Cannock

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Cannock
View of Cannock from top of St. Luke's Church Tower - geograph.org.uk - 178960.jpg
Cannock from top of St. Luke's Church Tower
Staffordshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cannock
Location within Staffordshire
Area9.24 km2 (3.57 sq mi)
Population29,018 (2011 Census)
  Density 3,140/km2 (8,100/sq mi)
OS grid reference SJ980101
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CANNOCK
Postcode district WS11
Dialling code 01543
Police Staffordshire
Fire Staffordshire
Ambulance West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire
52°41′28″N2°01′34″W / 52.691086°N 2.026164°W / 52.691086; -2.026164 Coordinates: 52°41′28″N2°01′34″W / 52.691086°N 2.026164°W / 52.691086; -2.026164

Cannock ( /ˈkænək/ ) is a market town and the administrative centre of the Cannock Chase District, as of the 2011 census, it has a population of 29,018 [1] , and is one the most populous towns in the district of Cannock Chase in the county of Staffordshire in the West Midlands region of England. The town alongside Hednesford, Bridgtown and Rugeley form a one district conurbation. Along with other neighbouring villages including Norton Canes, Heath Hayes and Wimblebury, Hazelslade, Brerton and Chadsmoor.

Contents

Cannock lies to the north of the West Midlands conurbation on the M6, A34 and A5 roads, and to the south of Cannock Chase, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Cannock is served by a railway station on the Chase Line. The town comprises four district council electoral wards and the Cannock South ward includes the civil parish of Bridgtown, but the rest of Cannock is unparished.

Cannock forms part of the Cannock Built-up Area (population 200,121 in the 2011 census) [2] which also includes Cheslyn Hay, Great Wyrley, Hednesford, Huntington, Heath Hayes and Wimblebury. [3]

History

Cannock was called Chenet in the Domesday Book of 1086. It was called Chnoc c.1130, Cnot in 1156, Canot in 1157, and Canoc in 1198. Cannock is probably Old English cnocc meaning 'hillock', modified by Norman pronunciation by the insertion of a vowel to Canoc. The name may refer to Shoal Hill, north-west of the town. [4]

Cannock was a small rural community until mining increased heavily during the mid-to-late 19th century. The area then continued to grow rapidly with many industries coming to the area because of its proximity to the Black Country and its coal reserves. Cannock's population continued to increase steadily in the 20th century and its slight fall since the 1981 census has been more than compensated for by house-building in the adjoining village of Heath Hayes. The last colliery to close in the town was Mid Cannock in 1967, [5] and the last remaining colliery to close in the Cannock Chase area was Littleton (in Huntington) in 1993. [6] There is now no heavy industry in the area, and Cannock is home to many commuters working in the surrounding towns and cities.

The "Great Cannock Run", colloquially known as the "Brick Chase" takes place in August each year. Competitors are invited to take part in a number of tasks (including tapestry and calligraphy). It is described in Kevin Troy's book "By Hooker or by Crooker: Tales of Amusement and Despair" as "a gladiatorial duel of wits", and "lightning quick and instantly unforgettable".

Cannock Chase German war cemetery is located nearby containing 4,885 German military dead from the First and Second World Wars. It is managed by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Geography

Cannock is on a south-west facing slope, falling from the highest point on Cannock Chase (244 m) at Castle Ring, to about 148 m in the town centre and 111 m near Wedges Mills. The soil is light with a gravel and clay subsoil, and there are extensive coal measures.

Climate

Cannock has a moderate, temperate climate. See Penkridge weather station for details of average temperature and rainfall figures taken between 1981 and 2010 at the Met Office weather station in Penkridge (around 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Cannock).

Location

Cannock is about 20 miles (30 km) by road north-north-west of Birmingham, 80 miles (130 km) south-south-east of Manchester and 130 miles (210 km) north-west of London. It is 9 to 10 miles (14 to 16 km) by road from many of the nearest towns and cities (Aldridge, Lichfield, Stafford, Walsall, Willenhall and Wolverhampton), but Hednesford (2 miles (3 km)), Burntwood and Penkridge (5 miles (8 km)), Bloxwich and Brownhills (6 miles (10 km)) and Rugeley (7 miles (11 km)) are nearer.

Cities and towns below are in upper case. Only a few of the nearest villages are shown.

Demography

In the decade to 2011 the number of dwellings rose by 7.8% to 13,152. The ward with the biggest increase (16.1%) was Cannock South. [7] [8] Of the town's 12,690 households in the 2011 census, 31.5% were one-person households including 13.9% where that person was 65 or over. 63.6% were one family with no others (9.0% all pensioners, 30.9% married or same-sex civil partnership couples, 12.3% cohabiting couples and 11.3% lone parents). [9] 27.7% of households had dependent children [9] including 5.5% with no adults in employment. [10] 59.3% of households owned their homes outright or with a mortgage or loan. [1]

Of the town's 23,717 residents in the 2011 census aged 16 and over, 33.5% were single (never married), 45.2% married, 0.15% in a registered same-sex civil partnership, 2.6% separated, 10.4% divorced and 8.2% widowed. [11] 33.4% had no formal qualifications and 42.9% had level 2+ qualifications, meaning 5+ GCSEs (grades A*-C) or 1+ 'A' levels/ AS levels (A-E) or equivalent minimum. [12]

72.7% of the 10,509 men aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 45.1% working full-time, 5.6% working part-time and 12.6% self-employed. The male unemployment rate (Male unemployment)(of those economically active) was 9.9%. [13] 60.7% of the 10,724 women aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 26.8% working full-time, 23.5% working part-time and 3.1% self-employed. The female unemployment rate (of those economically active) was 7.5%. [14]

Of people in employment aged 16 to 74, 13.5% worked in basic industries (ONS categories A, B, and D-F including 11.1% in construction), 14.2% in manufacturing, and 72.2% in service industries (ONS categories G-U including 19.5% in wholesale and retail trade and vehicle repair, 11.6% in health and social work, 7.4% in education, 6.2% in transport and storage, 5.8% in public administration, 5.6% in accommodation and catering, and 4.7% in administrative and support service activities). [15] While 27.7% of households did not have access to a car or van, [16] 76.1% of people in employment travelled to work by car or van. [17]

75.5% of residents described their health as good or very good. [1] The proportion who described themselves as White British was 95.6%, with all white ethnic groups making up 97.4% of the population. The ethnic make-up of the rest of the population was 1.0% mixed/multiple ethnic groups, 0.69% Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi, 0.34% Chinese, 0.17% other Asian, 0.35% Black and 0.065% other. [18] 3.1% of Cannock's residents were born outside the United Kingdom. [19]

Media

Cannock has a free weekly local newspaper, the Cannock & Rugeley Chronicle (an edition of the Cannock & Lichfield Chronicle). [20] Another free weekly, the Chase Post (an edition of the Cannock Chase & Burntwood Post), [21] ceased publication in November 2011. [22]

The Express & Star is a paid-for local newspaper, published in Wolverhampton on weekdays. [23] Televised local news is provided through Midlands Today and Central Tonight , which also serve the wider area of the West Midlands.[ citation needed ]

Cannock is served by the national radio stations, and West Midlands "regional" licences Planet Rock, Smooth Radio West Midlands and Heart West Midlands. The town is also covered by Free Radio Black Country and Shropshire on 97.2 and BBC WM on 95.6 FM.[ citation needed ]

Cannock is served by its own community radio station, called Cannock Chase Radio, based in Wynns Venture Centre.[ citation needed ]

Transport

Cannock is located close to the M6, M6 toll and M54 motorways. There is an extensive network of local buses radiating out from Cannock town centre. The town's main bus operator is Arriva Midlands, who operate the majority of services to and from Cannock bus station linking Stafford, Penkridge, Lichfield, Walsall and Rugeley to name a few. Cannock railway station closed in 1965 as part of the Beeching cuts but reopened in 1989.

It reopened in 1989 under British Rail and is part of the Rugeley – Cannock – Walsall – Birmingham line operated by West Midlands Trains. Over the years, usage of this station, and the line overall, have increased to unprecedented levels. Services initially were hourly services between Birmingham New Street and Stafford (cut back to Rugeley Trent Valley in 2008). By 2013, usage had become significant enough to warrant electrification of the railway line.

In April 2019, National Express WM launched a new timetable on their X51 service to run all day linking Cannock with Birmingham for the first time in several years. Previously this was a peak-time only service.

In May 2019, West Midlands Trains began operating electric trains from this station. The vast majority of services are to Rugeley Trent Valley in the north, southbound trains operate to Birmingham International and London Euston. The journey time to Birmingham is around 36 minutes.

On Sundays, trains operate as far south as Coventry.

Sports

Cannock Hockey Club is one of the leading field hockey clubs in England, and supplies England internationals.[ citation needed ]

Education

Cannock Chase High School is a non-denominational mixed comprehensive with just over 1000 pupils aged 11–18.

Cardinal Griffin Catholic College is a voluntary aided Roman Catholic secondary school with around 950 pupils aged 11–18.

Chase Grammar School (called Lyncroft House School 1980–1996 then Chase Academy until January 2013) is an independent co-educational boarding school with a day nursery and over 200 pupils up to age 19 including many international students.

South Staffordshire College closed its Cannock Campus in July 2017, but reopened it the following summer as the new Cannock Chase Skills and Innovation Hub with courses starting there from September 2018.

Notable people

Walter Colman Walter Coleman.jpg
Walter Colman
Sir Patrick McLoughlin, 2017 Official portrait of Sir Patrick McLoughlin crop 2.jpg
Sir Patrick McLoughlin, 2017


Writing

Music

Glenn Hughes, 2012 Glenn Hughes 2012.jpg
Glenn Hughes, 2012

Sport

Jim Rhodes, 2010 Jim Rhodes.JPG
Jim Rhodes, 2010
Dave Norton, 2007 Norton, Dave.jpg
Dave Norton, 2007

Twin town

Cannock is twinned with: [29]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Cannock Chase District Non-metropolitan district in England

Cannock Chase is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. Its council is based in the town of Cannock; other notable towns are Rugeley and Hednesford. The district covers a large part of the Cannock Chase Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, from which it takes its name.

Hednesford town in Staffordshire, England

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Heath Hayes and Wimblebury town in Cannock Chase, United Kindom


Heath Hayes and Wimblebury are two former villages which were historically separate, but now merged and a form a civil parish in the Cannock Chase District of Staffordshire, England. Until the 1980s, the two villages were separate; however an increase in the number of homes being built led to the green fields between the two villages disappearing with the village names subsequently being merged. The status of Heath Hayes has consequently changed from a small village to a larger village with a great population.

The Cannock Built-up Area is an area of land in the central southern part of Staffordshire in the West Midlands region of England defined by the United Kingdom Office for National Statistics (ONS) for population monitoring purposes. It is an urban conurbation centred on Cannock that is covered by the settlements listed in the table below. It is not conterminous with administrative boundaries. Two of the settlements are towns.

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