Caius Brediceanu (April 25, 1879–1953) was a Romanian politician and diplomat.
Caius Brediceanu was born in Lugoj, the second son of Coriolan Brediceanu. He started his studies in Lugoj, continuing them in the German gymnasium in Sebeș, the German lyceum in Sibiu, and thereafter in Bucharest and Iași. In 1896 he started studying medicine at the University of Vienna, but changed his mind and switched to Law School where he got his doctor's degree in Law and Political Sciences. He also attended courses of philosophy at the University of Paris.
Returning to Banat, he started a political career. He participated at the Great National Assembly of Alba Iulia in December 1918, being elected member of the High National Romanian Council of Transylvania. After the unification of Transylvania and Romania, he was appointed undersecretary of state of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1919 he was member of the Romanian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference, representing the interests of the province of Banat.
In 1921 he was appointed a Minister of State for Transylvania and Banat in the Take Ionescu government. He then entered the diplomatic corps being subsequently:
He was the brother of Tiberiu Brediceanu, Sempronia, and Cornelia, Lucian Blaga's wife.
Caius Brediceanu died in 1953 in Lădești, Vâlcea County.
Lugoj is a city in Timiș County, Romania. The Timiș River divides the city into two halves, the so-called "Romanian Lugoj" that spreads on the right bank and the "German Lugoj" on the left bank. The city administers two villages, Măguri and Tapia.
Lucian Blaga was a Romanian philosopher, poet, playwright, poetry translator and novelist. He was a commanding personality of the Romanian culture of the interbellum period.
Făget is a town in Timiș County, Romania, with a population of about 7,500. The town administers ten villages: Bătești, Begheiu Mic, Bichigi, Brănești, Bunea Mare, Bunea Mică (depopulated), Colonia Mică, Jupânești, Povârgina and Temerești.
The Banat Republic was a short-lived state proclaimed in Timișoara c. 31 October 1918, during the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. The Republic claimed as its own the multi-ethnic territory of the Banat, in a bid to prevent its partition among competing nationalisms. Openly endorsed by the local communities of Hungarians, Swabians and Jews, the German-speaking socialist Otto Roth served as its nominal leader. This project was openly rejected from within by communities of Romanians and Serbs, who were centered in the eastern and western halves of the region, respectively. The short-lived entity was recognized only by the neighboring Hungarian Republic, with which it sought a merger. Its military structures were inherited from the Common Army, and placed under the command of a Hungarian officer, Albert Bartha.
The Babeș-Bolyai University is a public research university located in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. UBB has a long academic tradition, started by Universitas Claudiopolitana in 1581. It occupies the first position in the University Metaranking, initiated by the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research in 2016
Tiberiu Brediceanu was a Romanian composer and a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy.
Eftimie Murgu was a Romanian philosopher and politician who took part in the 1848 Revolutions.
Ovidiu Victor Ganț is a Romanian politician and former Member of the European Parliament. A member of the Chamber of Deputies since 2004, he was the sole representative in the European Parliament of the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania (FDGR/DFDR), part of the European People's Party–European Democrats, and became a MEP on 1 January 2007, along with the accession of Romania to the European Union
Eugen Filotti was a Romanian diplomat, journalist and writer. As a diplomat he worked at the League of Nations in Geneva and then as minister plenipotentiary in Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, and Hungary. As minister plenipotentiary to Budapest he issued transit visas for Jews during the Holocaust. He was secretary general of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1944–1945. As writer he published several translations of literary works.
Andrei Mocioni de Foen was an Austrian and Hungarian jurist, politician, and informal leader of the ethnic Romanian community, one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy. Of a mixed Aromanian and Albanian background, raised as a Greek Orthodox, he belonged to the Mocioni family, which had been elevated to Hungarian nobility. He was brought up at his family estate in the Banat, at Foeni, where he joined the administrative apparatus, and identified as a Romanian since at least the 1830s. He rose to prominence during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848: he was a supporter of the House of Lorraine, trying to obtain increased autonomy for Banat Romanians in exchange for loyalism. The Austrians appointed Mocioni to an executive position over that region, but curbed his expectations by including the Banat as a whole into the Voivodeship of Serbia. This disappointment pushed Mocioni to renounce politics during much of the 1850s.
The Diocese of Caransebeș is a Romanian Orthodox diocese based in Caransebeș, Romania, in the historic region of the Banat, and covering Caraș-Severin County. Established by the 17th century, it was moved to present-day Serbia during the 18th century, before being restored in 1865. It was dissolved in 1949 and revived in its current form in 1994.
Coriolan Brediceanu (1849–1909) was an Austro-Hungarian Romanian lawyer and politician. Born in Lugoj, his children included Caius and Tiberiu.
Ion Clopoțel was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian journalist, sociographer and memoirist. The native of a rural area west of Brașov, he attended high school in that city and ultimately earned a university degree in Vienna. While still a pupil, he entered the newspaper business, and his political writings during World War I led the authorities to imprison him for about a year. After the war, he resumed his journalistic activity, editing and leading a variety of publications, most notably the Cluj-based Societatea de mâine. A social democrat by conviction, he held a series of mid-level positions under the communist regime.
Atanasie Marian Marienescu was an Austro-Hungarian ethnic Romanian folklorist, ethnographer and judge.
Avram Imbroane was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian politician, businessman, and Orthodox priest. Born in the western half of Banat, he was active in nationalist agitation among that region's Romanian community, and later also in Transylvania. By the time of World War I, he supported secession and the unconditional union of Transylvania and the Banat with the Kingdom of Romania. He fled Austria-Hungary and engaged in propaganda work—first in Romania, then among the Transylvanian prisoners-of-war in the Russian Republic. In late 1918, he returned to the Banat and became an active participant in the unionist struggle, participating in the assemblies of the Great Union.
Ion Lapedatu was finance minister of Romania (1926-1927), Governor of the National Bank of Romania (1944-1945), and honorary member of the Romanian Academy.
Filaret Barbu was a Romanian operetta composer.
Alexandru I. Lapedatu was Cults and Arts and State minister of Romania, President of the Senate of Romania, member of the Romanian Academy, its president and general secretary.
Aurel Cosma was a Romanian lawyer and politician. A leader of the National Party in Timișoara before World War I, Cosma was a representative of the Banat in the Great National Assembly of Alba Iulia that voted for the Union of Transylvania with Romania on 1 December 1918.
The Mihai Eminescu National Theatre is a theatre company in Timișoara, Romania, subordinated to the Ministry of Culture. It shares the same building with the Romanian National Opera, the Csiky Gergely Hungarian State Theatre and the German State Theatre. It was founded in 1945 after decades of concerted efforts to establish a Romanian-language theatre in the city.