy
06ninoyu.jpg Satoshi Ninoyu ROctober 4, 2021 – Present
Minister for Economic Security Takayuki Kobayashi.jpg Takayuki Kobayashi COctober 4, 2021 – Present
Minister in charge of COVID-19 Vaccination
Minister of State for the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games
Noriko Horiuchi.jpg Noriko Horiuchi ROctober 4, 2021 – Present
Minister of Digital Agency
Minister for Digital Reform
Karen Makishima 2021.jpg Karen Makishima ROctober 4, 2021 – Present
Minister for Promoting Dynamic Engagement of All Citizens
Minister in charge of Regional Revitalization
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate
Minister of State for Regional Revitalization
Minister of Loneliness
Minister in charge of Women's Empowerment
Minister of State for Gender Equality
Seiko Noda 20171101.jpg Seiko Noda ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [15] [16]
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy
Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization
Minister in charge of Social Security Reform
211005yamagiwa.png Daishiro Yamagiwa ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [17]
Minister in charge of the Osaka World Expo
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Minister of State for "Cool Japan" Strategy and Multicultural Affairs
Minister of State for the Intellectual Strategy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Minister of State for Space Policy
Kenji Wakamiya.jpg Kenji Wakamiya ROctober 4, 2021 – Present [18]

See also

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References

Notes

  1. "Fumio Kishida wins race to become Japan's next prime minister". BBC News. September 29, 2021. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
  2. "Kishida takes office as Japan PM, eyes Oct. 31 general election". Kyodo News. October 4, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
  3. 1 2 NEWS, KYODO. "Next Japan PM Kishida to name Suzuki finance chief, retain foreign minister". Kyodo News+. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  4. "【速報】総務相に金子恭之氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  5. "【速報】法相に古川禎久氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  6. "Kishida prepares Cabinet selections | NHK WORLD-JAPAN News". NHK WORLD. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  7. "【速報】文科相に末松信介氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  8. "【速報】厚労相に後藤茂之氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  9. "【速報】経済産業相に萩生田光一氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  10. "国交相に公明党・斉藤副代表起用へ". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  11. "【速報】環境相に山口壮氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  12. "【速報】自民・岸田新総裁 官房長官に松野元文科相を起用へ". TBS NEWS. Retrieved September 30, 2021.
  13. "New LDP leader reveals key executives | NHK WORLD-JAPAN News". NHK WORLD. Retrieved September 30, 2021.
  14. "【速報】復興相に西銘恒三郎氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  15. "【速報】少子化相に野田聖子氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  16. NEWS, KYODO. "Kishida to take office as Japan prime minister, form Cabinet on Oct. 4". Kyodo News+. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  17. "【速報】経済再生相に山際大志郎氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  18. "【速報】万博相に若宮健嗣氏を起用する意向固める". TBS NEWS. Retrieved October 3, 2021.