Cabo San Lucas

Last updated
Cabo San Lucas

Yenecami
City
Collage Cabo San Lucas.jpg
Escudo Cabo San Lucas.gif
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Cabo
Mexico Baja California Sur location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cabo San Lucas
Location in Baja California Sur
Coordinates: 22°53′23″N109°54′56″W / 22.88972°N 109.91556°W / 22.88972; -109.91556 Coordinates: 22°53′23″N109°54′56″W / 22.88972°N 109.91556°W / 22.88972; -109.91556
CountryMexico
State Baja California Sur
Government
  Municipal PresidentArturo De La Rosa Escalante PAN Party (Mexico).svg
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2015 [3] ) [3]
  City81,111 [3]
   Metro
305,983 [3]
Demonym(s) Cabeño
Time zone UTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (Pacific)
Area code(s) 624
Website http://loscabos.gob.mx/

Cabo San Lucas (Spanish pronunciation:  [ˈkaβo san ˈlukas] , "Saint Luke Cape"), or simply Cabo, is a resort city at the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As of 2015, the population of the city was 81,111 inhabitants. [3] Cabo San Lucas together with San José del Cabo is known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants. [3]

Contents

Rated as one of Mexico's top 5 tourist destinations, [4] Cabo is known for its beaches, scuba diving locations, balnearios, the sea arch El Arco de Cabo San Lucas, and marine life. The Los Cabos Corridor has become a heavily trafficked vacation destination for tourists, with numerous resorts and timeshares along the coast between Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo.

The waters around Cabo are home to marine wildlife including rays, sharks, mahi-mahi (dorado) and striped marlin.

History

Cabo San Lucas Marina in 2004 CaboSanLucasMarina2004.JPG
Cabo San Lucas Marina in 2004

Archaeological excavations have shown evidence of continual human habitation in the area for at least 10,000 years. [5] When the first Europeans arrived, they encountered the Pericú people, who survived on a subsistence diet based on hunting and gathering seeds, roots, shellfish, and other marine resources. They called the location Yenecamú.

According to the narrative of Hatsutaro, a Japanese castaway, in the book Kaigai Ibun (written by Maekawa, Junzo and Bunzo Sakai and narrated by Hatsutaro), when he arrived at Cabo San Lucas in May 1842, there were only two houses and about 20 inhabitants. However, American authors such as Henry Edwards and John Ross Browne claim that Cabo San Lucas's founder was an Englishman named Thomas "Old Tom" Ritchie. John Ross Browne says Ritchie arrived there about 1828, while Edwards says that he died in October 1874. [6] The actual founder of Cabo San Lucas was Cipriano Ceseña in 1788 who arrived from Hermosillo, Sonora. Per The book by Pablo L. Martinez, Guia Familiar de Baja California 1700–1900.

A fishing village began growing in the area. In 1917, an American company built a floating platform to catch tuna, and ten years later founded Compañía de Productos Marinos S.A. The plant operated for several years.[ citation needed ]

Tourism

El Arco de Cabo San Lucas Cabo San Lucas Los Arcos 3.jpg
El Arco de Cabo San Lucas

Cabo San Lucas has become a prominent vacation and spa destination, with a variety of sites of interest and timeshares that have been built on the coast between San Lucas and San José del Cabo. The distinctive Arco de Cabo San Lucas is a local landmark.

Cabo San Lucas has the highest paying marlin tournament in the world called the "Bisbee's Los Cabos Offshore". This tournament takes place every year in the month of October. [7]

In the winter, pods of whales can be observed in the area. They bear their calves in the warm waters of the Gulf of California after traveling up to 6,000 miles (9,656 km) from Alaska and Siberia.

Development

Mall in Cabo San Lucas Marina en Cabo San Lucas.JPG
Mall in Cabo San Lucas

The beaches, surfing, and sport fishing opportunities in Cabo San Lucas have attracted a great number of Mexican natives and foreigners to spend their vacations in large-scale tourist developments there. The development of Cabo's tourism industry was prompted by the Mexican government's development of infrastructure to turn Cabo San Lucas into a major center for tourism in Mexico, beginning in 1974. Upon completion of the Transpeninsular Highway, also known as the Mexican Federal Highway 1, tourist developments in Los Cabos proceeded relatively unchecked.

Until fairly recently,[ when? ] the unique and fragile environment of this part of Mexico was largely unprotected by law, and therefore was subjected to developers acting in concert with government agencies interested only in low-end tourist bonanzas. There is, however, a growing collection of activists and attorneys now involved in preserving many of Baja's desert habitats, marine mammals, and stretches of coastline. A number of agencies including the Gulf of California Conservation Fund [8] and the Center for Environmental Law in La Paz [9] are challenging the destruction of wetlands and other ecosystems from Los Cabos to Ensenada. In the face of a growing international public demand for corporate-driven ecological stewardship, higher-end resorts in the Los Cabos area are increasingly sensitive to their environmental impact, and are taking initial steps to institute sustainable practices such as reducing water usage and non-recyclable trash output. [10] In 2017, Los Cabos is projected to be one of the leaders in travel in Latin America, many of the developments owed to its increased accessibility with added plane routes from the US and Canada. It is expected that by 2018, 4,000 new sleeping rooms will come online in Cabo, and the increase in tourism will contribute to its growth as a leader in leisure. [11]

Transportation

A sizeable marina dominates the port of Cabo San Lucas. Cabo marina faro.jpeg
A sizeable marina dominates the port of Cabo San Lucas.

Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo are served by Los Cabos International Airport.

The town is also a popular port of call for many cruise ships. Cabo San Lucas has a small international airfield, which handles air traffic for general aviation flights and air taxi service.

Many tourists get around the area through the numerous local taxis that service the primary parts of Cabo, as well as the Corridor and the airport. Alternatively, there is a system of small buses that are used by locals but also available to tourists, and costing a few pesos tend to be much less expensive than the taxis. [12]

Nightlife and activities

Puerto Paraiso, in the very center of Cabo San Lucas Cabo paraiso.jpeg
Puerto Paraiso, in the very center of Cabo San Lucas

Clubs in Cabo include the Cabo Wabo Cantina, a nightclub owned by rock star Sammy Hagar, founded originally by himself and other members of Van Halen, named after their hit single Cabo Wabo. There is also the Baja Brewing Company (also the first microbrewery in Baja California), La Vaquita, Mandala, Coco Bongo, El Squid Roe, Giggling Marlin, Nowhere Bar, Tiki Bar, the Usual Suspects and the Jungle Bar. Restaurants in downtown Cabo include Edith's, Hacienda Cocina y Cantina, and Sunset da Mona Lisa. Tourists can also ride horses through the desert, charter a boat for fishing, snorkel, scuba and free diving, whale-watching and parasail on the beach. The English-language newspaper for Cabo San Lucas, the biweekly Gringo Gazette , has news on tourist activities in Cabo San Lucas, San Jose, Todos Santos, La Paz, and the East Cape Baja. [13]

Resort corridor

Medano is the main beach of Cabo San Lucas, pictured here with Land's End in the background. Medano lands end.jpeg
Medano is the main beach of Cabo San Lucas, pictured here with Land's End in the background.
This view of Cabo San Lucas shows the rapid growth of the area (2005). CaboSanLucas ISS012-E-7151 annotated.jpg
This view of Cabo San Lucas shows the rapid growth of the area (2005).

The corridor is home to a variety of hotels and tourist attractions. High-end resorts in the corridor include the Waldorf Astoria (formerly known as The Resort at Pedregal), Las Ventanas al Paraiso (Rosewood Resort), Esperanza (Aubergue Resorts), Villas del Palmar (Villagroup Resorts & Spa), Marquis Los Cabos, Casa Dorada, Cabo del Sol, Breathless (AMResorts), Riu Baja California, Riu Santa Fe & Riu Palace, SUR, Grand Velas, Le blanc, Garza Blanca & Villa La Valencia (Formerly part of Villagroup), Hilton, Sheraton & Different Oceanfront Communities & Varieties ambiances.

Chileno Bay, is one of the most frequented beaches in the Corridor. It is home to tropical fish, sea turtles, invertebrates, and sponges. Snorkelers often visit this beach to observe the underwater sea life.

Climate

The extreme south of Baja California has a tropical desert climate (Köppen: BWh). Even with the thermal amplitude there are no freezes. [14]

During summer, Cabo San Lucas is cooler than San José del Cabo by about 1.5 to 3 °C (3 to 5 °F).[ citation needed ] Sometimes during the summer, when winds blow from the Pacific Ocean instead of the Gulf of California, the differences in temperatures between San José del Cabo and Cabo San Lucas are higher.

Cabo San Lucas is less rainy than San José del Cabo, although hurricanes can bring heavy rain for long periods. Hurricane Odile made landfall at Cabo San Lucas on 14 September 2014, and caused widespread damage. [15] Due to the position of the city and orography, local summer thunderstorms do not get near enough to bring rain to the town.

The sea temperature experiences lows of 21–22 °C (70–72 °F) in winter, and highs of 28–29 °C (82–84 °F) during the summer months. [16]

Climate data for Cabo San Lucas, 1951–2010 normals, extremes 1937–2010
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.0
(104.0)
41.5
(106.7)
41.0
(105.8)
44.0
(111.2)
44.0
(111.2)
41.0
(105.8)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F)25.4
(77.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.9
(80.4)
29.0
(84.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
33.3
(91.9)
33.7
(92.7)
33.0
(91.4)
32.1
(89.8)
29.4
(84.9)
26.8
(80.2)
29.8
(85.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)19.2
(66.6)
19.3
(66.7)
20.2
(68.4)
22.2
(72.0)
23.8
(74.8)
25.3
(77.5)
28.1
(82.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.4
(83.1)
26.7
(80.1)
23.5
(74.3)
20.6
(69.1)
23.9
(75.0)
Average low °C (°F)13.0
(55.4)
12.7
(54.9)
13.5
(56.3)
15.4
(59.7)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
22.8
(73.0)
24.2
(75.6)
23.9
(75.0)
21.4
(70.5)
17.5
(63.5)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
Record low °C (°F)4.5
(40.1)
1.5
(34.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
6.5
(43.7)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41.0)
1.0
(33.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)11.7
(0.46)
3.4
(0.13)
1.8
(0.07)
1.3
(0.05)
0.1
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
13.3
(0.52)
48.5
(1.91)
82.3
(3.24)
32.2
(1.27)
11.5
(0.45)
14.5
(0.57)
220.6
(8.69)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1.20.40.30.10.10.01.12.93.31.60.71.012.7
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional [17] [18]
Suburb in Cabo San Lucas with terrain illustrating the mixture of the state's common environments: semi-arid desert, mountains and coastal plains Cabo San Lucas street 1.jpg
Suburb in Cabo San Lucas with terrain illustrating the mixture of the state's common environments: semi-arid desert, mountains and coastal plains
Average Sea Temperature
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
22.4 °C

72.4 °F

21.5 °C

70.7 °F

21.5 °C

70.6 °F

21.5 °C

70.7 °F

23.5 °C

74.3 °F

23.1 °C

73.5 °F

25.7 °C

78.2 °F

28.5 °C

83.2 °F

29.5 °C

85 °F

29 °C

84.1 °F

26.8 °C

80.2 °F

24 °C

75.3 °F

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1990 16,059    
1995 28,483+77.4%
2000     
2005     
2010 68,464    
2015 81,111+18.5%
[19]

As of the 2015, the population was 81,111 and has experienced very rapid growth and development. [3] It is the third-largest city in Baja California Sur after La Paz and San José del Cabo.

The majority of non-Mexican inhabitants in the community originate from the United States, and along with residents from San José del Cabo they account for the 80% of the U.S. population in the state. [20]

Education

Cabo San Lucas Cabo San Lucas JJ7V7282 3 (41292595).jpg
Cabo San Lucas
Secondary
High School
Postsecondary

See also

Related Research Articles

Baja California Sur State of Mexico

Baja California Sur, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur, is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 32 states which make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

La Paz, Baja California Sur City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

La Paz is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants, making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).

San José del Cabo Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

San José del Cabo is a city located in southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. It is the seat of Los Cabos Municipality lying at a shallow bay 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Cabo San Lucas on the Gulf of California. The city has a population of 93,069 as of 2015. San José del Cabo together with Cabo San Lucas are known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.

Loreto, Baja California Sur Town in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Loreto is a resort town and municipal seat of Loreto Municipality, located on the Gulf of California in eastern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. In 2019, the city of 20,385 inhabitants is located about 350 km (220 mi) north of La Paz, the capital of Baja California Sur state.

Los Cabos International Airport airport in San José del Cabo, Mexico

Los Cabos International Airport is the sixth-busiest airport in Mexico and one of the Top 30 in Latin America, located at San José del Cabo in Los Cabos Municipality, Baja California Sur state, Mexico.

Los Cabos Municipality Municipality in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Los Cabos is a municipality located at the southern tip of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, in the state of Baja California Sur. It encompasses the two towns of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo linked by a twenty-mile Resort Corridor of beach-front properties and championship golf courses.

Cabo Wabo

Cabo Wabo is a nightclub and restaurant located in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Franchises exist on the Las Vegas Strip and on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California. It is also a popular brand of tequila. All were founded by rock musician Sammy Hagar.

Mexican Federal Highway 1 highway in Mexico

Federal Highway 1 is a free (libre) part of the federal highway corridors of Mexico, and the highway follows the length of the Baja California Peninsula from Tijuana, Baja California, in the north to Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, in the south. The road connects with Via Rapida, which merges into the American Interstate 5 (I-5) at the international border south of San Ysidro, California.

Arch of Cabo San Lucas

The arch of Cabo San Lucas, is a distinctive rock formation at the southern tip of Cabo San Lucas, which is itself the extreme southern end of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula. The arch is locally known as "El Arco," which means "the arch" in Spanish, or "Land's End."

Todos Santos, Baja California Sur Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Todos Santos is a small coastal town in the foothills of the Sierra de la Laguna Mountains, on the Pacific coast side of the Baja California Peninsula, about an hour's drive north of Cabo San Lucas on Highway 19 and an hour's drive southwest from La Paz. Todos Santos is located very near the Tropic of Cancer in the municipality of La Paz. The population was 6,485 at the census of 2015. It is the second-largest town in the municipality.

Los Cabos Corridor tourist area in Baja California

The Los Cabos Corridor is a touristic area located at the Los Cabos Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It sits on the southern coast of the Baja California Peninsula, facing the Gulf of California on the Transpeninsular Highway between San José del Cabo and Cabo San Lucas. It stretches about 30 kilometers along the highway and addresses within this area are usually specified in terms of distances from the start of Highway 1. The corridor is a popular tourist destination due to its many beach resorts, golf courses, and sport fishing.

Cabo is Spanish, Portuguese and Galician for cape. It may refer to:

Hurricane Ignacio (2003) Category 2 Pacific hurricane in 2003

Hurricane Ignacio was the latest-forming first hurricane of a Pacific hurricane season since reliable satellite observation began in 1966. The ninth tropical storm of the 2003 Pacific hurricane season, Ignacio developed out of a tropical wave on August 22 a short distance off the coast of Mexico. It was initially predicted to track out to sea and remain a weak tropical storm, though it unexpectedly organized rapidly to attain peak winds of 105 mph (165 km/h) on August 24 while located a short distance southeast of southern Baja California. Land interaction weakened Ignacio to an 80 mph (130 km/h) hurricane by the time it made landfall near La Paz, and it dissipated on August 27 in the central region of the Baja California peninsula.

Calafia Airlines is a Mexican regional airline founded in 1993, based in the Cabo San Lucas International Airfield. It was formerly named Aéreo Calafia till mid 2016, when as part of a commercial expansion project they decided to use a more commercial name, since they are negotiating international destinations. It has Embraer equipment. It has regular flights to the Baja California Peninsula and the Mexican Pacific coast, in addition to charter flights and tours.

Federal Highway 1D is a tolled part of the Mexico Federal Highways, paralleling Fed. 1. There are two segments, one in the state of Baja California and another in the state of Baja California Sur.

Rancho Leonero is a Mexican vacation resort located on the East Cape of Baja California Sur, approximately 60 miles Northeast of Cabo San Lucas.

Colegio Amaranto Los Cabos, BCS is a private school in Cabo San Lucas in Los Cabos, Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Los Barriles, Baja California Sur Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Los Barriles is a town in La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is situated along Highway 1, 40 miles (64 km) north of San José del Cabo and 65 miles (105 km) south of La Paz. Punta Pescadero Airstrip is 9 miles (14 km) to the north; Rancho Leonero, a vacation resort, is to the south. Adjacent to Buenavista, the rural towns straddle the head of Bahía las Palmas on the Gulf of California, where winter westerlies average 20–25 knots. Los Barriles is within the transition area of the Baja California peninsula's Sierra de la Laguna where the hills become sandy flats.

Hurricane Odile Category 4 Pacific hurricane in 2014

Hurricane Odile is tied for the most intense landfalling tropical cyclone in the Baja California Peninsula during the satellite era and the seventh-most intense tropical cyclone worldwide in 2014. Sweeping across the peninsula in September 2014, Odile inflicted widespread damage, particularly in the state of Baja California Sur, in addition to causing lesser impacts on the Mexican mainland and Southwestern United States. The precursor to Odile developed into a tropical depression south of Mexico on September 10 and quickly reached tropical storm strength. After meandering for several days, Odile began to track northwestward, intensifying to hurricane status before rapidly reaching its Category 4 hurricane peak intensity on September 14. The cyclone slightly weakened before making landfall near Cabo San Lucas with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h). Odile gradually weakened as it tracked across the length of the Baja California Peninsula, briefly crossing into the Gulf of California before degenerating into a remnant system on September 17. These remnants tracked northeastward across the Southwestern United States before they were no longer identifiable on September 19.

Harumi Fujita is a Japanese researcher of Mexican archaeology, who has specialized in pre-classical period of the northern states of Baja California and Baja California Sur. Her research has shown that fishing cultures had arisen in the area at the end of the Pleistocene period, indicating an occupation from at least 11,000 years ago. In a cave shelf known as the Babisuri Shelter, radiocarbon dating indicated the area may have been occupied 40,000 years ago.

References

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  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Poblacion Por Municipio, Superficie, Densidad De Poblacion" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
  4. "Best Destinations in Mexico - Travelers' Choice Awards - TripAdvisor".
  5. "An Interview with Harumi Fujita on the Archaeology of Baja California Sur".
  6. "Thomas Ritchie (1810 - 1874) - Find A Grave Memorial".
  7. Inc., DAGTech Solutions. "Home Page - Bisbees.com". www.bisbees.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  8. "Error". www.conservation.org. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
  9. "The Center for Environmental Law in La Paz". Archived from the original on 2011-03-14. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
  10. "Going Green in Los Cabos".
  11. "Is Los Cabos Becoming a Luxury Leader in the Americas?". TravelPulse .
  12. Vacations, Cabo San Lucas. "Getting around in Cabo San Lucas & Los Cabos". www.cabosanlucas.net.
  13. "Mexican Newspapers and News Sites".
  14. "Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  15. "Hurricane Odile Timeline: Unprecedented Cyclone Leaves Widespread Damage in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California". weather.com. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
  16. Ltd, Copyright Global Sea Temperatures - A-Connect. "Cabo San Lucas Sea Temperature January Average, Mexico - Sea Temperatures".
  17. "Estado de Baja California Sur-Estacion: Cabo San Lucas". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  18. "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Cabo San Lucas 1937–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. Morales, Omar Lizárraga (1 January 2010). "The US citizens Retirement Migration to Los Cabos, Mexico. Profile and social effects". Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America. 1 (1) via journal.lib.uoguelph.ca.

Tropical Storm Lidia (August 2017) creates mudslide in Cabo San Lucas - Pure Cabo