Cambridge, Ohio

Last updated
Cambridge, Ohio
Cambridge Ohio Downtown.jpg
Downtown Cambridge in 2008
OHMap-doton-Cambridge.png
Location of Cambridge, Ohio
Map of Guernsey County Ohio Highlighting Cambridge City.png
Location of Cambridge in Guernsey County
Coordinates: 40°1′30″N81°35′12″W / 40.02500°N 81.58667°W / 40.02500; -81.58667 Coordinates: 40°1′30″N81°35′12″W / 40.02500°N 81.58667°W / 40.02500; -81.58667
Country United States
State Ohio
County Guernsey
First Settled1798
Incorporated1837
Government
   Mayor Tom Orr [1]
Area
[2]
  Total6.37 sq mi (16.50 km2)
  Land6.37 sq mi (16.49 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
[3]
830 ft (253 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total10,089
  Density1,584.33/sq mi (611.73/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
43725, 43750
Area code 740
FIPS code 39-10996
GNIS feature ID1058167 [3]
Website City of Cambridge

Cambridge is a city in and the county seat of Guernsey County, Ohio, United States. [4] It lies in southeastern Ohio, in the Appalachian Plateau of the Appalachian Mountains about 75 miles (121 km) east of Columbus. The population was 10,089 at the 2020 census. It is the principal city of the Cambridge micropolitan area and is located adjacent to the intersection of Interstates 70 and 77.

Contents

Cambridge is well known among glass collectors as being the location for the Cambridge Glass, Boyd Glass and Mosser Glass plants. The Cambridge area is also noted for its "S" shaped bridges, dating back to the building of the National Road in 1828.

History

Union Station, Cambridge, Ohio, circa 1914 Union Station Cambridge Ohio from Baltimore & Ohio Employes Magazine March 1914 Vol 02 No 06 Page 83.jpg
Union Station, Cambridge, Ohio, circa 1914

In 1796, Col. Ebenezer Zane received funds to blaze a road suitable for travel by horse through the Ohio wilderness from a point on the Ohio River opposite Wheeling, Virginia (now Wheeling, West Virginia) to another point opposite Maysville, Kentucky. Where this road, known as Zane's Trace, crossed Wills Creek, a ferry was established in 1798. This was followed by the first bridge authorized by the legislature of the Northwest Territory, built in 1803. The land on which part of Cambridge stands was granted to Zaccheus Biggs and Zaccheus Beatty by the government in 1801. A settlement grew up at the creek crossing. The town of Cambridge was platted there in 1806. Both Cambridge, Maryland and Cambridge, Massachusetts have been speculated by historians as having inspired the naming of the town. Also in 1806, another group of early settlers from the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel pitched camp in Cambridge, reportedly because the women in the party refused to move on. The county for which Cambridge serves as the county seat was later named in honor of its many settlers from Guernsey. In 1828, the federally built National Road came through Cambridge. The first railroad arrived in 1854. The Cambridge area experienced massive flooding in late June 1998. [5]

Guernsey County Courthouse GuernseyCtyCourthouse CambridgeOH.jpg
Guernsey County Courthouse

Geography

Cambridge is located along Wills Creek; its tributary Leatherwood Creek flows into Wills Creek in the southern part of the city. [6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.35 square miles (16.45 km2), all land. [7]

Climate

Climate data for Cambridge, Ohio (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1963–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)74
(23)
79
(26)
85
(29)
92
(33)
97
(36)
99
(37)
102
(39)
99
(37)
96
(36)
92
(33)
80
(27)
77
(25)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C)38.2
(3.4)
42.3
(5.7)
52.8
(11.6)
66.2
(19.0)
75.0
(23.9)
82.0
(27.8)
85.1
(29.5)
84.0
(28.9)
77.8
(25.4)
66.1
(18.9)
53.2
(11.8)
42.4
(5.8)
63.8
(17.7)
Daily mean °F (°C)29.4
(−1.4)
32.4
(0.2)
41.6
(5.3)
53.2
(11.8)
62.6
(17.0)
70.3
(21.3)
73.9
(23.3)
72.5
(22.5)
65.7
(18.7)
54.1
(12.3)
42.9
(6.1)
34.0
(1.1)
52.7
(11.5)
Average low °F (°C)20.7
(−6.3)
22.6
(−5.2)
30.3
(−0.9)
40.2
(4.6)
50.2
(10.1)
58.5
(14.7)
62.7
(17.1)
60.9
(16.1)
53.7
(12.1)
42.2
(5.7)
32.6
(0.3)
25.7
(−3.5)
41.7
(5.4)
Record low °F (°C)−32
(−36)
−16
(−27)
−3
(−19)
8
(−13)
23
(−5)
30
(−1)
42
(6)
37
(3)
32
(0)
18
(−8)
0
(−18)
−17
(−27)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.25
(83)
2.41
(61)
3.27
(83)
3.84
(98)
4.23
(107)
4.46
(113)
4.04
(103)
3.49
(89)
3.47
(88)
2.87
(73)
3.00
(76)
2.99
(76)
41.32
(1,050)
Average snowfall inches (cm)5.5
(14)
5.3
(13)
3.1
(7.9)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(1.3)
3.0
(7.6)
17.4
(44)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)13.411.111.712.913.112.410.99.09.19.910.112.0135.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)4.12.81.50.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.42.211.0
Source: NOAA [8] [9]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 766
1850 1,04135.9%
1860 1,45239.5%
1870 2,19351.0%
1880 2,88331.5%
1890 4,36151.3%
1900 8,24189.0%
1910 11,32737.4%
1920 13,10415.7%
1930 16,12923.1%
1940 15,044−6.7%
1950 14,739−2.0%
1960 14,652−0.6%
1970 13,656−6.8%
1980 13,450−1.5%
1990 11,748−12.7%
2000 11,520−1.9%
2010 10,635−7.7%
2020 10,089−5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

[11]

2010 census

As of the census [12] of 2010, there were 10,635 people, 4,651 households, and 2,604 families living in the city. The population density was 1,674.8 inhabitants per square mile (646.6/km2). There were 5,313 housing units at an average density of 836.7 per square mile (323.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 3.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 4,651 households, of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.0% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 38.8 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,520 people, 4,924 households, and 2,954 families living in the city. The population density was 2,055.1 people per square mile (792.9/km2). There were 5,585 housing units of an average density of 996.3 per square mile (384.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.84% White, 3.91% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 4,924 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18, 39.2% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.92.

The population of the city was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.8 males and every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,102, and the median income for a family was $30,780. Males had a median income of $26,368 versus $20,596 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,452. About 18.1% of families and 30.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The Cambridge City School District administers one primary school (K–2), one intermediate school (3–5), one middle school and Cambridge High School. [13] St. Benedict Elementary School is a Roman Catholic institution. [14]

The Guernsey County Public Library operates two libraries in the city. [15]

Transportation

Cambridge is the site of a major junction between Interstate 70 and Interstate 77; both routes have exits connecting to Cambridge's city center. The city is additionally bisected by U.S. Route 22, acting as the de facto "main street", and is not too far away from Cambridge Municipal Airport, primarily used for general aviation. The closest commercial airport is Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Airport, but the airport only serves Contour Airlines and flies regionally; the closest commercial airport with cross-country service is John Glenn Columbus International Airport.

Notable people

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References

  1. Website. "Office of the Mayor - City of Cambridge, Ohio". www.cambridgeoh.org.
  2. "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. 1 2 "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "National Cambridge Collectors, Inc. - Glass Pass Program". www.cambridgeglass.org.
  6. Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1991. p. 61. ISBN   0-89933-233-1.
  7. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  8. "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  9. "Station: Cambridge, OH". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  10. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing" . Retrieved December 21, 2014.
  11. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/cambridgecityohio/PST045219 [ dead link ]
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  13. "Cambridge City School District". Cambridge City School District. Archived from the original on May 11, 2007. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
  14. "Homepage". St. Benedict Elementary School. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  15. "Hours and Locations". Guernsey County Public Library. Retrieved 25 February 2018.