Last updated
Haut-de-Cagnes (vue depuis le chateau).jpg
The old village of Haut-de-Cagnes as seen from the château
Flag of Cagnes-sur-Mer.svg
Blason ville Cagnes-sur-Mer (Alp-Mar).svg
Location of Cagnes-sur-Mer
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Provence-Alpes-Cotes d'Azur region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 43°39′52″N7°08′56″E / 43.6644°N 7.1489°E / 43.6644; 7.1489 Coordinates: 43°39′52″N7°08′56″E / 43.6644°N 7.1489°E / 43.6644; 7.1489
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Canton Cagnes-sur-Mer-1 and 2
Intercommunality Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur
  Mayor (20202026) Louis Nègre [1] (LR)
17.95 km2 (6.93 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
  Density2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
06027 /06800
Elevation0–187 m (0–614 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Cagnes-sur-Mer (French pronunciation:  [kaɲ syʁ mɛʁ] , literally Cagnes on Sea; Occitan : Canha de Mar) is a French Riviera town in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.



Cagnes-sur-Mer is a town in south-eastern France located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, between Saint-Laurent-du-Var and Villeneuve-Loubet. It stretches along a cove offering nearly four kilometers (2 miles) of beach and is surrounded by hills, including that of the castle which rises to 300 feet (90 meters) above sea level.


It was the retreat and final address of the painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir, who moved there in 1907 in an attempt to improve his arthritis, and remained until his death in 1919. In the late 1920s, Cagnes-sur-Mer became a residence for many American renowned literary and art figures, such as Kay Boyle, George Antheil and Harry and Caresse Crosby. [3] [4] Author Georges Simenon (1903–1989), creator of the fictional detective Commissaire Jules Maigret , lived at 98, montée de la Bourgade in the 1950s with his third wife and their three children; his initial "S" may still be seen in the wrought iron on the stairs. Parisian artist, poet, and philosopher Georges Charaire had a home In Cagnes for many years. Creating his lithographs in the former studio of Paul Gauguin, and also as a co-founder of the Theatre du Tertre in Montmartre, he had a great influence on French art and thought in the 20th century. He helped his friend Eugène Ionesco with his first plays at the Theatre du Tertre. Charaire kept his second home in Cagnes sur Mer until his death in 2001.

Belarusian-French artist Chaïm Soutine created powerful, fanciful landscapes of southern France. A friend of Amedeo Modigliani, Soutine left colourful landscapes from Cagnes from 1924 on. Fauvist painter Francisco Iturrino also resided in the town where he died. The town may have been an inspiration for Neo-impressionist Henri-Edmond Cross (1856–1910), the artist who painted Cypresses at Cagnes (1908).


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,304    
1800 1,168−1.56%
1806 1,519+4.48%
1821 1,936+1.63%
1831 2,349+1.95%
1836 2,317−0.27%
1841 2,102−1.93%
1846 2,454+3.15%
1851 2,443−0.09%
1856 2,280−1.37%
1861 2,435+1.32%
1866 2,793+2.78%
1872 2,582−1.30%
1876 2,400−1.81%
1881 2,855+3.53%
1886 3,057+1.38%
1891 2,962−0.63%
1896 3,029+0.45%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,381+2.22%
1906 3,705+1.85%
1911 5,044+6.36%
1921 5,395+0.67%
1926 7,499+6.81%
1931 7,866+0.96%
1936 9,038+2.82%
1946 9,315+0.30%
1954 11,066+2.18%
1962 15,392+4.21%
1968 22,110+6.22%
1975 29,538+4.22%
1982 35,214+2.54%
1990 40,902+1.89%
1999 43,942+0.80%
2007 48,941+1.36%
2012 46,686−0.94%
2017 50,928+1.75%
Source: EHESS [5] and INSEE (1968-2017) [6]


Places of interest include Renoir's estate, Les Collettes, surrounded by olive trees; the Medieval castle at le Haut-de-Cagnes and the Cros quarter, founded by Italian fishermen in the nineteenth century.

It is also known for its horse racing venue, the Hippodrome de la Côte d'Azur, and a four-kilometre (2 mile) beach.


The Gare de Cagnes-sur-Mer railway station offers local services in the directions of Nice and Cannes.

International relations

The commune is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pierre-Auguste Renoir</span> French painter and sculptor (1841–1919)

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition which runs directly from Rubens to Watteau."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alpes-Maritimes</span> Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Alpes-Maritimes is a department of France located in the country's southeast corner, on the Italian border and Mediterranean coast. Part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it encompasses the French Riviera alongside neighbouring Var. Alpes-Maritimes had a population of 1,094,283 in 2019. Its prefecture is Nice, with Grasse as the sole subprefecture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">French Riviera</span> Mediterranean coastline of the southeast corner of France including the Principality of Monaco

The French Riviera is the Mediterranean coastline of the southeast corner of France. There is no official boundary, but it is usually considered to extend from Toulon, Le Lavandou or Saint-Tropez in the west to Menton at the France–Italy border in the east. The coast is entirely within the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of France. The Principality of Monaco is a semi-enclave within the region, surrounded on three sides by France and fronting the Mediterranean. The French Riviera contains the seaside resorts of Cap-d'Ail, Beaulieu-sur-Mer, Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, Villefranche-sur-Mer, Antibes, Juan-les-Pins, Cannes, Saint-Raphaël, Fréjus, Sainte-Maxime and Saint-Tropez.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Villeneuve-Loubet</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Villeneuve-Loubet is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It lies between Cagnes-sur-Mer and Antibes, at the mouth of the river Loup, ten kilometres west of central Nice.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint-Laurent-du-Var</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Saint-Laurent-du-Var is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region on the French Riviera.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Urban community of Nice Côte d'Azur</span> Former communauté urbaine in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The Urban community of Nice Côte d'Azur, is the former intercommunal structure gathering the city of Nice (France) and some of its suburbs. It was created in December 2008.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arrondissement of Grasse</span> Arrondissement in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The arrondissement of Grasse is an arrondissement of France in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 62 communes. Its population is 561,067 (2016), and its area is 1,231.2 km2 (475.4 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mandelieu-la-Napoule</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Mandelieu-la-Napoule is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Southeastern France. Located on the French Riviera, just to the southwest of Cannes and northeast of Théoule-sur-Mer, it had a population of 22,452 in 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beaulieu-sur-Mer</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Beaulieu-sur-Mer, commonly referred to simply as Beaulieu, is a seaside commune on the French Riviera between Nice and the Principality of Monaco. Located in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it borders the communes of Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat and Villefranche-sur-Mer, not far from Èze to the northeast. In 2018, Beaulieu-sur-Mer had a population of 3,731. Its inhabitants are called Berlugans (masculine) and Berluganes (feminine).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Château Grimaldi (Cagnes)</span>

See also Château Grimaldi (disambiguation) for other Châteaux of the same name

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nice metropolitan area</span> Metropolitan area in France

Nice metropolitan area as defined by INSEE in 2021 is the functional urban area or commuting zone of the city of Nice, southeastern France. It covers 100 communes, has 1,103,527 inhabitants (2021) and an area of 2,073 km2. It partly overlaps with the urban unit of Nice, which covers some cities, e.g. Antibes, Grasse and Cannes, that are part of the functional area Cannes-Antibes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tourrettes-sur-Loup</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Tourrettes-sur-Loup is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France. It has been called Tourrettes-sur-Loup ever since the early twentieth century although prior to that it was known as Tourrettes-les-Vence, a name that arose in the sixteenth century and lasted until the French revolution. This is an artisan's village situated near Vence. It features medieval and Romanesque buildings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rayol-Canadel-sur-Mer</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Rayol-Canadel-sur-Mer is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It comprises two small villages: Le Rayol and Canadel. They are situated along the D559 which goes along the coast at an average distance of approximately 200 metres from the sea. Rayol-Canadel-Sur-Mer is in between Cavaliere and Cavalaire-sur-mer. There are villas above and below the road on the hillside facing the sea and there is a view of L'Ile du Levant and L'Ile de Port-Cros.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georges Lebacq</span> Belgian painter

Georges-Émile Lebacq was a Belgian painter.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cagnes-sur-Mer station</span>

Gare de Cagnes-sur-Mer is a railway station serving Cagnes-sur-Mer, Alpes-Maritimes department, southeastern France. It is located on the Marseille–Ventimiglia railway, between Cannes and Nice. The station is served by regional trains to Cannes, Grasse, Antibes and Nice.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Canton of Saint-Laurent-du-Var-Cagnes-sur-Mer-Est</span> Former canton in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The Canton of Saint-Laurent-du-Var-Cagnes-sur-Mer-Est is a former French canton, located in the arrondissement of Grasse, in the Alpes-Maritimes département. It had 37,102 inhabitants (2012).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anders Osterlind</span> French painter (1887–1960)

Anders Osterlind, a French painter, was born in Lépaud (Creuse) on June 12, 1887. He died in Paris on January 5, 1960. He was the son of the painter Allan Österlind and the father of watercolorist Nanic Osterlind.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur</span> Métropole in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur is the métropole, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Nice. It is located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, southeastern France. It was created in December 2011, replacing the previous Communauté urbaine Nice Côte d'Azur and the communautés de communes of les stations du Mercantour, La Tinée and Vésubie-Mercantour. In 2013 the commune Coaraze left the métropole, and in 2014 the communes Bonson, Le Broc, Gattières and Gilette joined it. In January 2022 the communes Drap and Châteauneuf-Villevieille joined the métropole. Its area is 1479.7 km2. Its population was 545,873 in 2018, of which 341,032 are located in Nice proper.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aline Charigot</span> Wife and model of Auguste Renoir, 1859-1915

Aline Victorine Charigot was a model for Auguste Renoir and later became his wife while continuing to model for him and then caring for him when he became disabled. She is pictured in many of his paintings over very many years, most famously in the early 1880s Luncheon of the Boating Party, and Blonde Bather. They had three children together, two of whom, Pierre and Jean, went on to have distinguished careers in film, and the third, Claude, became a ceramic artist. Pierre had a son Claude who became the well-known cinematographer. She predeceased her elderly husband.


  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French)., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 4 May 2022.
  2. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. Antheil, George (1952); Bad Boy of Music
  4. "A(braham) Lincoln Gillespie, Jr. Biography | Dictionary of Literary Biography". 2010-11-02. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  5. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Cagnes-sur-Mer, EHESS. (in French)
  6. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE