Cabo San Lucas

Last updated
Cabo San Lucas

Yenecami
City
Collage Cabo San Lucas.jpg
Escudo Cabo San Lucas.gif
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Cabo
Mexico Baja California Sur location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cabo San Lucas
Location in Baja California Sur
Coordinates: 22°53′23″N109°54′56″W / 22.88972°N 109.91556°W / 22.88972; -109.91556 Coordinates: 22°53′23″N109°54′56″W / 22.88972°N 109.91556°W / 22.88972; -109.91556
CountryMexico
State Baja California Sur
Government
  Municipal PresidentArturo De La Rosa Escalante PAN Party (Mexico).svg
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
(2015 [1] ) [1]
  City81,111 [1]
   Metro
305,983 [1]
Demonym(s) Cabeño
Time zone UTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (Pacific)
Area code(s) 624
Website http://loscabos.gob.mx/

Cabo San Lucas (Spanish pronunciation:  [ˈkaβo san ˈlukas] , "Saint Luke Cape"), or simply Cabo, is a resort city at the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As of 2015, the population of the city was 81,111 inhabitants. [1] Cabo San Lucas together with San José del Cabo is known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants. [1]

Luke the Evangelist one of the four evangelists

Luke the Evangelist is one of the Four Evangelists—the four traditionally ascribed authors of the canonical Gospels. The Early Church Fathers ascribed to him authorship of both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, which would mean Luke contributed over a quarter of the text of the New Testament, more than any other author. Prominent figures in early Christianity such as Jerome and Eusebius later reaffirmed his authorship, although a lack of conclusive evidence as to the identity of the author of the works has led to discussion in scholarly circles, both secular and religious.

Cape (geography) A large headland extending into a body of water, usually the sea

In geography, a cape is a headland or a promontory of large size extending into a body of water, usually the sea. A cape usually represents a marked change in trend of the coastline which makes them prone to natural forms of erosion, mainly tidal actions. This results in capes having a relatively short geological lifespan. Capes can be formed by glaciers, volcanoes, and changes in sea level. Erosion plays a large role in each of these methods of formation.

City Large and permanent human settlement

A city is a large human settlement. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process.

Contents

Cabo has been rated as one of Mexico's top 5 tourist destinations; [2] it is known for its beaches, scuba diving locations, balnearios, the sea arch El Arco de Cabo San Lucas, and marine life. The Los Cabos Corridor has become a heavily trafficked vacation destination for tourists, with numerous resorts and timeshares along the coast between Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo.

Scuba diving Using bottled air to swim underwater

Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba), which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater. Scuba divers carry their own source of breathing gas, usually compressed air, allowing them greater independence and freedom of movement than surface-supplied divers, and longer underwater endurance than breath-hold divers. Although the use of compressed air is common, a new mixture called enriched air (Nitrox) has been gaining popularity due to its benefit of reduced nitrogen intake during repetitive dives. Open circuit scuba systems discharge the breathing gas into the environment as it is exhaled, and consist of one or more diving cylinders containing breathing gas at high pressure which is supplied to the diver through a regulator. They may include additional cylinders for range extension, decompression gas or emergency breathing gas. Closed-circuit or semi-closed circuit rebreather scuba systems allow recycling of exhaled gases. The volume of gas used is reduced compared to that of open circuit, so a smaller cylinder or cylinders may be used for an equivalent dive duration. Rebreathers extend the time spent underwater compared to open circuit for the same gas consumption; they produce fewer bubbles and less noise than open circuit scuba which makes them attractive to covert military divers to avoid detection, scientific divers to avoid disturbing marine animals, and media divers to avoid bubble interference.

Balneario Latin American seaside settlement

A balneario is an Iberian and Latin American seaside resort town, although they may also occur along great lakes, rivers and at hot springs. In Spain, balneario typically only refers to spa town resorts. Whatever the case, these resorts offer recreation, sports, entertainment, food, hospitality and safety services, retail and cultural events. These balneario towns are characterized by being flooded by masses of tourists during the summer seasons.

Los Cabos Corridor

The Los Cabos Corridor is a touristic area located at the Los Cabos Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It sits on the southern coast of the Baja California Peninsula, facing the Gulf of California on the Transpeninsular Highway between San José del Cabo and Cabo San Lucas. It stretches about 30 kilometers along the highway and addresses within this area are usually specified in terms of distances from the start of Highway 1. The corridor is a popular tourist destination due to its many beach resorts, golf courses, and sport fishing.

Cabo houses a range of wildlife, including rays, sharks, birds, and a range of fish, such as mahi-mahi (dorado), and striped marlin.

Mahi-mahi species of fish

The mahi-mahi or common dolphinfish is a surface-dwelling ray-finned fish found in off-shore temperate, tropical, and subtropical waters worldwide. Also widely called dorado and dolphin, it is one of two members of the family Coryphaenidae, the other being the pompano dolphinfish.

History

Archaeological excavations have shown evidence of continual human habitation in the area for at least 10,000 years. [3] When the first Europeans arrived, they encountered the Pericú people, who survived on a subsistence diet based on hunting and gathering seeds, roots, shellfish, and other marine resources. They called the location Yenecamú.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Seed embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering

A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering. The formation of the seed is part of the process of reproduction in seed plants, the spermatophytes, including the gymnosperm and angiosperm plants.

Root part of plant

In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil. Roots can also be aerial or aerating, that is, growing up above the ground or especially above water. Furthermore, a stem normally occurring below ground is not exceptional either. Therefore, the root is best defined as the non-leaf, non-nodes bearing parts of the plant's body. However, important internal structural differences between stems and roots exist.

According to the narrative of Hatsutaro, a Japanese castaway, in the book Kaigai Ibun (written by Maekawa, Junzo and Bunzo Sakai and narrated by Hatsutaro), when he arrived at Cabo San Lucas in May 1842, there were only two houses and about 20 inhabitants. However, American authors such as Henry Edwards and John Ross Browne claim that Cabo San Lucas's founder was an Englishman named Thomas "Old Tom" Ritchie. John Ross Browne says Ritchie arrived there about 1828, while Edwards says that he died in October 1874. [4] The actual founder of Cabo San Lucas was Cipriano Ceseña in 1788 who arrived from Hermosillo, Sonora. Per The book by Pablo L. Martinez, Guia Familiar de Baja California 1700-1900.

John Ross Browne American journalist

John Ross Browne, often called J. Ross Browne, date of birth sometimes given as 1817, was an Irish-born American traveler, artist, writer and government agent.

A fishing village began growing in the area. In 1917, an American company built a floating platform to catch tuna, and ten years later founded Compañía de Productos Marinos S.A. The plant operated for several years.[ citation needed ]

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Tuna tribe of fishes

A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a subgrouping of the Scombridae (mackerel) family. The Thunnini comprise 15 species across five genera, the sizes of which vary greatly, ranging from the bullet tuna up to the Atlantic bluefin tuna. The bluefin averages 2 m (6.6 ft), and is believed to live up to 50 years.

Tourism

El Arco de Cabo San Lucas Cabo San Lucas Los Arcos 3.jpg
El Arco de Cabo San Lucas

Cabo San Lucas has become a prominent vacation and spa destination, with a variety of sites of interest and timeshares that have been built on the coast between San Lucas and San José del Cabo. The distinctive Arco de Cabo San Lucas is a local landmark.

Cabo San Lucas has the highest paying marlin tournament in the world called the "Bisbee's Los Cabos Offshore". This tournament takes place every year in the month of October. [5]

In the winter, pods of whales can be observed in the area. They bear their calves in the warm waters of the Gulf of California after completing their 6000-mile migration from Alaska and Siberia.

Development

This view of Cabo San Lucas shows the rapid growth of the area (2005) CaboSanLucas ISS012-E-7151 annotated.jpg
This view of Cabo San Lucas shows the rapid growth of the area (2005)

The beaches, surfing, and sport fishing opportunities in Cabo San Lucas have attracted a great number of Mexican natives and foreigners to spend their vacations in large-scale tourist developments there. The development of Cabo's tourism industry was prompted by the Mexican government's development of infrastructure to turn Cabo San Lucas into a major center for tourism in Mexico, beginning in 1974. Upon completion of the Transpeninsular Highway, also known as the Mexican Federal Highway 1, tourist developments in Los Cabos proceeded relatively unchecked.

Until fairly recently,[ when? ] the unique and fragile environment of this part of Mexico was largely unprotected by law, and therefore was subjected to developers acting in concert with government agencies interested only in low-end tourist bonanzas. There is, however, a growing collection of activists and attorneys now involved in preserving many of Baja's desert habitats, marine mammals, and stretches of coastline. A number of agencies including the Gulf of California Conservation Fund [6] and the Center for Environmental Law in La Paz [7] are challenging the destruction of wetlands and other ecosystems from Los Cabos to Ensenada. In the face of a growing international public demand for corporate-driven ecological stewardship, higher-end resorts in the Los Cabos area are increasingly sensitive to their environmental impact, and are taking initial steps to institute sustainable practices such as reducing water usage and non-recyclable trash output. [8] In 2017 Los Cabos is projected to be one of the leaders in travel in Latin America, many of the developments owed to its increased accessibility with added plane routes from the US and Canada. It is expected that by 2018 4,000 new sleeping rooms will come online in Cabo, and the increase in tourism will contribute to its growth as a leader in leisure. [9]

Transportation

A sizeable marina dominates the port of Cabo San Lucas Cabo marina faro.jpeg
A sizeable marina dominates the port of Cabo San Lucas

Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo are served by Los Cabos International Airport.

The town is also a popular port of call for many cruise ships. Cabo San Lucas has a small international airfield, which handles air traffic for general aviation flights and air taxi service.

Many tourists get around the area through the numerous local taxis that service the primary parts of Cabo, as well as the Corridor and the airport. Alternatively, there is a system of small buses that are used by locals but also available to tourists, and costing a few pesos tend to be much less expensive than the taxis. [10]

Nightlife and activities

Puerto Paraiso, in the very center of Cabo San Lucas Cabo paraiso.jpeg
Puerto Paraiso, in the very center of Cabo San Lucas

Clubs in Cabo include the Cabo Wabo Cantina, a nightclub owned by rock star Sammy Hagar, founded originally by himself and other members of Van Halen, named after their hit single Cabo Wabo. There is also the Baja Brewing Company (also the first microbrewery in Baja California), Pink Kitty Nightclub, Mandala, El Squid Roe, Giggling Marlin, Nowhere Bar, Tiki Bar, the Usual Suspects and the Jungle Bar. Restaurants in downtown Cabo include Edith's, Hacienda Cocina y Cantina, and Sunset da Mona Lisa. Tourists can also ride horses through the desert, charter a boat for fishing, snorkel, and parasail on the beach. The English-language newspaper for Cabo San Lucas, the biweekly "Gringo Gazette", has news on tourist activities in Cabo San Lucas, San Jose, Todos Santos, La Paz, and the East Cape Baja. [11]

Resort corridor

Medano is the main beach of Cabo San Lucas, pictured here with Land's End in the background Medano lands end.jpeg
Medano is the main beach of Cabo San Lucas, pictured here with Land's End in the background

The corridor is home to a variety of hotels and tourist attractions. High-end resorts in the corridor include The Resort at Pedregal, Las Ventanas al Paraiso, and Esperanza.

Medano Beach, located in the Chileno Bay, is one of the most frequented beaches in the Corridor. It is home to tropical fish, sea turtles, invertebrates, and sponges. Snorkelers often visit Chileno Bay to observe the underwater sea life.

Climate

The extreme south of Baja California has a tropical desert climate (Köppen: BWh). Even with the thermal amplitude there are no freezes. [12]

During summer, Cabo San Lucas is cooler than San José del Cabo by about 1.5 to 3 °C (3 to 5 °F).[ citation needed ] Sometimes during the summer, when winds blow from the Pacific Ocean instead of the Gulf of California, the differences in temperatures between San José del Cabo and Cabo San Lucas are higher.

Cabo San Lucas is less rainy than San José del Cabo, although hurricanes can bring heavy rain for long periods. Hurricane Odile made landfall at Cabo San Lucas on 14 September 2014, and caused widespread damage. [13] Due to the position of the city and orography, local summer thunderstorms do not get near enough to bring rain to the town.

The sea temperature experiences lows of 21–22 °C (70–72 °F) in winter, and highs of 28–29 °C (82–84 °F) during the summer months. [14]

Climate data for Cabo San Lucas, 1951–2010 normals, extremes 1937–2010
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.0
(104.0)
41.5
(106.7)
41.0
(105.8)
44.0
(111.2)
44.0
(111.2)
41.0
(105.8)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F)25.4
(77.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.9
(80.4)
29.0
(84.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
33.3
(91.9)
33.7
(92.7)
33.0
(91.4)
32.1
(89.8)
29.4
(84.9)
26.8
(80.2)
29.8
(85.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)19.2
(66.6)
19.3
(66.7)
20.2
(68.4)
22.2
(72.0)
23.8
(74.8)
25.3
(77.5)
28.1
(82.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.4
(83.1)
26.7
(80.1)
23.5
(74.3)
20.6
(69.1)
23.9
(75.0)
Average low °C (°F)13.0
(55.4)
12.7
(54.9)
13.5
(56.3)
15.4
(59.7)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
22.8
(73.0)
24.2
(75.6)
23.9
(75.0)
21.4
(70.5)
17.5
(63.5)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
Record low °C (°F)4.5
(40.1)
1.5
(34.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
6.5
(43.7)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41.0)
1.0
(33.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)11.7
(0.46)
3.4
(0.13)
1.8
(0.07)
1.3
(0.05)
0.1
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
13.3
(0.52)
48.5
(1.91)
82.3
(3.24)
32.2
(1.27)
11.5
(0.45)
14.5
(0.57)
220.6
(8.69)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1.20.40.30.10.10.01.12.93.31.60.71.012.7
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional [15] [16]
Suburb in Cabo San Lucas with terrain illustrating the mixture of the State's common environments: semi-arid desert, mountains and coastal plains. Cabo San Lucas street 1.jpg
Suburb in Cabo San Lucas with terrain illustrating the mixture of the State's common environments: semi-arid desert, mountains and coastal plains.
Average Sea Temperature
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
22.4 °C

72.4 °F

21.5 °C

70.7 °F

21.5 °C

70.6 °F

21.5 °C

70.7 °F

23.5 °C

74.3 °F

23.1 °C

73.5 °F

25.7 °C

78.2 °F

28.5 °C

83.2 °F

29.5 °C

85 °F

29 °C

84.1 °F

26.8 °C

80.2 °F

24 °C

75.3 °F

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1990 16,059    
1995 28,483+77.4%
2000     
2005     
2010 68,464    
2015 81,111+18.5%
[17]

As of the 2015, the population was 81,111 and has experienced very rapid growth and development. [1] It is the third-largest city in Baja California Sur after La Paz and San José del Cabo.

The majority of non-Mexican inhabitants in the community originate from the United States, and along with residents from San José del Cabo they account for the 80% of the U.S. population in the state. [18]

Education

Secondary
Postsecondary

See also

Related Research Articles

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The Baja California Peninsula is a peninsula in Northwestern Mexico. It separates the Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of California. The peninsula extends 1,247 km from Mexicali, Baja California in the north to Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur in the south. It ranges from 40 km at its narrowest to 320 km at its widest point and has approximately 3,000 km of coastline and approximately 65 islands. The total area of the Baja California Peninsula is 143,390 km2 (55,360 sq mi).

Gulf of California A gulf of the Pacific Ocean between the Baja peninsula and the Mexican mainland

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La Paz, Baja California Sur City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

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San José del Cabo Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

San José del Cabo is a city located in southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. It is the seat of Los Cabos Municipality lying at a shallow bay 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Cabo San Lucas on the Gulf of California. The city has a population of 93,069 as of 2015. San José del Cabo together with Cabo San Lucas are known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.

Pericúes

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Los Cabos Municipality Municipality in Baja California Sur, Mexico

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Todos Santos, Baja California Sur Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Todos Santos is a small coastal town in the foothills of the Sierra de la Laguna Mountains, on the Pacific coast side of the Baja California Peninsula, about an hour's drive north of Cabo San Lucas on Highway 19 and an hour's drive southwest from La Paz. Todos Santos is located very near the Tropic of Cancer in the municipality of La Paz. The population was 6,485 at the census of 2015. It is the second-largest town in the municipality.

Cabo is Spanish, Portuguese and Galician for cape. It may refer to:

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Calafia Airlines is a Mexican regional airline founded in 1993, based in the Cabo San Lucas International Airfield. It was formerly named Aéreo Calafia till mid 2016, when as part of a commercial expansion project they decided to use a more commercial name, since they are negotiating international destinations. It has Embraer equipment. It has regular flights to the Baja California Peninsula and the Mexican Pacific coast, in addition to charter flights and tours.

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Rancho Leonero is a Mexican vacation resort located on the East Cape of Baja California Sur, approximately 60 miles Northeast of Cabo San Lucas.

Los Barriles, Baja California Sur human settlement in Mexico

Los Barriles is a town in La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is situated along Highway 1, 40 miles (64 km) north of San José del Cabo and 65 miles (105 km) south of La Paz. Punta Pescadero Airstrip is 9 miles (14 km) to the north; Rancho Leonero, a vacation resort, is to the south. Adjacent to Buena Vista, the rural towns straddle the head of Bahía las Palmas on the Gulf of California, where winter westerlies average 20–25 knots. Los Barriles is within the transition area of the Baja California peninsula's Sierra de la Laguna where the hills become sandy flats.

Hurricane Odile Category 5 Pacific hurricane in 2014

Hurricane Odile is tied for the most intense landfalling tropical cyclone on the Baja California Peninsula during the satellite era. Sweeping across the peninsula in September 2014, Odile inflicted widespread damage, particularly in the state of Baja California Sur, in addition to causing lesser impacts on the Mexican mainland and Southwestern United States. The precursor to Odile developed into a tropical depression south of Mexico on September 10 and quickly reached tropical storm strength. After meandering for several days, Odile began to track northwestward, intensifying to hurricane status before rapidly reaching its Category 4 hurricane peak intensity on September 14. The cyclone slightly weakened before making landfall near Cabo San Lucas with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h). Odile gradually weakened as it tracked across the length of the Baja California Peninsula, briefly crossing into the Gulf of California before degenerating into a remnant system on September 17. These remnants tracked northeastward across the Southwestern United States before they were no longer identifiable on September 19.

Harumi Fujita is a Japanese researcher of Mexican archaeology, who has specialized in pre-classical period of the northern states of Baja California and Baja California Sur. Her research has shown that fishing cultures had arisen in the area at the end of the Pleistocene period, indicating an occupation from at least 11,000 years ago. In a cave shelf known as the Babisuri Shelter, radiocarbon dating indicated the area may have been occupied 40,000 years ago.

References

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  14. Ltd, Copyright Global Sea Temperatures - A-Connect. "Cabo San Lucas Sea Temperature January Average, Mexico - Sea Temperatures".
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  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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Tropical Storm Lidia (August 2017) creates mudslide in Cabo San Lucas - Pure Cabo