Callan, County Kilkenny

Last updated

Callan

Callainn
Town
Green Street Callan at sunset.jpg
Green Street, Callan, at sunset
Ireland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Callan
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°33′00″N7°23′00″W / 52.55°N 7.383333°W / 52.55; -7.383333 Coordinates: 52°33′00″N7°23′00″W / 52.55°N 7.383333°W / 52.55; -7.383333
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Kilkenny
Area
  Total5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
 (2016) [1]
2,475
Irish Grid Reference S410440

Callan (Irish : Callainn) is a market town in County Kilkenny in Ireland. Situated 16 km (10 mi) south of Kilkenny on the N76 road to Clonmel, it is near the border between County Tipperary. It is the second largest town in the county, and has a population of 2,475 as of the 2016 census. [1] Callan is the chief town of the barony of the same name.

Contents

History and name

"The Moat" situated in Callan Moatcallan.jpg
"The Moat" situated in Callan

Callan was founded by William the Marshal in 1207 and reputedly gets its name from the High King of Ireland, Niall Caille. It is reported that while at war with the Norsemen the High King arrived in Callan to find that its river was in flood. The King witnessed his servant trying to cross the river and being swept away by the fast flowing current. [ citation needed ]

The King, recorded in history as a man of action, seeing the impending disaster, impetuously urged his horse into the fast flowing river in a vain bid to save his servant, only to be also overcome and drowned by the torrent. The river in question is now named the "Kings River".

In order to commemorate those who died in the Callan area during World War One, a statue was erected outside the Church of the Assumption on Green Street.[ citation needed ]

In 2007, Callan celebrated its 800th year. President Mary McAleese launched the 800th celebrations of the town being granted a charter.

Places of interest

Callan Motte (also known locally as simply "The Moat") is located at the top of Moat Lane just off Bridge Street. It is one of Ireland's best preserved Motte-and-bailey's.

Callan Augustinian Friary, known locally as the "Abbey Meadow", is at the North East end of Callan and can also be accessed via Bridge Street.

St. Mary's Church is a medieval church located on Green Street. A historic workhouse is located in Prologue.

Callan Augustinian Friary Callanaugustinianfriary.jpg
Callan Augustinian Friary

Education

Callan had two primary schools, Scoil Mhuire and Scoil Iognáid Rís. the two schools amalgamated in 2007 to form Bunscoil McAuley Rice. Callan also has two secondary schools; the boys' school, Coláiste Éamann Rís, and the girls' St. Brigid's College.

Callan Local Electoral Area

The Callan Local Electoral Area of County Kilkenny includes the electoral divisions of Aghaviller, Ballinamara, Ballybeagh, Ballycallan, Boolyglass, Burnchurch, Callan Rural, Callan Urban, Coolaghmore, Danesfort, Dunamaggan, Earlstown, Ennisnag, Grange, Kells, Killamery, Kilmaganny, Kilmanagh, Knocktopher, Mallardstown, Outrath, Scotsborough, Stonyford, Tullaghanbrogue, Tullahought and Tullaroan. [7]

Neil Jordan's film Breakfast on Pluto with Cillian Murphy and Liam Neeson was filmed in Callan during August–September 2005. During the two weeks of filming in Callan, the main streets of the town were transformed for use in the film.

People

Edmund Rice's childhood home at Callan EdRiceCallan.JPG
Edmund Rice's childhood home at Callan

Callan is the birthplace of some famous people, namely:

See also

Related Research Articles

County Kilkenny County in the Republic of Ireland

County Kilkenny is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster and is part of the South-East Region. It is named after the city of Kilkenny. Kilkenny County Council is the local authority for the county. As of the 2016 census the population of the county was 99,232. The county was based on the historic Gaelic kingdom of Ossory (Osraighe), which was co-terminus with the Diocese of Ossory.

Kilkenny City in Leinster, Ireland

Kilkenny is a city in County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is located in the South-East Region and in the province of Leinster. It is built on both banks of the River Nore. The 2016 census gave the total population of Kilkenny as 26,512.

New Ross Town in Leinster, Ireland

New Ross is a town in southwest County Wexford, Ireland. It is located on the River Barrow, near the border with County Kilkenny, and is around 20 km north east of Waterford. In 2016 it had a population of 8,040 people, making it the fourth-largest town in the county.

Thomastown Town in Leinster, Ireland

Thomastown, historically known as Grennan, is a town in County Kilkenny in the province of Leinster in the south-east of Ireland. It is a market town along a stretch of the River Nore which is known for its salmon and trout, with a number of historical landmarks in the vicinity. Visitor attractions include Jerpoint Abbey, Kilfane Glen gardens, and Mount Juliet Golf Course.

Ennistymon Town in Munster, Ireland

Ennistymon or Ennistimon is a country market town in County Clare, near the west coast of Ireland. The River Inagh, with its small rapids known as the Cascades, runs through the town, behind the main street. A bridge across the river leads to nearby Lahinch, on the N67 national secondary road. The town is connected to Ennis by the N85, continuing the settlement's main street.

Clane Town in Leinster, Ireland

Clane is a town in County Kildare, Ireland, 35.4 km (22 mi) from Dublin. Its population of 7,280 makes it the eighth largest town in Kildare and the 66th largest in Ireland. It is on the River Liffey. Clane gives its name to the associated townland, civil parish, electoral division and barony.

Ballyragget Town in Leinster, Ireland

Ballyragget is a small town in County Kilkenny in Ireland. It is situated along the river Nore in the north of the county. It is located in the province of Leinster in the south-east of the island of Ireland. Ballyragget situated on the N77 18 km (11 mi) north of Kilkenny and had a population of 1,082 people as of the 2016 census.

Gowran Town in Leinster, Ireland

Gowran is a town located on the eastern side of County Kilkenny, Ireland. The historic St. Mary's Collegiate Church is located in the centre of Gowran close to Gowran Castle. Gowran Park race course and Golf Course is located one km from the centre of Gowran. Gowran is located on the R448 regional road where it is crossed by the R702 regional road.

Mooncoin Town in Leinster, Ireland

Mooncoin is a census town in County Kilkenny, in Ireland. The population had increased to 1,166 at the 2011 census. Historically part of the Gaelic kingdom of Osraige, today it is in the far south of the county of Kilkenny, located in the valley of the River Suir. It is surrounded by the uplands of the Slievenamon and Comeragh Mountains, just 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of Waterford City along the N24 national primary road, and it is 48 kilometres (30 mi) south of Kilkenny.

Ballyhale Village in Leinster, Ireland

Ballyhale is a village in the south east of Ireland. Located in the south of County Kilkenny, south of the city of Kilkenny and roughly halfway to Waterford city.

Amhlaoibh Ó Súilleabháin was an Irish language author, linen draper, politician, and one-time hedge school master. He is also known as Humphrey O'Sullivan.

Stoneyford, County Kilkenny Town in Leinster, Ireland

Stoneyford, officially Stonyford is a small town in County Kilkenny, Ireland. It lies on the N9 Waterford road some 14 km south of Kilkenny City. Stoneyford is a part of the parish of Aghaviller in the Diocese of Ossory.

Scoil Gheimhridh Frankie Kennedy was a traditional music winter school held annually in Gweedore, County Donegal, Ireland starting December 1994 in memory of Belfast flautist Frankie Kennedy who died on 19 September 1994. The last session ended in January 2014. It has been succeeded by the "Scoil Gheimhridh Ghaoth Dobhair".

Galmoy (barony) Barony in Leinster, Ireland

Galmoy is a barony in the north western part of County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is one of 12 baronies in County Kilkenny. The size of the barony is 162.7 square kilometres (62.8 sq mi). There are 12 civil parishes in Galmoy. While it is named after the village of Galmoy, today the chief town of the barony is Urlingford. Galmoy barony lies at the north-western corner of the county between Fassadinin to the east, and Crannagh to the south. It is surrounded on two sides by counties Tipperary to the west and Laois to the north. The M8 Dublin/Cork motorway bisects the barony. It is situated 121 kilometres (75 mi) from Dublin city and 131 kilometres (81 mi) from Cork city. Galmoy is currently administered by Kilkenny County Council. The barony was part of in the historic kingdom of Osraige (Ossory).

Piltown GAA is a Gaelic Athletic Association club located in Piltown, County Kilkenny, Ireland. A Piltown GAA club was founded in 1887. Several versions existed until the modern club founded in 1953 following the advent of Parish Rule in Kilkenny. Piltown fields teams in Hurling, Gaelic Football, Camogie and Ladies' Gaelic Football at all ages from Under-8 to adult in each code.

Dunnamaggin Village in Leinster, Ireland

Dunnamaggin is a small village in the south County Kilkenny, Republic of Ireland, on the R699 road between Callan and Knocktopher, east of its intersection with the R697 between Kells and Kilmaganny. Dunnamaggan gives its name to a civil parish, an electoral division, and the townlands of Dunnamaggan East and West.

Callan (barony) Barony in Leinster, Ireland

The barony of Callan is a barony in the west of County Kilkenny, Ireland. The barony is 22.9 square kilometres (8.8 sq mi) in size. It is one of 12 baronies in County Kilkenny. Unusually for a barony, it contains only two civil parishes which together comprise 65 townlands. The chief town is Callan. The barony is bordered by the baronies of Shillelogher to the north and by Kells to the south. The N76 road bisects the barony. Notable features include Callan Motte and Callan Augustinian Friary.

Kells (County Kilkenny barony) Barony in Leinster, Ireland

Kells is a barony in the south-west of County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is one of 12 baronies in County Kilkenny. The size of the barony is 155.6 square kilometres (60.1 sq mi). There are 10 civil parishes in Kells, made up of 167 townlands. The chief town is Kells.

Callan Motte

Callan Motte is a motte-and-bailey and National Monument in Callan, Ireland.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Callan". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  2. Census for post 1821 figures.
  3. http://www.histpop.org Archived 2016-05-07 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J.M.; Clarkson, L.A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  6. Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl: 10197/1406 . Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
  7. Act of the Oireachtas: County of Kilkenny Local Electoral Areas Order 2008
  8. Local History of Callan Archived 2007-11-18 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "The Hearth Municipal Heritage Site". Canada's Historic Places. Retrieved 13 October 2020.

Further reading