|Territorial authority||Waipa District|
|• Total||26.67 km2 (10.30 sq mi)|
|• Density||770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
Cambridge (Māori: Kemureti) is a town in the Waipa District of the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. Situated 24 kilometres (15 mi) southeast of Hamilton, on the banks of the Waikato River, Cambridge is known as "The Town of Trees & Champions". The town has a population of 20,500, making it the largest town in the Waipa District, and third largest urban area in the Waikato (after Hamilton and Taupo).
Cambridge was a finalist in the 2017 and 2019 New Zealand's Most Beautiful Large Town awards, run by Keep New Zealand Beautiful.It was awarded the title New Zealand's Most Beautiful Large Town in October 2019.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans there were a number of Maori pā in the vicinity of what would become Cambridge. [ citation needed ]In the 1850s missionaries and farmers from Britain settled in the area and introduced modern farming practices to local Maori, helping them set up two flour mills and importing grinding wheels from England and France. During the 1850s wheat was a profitable crop but when merchants in Auckland began purchasing cheaper grain from Australia the market went into decline.
The European town of Cambridge was established when the 3rd Regiment of the Waikato Militia were settled there in 1864 following the Invasion of the Waikato. The town was named after Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army at the time.
Cambridge, comprising the statistical areas of Cambridge North, Cambridge West, Cambridge East, Cambridge Park-River Garden, Oaklands-St Kilda, Cambridge Central, Leamington West, Leamington South, Leamington Central and Leamington East, had a population of 18,180 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 2,640 people (17.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 4,686 people (34.7%) since the 2006 census. There were 6,909 households. There were 8,685 males and 9,489 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.92 males per female, with 3,588 people (19.7%) aged under 15 years, 3,033 (16.7%) aged 15 to 29, 7,701 (42.4%) aged 30 to 64, and 3,864 (21.3%) aged 65 or older.
Ethnicities were 90.0% European/Pākehā, 10.5% Māori, 1.5% Pacific peoples, 5.3% Asian, and 1.9% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).
The proportion of people born overseas was 24.1%, compared with 27.1% nationally.
Although some people objected to giving their religion, 50.2% had no religion, 38.8% were Christian, 0.7% were Hindu, 0.2% were Muslim, 0.5% were Buddhist and 2.6% had other religions.
Of those at least 15 years old, 3,189 (21.9%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 2,637 (18.1%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 7,218 (49.5%) people were employed full-time, 2,067 (14.2%) were part-time, and 396 (2.7%) were unemployed.
|Name||Population||Median age||Median income|
|Cambridge North||1,737||39.9 years||$44,200|
|Cambridge West||2,481||47.2 years||$32,200|
|Cambridge East||2,808||40.7 years||$34,300|
|Cambridge Park-River Garden||1,251||38.6 years||$41,700|
|Oaklands-St Kilda||1,440||43.6 years||$38,600|
|Cambridge Central||855||57.3 years||$26,000|
|Leamington West||1,467||49.1 years||$28,600|
|Leamington South||1,752||42.5 years||$35,600|
|Leamington Central||2,406||34.3 years||$31,800|
|Leamington East||1,983||42.9 years||$34,500|
|New Zealand||37.4 years||$31,800|
Cambridge is administered by the Waipa District Council. It is the largest town in the District, but not the seat of the council, which is at Te Awamutu.
Nationally, Cambridge is part of the Taupō general electorate and the Hauraki-Waikato Māori electorate.
Cambridge's main sources of employment and income come from dairy farming, tourism, the equine industry and sport. Dairy farming provides more than one in 10 jobsin the Waipa District. The tourism industry supports 12.7% of jobs in Waipa District. The equine industry provides more than 600 jobs in the Waikato, with many based in and around Cambridge. It is estimated that one in five Cambridge residents work in nearby Hamilton.
Cambridge lies adjacent to State Highway 1, which connects the town with Hamilton in the northwest and Tauranga, Rotorua and Taupo in the southeast. Access to Cambridge from the north is via the Cambridge Road and Victoria Road interchanges, and from the south is via the Tirau Road interchange. Prior to the Waikato Expressway extension opening in December 2015, SH 1 ran through the centre of Cambridge.
State Highway 1B leaves SH 1 at the Victoria Road interchange and provides a route north to SH 1 at Taupiri, providing a route north towards Auckland while bypassing Hamilton to the east.
Hamilton Airport, 18 minutes drive from Cambridge, is the nearest airport and provides daily flights to all New Zealand's main centres.
A public bus service connects Cambridge with central Hamilton via Tamahere and Waikato University several times daily.
Cambridge was formerly the terminus of the Cambridge Branch railway, but this closed beyond Hautapu in 1999.
Until the railway was built the Waikato River was the main form of transport, Cambridge being the limit of navigation. Steamers continued to serve Cambridge until the 1930s.The wharf was near the Karapiro Stream, where the river was wide enough for steamers to turn.
There are a number of nearby rural districts which identify socially and economically with Cambridge. These districts would typically have a few hundred residents, a primary school and a community hall for local social events. In the early 20th century, many of these districts also had their own small milk processing factories. These districts are Bruntwood, Goodwood/Fencourt, Hautapu, Hora Hora, Karapiro, Kaipaki, Maungatautari, Te Miro, and Whitehall.
Cambridge and nearby Lake Karapiro have become the homes for national sports organisations such as cycling (track, road, mountain biking and BMX), rowing, triathlon and as high performance centres for kayaking and canoeing.
The national Home of Cycling, the Avantidrome, was opened by William and Catherine, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, on 12 April 2014. 60 km (37 mi) Te Awa River Ride, from Ngāruawāhia to Karāpiro, is planned to be fully open by the end of 2021. It currently has two paths open which are for cyclists and walkers. The purpose built track runs from the center of Cambridge out to the Avantidrome and follows the Waikato river. There is also a wide cycleway running from Leamington to Lake Karapiro Domain. Cambridge will host the New Zealand National Road Race Championships and the accompanying time trial between the years of 2020 and 2022 with an option for a fourth year, the event will take place in mid February.In December 2015, Cambridge hosted the 2015–16 UCI Track Cycling World Cup. There are also many cycle and walking tracks that have been purpose built around Cambridge. The
The town is now well known for its Thoroughbred studs and stables, which have produced many champion horses in the sports of racing and show jumping. Cambridge is popularly known as the 'equine capital' of New Zealand.Internationally known thoroughbred studs in the area include:
Lake Karapiro, recognised as one of the premium rowing lakes in the world, is close by, producing several world rowing champions, notably Rob Waddell, Robbie Manson, the Evers-Swindell twins, Georgina and Caroline, Mahé Drysdale and James Dallinger. The 2010 World Rowing Championships were held at Lake Karapiro.
Cambridge is home to two clubs, Hautapu Sports Club, founded in 1903, and Leamington Rugby Sports Club, founded in 1897.
Cambridge is home to Cambridge FC who were the 2017 and 2015 Waikato Bay of Plenty Premiership champions,and Waipa Sports Club of the Year in 2014 and 2015.
Cambridge and the surrounding district is host to many sporting, cultural and trade events. More than 120,000 visitors attend the National Agricultural Fieldaysevery June at the Mystery Creek Events Centre between Cambridge and Hamilton.
Every summer, Lake Karapiro hosts the Waka Ama Sprint National Championships and the hydroplane racing as part of the New Zealand Grand Prix Circuit. In February, the Keyte Watson Polo Tournament takes place at Leamington, Cambridge. Every March, Cambridge holds its four-day Autumn Festival and in December, a Christmas Festival (including a town parade) takes place.
Cambridge's local annual event is the Battle of the Bridges, a rugby and netball competition between the two sports clubs in Cambridge, Leamington and Hautapu, however the trophy is awarded to the winning team in the rugby match. The event takes place in August each year. The first ever match between the two sides, in 2013, ended in a 0–0 draw.
Switch FM is a local radio station.
Cambridge also has two local newspapers, Cambridge Newsand the Cambridge Edition.
There is also a lively Facebook page that is used to share and request information and resources.
Cambridge High School is the town's co-educational state secondary school for Year 9 to 13 students, 1605 as of November 2020. Cambridge Middle School is the town's intermediate school for Year 7 to 10 students, with a roll of 709.with a roll of
The town has three state primary schools for Year 1 to 6 students: Cambridge East School 454; Cambridge School, with a roll of 404; Leamington School, with a roll of 603.with a roll of
Cambridge also has two non-state schools with similar names. St. Peter's School is a co-educational Anglican private (independent) school for Year 7 to 13 students, 1179. St Peter's Catholic School is a co-educational Catholic integrated primary school for Year 1 to 8 students, with a roll of 192.with a roll of
Past or present residents include:
Cambridge was also the birthplace of All Black Sir Colin Meads KNZM MBE; George Albert Tuck (1884–1981), a notable New Zealand builder, soldier and diarist; artist Frances Irwin Hunt 1890–1981) and educationalist Blanche Eleanor Carnachan, MBE, (1871–1954).
Matamata is a town in the Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located near the base of the Kaimai Ranges, and is a thriving farming area known for Thoroughbred horse breeding and training pursuits. It is part of the Matamata-Piako District, which takes in the surrounding rural areas as well as Morrinsville and Te Aroha. State Highway 27 and the Kinleith Branch railway run through the town. The town has a population of 8,460 as of June 2020.
Te Kuiti is a town in the north of the King Country region of the North Island of New Zealand. It lies at the junction of State Highways 3 and 30 and on the North Island Main Trunk railway, 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Hamilton. The town promotes itself as the sheep shearing capital of the world and is host to the annual New Zealand National Shearing Championships.
Ngāruawāhia is a town in the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) north-west of Hamilton at the confluence of the Waikato and Waipa Rivers, adjacent to the Hakarimata Range. Ngāruawāhia is in the Hamilton Urban Area, the fourth largest urban area in New Zealand. The location was once considered as a potential capital of New Zealand.
Te Awamutu is a town in the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the council seat of the Waipa District and serves as a service town for the farming communities which surround it. Te Awamutu is located some 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Hamilton on State Highway 3, one of the two main routes south from Auckland and Hamilton.
Morrinsville is a provincial town in the Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island, with a population of approximately 7,000 in the 2013 Census. The town is located at the northern base of the Pakaroa Range, and on the south-western fringe of the Hauraki Plains. Morrinsville is around 33 kilometres east of Hamilton and 22 kilometres west of Te Aroha. The town is bordered by the Piako River to the east and the Waitakaruru Stream to the south.
Te Aroha is a rural town in the Waikato region of New Zealand with a population of 3,906 people in the 2013 census, an increase of 138 people since 2006. It is 53 km (33 mi) northeast of Hamilton and 50 km (31 mi) south of Thames. It sits at the foot of 952 metres (3,123 ft) Mount Te Aroha, the highest point in the Kaimai Range.
Tokoroa is the fifth-largest town in the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand and largest settlement in the South Waikato District. Located 30 km southwest of Rotorua, close to the foot of the Mamaku Ranges, it is midway between Taupo and Hamilton on State Highway One.
Otorohanga is a north King Country town in the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. It is located 53 kilometres (33 mi) south of Hamilton and 18 kilometres (11 mi) north of Te Kuiti, on the Waipa River. It is a service town for the surrounding dairy-farming district. It is recognised as the "gateway" to the Waitomo Caves and as the "Kiwiana Town" of New Zealand. Until 2007, Otorohanga held a yearly 'Kiwiana Festival.'
Wairoa is a town and territorial authority district in New Zealand's North Island. The town is the northernmost in the Hawke's Bay region, and is located on the northern shore of Hawke Bay at the mouth of the Wairoa River and to the west of Mahia Peninsula. It is 118 kilometres (73 mi) northeast of Napier, and 92 kilometres (57 mi) southwest of Gisborne. It is the largest town in the district of Wairoa, and is one of three towns in New Zealand where Māori outnumber other ethnicities, with 62.29% of the population identifying as Māori.
Richmond is a town and the seat of the Tasman District Council in New Zealand. It lies 13 kilometres (8 mi) south of Nelson in the South Island, close to the southern extremity of Tasman Bay / Te Tai-o-Aorere. The town, first settled by Europeans in 1842, was named in 1854 after the town of Richmond on Thames near London. The town has an estimated population of 17,250 as of June 2020.
Flaxmere is a township in the Hastings District and outlying suburb of Hastings City, in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand's North Island. It consists of a series of cul-de-sacs, radiating from a main street.
Tauhara is a suburb and geothermal area of Taupō in the Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.
Bethlehem is a suburb of Tauranga in New Zealand's North Island. Originally a small independent town, it has now been absorbed by Tauranga and comprises a number of subdivisions including Bethlehem Heights, Sterling Gate, La Cumbre, Saint Andrews, and Mayfield.
Matangi is a settlement in the Waikato District on the eastern border of Hamilton. It is surrounded by many lifestyle blocks, but the village centre has Matangi School, a garage, Four Square, takeaway and café, Matangi Hall, St David’s church and Matangi recreation reserve.
Wharepapa South is a rural community in the Waipa District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located west of Putaruru and east of Te Awamutu.
Rangitoto is a rural community in the Waitomo District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.
Riverdale is a suburb of Gisborne, in the Gisborne District of New Zealand's North Island.
Taupo Central is the central suburb and business district of Taupō in the Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.
Hautapu is a township in the Waipa District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island, located just north of Cambridge across State Highway 1.
Karapiro or Karāpiro is a settlement and rural area in the Waipa District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island. It includes both the artificially created Lake Karapiro and the accompanying Karapiro Power Station. Karapiro is located just off State Highway 1, south-west of Cambridge.
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