Royalle at the 2013 CineKink awards
|Born||Candice Marion Vadala|
October 15, 1950
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died|| September 7, 2015 64) (aged|
Mattituck, New York, U.S.
|Cause of death||Ovarian cancer|
|Other names||Candace Chambers, Candice Ball, Candice Chambers, Candida Royalle|
|Height||5 ft 3 in (1.60 m)|
Candida Royalle (October 15, 1950 – September 7, 2015) was an American producer and director of couples-oriented pornography, a sex educator, sex-positive feminist, and pornographic actress. She was a member of the XRCO and the AVN Halls of Fame.
Sex-positive feminism, also known as pro-sex feminism, sex-radical feminism, or sexually liberal feminism, is a movement that began in the early 1980s centering on the idea that sexual freedom is an essential component of women's freedom.
Royalle was born on October 15, 1950, in New York City as Candice Marion Vadala.Initially trained in music, dance, and art in New York City, with studies at the High School of Art and Design, Parson's School of Design and the City University of New York.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States and thus also in the state of New York. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
The High School of Art and Design is a Career and Technical Education high school in Manhattan, New York City. Founded in 1936 as the School of Industrial Art, the school moved to 1075 Second Avenue in 1960 and more recently, its Midtown Manhattan location on 56th Street, between Second and Third Avenues, in September 2012. High School of Art and Design is operated by the New York City Department of Education.
The City University of New York is the public university system of New York City, and the largest urban university system in the United States. CUNY and the State University of New York (SUNY) are separate and independent university systems, despite the fact that both public institutions receive funding from New York State. CUNY, however, is located in only New York City, while SUNY is located in the entire state, including New York City.
In 1975 she began her career in porn as a performerappearing in about 25 movies before retiring in 1980 with Blue Magic, which she also wrote.
She wrote regular columns for adult magazines High Society and Cheri.
Pornographic magazines, or erotic magazines, sometimes known as adult, sex or top-shelf magazines, are magazines that contain content of an explicitly sexual nature. Publications of this kind may contain images of attractive naked subjects, as is the case in softcore pornography, and, in the usual case of hardcore pornography, depictions of masturbation, oral or anal sex, or intercourse.
High Society is a U.S. pornographic magazine. In addition to hardcore pictorials of nude models, it also has feature articles and occasional celebrity pictorials.
In 1984, Royalle founded Femme Productions, with the goal of making erotica based on female desire, as well as pornographic films aimed at helping couple therapy. Her productions are aimed more to women and couples than to the standard pornographic audience of men, and have been praised by counselors and therapists for depicting healthy and realistic sexual activity.
Royalle stated that she tried to avoid "misogynous predictability", and depiction of sex in "…as grotesque and graphic [a way] as possible." She also criticized the male-centredness of the typical pornographic film, in which scenes end when the male actor ejaculates. Royalle’s films are not “goal oriented” towards a final "cum shot"; instead, her films depict sexual activity within the broader context of women's emotional and social lives.In 1989, she signed the Post Porn Modernist Manifesto.
A cum shot is the depiction of human ejaculation, especially onto another person. The term cum shot is usually applied to depictions occurring in pornographic films, photographs, and magazines. Cum shots have become the object of fetish genres like bukkake. Facial cum shots are currently regularly portrayed in pornographic films and videos, often as a way to close a scene. Cum shots may also depict ejaculation onto another performer's body, such as on the genitals, buttocks, chest or tongue.
She was also a public speaker, giving lectures at Smithsonian Institution, the World Congress on Sexology and numerous universities and professional conferences.
In 2004, she authored the book How to Tell a Naked Man What to Do.
In 2014, she began production on a documentary called While You Were Gone: The Untold Story of Candida Royalle about her life and the search for her birth mother, whom she had not seen since she was abandoned by her at 18 months old.The project was still in production at the time of Royalle's death, but nearly all of the footage needed had been already filmed and may still be released in the future.
A 5 track EP entitled Candida Cosmica, a collaboration between Royalle and Patrick Cowley from the mid 70s, was released in October 2016 by Dark Entries Records.
Royalle was a member of the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors and Therapists,and a founding board-member of Feminists for Free Expression.
In the 1980s, she was married to producer Per Sjostedt.In May 2006, Royalle announced that she was engaged to be married. She died in Mattituck, New York on September 7, 2015, aged 64, from ovarian cancer.
Gloria Leonard was an American pornographic actress who became the publisher of High Society magazine. As a board member of Adult Video Association and its successor the Free Speech Coalition, Leonard was an outspoken advocate for the adult film industry and free speech rights.
Jane Esther Hamilton is an American former pornographic actress and current adult film director who performed under the stage name Veronica Hart during the 1980s. She is sometimes credited as Jane Hamilton, V. Hart, Veronica Heart, Victoria Holt, Randee Styles or just Veronica. Hart is a member of the AVN Hall of Fame. Director Paul Thomas Anderson has called her "the Meryl Streep of porn."
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Women’s erotica is any erotic material that caters specifically to women target-demographic of various sexual preferences. When erotica is specifically directed at lesbians, it is referred to as lesbian erotica. Women's erotica is available from a variety of media including video games, websites, books, comics, short stories, films, photography, magazines, audio, anime and manga. The content may cover many aspects of sexuality, from relationships to fetishes; the main idea being to convey sex-positivism from a woman’s perspective, or to feature female empowerment and sexual fantasies.
Henri Pachard, Jackson St. Louis and Crystal Blue were the pseudonyms of the American film director Ron Sullivan .
Bobbi Starr is the stage name of an American former pornographic actress. Starr also became a director for Evil Angel. Her directorial debut was Bobbi's World, a female POV movie.
Rachel Marie Oberlin, also known by her stage name Bree Olson, is an American actress, model, and former pornographic actress. She performed in over 281 pornographic films from 2006 to 2011 before changing to mainstream acting. Since leaving the adult film industry, she has become critical of the industry and the stigma attached to being a former porn actress.
Feminist pornography refers to a genre of film developed by and/or for those dedicated to gender equality. It was created for the purposes of encouraging women and their self-beliefs of freedom through sexuality, equality and pleasure. Many third-wave feminists are open to seeking freedom and rights of sexual equality through entering the adult entertainment workforce. Second-wave feminists, contrarily, often have a solidified belief that the oppression and/or sexual objectification of women is inherent to all pornography involving them. The conflict between the two waves causes many struggles between these two different feminist views.
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