Cannon Street

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Cannon Street
Cannon Street (W).png
Looking west towards St. Paul's Cathedral, close to the entrance to Cannon Street station (2006)
Former name(s) Candelwrichstrete, Candlewick Street, Canwick Street, Cannik Street, Cannin Street
Length 0.5 mi (0.8 km)
Location London, United Kingdom
Postal code EC4
Nearest train station National Rail logo.svg Underground no-text.svg Cannon Street
Underground no-text.svg Mansion House
East end King William Street
West end St. Paul's Churchyard

Cannon Street is a road in the City of London, the historic nucleus of London and its modern financial centre. It runs roughly parallel with the River Thames, about 250 metres (820 ft) north of it, in the south of the City.

Contents

It is the site of the ancient London Stone and gave its name to Cannon Street station, a mainline railway terminus and connected London Underground station.

Etymology

The area around Cannon Street was initially the place of residence of the candle-makers. The name first appears as Candelwrichstrete (i.e. "Candlewright Street") in 1190. [1] The name was shortened over 60 times [1] as a result of the local cockney dialect and settled on Cannon Street in the 17th century, [2] and is therefore not related to the firearms.

A Cannon Street in Birmingham, according to the archives of Birmingham Central Library, is named after the London street.

Overview

In the west, Cannon Street starts at St Paul's Churchyard outside St Paul's Cathedral; running east it meets Queen Victoria Street near Mansion House Underground station, passing Cannon Street station, and finally meets King William Street and Gracechurch Street near Monument tube station.

Cannon Street pictured in 1987. View westward toward St Paul's. Cannon Street - geograph.org.uk - 478706.jpg
Cannon Street pictured in 1987. View westward toward St Paul's.

In the late 19th century Cannon Street was occupied by large wholesale warehouses, especially of cotton goods and other fabrics. [3]

London Stone, a historic landmark of uncertain origin, was originally situated in the middle of Cannon Street, opposite St Swithin's Church. It was later set into the wall of the church, [3] and now rests in a Portland stone casing on the north side of the street, opposite Cannon Street station.

The Roman praetorium , or "governor's palace", may also have been located in this area, between the principal street of Roman Londinium and the River Thames. The remains of a very large high status building were found with a garden, water pools and several large halls, some of them decorated with mosaic floors. The plan of the building is only partly preserved, but was erected in the second part of the 1st century and was in use until around 300, rebuilt and renovated several times.

Singer Marc Almond suffered a near-fatal crash in this street in 2004, whilst riding pillion on a motorcycle.

Where Queen Street crosses Cannon Street there is a pedestrian-priority "Central Plaza" area. This was part of an award-winning public realm improvement scheme undertaken in 2006. [4]

Cannon Street formed part of the marathon course of the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. [5] [6]

Cannon Street has eight pubs (as of 2012) in and around the area which is one of the largest [7] concentrations in the City of London.

Cannon Street also appeared in scene VI of William Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2 . [8]

Cannon Street station is served by the District and Circle lines on the London Underground and also by Southeastern mainline rail services. The street is also the location of Mansion House Underground station, also on the District and Circle lines.

London Buses routes 15, 17, 521 and night route N15 serve Cannon Street. [9]

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Puddle Dock

Puddle Dock is a street in Blackfriars in the City of London. It was once the site of one of London's docks, and was later the site of the Mermaid Theatre. The dock was filled in during redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s.

Lime Street, London

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Great Tower Street

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Queen Victoria Street, London

Queen Victoria Street, named after the British monarch who reigned from 1837 to 1901, is a street in London which runs east by north from its junction with New Bridge Street and Victoria Embankment in the Castle Baynard ward of the City of London, along a section that divides the wards of Queenhithe and Bread Street, then lastly through the middle of Cordwainer ward, until it reaches Mansion House Street at Bank junction. Beyond Bank junction, the street continues north-east as Threadneedle Street which joins Bishopsgate. Other streets linked to Queen Victoria Street include Puddle Dock, Cannon Street, Walbrook and Poultry.

St Mary Woolchurch Haw Church in London, England

St Mary Woolchurch Haw was a parish church in the City of London, destroyed in the Great Fire of London of 1666 and not rebuilt. It came within the ward of Walbrook.

Queen Street, London

Queen Street is a street in the City of London which runs between Upper Thames Street at its southern end to Cheapside in the north. The thoroughfares of Queen Street and King Street were newly laid out, cutting across more ancient routes in the City, following the Great Fire of London in 1666; they were the only notable new streets following the fire's destruction of much of the City.

Strand Campus Campus of Kings College London

The Strand Campus is the founding campus of King's College London and is located on the Strand in the City of Westminster, sharing its frontage along the River Thames. The original campus comprises the Grade I listed King's Building of 1831 designed by Sir Robert Smirke, and the college chapel, redesigned in 1864 by Sir George Gilbert Scott with the subsequent purchase of much of adjacent Surrey Street since the Second World War and the 1972 Strand Building. The Macadam Building of 1975 previously housed the Strand Campus Students' Union and is named after King's alumnus Sir Ivison Macadam, first President of the National Union of Students.

Bank Junction

Bank Junction is a major road junction in the City of London, the historic and financial centre of London, at which nine streets converge and where traffic is controlled by traffic lights and give-way lines. It is named after the nearby Bank of England. Directly underneath it is one of the ticket halls of Bank station, one of the busiest stations on the London Underground.

References

  1. 1 2 Loius Zettersten, "City Street Names", (1926)
  2. Smith, A., Dictionary of City of London Street Names, (1970), David & Charles
  3. 1 2 Dickens, Charles, Jr. "Cannon Street". Dickens's Dictionary of London . Retrieved 22 August 2007.
  4. City of London Corporation Queen Street public realm
  5. IOC. "London 2012 marathon men Results - Olympic athletics". Olympics.com. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  6. IOC. "London 2012 marathon women Results - Olympic athletics". Olympics.com. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  7. "Cannon Street pubs and bars; pubs in Cannon Street". beerintheevening.com. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  8. "SCENE VI. London. Cannon Street". shakespeare.mit.edu. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  9. Matters, Transport for London | Every Journey. "Keeping London moving". Transport for London. Retrieved 27 July 2021.

Further reading

Coordinates: 51°30′43″N0°5′31″W / 51.51194°N 0.09194°W / 51.51194; -0.09194