Cannock from top of St. Luke's Church Tower
|Area||9.24 km2 (3.57 sq mi)|
|Population||29,018 (2011 Census)|
|• Density||3,140/km2 (8,100/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Cannock ( // ) is a market town and the administrative centre of the Cannock Chase District, as of the 2011 census, it has a population of 29,018 , and is one the most populous towns in the district of Cannock Chase in the county of Staffordshire in the West Midlands region of England. The town alongside Hednesford, Bridgtown and Rugeley form a one district conurbation. Along with other neighbouring villages including Norton Canes, Heath Hayes and Wimblebury, Hazelslade, Brerton and Chadsmoor.
Cannock lies to the north of the West Midlands conurbation on the M6, A34 and A5 roads, and to the south of Cannock Chase, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Cannock is served by a railway station on the Chase Line. The town comprises four district council electoral wards and the Cannock South ward includes the civil parish of Bridgtown, but the rest of Cannock is unparished.
Cannock forms part of the Cannock Built-up Area (population 200,121 in the 2011 census)which also includes Cheslyn Hay, Great Wyrley, Hednesford, Huntington, Heath Hayes and Wimblebury.
Cannock was called Chenet in the Domesday Book of 1086. It was called Chnoc c.1130, Cnot in 1156, Canot in 1157, and Canoc in 1198. Cannock is probably Old English cnocc meaning 'hillock', modified by Norman pronunciation by the insertion of a vowel to Canoc. The name may refer to Shoal Hill, north-west of the town.
Cannock was a small rural community until mining increased heavily during the mid-to-late 19th century. The area then continued to grow rapidly with many industries coming to the area because of its proximity to the Black Country and its coal reserves. Cannock's population continued to increase steadily in the 20th century and its slight fall since the 1981 census has been more than compensated for by house-building in the adjoining village of Heath Hayes. The last colliery to close in the town was Mid Cannock in 1967,and the last remaining colliery to close in the Cannock Chase area was Littleton (in Huntington) in 1993. There is now no heavy industry in the area, and Cannock is home to many commuters working in the surrounding towns and cities.
The "Great Cannock Run", colloquially known as the "Brick Chase" takes place in August each year. Competitors are invited to take part in a number of tasks (including tapestry and calligraphy). It is described in Kevin Troy's book "By Hooker or by Crooker: Tales of Amusement and Despair" as "a gladiatorial duel of wits", and "lightning quick and instantly unforgettable".
Cannock Chase German war cemetery is located nearby containing 4,885 German military dead from the First and Second World Wars. It is managed by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
Cannock is on a south-west facing slope, falling from the highest point on Cannock Chase (244 m) at Castle Ring, to about 148 m in the town centre and 111 m near Wedges Mills. The soil is light with a gravel and clay subsoil, and there are extensive coal measures.
Cannock has a moderate, temperate climate. See Penkridge weather station for details of average temperature and rainfall figures taken between 1981 and 2010 at the Met Office weather station in Penkridge (around 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Cannock).
Cannock is about 20 miles (30 km) by road north-north-west of Birmingham, 80 miles (130 km) south-south-east of Manchester and 130 miles (210 km) north-west of London. It is 9 to 10 miles (14 to 16 km) by road from many of the nearest towns and cities (Aldridge, Lichfield, Stafford, Walsall, Willenhall and Wolverhampton), but Hednesford (2 miles (3 km)), Burntwood and Penkridge (5 miles (8 km)), Bloxwich and Brownhills (6 miles (10 km)) and Rugeley (7 miles (11 km)) are nearer.
Cities and towns below are in upper case. Only a few of the nearest villages are shown.
In the decade to 2011 the number of dwellings rose by 7.8% to 13,152. The ward with the biggest increase (16.1%) was Cannock South.Of the town's 12,690 households in the 2011 census, 31.5% were one-person households including 13.9% where that person was 65 or over. 63.6% were one family with no others (9.0% all pensioners, 30.9% married or same-sex civil partnership couples, 12.3% cohabiting couples and 11.3% lone parents). 27.7% of households had dependent children including 5.5% with no adults in employment. 59.3% of households owned their homes outright or with a mortgage or loan.
Of the town's 23,717 residents in the 2011 census aged 16 and over, 33.5% were single (never married), 45.2% married, 0.15% in a registered same-sex civil partnership, 2.6% separated, 10.4% divorced and 8.2% widowed.33.4% had no formal qualifications and 42.9% had level 2+ qualifications, meaning 5+ GCSEs (grades A*-C) or 1+ 'A' levels/ AS levels (A-E) or equivalent minimum.
72.7% of the 10,509 men aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 45.1% working full-time, 5.6% working part-time and 12.6% self-employed. The male unemployment rate (Male unemployment)(of those economically active) was 9.9%.60.7% of the 10,724 women aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 26.8% working full-time, 23.5% working part-time and 3.1% self-employed. The female unemployment rate (of those economically active) was 7.5%.
Of people in employment aged 16 to 74, 13.5% worked in basic industries (ONS categories A, B, and D-F including 11.1% in construction), 14.2% in manufacturing, and 72.2% in service industries (ONS categories G-U including 19.5% in wholesale and retail trade and vehicle repair, 11.6% in health and social work, 7.4% in education, 6.2% in transport and storage, 5.8% in public administration, 5.6% in accommodation and catering, and 4.7% in administrative and support service activities).While 27.7% of households did not have access to a car or van, 76.1% of people in employment travelled to work by car or van.
75.5% of residents described their health as good or very good.The proportion who described themselves as White British was 95.6%, with all white ethnic groups making up 97.4% of the population. The ethnic make-up of the rest of the population was 1.0% mixed/multiple ethnic groups, 0.69% Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi, 0.34% Chinese, 0.17% other Asian, 0.35% Black and 0.065% other. 3.1% of Cannock's residents were born outside the United Kingdom.
Cannock has a free weekly local newspaper, the Cannock & Rugeley Chronicle (an edition of the Cannock & Lichfield Chronicle).Another free weekly, the Chase Post (an edition of the Cannock Chase & Burntwood Post), ceased publication in November 2011.
The Express & Star is a paid-for local newspaper, published in Wolverhampton on weekdays. [ citation needed ]Televised local news is provided through Midlands Today and Central Tonight , which also serve the wider area of the West Midlands.
Cannock is served by the national radio stations, and West Midlands "regional" licences Planet Rock, Smooth Radio West Midlands and Heart West Midlands. The town is also covered by Free Radio Black Country and Shropshire on 97.2 and BBC WM on 95.6 FM.[ citation needed ]
Cannock is served by its own community radio station, called Cannock Chase Radio, based in Wynns Venture Centre.[ citation needed ]
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Cannock is located close to the M6, M6 toll and M54 motorways. There is an extensive network of local buses radiating out from Cannock town centre. The town's main bus operator is Arriva Midlands, who operate the majority of services to and from Cannock bus station linking Stafford, Penkridge, Lichfield, Walsall and Rugeley to name a few. Cannock railway station closed in 1965 as part of the Beeching cuts but reopened in 1989.
It reopened in 1989 under British Rail and is part of the Rugeley – Cannock – Walsall – Birmingham line operated by West Midlands Trains. Over the years, usage of this station, and the line overall, have increased to unprecedented levels. Services initially were hourly services between Birmingham New Street and Stafford (cut back to Rugeley Trent Valley in 2008). By 2013, usage had become significant enough to warrant electrification of the railway line.
In April 2019, National Express WM launched a new timetable on their X51 service to run all day linking Cannock with Birmingham for the first time in several years. Previously this was a peak-time only service.
In May 2019, West Midlands Trains began operating electric trains from this station. The vast majority of services are to Rugeley Trent Valley in the north, southbound trains operate to Birmingham International and London Euston. The journey time to Birmingham is around 36 minutes.
On Sundays, trains operate as far south as Coventry.
Cannock Hockey Club is one of the leading field hockey clubs in England, and supplies England internationals.[ citation needed ]
Cannock Chase High School is a non-denominational mixed comprehensive with just over 1000 pupils aged 11–18.
Cardinal Griffin Catholic College is a voluntary aided Roman Catholic secondary school with around 950 pupils aged 11–18.
Chase Grammar School (called Lyncroft House School 1980–1996 then Chase Academy until January 2013) is an independent co-educational boarding school with a day nursery and over 200 pupils up to age 19 including many international students.
South Staffordshire College closed its Cannock Campus in July 2017, but reopened it the following summer as the new Cannock Chase Skills and Innovation Hub with courses starting there from September 2018.
Cannock is twinned with:
East Stour is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England. It lies within the North Dorset administrative district, about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the town of Gillingham. The village is sited half a mile from the east bank of the River Stour in the Blackmore Vale and two miles west of the broadly conical local landmark Duncliffe Hill. Above the west bank of the river, about a mile away, is the village of West Stour. The A30 London to Penzance road passes through the village. In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 573.
Rugeley is a historic market town in the Cannock Chase District of Staffordshire, England.
Burntwood is a former mining town and civil parish, it is now a suburban town of the Lichfield District in Staffordshire, England, approximately 4 miles (6 km) west of Lichfield and north east of Brownhills. The town had a population of 26,049 at the time of the 2011 census and forms part of Lichfield district. The town forms one of the largest urbanised parishes in England. Samuel Johnson opened an academy in nearby Edial in 1736. The town is home to the smallest park in the UK, Prince's Park, which is located next to Christ Church on the junction of Farewell Lane and Church Road. The town expanded in the nineteenth century around the coal mining industry.
The Metropolitan Borough of Walsall is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. It is named after its largest settlement, Walsall, but covers a larger area which also includes Aldridge, Bloxwich, Brownhills, Darlaston, Pelsall and Willenhall. As well as serving as the post town for nearby Cannock Chase District and Lichfield District respectively.
Cannock Chase is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. Its council is based in the town of Cannock; other notable towns are Rugeley and Hednesford. The district covers a large part of the Cannock Chase Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, from which it takes its name.
Hednesford is a market town and civil parish in Staffordshire, England, within Cannock Chase District. It adjoins Cannock Chase to the north, and the town of Cannock to the south.
Charlton Marshall is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset. It lies within the North Dorset administrative district, on the A350 road 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the market town of Blandford Forum. It is sited on a river terrace above the floodplain of the River Stour, with most of the land in the parish stretching south-west over chalk hills. In the 2011 census the number of dwellings recorded within the parish was 513 and the population was 1,156.
Motcombe is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset, England. It lies in the North Dorset administrative district, about 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the town of Shaftesbury. It is sited on Kimmeridge clay soil beneath hills at the edge of the Blackmore Vale. The parish is one of the largest in Dorset. In the 2011 census the parish had 611 dwellings, 564 households and a population of 1,474.
Stourpaine is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England. It is situated in the valley of the River Stour in the North Dorset administrative district, 3 miles (4.8 km) northwest of Blandford Forum. The A350 road, which connects Blandford to Shaftesbury to the north, passes through the village. The chalk hills of Cranborne Chase and the Dorset Downs lie immediately to the north-east and south-west respectively. In the 2011 census the civil parish had 277 dwellings, 265 households and a population of 617.
Tarrant Monkton is a village and civil parish in north Dorset, England, situated in the Tarrant Valley about 4 miles (6.4 km) ENE of Blandford Forum. Within the parish boundary, sited 1.5 miles over hills to the west, lies the major part of Blandford Camp army base. In the 2011 census the parish—including the army base—had a population of 1,986. The village is centred on the All Saints Parish Church, opposite which is the Langton Arms, a public house and restaurant.
The Chase Line is a suburban railway line in the West Midlands region of England. It runs from its southern terminus, Birmingham New Street, to Walsall, and then Rugeley in Staffordshire, where it joins the Trent Valley Line. The name of the line refers to Cannock Chase which it runs through at its northern end.
Cannock Chase is a constituency.
Hazelbury Bryan is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England. It is situated in the Blackmore Vale, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of the small town of Sturminster Newton. The parish includes the hamlets of Droop, Kingston, Parkgate, Pidney, Pleck, Wonston and Woodrow. In the 2011 census the parish had 480 dwellings, 454 households and a population of 1,059.
Rugeley Trent Valley is a railway station located on the outskirts of Rugeley in Staffordshire, England. It is one of two stations serving Rugeley, the other being Rugeley Town. The Trent Valley station is within the Colton parish, on the opposite side of the River Trent from the town of Rugeley. West Midlands Trains operate the station, and all trains serving it.
Cannock railway station serves the town of Cannock in the Cannock Chase, Staffordshire, England. It is situated on the Chase Line. The station and all trains serving it are operated by West Midlands Trains. Unlike other stations on the Chase Line. Cannock station is located further from the town itself. It is actually much closer to the suburbs of Stoney Lea and Hawks Green. The station is over half a mile from the centre of town.
Hednesford railway station the town of Hednesford in the Cannock Chase, Staffordshire, England. The station, and all trains serving it, are operated by West Midlands Railway. It is located central to the town centre. It is also sometimes used as the terminus of certain services on the Chase Line.
Rugeley Town railway station serves the town of Rugeley in the Cannock Chase, Staffordshire, England. The station is operated by West Midlands Railway, with services operated by West Midlands Railway and London Northwestern Railway. The station like Cannock is situated around half a mile from Rugeley town centre. The station is located adjacent to the village of Brereton and Slitting Mill.
Heath Hayes and Wimblebury are two former villages which were historically separate, but now merged and a form a civil parish in the Cannock Chase District of Staffordshire, England. Until the 1980s, the two villages were separate; however an increase in the number of homes being built led to the green fields between the two villages disappearing with the village names subsequently being merged. The status of Heath Hayes has consequently changed from a small village to a larger village with a great population.
The Cannock Built-up Area is an area of land in the central southern part of Staffordshire in the West Midlands region of England defined by the United Kingdom Office for National Statistics (ONS) for population monitoring purposes. It is an urban conurbation centred on Cannock that is covered by the settlements listed in the table below. It is not conterminous with administrative boundaries. Two of the settlements are towns.
Lathom South is a civil parish in the West Lancashire district of Lancashire, England, situated near the towns of Ormskirk and Skelmersdale. The parish council was established in 2007, and the area, which includes the hamlets of Blaguegate and Scarth Hill, has historical ties to the neighbouring parish of Lathom. As of 2011, Lathom South has a population of 657.
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