|Founded||22 December 1885|
| Fumio Kishida (Prime Minister)|
|Owner||Government of Japan|
The Cabinet of Japan (Japanese: 内閣, Hepburn: Naikaku) is the executive branch of the government of Japan. It consists of the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the Emperor after being designated by the National Diet, and up to nineteen other members, called Ministers of State. The Prime Minister is designated by the Diet, and the remaining ministers are appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Diet and must resign if a motion of no confidence is adopted by the Diet.
Under the constitution, Cabinet ministers are appointed after the selection of the Prime Minister. A majority of the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister, must be members of the Diet, and all members must be civilians. Under the Cabinet Law, the number of Cabinet Ministers (excluding the Prime Minister) must be fourteen or less, but this may be increased to nineteen if a special need arises. If the Cabinet collectively resigns, it continues to exercise its functions until the appointment of a new Prime Minister. While they are in office, legal action may not be taken against Cabinet ministers without the consent of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet must resign en masse in the following circumstances:
The Cabinet exercises two kinds of power. Some of its powers are nominally exercised by the Emperor with the binding "advice and approval" of the Cabinet. Other powers are explicitly vested in the Cabinet. Contrary to the practice in many constitutional monarchies, the Emperor is not even the nominal Chief Executive. Instead, the Constitution explicitly vests executive authority in the Cabinet. Hence, nearly all of the day-to-day work of governing is done by the Cabinet.
In practice, much of the Cabinet's authority is exercised by the Prime Minister. Under the Constitution, the Prime Minister exercises "control and supervision" over the executive branch, and no law or Cabinet order can take effect without the Prime Minister's countersignature (and the Emperor's promulgation). While Cabinet Ministers in most other parliamentary democracies theoretically have some freedom of action (within the limits of cabinet collective responsibility), the Japanese Cabinet is effectively an extension of the Prime Minister's authority.
According to Article 75 of the Constitution, Ministers of State are not subject to legal action without the consent of the Prime Minister during their tenure of office.
Cabinets between 1885 and 1947 were formed under the cabinet edicts of 1885 and 1889. Cabinets were individually responsible to the Emperor, and prime ministers were appointed.
Cabinets since 1947 were formed under the Constitution of Japan. Cabinets were collectively responsible to the National Diet, and prime ministers were elected.
The current cabinet was formed on 4 October 2021, and is headed by Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.
R = Member of the House of Representatives
C = Member of the House of Councillors
|Prime Minister||Fumio Kishida||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
| Minister of Finance |
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister in charge of Overcoming Deflation
|Shun'ichi Suzuki||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications||Yasushi Kaneko||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister of Justice||Yoshihisa Furukawa||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs||Toshimitsu Motegi||R||September 11, 2019 – Present|
|Minister of Defense||Nobuo Kishi||R||September 16, 2020 – Present|
| Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology |
Minister in charge of Education Rebuilding and Reform
|Shinsuke Suematsu||C||October 4, 2021 – Present|
| Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare |
Minister in charge of Working-style Reform
|Shigeyuki Goto||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries||Genjiro Kaneko||C||October 4, 2021 – Present|
| Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry |
Minister in charge of Industrial Competitiveness
Minister for Economic Cooperation with Russia
Minister in charge of the Response to the Economic Impact caused by the Nuclear Accident
Minister of State for the Nuclear Damage Compensation and Decommissioning Facilitation Corporation
|Koichi Hagiuda||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
| Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism |
Minister in charge of Water Cycle Policy
|Tetsuo Saito||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
| Minister of the Environment |
Minister of State for Nuclear Emergency Preparedness
|Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
| Chief Cabinet Secretary |
Minister in charge of Mitigating the Impact of U.S. Forces in Okinawa
Minister in charge of the Abductions Issue
|Hirokazu Matsuno||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
| Minister of Reconstruction |
Minister in charge of Comprehensive Policy Coordination for Revival from the Nuclear Accident at Fukushima
Minister in charge of Administrative Reforms
Minister in charge of Civil Service Reform
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Regulatory Reform
|Kosaburo Nishime||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission |
Minister in charge of Building National Resilience
Minister in charge of Territorial Issues
Minister of State for Disaster Management
Minister of State for Ocean Policy
|Satoshi Ninoyu||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister for Economic Security||Takayuki Kobayashi||C||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister in charge of COVID-19 Vaccination|
Minister of State for the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games
|Noriko Horiuchi||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister of Digital Agency|
Minister for Digital Reform
|Karen Makishima||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister for Promoting Dynamic Engagement of All Citizens|
Minister in charge of Regional Revitalization
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate
Minister of State for Regional Revitalization
Minister of Loneliness
Minister in charge of Women's Empowerment
Minister of State for Gender Equality
|Seiko Noda||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy|
Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization
Minister in charge of Social Security Reform
|Daishiro Yamagiwa||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
|Minister in charge of the Osaka World Expo |
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Minister of State for "Cool Japan" Strategy and Multicultural Affairs
Minister of State for the Intellectual Strategy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Minister of State for Space Policy
|Kenji Wakamiya||R||October 4, 2021 – Present|
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