Cabinet of Japan

Last updated
Cabinet of Japan
内閣
Naikaku
Go-shichi no kiri crest 2.svg
Kantei PM Japan Residence.jpg
Prime Minister's Official Residence
Agency overview
Formed22 December 1885;136 years ago (1885-12-22)
Preceding agency
Jurisdiction Government of Japan
Headquarters Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Agency executive
Child agencies
Website https://www.kantei.go.jp/
The Prime Minister's Official Residence is where the Cabinet is located Soridaijinkantei3.jpg
The Prime Minister's Official Residence is where the Cabinet is located

The Cabinet of Japan (Japanese: 内閣, Hepburn: Naikaku) is the chief executive body of the government of Japan. It consists of the prime minister, who is appointed by the emperor after being designated by the National Diet, and up to nineteen other members, called Ministers of State. The prime minister is designated by the Diet, and the remaining ministers are appointed and dismissed by the prime minister. The Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Diet and must resign if a motion of no confidence is adopted by the Diet.

Contents

Appointment

Under the constitution, Cabinet ministers are appointed after the selection of the prime minister. A majority of the Cabinet, including the prime minister, must be members of the Diet, and all members must be civilians. Under the Cabinet Law, the number of Cabinet Ministers (excluding the prime minister) must be fourteen or less, but this may be increased to nineteen if a special need arises. If the Cabinet collectively resigns, it continues to exercise its functions until the appointment of a new prime minister. While they are in office, legal action may not be taken against Cabinet ministers without the consent of the prime minister. The Cabinet must resign en masse in the following circumstances:

Powers

The Cabinet exercises two kinds of power. Some of its powers are nominally exercised by the emperor with the binding "advice and approval" of the Cabinet. Other powers are explicitly vested in the Cabinet. Contrary to the practice in many constitutional monarchies, the emperor is not even the nominal chief executive. Instead, the Constitution explicitly vests executive authority in the Cabinet. Hence, nearly all of the day-to-day work of governing is done by the Cabinet.

In practice, much of the Cabinet's authority is exercised by the prime minister. Under the Constitution, the prime minister exercises "control and supervision" over the executive branch, and no law or Cabinet order can take effect without the prime minister's countersignature (and the emperor's promulgation). While Cabinet Ministers in most other parliamentary democracies theoretically have some freedom of action (within the limits of cabinet collective responsibility), the Japanese Cabinet is effectively an extension of the prime minister's authority.

According to Article 75 of the Constitution, Ministers of State are not subject to legal action without the consent of the prime minister during their tenure of office.

The Paulownia Seal is routinely considered to be the symbol of the Japanese prime minister, cabinet, and government at large. Go-shichi no kiri crest 2.svg
The Paulownia Seal is routinely considered to be the symbol of the Japanese prime minister, cabinet, and government at large.
The official seal of the Japanese cabinet Nei Ge Yin .png
The official seal of the Japanese cabinet

Powers exercised via the emperor

Explicit powers

List of cabinets of Japan

Under edicts (1885–1947)

Cabinets between 1885 and 1947 were formed under the cabinet edicts of 1885 and 1889. Cabinets were individually responsible to the emperor, and prime ministers were appointed.

Oligarchic "transcendent" (non-/anti-partisan) cabinets
Interwar period / "Taishō democracy" party cabinets
Wartime "national unity" cabinets
Under Allied occupation

Under constitution (1947–present)

Cabinets since 1947 were formed under the Constitution of Japan. Cabinets were collectively responsible to the National Diet, and prime ministers were elected.

Occupation period, multi-party system
LDP dominance
"Lost decades" coalition cabinets

Current cabinet

The current cabinet was formed on 10 August 2022. It is headed by Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.

Cabinet

Parties
Liberal Democratic
Komeito
RMember of the House of Representatives
CMember of the House of Councillors
BBureaucrat
Second Kishida Reshuffled Cabinet from 10 August 2022 to present
PortfolioImageMinisterElectorateNote
Prime Minister Fumio Kishida 20211004.jpg Fumio Kishida R Hiroshima 1st
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications 20211203terada minoru.jpg Minoru Terada RHiroshima 5th
Minister of Justice Yasuhiro Hanashi.jpg Yasuhiro Hanashi RIbaraki 3rd
Minister for Foreign Affairs Yoshimasa Hayashi 20211110.jpg Yoshimasa Hayashi R Yamaguchi 3rd [1]
Minister of Finance
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister in charge of Overcoming Deflation
Shunichi Suzuki 20211004.jpg Shun'ichi Suzuki R Iwate 2nd
Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Minister in charge of Education Rebuilding
Keiko Nagaoka 2022.jpg Keiko Nagaoka RIbaraki 7th
Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare Katsunobu Kato 20201017.jpg Katsunobu Kato ROkayama 5th
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Nong Lin Shui Chan Da Chen Ye Cun Zhe Lang (nomura tetsurou).jpg Tetsuro Nomura C Kagoshima at-large
Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Minister in charge of Industrial Competitiveness
Minister for Economic Cooperation with Russia
Minister in charge of the Response to the Economic Impact caused by the Nuclear Accident
Minister of State for the Nuclear Damage Compensation and Decommissioning Facilitation Corporation
Yasutoshi Nishimura 2022.jpg Yasutoshi Nishimura RHyōgo 9th
Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Minister in charge of Water Cycle Policy
Minister for the World Horticultural Exhibition Yokohama 2027
Tetsuo Saito 20211004.jpg Tetsuo Saito RHiroshima 3rd
Minister of the Environment
Minister of State for Nuclear Emergency Preparedness
Nishimura Akihiro (2019).png Akihiro Nishimura RMiyagi 3rd
Minister of Defense 2022.8 yasukazu hamada.jpg Yasukazu Hamada RChiba 12th
Chief Cabinet Secretary
Minister in charge of Mitigating the Impact of U.S. Forces in Okinawa
Minister in charge of the Abductions Issue
Minister in Charge of Promoting Vaccinations
Hirokazu Matsuno 20211110.jpg Hirokazu Matsuno RChiba 3rd
Minister for Digital
Minister of State for Digital Reform
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Minister in charge of Civil Service Reform
2022.08 taro kono.png Taro Kono RKanagawa 15th
Minister of Reconstruction
Minister in charge of Comprehensive Policy Coordination for Revival from the Nuclear Accident at Fukushima
Akiba kenya.jpg Kenya Akiba R Tohoku PR Block
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister in charge of Building National Resilience
Minister in charge of Territorial Issues
Minister in charge of Civil Service Reform
Minister of State for Disaster Management and Ocean Policy
Koichi Tani 20220810.jpg Koichi Tani RHyōgo 5th
Minister in charge of Policies Related to Children
Minister in charge of Cohesive Society
Minister in charge of Women's Empowerment
Minister in charge of Measures for Loneliness and Isolation
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate
Minister of State for Gender Equality
Masanobu Ogura 20220810.jpg Masanobu OguraRTokyo 23rd
Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization
Minister in charge of New Capitalism
Minister in charge of Startups
Minister in charge of Measures for Novel Coronavirus Disease and Health Crisis Management
Minister in charge of Social Security Reform
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy
211005yamagiwa.png Daishiro Yamagiwa R Kanagawa 18th
Minister in charge of Economic Security
Minister of State for Intellectual Property Strategy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Minister of State for Space Policy
Minister of State for Economic Security
Sanae Takaichi 20190617.jpg Sanae Takaichi R Nara 2nd
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Regional Revitalization
Minister of State for Regulatory Reform
Minister of State for "Cool Japan" Strategy
Minister of State for Ainu-Related Policies
Minister in charge of Digital Garden City Nation Vision
Minister for the World Expo 2025
Minister in charge of Administrative Reform
Naoki Okada 20220810 (cropped).jpg Naoki Okada C Ishikawa at-large

See also

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References

Notes

  1. "PM Kishida to appoint Hayashi as foreign minister | NHK WORLD-JAPAN News". NHK WORLD. Retrieved 6 November 2021.