USS Cannon (DE-99)
|Active:||1 (Royal Thai Navy)|
|Length:||93.3 m (306 ft)|
|Beam:||11 m (36 ft)|
|Draft:||3.5 m (11 ft) full load|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h)|
|Range:||10,800 nautical miles (20,000 km; 12,400 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h)|
The Cannon class was a class of destroyer escorts built by the United States primarily for ocean antisubmarine warfare escort service during World War II. The lead ship, USS Cannon, was commissioned on 26 September 1943 at Wilmington, Delaware. Of the 116 ships ordered, 44 were cancelled and six were commissioned directly into the Free French Forces. Destroyer escorts were regular companions escorting the vulnerable cargo ships.
With the decommissioning of the Philippine Navy's BRP Rajah Humabon (PS-11) in March 2018, and that of HTMS Pin Klao (DE-1) of the Royal Thai Navy, in the September 2008 no ship of this class is in commission.
The class was also known as the DET type from their diesel electric tandem drives.The DET's substitution for a turboelectric propulsion plant was the primary difference with the predecessor Buckley ("TE") class. The DET was, in turn, replaced with a direct-drive diesel plant to yield the design of the successor Edsall ("FMR") class.
A total of 72 ships of the Cannon class were built.
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During World War II, six ships of the class were earmarked for the Free French Naval Forces and a further eight were transferred the Brazilian Navy.
After the end of World War II, the United States Navy transferred many ships of the Cannon class to other navies.
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Decommissioned||Fate|
|Cannon||DE-99||Dravo Corporation, Wilmington, Delaware||14 November 1942||25 May 1943||26 September 1943||19 December 1944||to Brazil 19 December 1944 as Baependi; scrapped 1975|
|Christopher||DE-100||7 December 1942||19 June 1943||23 October 1943||19 December 1944||to Brazil 19 December 1944 as Benevente; scrapped 1964|
|Alger||DE-101||2 January 1943||8 July 1943||12 November 1943||10 March 1945||to Brazil 10 March 1945 as Babitonga; scrapped 1964|
|Thomas||DE-102||16 January 1943||31 July 1943||21 November 1943||13 March 1946||Completed at Norfolk Navy Yard. To Taiwan as Taihe (DE-23) 29 October 1948; scrapped 1972|
|Bostwick||DE-103||6 February 1943||30 August 1943||1 December 1943||30 April 1946||to Taiwan as Taicang (DE-25) 14 December 1948; scrapped 1972|
|Breeman||DE-104||20 March 1943||4 September 1943||12 December 1943||26 April 1946||Completed at Norfolk Navy Yard. To Taiwan as Taihu (DE-24) 29 October 1948; scrapped 1972|
|Burrows||DE-105||24 March 1943||2 October 1943||19 December 1943||14 June 1946||to the Netherlands as Van Amstel (F806) 1 June 1950; scrapped 1968|
|Carter||DE-112||19 November 1943||29 February 1944||3 May 1944||10 April 1946||to Taiwan Taizhao (DE-26) 14 December 1948; scrapped 1973|
|Clarence L. Evans||DE-113||23 December 1943||22 March 1944||25 June 1944||29 May 1947||Transferred to France as Berbère (F723) 29 March 1952; scrapped 1960|
|Levy||DE-162||Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Port Newark, New Jersey||19 October 1942||28 March 1943||13 May 1943||4 April 1947||Struck from Navy List 2 August 1973, sold for scrap 17 July 1974|
|McConnell||DE-163||19 October 1942||28 March 1943||28 May 1943||29 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972, sold for scrap 21 March 1974|
|Osterhaus||DE-164||11 November 1942||18 April 1943||12 June 1943||26 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 November 1972, sold for scrap 30 May 1974|
|Parks||DE-165||11 November 1942||18 April 1943||22 June 1943||March 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973|
|Baron||DE-166||30 November 1942||9 May 1943||5 July 1943||26 April 1946||to Uruguay as Uruguay (DE-1) 3 May 1952; scrapped 1990|
|Acree||DE-167||30 November 1942||9 May 1943||19 July 1943||1 April 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 19 July 1973|
|Amick||DE-168||30 November 1942||27 May 1943||26 July 1943||16 May 1947||to Japan as Asahi (DE-262) 14 June 1955; returned 1975. Transferred to the Philippines as Datu Sikatuna (PF-5); scrapped 1989|
|Atherton||DE-169||14 January 1943||27 May 1943||29 August 1943||10 December 1945||to Japan as Hatsuhi (DE-263) 14 June 1955; returned 1975. Transferred to the Philippines as Rajah Humabon (PF-11); retired in 2018|
|Booth||DE-170||30 January 1943||21 June 1943||19 September 1943||14 June 1946||to the Philippines as Datu Kalantiaw (PF-76/FF-170) 15 December 1967. Lost during Typhoon Clara 21 September 1981|
|Carroll||DE-171||30 January 1943||21 June 1943||24 October 1943||19 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1965, sold for scrap 29 December 1966|
|Cooner||DE-172||22 February 1943||25 July 1943||21 August 1943||25 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973|
|Eldridge||DE-173||22 February 1943||25 July 1943||27 August 1943||17 June 1946||to Greece 15 January 1951, renamed Leon (D-54); scrapped 1999|
|Marts||DE-174||26 April 1943||8 August 1943||3 September 1943||20 March 1945||to Brazil 20 March 1945 as Bocaina (D-22); scrapped 1975|
|Pennewill||DE-175||26 April 1943||8 August 1943||15 September 1943||1 August 1944||to Brazil 1 August 1944 as Bertioga (D-21); scrapped 1975|
|Micka||DE-176||3 May 1943||22 August 1943||23 September 1943||14 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1965, sold for scrap 15 May 1967|
|Reybold||DE-177||3 May 1943||22 August 1943||29 September 1943||15 August 1944||to Brazil 15 August 1944 as Bracui (D-18); scrapped 1972|
|Herzog||DE-178||17 May 1943||5 September 1943||6 October 1943||1 August 1944||to Brazil 1 August 1944 as Beberibe (D-23); scrapped 1968|
|McAnn||DE-179||17 May 1943||5 September 1943||11 October 1943||15 August 1944||to Brazil 15 August 1944 as Bauru; museum ship in Rio de Janeiro|
|Trumpeter||DE-180||7 June 1943||19 September 1943||16 October 1943||5 December 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sold for scrap 18 June 1974|
|Straub||DE-181||7 June 1943||19 September 1943||25 October 1943||17 October 1947||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sold for scrap 17 July 1974|
|Gustafson||DE-182||5 July 1943||3 October 1943||1 November 1943||26 June 1946||to the Netherlands as Van Ewijk (F808) 23 October 1950; scrapped 1968|
|Samuel S. Miles (ex-Miles)||DE-183||5 July 1943||3 October 1943||4 November 1943||28 March 1946||to France as Arabe (F717) 12 August 1950; scrapped 1968|
|Wesson||DE-184||29 July 1943||17 October 1943||11 November 1943||25 July 1946||to Italy as Andromeda (F592) 10 January 1951; scrapped 1972|
|Riddle||DE-185||29 July 1943||17 October 1943||17 November 1943||8 June 1946||to France as Kabyle (F718) 12 August 1950; scrapped 1959|
|Swearer||DE-186||12 August 1943||31 October 1943||24 November 1943||25 February 1946||to France as Bambara (F719) 16 September 1950; scrapped 1959|
|Stern||DE-187||12 August 1943||31 October 1943||1 December 1943||16 April 1946||to the Netherlands as Van Zijll (F811) 1 March 1951; scrapped 1968|
|O'Neill||DE-188||26 August 1943||14 November 1943||6 December 1943||2 May 1946||to the Netherlands as Du Bois (F809) 23 October 1950; scrapped 1968|
|Bronstein||DE-189||26 August 1943||14 November 1943||13 December 1943||5 November 1945||to Uruguay as Artigas (DE-2) 3 May 1952; scrapped 1988|
|Baker (ex-Raby)||DE-190||9 September 1943||28 November 1943||23 December 1943||4 March 1946||to France as Malgache (F724) 29 March 1952; sunk as target 1970|
|Coffman||DE-191||9 September 1943||28 November 1943||27 December 1943||30 April 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 17 August 1973|
|Eisner||DE-192||23 September 1943||12 December 1943||1 January 1944||15 July 1946||to the Netherlands as De Zeeuw (F810) 1 March 1951; scrapped 1968|
|Garfield Thomas (ex-William G. Thomas)||DE-193||23 September 1943||12 December 1943||24 January 1944||27 March 1947||to Greece as Panthir (D-67) 15 January 1951; out of service 1991, scrapped|
|Wingfield||DE-194||7 October 1943||30 December 1943||28 January 1944||26 August 1947||to France as Sakalave (F720) 15 September 1950; scrapped 1960|
|Thornhill||DE-195||7 October 1943||30 December 1943||1 February 1944||17 June 1947||to Italy as Aldebaran (F590) 10 January 1951; scrapped 1976|
|Rinehart||DE-196||21 October 1943||9 January 1944||12 February 1944||17 July 1946||to the Netherlands as De Bitter (F807) 1 June 1950; scrapped 1968|
|Roche||DE-197||21 October 1943||9 January 1944||21 February 1944||N/A||Damaged by sea mine northwest of Eniwetok 22 August 1945; not repaired and sunk off Yokosuka 11 March 1946.|
|Bangust||DE-739||Western Pipe and Steel Company, San Pedro, California||11 February 1943||6 June 1943||30 October 1943||17 November 1946||Transferred to Peru as Castilla (F-61) 21 February 1952; scrapped 1979|
|Waterman||DE-740||24 February 1943||20 June 1943||30 November 1943||31 May 1946||to Peru as Aguirre (DE-62) 21 February 1952; sunk as target 1974|
|Weaver||DE-741||13 March 1943||4 July 1943||31 December 1943||29 May 1947||to Peru as Rodriguez 21 February 1952; scrapped 1979|
|Hilbert||DE-742||23 March 1943||18 July 1943||4 February 1944||19 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973|
|Lamons||DE-743||10 April 1943||1 August 1943||29 February 1944||14 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973|
|Kyne||DE-744||16 April 1943||15 August 1943||4 April 1944||14 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973|
|21 November 1950||17 June 1960|
|Snyder||DE-745||28 April 1943||29 August 1943||5 May 1944||5 May 1960||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973|
|Hemminger||DE-746||5 May 1943||12 September 1943||30 May 1944||17 June 1946||Transferred to Thailand as Pin Klao (DE-1) 22 July 1959.|
|1 December 1950||21 February 1958|
|Bright||DE-747||9 June 1943||26 September 1943||30 June 1944||19 April 1946||Transferred to France as Touareg (F721) 11 November 1950; scrapped 1965|
|Tills||DE-748||23 June 1943||3 October 1943||8 August 1944||14 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968. Sunk as target on 3 April 1969|
|21 November 1950||18 October 1959|
|1 October 1961||23 September 1968|
|Roberts||DE-749||7 July 1943||14 November 1943||2 September 1944||21 September 1968||Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sunk as target in November 1971|
|McClelland||DE-750||21 July 1943||28 November 1943||19 September 1944||15 May 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973|
|14 July 1950||12 September 1960|
|Cates||DE-763||Tampa Shipbuilding Company, Tampa, Florida||1 March 1943||10 October 1943||15 December 1943||28 March 1947||to France as Soudanais (F722) 11 November 1950; scrapped 1959|
|Gandy||DE-764||1 March 1943||12 December 1943||7 February 1944||17 June 1946||to Italy as Altair (F591) 10 January 1951; sunk as target 1971|
|Earl K. Olsen||DE-765||9 March 1943||13 February 1944||10 April 1944||17 June 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973|
|21 November 1950||25 February 1958|
|Slater||DE-766||9 March 1943||13 February 1944||1 May 1944||26 September 1947||to Greece as Aetos (D-01) 1 March 1951; retired 1991. Since 1993 museum ship in Albany, New York|
|Oswald||DE-767||1 April 1943||25 April 1944||12 June 1944||30 April 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973|
|Ebert||DE-768||1 April 1943||11 May 1944||12 July 1944||14 June 1946||to Greece as Ierax (D-31) 1 March 1951; sunk as target 2002|
|Neal A. Scott||DE-769||1 June 1943||4 June 1944||31 July 1944||30 April 1946||Struck from Navy List 1 June 1968, sold for scrap in July 1969|
|Muir||DE-770||1 June 1943||4 June 1944||30 August 1944||September 1947||to South Korean as Kyongki (F-71) 2 February 1956; to the Philippines for spare parts 1977|
|Sutton||DE-771||23 August 1943||6 August 1944||22 December 1944||19 March 1948||to South Korean as Kang Won (F-72) 2 February 1956; to the Philippines for spare parts 1977|
Destroyer escort (DE) was the United States Navy mid-20th-century classification for a 20-knot (23 mph) warship designed with endurance to escort mid-ocean convoys of merchant marine ships. Kaibōkan were designed for a similar role in the Imperial Japanese Navy. The Royal Navy and Commonwealth forces identified such warships as frigates, and that classification was widely accepted when the United States redesignated destroyer escorts as frigates (FF) in 1975. From circa 1954 until 1975 new-build US Navy ships designated as destroyer escorts (DE) were called ocean escorts. Destroyer escorts, frigates, and kaibōkan were mass-produced for World War II as a less expensive antisubmarine warfare alternative to fleet destroyers. Other similar warships include the 10 Kriegsmarine escort ships of the F-class and the two Amiral Murgescu-class vessels of the Romanian Navy.
The Buckley-class destroyer escorts were 102 destroyer escorts launched in the United States in 1943–44. They served in World War II as convoy escorts and anti-submarine warfare ships. The lead ship was USS Buckley which was launched on 9 January 1943. The ships had General Electric steam turbo-electric transmission. The ships were prefabricated at various factories in the United States, and the units brought together in the shipyards, where they were welded together on the slipways.
The Edsall-class destroyer escorts were destroyer escorts built primarily for ocean antisubmarine escort service during World War II. The lead ship, USS Edsall, was commissioned on 10 April 1943 at Orange, Texas. The class was also known as the FMR type from their Fairbanks-Morse reduction-geared diesel drive, with a type of engine used in the submarines of the time. The FMR's substitution for a diesel-electric power plant was the essential difference from the predecessor Cannon ("DET") class. This was the only World War II destroyer escort class in which all the ships originally ordered were completed as United States Navy destroyer escorts. Destroyer escorts were regular companions escorting the vulnerable cargo ships. Late in the war, plans were made to replace the 3-inch (76 mm) guns with 5-inch (127 mm) guns, but only Camp was refitted. In total, all 85 were completed by two shipbuilding companies: Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas (47), and Brown Shipbuilding, Houston, Texas (38). Most were en route to the Pacific Theater when Japan surrendered. One of the ships participated in Operation Dragoon and two were attacked by German guided missiles.
USS Atherton (DE-169), a Cannon-class destroyer escort, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Lt. (jg) John McDougal Atherton, who died when USS Meredith sank near Guadalcanal during World War II.
USS Amick (DE-168) was a Cannon-class destroyer escort built for the United States Navy during World War II. She served in the Atlantic Ocean and then the Pacific Ocean and provided escort service against submarine and air attack for Navy vessels and convoys.
USS Hemminger (DE-746) was a Cannon-class destroyer escort built for the United States Navy during World War II. She served in the Pacific Ocean and provided escort service against submarine and air attack for Navy vessels and convoys. She was named in honor of Cyril Franklin Hemminger who was killed during the Battle of Savo Island.
USS Ebert (DE-768) was a Cannon-class destroyer escort built for the United States Navy during World War II. She served in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and provided escort service against submarine and air attack for Navy vessels and convoys.
The BRP Dagupan City (LS-551) is the second and last ship of two Bacolod City class logistics support vessel, and is based on a helicopter capable variant of the US Army Frank S. Besson class. She is also considered as one of the most modern transport ships in the Philippine Navy, having been commissioned during the early 1990s. She was previously known as BRP Dagupan City (LC-551) prior to a classification change implemented by the Philippine Navy starting April 2016
The BRP Rajah Humabon (PS-11) is a former destroyer escort of the United States Navy and a former frigate of the Philippine Navy. It was the last World War II-era destroyer escort/frigate active in its fleet, and one of the oldest active warships in the world, until 15 March 2018 when it was formally decommissioned after 75 years. She was one of three ex-USN Cannon-class destroyer escorts that served the Philippine Navy, the others being BRP Datu Sikatuna (PF-5/PS-77) and BRP Datu Kalantiaw (PS-76).
BRP Datu Kalantiaw (PS-76) was the first of three ex-USN Cannon-class destroyer escorts that served with the Philippine Navy, the others being BRP Datu Sikatuna (PS-77/PF-5) and BRP Rajah Humabon (PS-78/PF-11). She was also the flagship of the Philippine Navy from 1967 to 1981.
BRP Miguel Malvar (PS-19) is the lead ship of the Miguel Malvar class of corvettes of the Philippine Navy. She was originally built as USS Brattleboro PCE(R)-852, a PCE(R)-848-class rescue patrol craft escort for the United States Navy during World War II. She was acquired by the Philippine Navy in April 1976 and later on commissioned as Miguel Malvar after Miguel Malvar y Carpio. The ship is in active service. Along with other World War II-era ships of the Philippine Navy, Miguel Malvar is one of the oldest active fighting ships in the world today.
BRP Sultan Kudarat (PS-22) was a Miguel Malvar-class corvette of the Philippine Navy. She was originally built as USS PCE-881, a PCE-842-class patrol craft for the United States Navy during World War II. She was acquired by the Philippine Navy on April 1976, and was commissioned later on as RPS Sultan Kudarat (PS-22). The ship is in active service. Along with other World War II-era ships of the Philippine Navy, Sultan Kudarat was considered as one of the oldest active fighting ships in the world, until her retirement in 05 July 2019.
The BRP Datu Sikatuna (PF-5) was one of the three ex-USN Cannon-class destroyer escorts that served with the Philippine Navy, the others being BRP Datu Kalantiaw (PS-76) and BRP Rajah Humabon (PF-11).
BRP Cebu (PS-28) was a Miguel Malvar-class corvette of the Philippine Navy. She was originally built as USS PCE-881, a PCE-842-class patrol craft for the United States Navy during World War II and patrolled the Alaskan coast during that war. She was decommissioned from the U.S. Navy and transferred to the Philippine Navy in July 1948 and renamed RPS Cebu (E-28) after the Philippine province of the same name. The ship was decommissioned on October 1, 2019. Along with other World War II-era ships of the Philippine Navy, Cebu was considered as one of the oldest active fighting ships in the world.
BRP Iloilo (PS-32) was a Miguel Malvar-class corvette of the Philippine Navy. She was originally built as USS PCE-897, a PCE-842-class patrol craft for the United States Navy during World War II. She was decommissioned from the U.S. Navy and transferred to the Philippine Navy in July 1948 and renamed RPS Iloilo (E-32) after the Philippine province of the same name. The ship is in active service. Along with other World War II-era ships of the Philippine Navy, Iloilo was considered as one of the oldest active fighting ships in the world, being in continuously in service for 68 years.
BRP Rajah Lakandula (PF-4) was a destroyer escort / frigate of the Philippine Navy, and was its only ex-USN Edsall-class destroyer escort. She was also the flagship of the Philippine Navy from 1981 to 1988.
The Van Amstel-class was a class of 6 frigates that were built during the Second World War in the United States and served as destroyer Escort during that war. After the war the destroyer escorts were loaned to the Dutch navy as part of the MDAP and from 1950 to 1967 served as the Van Amstel-class frigates.
Hova, was a frigate in the Free French Naval Forces during World War II and the French Navy post-war. The ship was originally built as USS Hova (DE-110), an American Cannon-class destroyer escort.
The Cannon class was very similar in design to the Buckley class, the primary difference being a diesel-electric power plant instead of the Buckley class's turboelectric design. The fuel-efficient diesel-electric plant greatly improved the range of the Cannon class, but at the cost of speed.
Except for the propulsion, the EDSALL class was nearly identical to the CANNON class in every respect. This fourth class of destroyer escorts mounted a direct-drive diesel configuration that proved to be extremely reliable.
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