Canton, Ohio

Last updated
Canton, Ohio
City of Canton
Canton Ohio.jpg
Canton, Ohio Skyline
Canton Ohio 1805 Flag.png
Hall of Fame City
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of Stark County Ohio Highlighting Canton City.png
Location of Canton in Stark County
Coordinates: 40°48′18″N81°22′33″W / 40.80500°N 81.37583°W / 40.80500; -81.37583 Coordinates: 40°48′18″N81°22′33″W / 40.80500°N 81.37583°W / 40.80500; -81.37583
CountryUnited States
State Ohio
County Stark
Incorporated1815 (village)
1854 (city)
  Type Mayor–council
  MayorThomas Bernabei (I) [1]
   City Council
Members' List
   City 26.17 sq mi (67.78 km2)
  Land26.15 sq mi (67.73 km2)
  Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
1,060 ft (323 m)
 (2020) [3]
   City 70,872
  Density2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
279,245 (US: 135th)
395,900 (US: 136th)
3,485,691 (US: 18th)
Demonym(s) Cantonian
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code/Area code 330 & 234
FIPS code 39-12000
GNIS feature ID1048580 [4]

Canton ( /ˈkæntən/ ) is a city in and the county seat of Stark County, Ohio, United States. [5] It is located approximately 60 miles (97 km) south of Cleveland [6] and 20 miles (32 km) south of Akron in Northeast Ohio. The city lies on the edge of Ohio's extensive Amish country, particularly in Holmes and Wayne counties to the city's west and southwest. Canton is the largest municipality in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Stark and Carroll counties. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 70,872, [7] making Canton eighth among Ohio cities in population.


Founded in 1805 alongside the Middle and West Branches of Nimishillen Creek, Canton became a heavy manufacturing center because of its numerous railroad lines. However, its status in that regard began to decline during the late 20th century, as shifts in the manufacturing industry led to the relocation or downsizing of many factories and workers. After this decline, the city's industry diversified into the service economy, including retailing, education, finance and healthcare.

Canton is chiefly notable for being the home of the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the birthplace of the National Football League. 25th U.S. President William McKinley conducted the famed front porch campaign, which won him the presidency of the United States in the 1896 election, from his home in Canton. The McKinley National Memorial and the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum commemorate his life and presidency. Canton was also chosen as the site of the First Ladies National Historic Site largely in honor of his wife, Ida Saxton McKinley.

Beginning in 2015, Canton began experiencing an urban renaissance, anchored by its growing and thriving arts district [8] centrally located in the downtown area. Several historic buildings have been rehabilitated and converted into upscale lofts, attracting hundreds of new downtown residents into the city. [9] Furthering this downtown development, in June 2016, Canton became one of the first cities in Ohio to allow the open consumption of alcoholic beverages in a "designated outdoor refreshment area" pursuant to a state law enacted in 2015 (Sub. H.B. No. 47). [10] [11]


William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum Mckinley museum wiki.jpg
William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum


Canton was founded in 1805, incorporated as a village in 1822, and re-incorporated as a city in 1838. [12]

The plat of Canton was recorded at New Lisbon, Ohio, on November 15, 1805, by Bezaleel Wells, a surveyor and devout Episcopalian from Maryland born January 28, 1763. Canton was likely named as a memorial to Captain John O'Donnell, an Irish merchant marine with the British East India Trading Company whom Wells admired. O'Donnell named his estate in Maryland after the Chinese city Canton (a traditional English name for Guangzhou) as he had been the first person to transport goods from there to Baltimore. [13] The name selected by Wells may also have been influenced by the Huguenot use of the word "canton," which meant a division of a district containing several communes. [14]

Through Wells' efforts and promotion, Canton was designated the county seat of Stark County upon its division from Columbiana County on January 1, 1809.

Home of President William McKinley and his "Front-Porch" campaign

William McKinley National Monument William Mckinley Monument Canton OH.JPG
William McKinley National Monument

Canton was the adopted home of President William McKinley. Born in Niles, McKinley first practiced law in Canton around 1867, and was prosecuting attorney of Stark County from 1869 to 1871. The city was his home during his successful campaign for Ohio governor, the site of his front-porch presidential campaign of 1896 and the campaign of 1900. [16] Canton is now the site of the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum and the McKinley National Memorial, dedicated in 1907.

Eugene V. Debs' anti-war speech at Nimisilla Park

On June 16, 1918, Eugene V. Debs delivered the keynote speech at the annual Ohio Socialist Convention held in Canton's Nimisilla Park. [17] [18] At the time, Debs had been a four-time candidate for president and was considered the country's leading socialist and labor organizer. During his speech he decried America's involvement in the First World War, saying, “They have always taught you that it is your patriotic duty to go to war and slaughter yourselves at their command. You have never had a voice in the war. The working class who make the sacrifices, who shed the blood, have never yet had a voice in declaring war.” [19]

Eugene V. Debs speaking in Canton, Ohio in 1918 Debs Canton 1918 large.jpg
Eugene V. Debs speaking in Canton, Ohio in 1918

Among Debs' audience at Nimisilla Park were agents of the U.S. Department of Justice. The year before his speech, and a month following the American entry into the First World War, President Woodrow Wilson signed the Espionage Act of 1917 into law. This Act made it a federal crime to interfere with, among other things, the Selective Service Act or military draft.

On June 30, 1918, Debs was arrested and charged with, among other things, “unlawfully, willfully and feloniously cause and attempt to cause and incite and attempt to incite, insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny and refusal of duty, in the military and naval forces of the United States.” Debs' trial began on September 10, 1918, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. On September 12, 1918, a jury found Debs guilty. He was sentenced to ten years in prison.

On March 10, 1919, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the constitutionality of Debs' conviction in Debs v. United States . [20] Debs began serving his prison sentence on April 13, 1919. He remained incarcerated until September 25, 1921, when he was released after President Warren Harding commuted his sentence to time served.

The U.S. Supreme Court's decision affirming Debs' conviction was sharply criticized by legal scholars at the time and is generally regarded as a low-point in First Amendment jurisprudence. [21] While Debs’ speech in Canton and subsequent conviction ultimately aided Debs in delivering the Socialist Party's antiwar platform, his age and the deleterious effects of prison exhausted his ability as an orator. Debs died of heart failure on October 20, 1926.

In June 2017 Canton applied for and received a historic marker from the Ohio History Connection, formerly the Ohio Historical Society, to commemorate Debs' speech at Nimisilla Park and other historic events reflecting the park's importance as a gathering place for the community. [22]

Dueber-Hampden Watch Company

The Dueber-Hampden Watch Company was an important employer in Canton during the early 1920s. It formally organized in 1923, having previously consisted of two separate companies: the Dueber Watch Case Company and the Hampden Watch Company. In 1886, John Dueber, the owner of the Dueber Watch Case Company, purchased a controlling interest in the Hampden Watch Company. In 1888, he relocated the Hampden Watch Company from Springfield, Massachusetts and the Dueber Watch Case Company from Newport, Kentucky to Canton, Ohio. These two companies shared manufacturing facilities in Canton but remained two separate companies.

Dueber-Hampden Watch Company, 1907 Dueber-Hampden Watch Factory - Canton.png
Dueber-Hampden Watch Company, 1907

The Dueber Watch Case Company and the Hampden Watch Company quickly became two of Canton's largest employers. In 1888, the companies' first year in Canton, they employed 2,300 Canton residents. In 1890, Canton's population was 26,337. Thanks to these two companies, Canton became an important center for watch manufacturing in the United States. [23]

In 1927 the company went bankrupt, finally ceasing operations in the city in 1930. The machinery and tools were sold to the Amtorg Trading Corporation, one of Soviet Russia's buying agencies in the US, for $329.000. The company's massive brick factories, which covered more than 20 acres and included an ornate 150-foot clock tower, were demolished to accommodate the construction of Interstate 77. [24]

Timken Roller Bearing Company

Timken Roller Bearing Co., 1922 Timken Roller Bearing Co. (16100734127).jpg
Timken Roller Bearing Co., 1922

The Timken Company has been among the largest employers in Canton for nearly 100 years.

In 1898, Henry Timken obtained a patent for the tapered roller bearing, and in 1899 incorporated as the Timken Roller Bearing Axle Company in St. Louis. In 1901, the company moved to Canton as the automobile industry began to overtake the carriage industry. Timken and his two sons chose this location because of its proximity to the American car manufacturing centers of Detroit and Cleveland and the American steel-making centers of Pittsburgh and Cleveland. By 1960, Timken had operations in the U.S., Canada, Great Britain, France, South Africa, Australia and Brazil. [25]

French-Norman Revival Home in the Ridgewood Historic District Obermeier House.jpg
French-Norman Revival Home in the Ridgewood Historic District

The company changed its corporate structure in 2014; the roller bearing-producing part of the company was separated from the steel-producing part of the company, resulting in two separate companies. The Timken Company continues to manufacture roller bearings, while TimkenSteel produces steel. [26]

Today, TimkenSteel remains headquartered in Canton and employs 2,800 people, most of them in Northeast Ohio. [27] The company makes special bar quality steel, used in applications all over the world. The Timken Co. is now headquartered in Jackson Township, a suburb of Canton, and employs 14,000 people around the world. [28] The company designs, engineers, manufactures and sells bearings, transmissions, gearboxes, chain and related products, and offers a spectrum of power system rebuild and repair services around the globe. [29]

Jim Thorpe, Canton Bulldogs, 1915-20 Jim Thorpe Canton Bulldogs 1915-20.jpg
Jim Thorpe, Canton Bulldogs, 1915-20

Founding of the National Football League

On September 17, 1920, a meeting was held at the Hupmobile showroom in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Building in Canton to found the American Professional Football Association (renamed the National Football League in 1922). The attendees included Ralph Hay, owner of the Hupmobile showroom and the hometown Canton Bulldogs, and George Halas, owner of the Decatur Staleys. Jim Thorpe of the Bulldogs was the league's first president. [30]

Ridgewood Historic District entrance, 21st. St. NW Ridgewood Historic District Entrance, Canton Ohio.jpg
Ridgewood Historic District entrance, 21st. St. NW

In 2014 a sculpture titled Birth of the NFL was erected in downtown Canton marking the exact location in the Hupmobile showroom where the NFL was created in 1920. [31]

Home of the Pro Football Hall of Fame

On December 6, 1959, the Canton Repository , a local newspaper, called for city officials to lobby the National Football League to create a football hall of fame in the community. Canton officials formally proposed their city as site for the hall of fame in 1961. The NFL quickly agreed to the city's proposal. To help convince NFL officials to locate the hall of fame in Canton, city officials donated several acres of land on Canton's north side to the project. Local residents also raised almost $400,000 to help construct the hall of fame. [32]

The Pro Football Hall of Fame formally opened on September 7, 1963. Initially the museum consisted of two buildings, but in 1971, 1978, 1995, and 2013, the Pro Football Hall of Fame experienced several expansions. [33] As of 2013, the museum consisted of five buildings, covering 118,000 square feet. Since its founding, over 10 million people have visited the Pro Football Hall of Fame. [34]

Ridgewood Historic District

The Ridgewood Historic District is a historic residential neighborhood in Canton that, due to its architectural significance, was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on December 19, 1982. [35] The neighborhood consists of preserved, architect-designed Revival style buildings of the Tudor, Georgian, and French-Norman styles built in the early 20th century with amenities such as original brick streets and locally produced street lighting standards. [36] The District features homes designed by several distinguished architects, including Charles Firestone, [37] Herman Albrecht, [38] and Louis Hoicowitz. [39]


Address system

Canton's street layout forms the basis for the system of addresses in Stark County. Canton proper is divided into address quadrants (NW, NE, SW, SE) by Tuscarawas Street (dividing N and S) and Market Avenue (dividing E and W). Due to shifts in the street layout, the E-W divider becomes Cleveland Avenue south of the city, merging onto Ridge Road farther out. The directionals are noted as suffixes to the street name (e.g. Tuscarawas St W, 55th Street NE). Typically within the city numbered streets run east and west and radiate from the Tuscarawas Street baseline, while named avenues run north and south.

Nimishillen Creek Nimishillen Creek West Branch.jpg
Nimishillen Creek

This system extends into Stark County but is not shared by the cities of Massillon, Louisville, East Canton, Minerva or North Canton, which have their own internal address grids.


Canton is located at an elevation of 1060 feet (323 m). [40] Nimishillen Creek and its East, Middle and West Branches flow through the city. [41]

Canton is bordered by Plain Township and North Canton to the north, Meyers Lake and Perry Township to the west, Canton Township to the South, and Nimishillen Township, Osnaburg Township and East Canton to the east. Annexations were approved in December 2006 extending Canton's eastern boundary to East Canton's border. [42] [43]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.48 square miles (65.99 km2), of which, 25.46 square miles (65.94 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water. [44]


Canton has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa), typical of much of the Midwestern United States, with warm, humid summers and cold winters. Winters tend to be cold, with average January high temperatures of 34 °F (1 °C), and average lows of 19 °F (−7 °C), with considerable variation in temperatures. During a typical January, high temperatures of over 50 °F (10 °C) are just as common as low temperatures of below 0 °F (−18 °C). Snowfall is lighter than the snow belt areas to the north. Akron-Canton Airport generally averages 47.7 inches (121 cm) of snow per season. Springs are short with rapid transition from hard winter to summer weather. Summers tend to be warm, sometimes hot, with average July high temperatures of 83 °F (28 °C), and average July low of 62 °F (17 °C). Summer weather is more stable, generally humid with thunderstorms fairly common. Temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) about 10 times each summer, on average. [45] Fall usually is the driest season with many clear, warm days and cool nights. The all-time record high in the Akron-Canton area of 104 °F (40 °C) was established on August 6, 1918, and the all-time record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was set on January 19, 1994. [46]

Climate data for Canton, Ohio (Akron–Canton Airport), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1887–present
Record high °F (°C)73
Mean maximum °F (°C)58.1
Average high °F (°C)35.5
Daily mean °F (°C)27.9
Average low °F (°C)20.3
Mean minimum °F (°C)−1.3
Record low °F (°C)−25
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.92
Average snowfall inches (cm)13.4
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)17.814.514.214.614.112.411.810.19.912.012.516.0159.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)13.310.
Source: NOAA [46] [47]


Historical population
1830 1,257
1850 2,603
1860 4,04155.2%
1870 8,660114.3%
1880 12,25841.5%
1890 26,189113.6%
1900 30,66717.1%
1910 50,21763.7%
1920 87,09173.4%
1930 104,90620.5%
1940 108,4013.3%
1950 116,9127.9%
1960 113,631−2.8%
1970 110,053−3.1%
1980 94,730−13.9%
1990 84,161−11.2%
2000 80,806−4.0%
2010 73,007−9.7%
2020 70,872−2.9%
Sources: [48] [49] [50] [51] [52]
Location of the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area in Ohio Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Area.png
Location of the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area in Ohio

Canton is the largest principal city of the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Carroll and Stark counties [53] and had a combined population of 404,422 at the 2010 census. [52]

2000 census

As of the census [52] of 2000, there were 80,806 people, 32,489 households, and 19,785 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,932.1 people per square mile (1,518.2/km2). There were 35,502 housing units at an average density of 1,728.0 per square mile (667.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.45% White, 21.04% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 32,489 households, out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 26.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,730, and the median income for a family was $35,680. Males had a median income of $30.628 versus $21,581 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,544. About 15.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census [54] of 2010, there were 73,007 people, 29,705 households, and 17,127 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,867.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,107.1/km2). There were 34,571 housing units at an average density of 1,357.9 per square mile (524.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.1% White, 24.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 29,705 households, of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.8% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.


Local government

Canton has a mayor–council government and is the largest city in Ohio to operate without a charter. The city council is divided among nine wards with three at-large seats and the council president. The 2018–2019 elected officials of the City of Canton consist of:

City of Canton elected officials2018-2019
MayorThomas M. Bernabei [55]
Council PresidentWilliam Sherer II [56]
Council at-LargeJames Babcock (Assistant Majority Leader) [57]
Council at-LargeChristine Schulman [58]
Council at-LargeBill Smuckler [59]
Council Ward 1Greg Hawk [60]
Council Ward 2Nate Chester III [61]
Council Ward 3Jason Scaglione [62]
Council Ward 4Chris Smith (Majority Leader) [63]
Council Ward 5Robert Fisher [64]
Council Ward 6Kevin D. Hall [65]
Council Ward 7John Mariol II [66]
Council Ward 8Peter Ferguson [67]
Council Ward 9Frank Morris [68]
AuditorRichard A. Mallon II [69]
TreasurerKim Perez [70]
Law DirectorKristen Bates Aylward [71]

State government

Canton is represented by the following office holders at the Ohio state government:

City of Canton State Representatives
State SenatorKirk Schuring [72]
State RepresentativeThomas D. West [73]

Federal government

The City of Canton is represented by the following U.S. federal officials:

City of Canton Federal Representatives
U.S. SenatorSherrod Brown [74]
U.S. SenatorRob Portman [75]
U.S. RepresentativeBob Gibbs [76]
U.S. RepresentativeAnthony Gonzalez [77]


Production of half-track armored cars in a converted Diebold Safe and Lock Company plant, Canton, Ohio. Halftrack-production-3.jpg
Production of half-track armored cars in a converted Diebold Safe and Lock Company plant, Canton, Ohio.
Bricks manufactured in Canton Preserved wooster street.jpg
Bricks manufactured in Canton

The Canton area's economy is primarily industrial, with significant health care and agricultural segments. [78] The city is home to the TimkenSteel Corporation, a major manufacturer of specialty steel. Several other large companies operate in the greater-Canton area, including Timken Company a maker of tapered roller bearings; Belden Brick Company, a brick and masonry producer; Diebold, a maker of ATMs, electronic voting devices, and bank vaults, and Medline Industries, a manufacturer and distributor of health care supplies. The area is also home to several regional food producers, including Nickles Bakery (baked goods), Case Farms (poultry), and Shearer's Foods (snack foods). Poultry production and dairy farming are also important segments of the Canton area's economy.

Market Street, Showing Northwest Corner Public Square, Canton, Ohio Market Street, Showing Northwest Corner Public Square, Canton, Ohio.jpg
Market Street, Showing Northwest Corner Public Square, Canton, Ohio

Since 2000, Canton has experienced a very low unemployment rate. [79] The healthcare sector is particularly strong, with Aultman Hospital and Mercy Medical Center among its largest employers. Nevertheless, as in many industrial areas of the United States, employment in the manufacturing sector is in a state of decline. LTV Steel (formerly Republic Steel) suffered bankruptcy in 2000. Republic Steel emerged and continues to maintain operations in Canton. Hoover Company, a major employer for decades in the region, reached an agreement to sell Hoover to Hong Kong-based Techtronic Industries. The main plant in nearby North Canton closed its doors in September 2007. On June 30, 2014, the Timken Company and TimkenSteel split, forming two separate companies at the urging of shareholders. [80] The Timken Company relocated to neighboring Jackson Township, while TimkenSteel remains headquartered in Canton. In response to this changing manufacturing landscape, the city is undergoing a transition to a retail and service-based economy.

Beginning in the 1970s, Canton, like many mid-size American cities, lost most of its downtown retail business to the suburbs. The majority of the Canton area's "box store" retail is located in the general vicinity of the Belden Village Mall in Jackson Township. However, in recent years,[ when? ] the downtown area has seen significant rejuvenation, with cafes, restaurants, and the establishment of an arts district. A few retail centers remain in Canton at or near the city limits. Tuscarawas Street (Lincoln Way), a leg of the Lincoln Highway connecting Canton with nearby Massillon, is home to the Canton Centre mall and several retail outlets of varying size. A vein of commerce runs along Whipple Avenue, connecting the Canton Centre area with the Belden Village area. A similar vein runs north from the downtown area, along Cleveland and Market avenues. Connecting Cleveland and Market avenues is a small shopping district on 30th Street NW, and retail lines the Route 62 corridor leading from Canton to Louisville and Alliance.

During the past decade[ when? ] Canton has come to experience a renaissance. At the heart of this transformation is the Pro Football Hall of Fame, with its multimillion-dollar "Hall of Fame Village" expansion project. [81] This project has been complemented with significant investments by city leaders in urban redevelopment, which continued with the transformation of the Hotel Onesto into the Historic Onesto Lofts. [82] Other urban renewal plans are underway, which include the redevelopment of the downtown Market Square area. [83] Private investment has furthered Canton's transformation, which is illustrated by the multimillion-dollar creation of the Gervasi Vineyard, which draws patrons throughout the region. [84] In furtherance of these development initiatives, Canton was one of the first cities in Ohio to create a "designated outdoor refreshment area" legalizing the possession and consumption of "open container" alcoholic beverages in its downtown area. [85] [86]

Principal employers

According to Canton's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [87] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees % of city employment
1 Aultman Hospital 7,50017.48%
2 Timken Steel 2,8309.03%
3 Stark County 2,5328.08%
4 Mercy Medical 2,5007.97%
5 Canton City Schools 2,2607.21%
6City of Canton9853.14%
7Fresh Mark Inc.8732.78%
8 The M. K. Morse Company 4601.47%
9 Republic Steel 4001.28%
10 Nationwide 3201.02%

Arts and education

The Canton Museum of Art, founded in 1935, is a broad-based community arts organization designed to encourage and promote the fine arts in Canton. The museum focuses on 19th- and 20th-century American artists, specifically works on paper, and on American ceramics, beginning in the 1950s. The museum sponsors annual shows of work of high school students in Canton and Stark County, and financial scholarships are awarded. Educational outreach programs take the museum off-site to libraries, parochial schools, area public schools, five inner city schools and a school for students with behavioral disorders. The city's Arts District, located downtown, is the site of monthly First Friday arts celebrations. [88]

Canton's K-12 students are primarily served by the Canton City School District, although students north of 17th Street NW have an overlap with Plain Local School District. Canton Local School District serves the better part of Canton South.

Malone University, a private, four-year liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Friends Church, is located on 25th Street NW. Catholic-run Walsh University is located nearby in North Canton. Stark State College and a branch of Kent State University are also nearby, in Jackson Township. Also, in downtown Canton, there is a small annex for Stark State College to be used by the early college high school students who are located on the Timken Campus.

Catholic grade schools within the city limits of Canton are St. Peter, St. Joseph, and Our Lady of Peace. Additional Catholic schools in the Canton area include Canton St. Michael School, ranked first in the Power of the Pen state tournament in 2010, and Canton St. Joan of Arc School. There is also Heritage Christian School (K-12), a Christian grade school and high school. Canton Country Day School is a private PreK-8 school located just outside city limits in nearby Plain Township. Within the city limits is the private Canton Montessori School, which teaches according to the Montessori Plan for education proposed by Maria Montessori in the early 20th century.

Canton has the main branch of Stark County District Library. [89]



Canton is served in print by The Repository , the city's only newspaper.


Canton is part of the greater Cleveland television media market. However, due to its proximity to Youngstown, it is common for residents to receive stations from that area.

There are also three television stations that are licensed to Canton, though none of them are major network affiliates.

Canton also has a cable Public-access television channel, Canton City Schools TV 11. The content varies based on the viewer's location. Citizens located in North Canton will see North Canton's programming instead of Canton City's. Those within the borders of Plain Local Schools will see Eagle Television's programming.






Front entrance to the Pro Football Hall of Fame Football Hall of Fame.JPG
Front entrance to the Pro Football Hall of Fame

Canton is home to the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The American Professional Football Association, the forerunner of the NFL, was founded in a Canton car dealership on September 17, 1920.

The Canton Bulldogs were an NFL football team that played from 1920 to 1923, skipped the 1924 season, then played 1925 to 1926 before folding.

Canton is the home of the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Festival, which includes a hot air balloon festival, ribs burn-off, fashion show, community parade, Sunday morning race, enshrinee dinner, and the Pro Football Hall of Fame Grand Parade. The festival culminates in the enshrinement of the new inductees and the NFL/Hall of Fame Game, a pre-season exhibition between teams representing the AFC and NFC at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium. [96]

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, used during the regular season by Canton McKinley High School (as well as some other area schools and colleges), was rated the number one high school football venue in America by the Sporting News in 2002. [97] This may be partly attributable to the Bulldogs' rivalry with the nearby Massillon Washington High School Tigers, which is regarded as one of the best rivalries in all of high school football. [98] All seven of the Ohio High School Athletic Association state final football games are hosted in Canton at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium.

The Canton Legends played in the American Indoor Football Association at the Canton Civic Center. Operations were suspended in 2009. The Continental Indoor Football League also has offices in Canton.

The first official female bodybuilding competition was held in Canton in November 1977 and was called the Ohio Regional Women's Physique Championship. [99]

For ten seasons, Canton was home to an NBA G League team, the Canton Charge, which started play with the 2011–12 season and home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Center. [100] The Cleveland Cavaliers had full control over the franchise and relocated the franchise in to Cleveland in 2021 when the ten-year lease lease ended.

The Canton Invaders of the National Professional Soccer League II and American Indoor Soccer Association played home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Center from 1984 until 1996, winning five league championships. In 2009, the Ohio Vortex became an expansion team in the Professional Arena Soccer League. Operations have since been suspended.

Canton has been home to professional baseball on several occasions. A number of minor league teams called Canton home in the early 1900s, including the Canton Terriers in the 1920s and '30s. The Canton–Akron Indians were the AA affiliate of the major league Cleveland Indians for nine years, playing at Thurman Munson Memorial Stadium until the team relocated north to Akron following the 1996 season. Two independent minor league teams, the Canton Crocodiles and the Canton Coyotes, both members of the Frontier League, called Munson Stadium home for several years afterward. The Crocodiles, who won the league championship in their inaugural season in 1997, moved to Washington, Pennsylvania, in 2002, and the Coyotes moved to Columbia, Missouri, in 2003, after just one season in Canton.

Canton is home to the Bluecoats Drum and Bugle Corps, a world class competitor in Drum Corps International. [101] The Bluecoats have been a part of the "top five" finalists in the DCI World Championships since 2013, and took home the Founders' Trophy in 2016, with their show entitled "Down Side Up". [102]


Canton is connected to the Interstate Highway System via Interstate 77 which connects Canton to Marietta, Ohio, and points south, and to Cleveland and Akron, Ohio, to the north.

U.S. Route 30 connects Canton to Wooster, Ohio, and points west, and to East Liverpool, Ohio, and points east. U.S. Route 62 connects Canton to Millersburg, Ohio, and points southwest, and to Youngstown, Ohio, and points northeast.

The city has several arterial roads. Ohio 43 (Market Avenue, Walnut Avenue and Cherry Avenue), Ohio 153 (12th Street and Mahoning Road), Ohio 172 (Tuscarawas Street) / The Lincoln Highway, Ohio 297 (Whipple Avenue and Raff Avenue), Ohio 627 (Faircrest Street), Ohio 687 (Fulton Drive), and Ohio 800 (Cleveland Avenue) / A.K.A. Old Route 8.

Norfolk Southern and the Wheeling-Lake Erie railroads provide freight service in Canton.

Stark Area Regional Transit Authority (SARTA) provides public transit bus service within the county, including service to Massillon, the Akron-Canton Regional Airport, and the Amtrak station located in Alliance.

Notable people

Sister cities

Canton has two sister cities:

Related Research Articles

Ohio State of the United States

Ohio is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th-largest by area, and with a population of nearly 11.8 million, is the seventh-most populous and tenth-most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus, with the Columbus metro area, Greater Cincinnati, and Greater Cleveland being the largest metropolitan areas. Ohio is bordered by Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest. Ohio is historically known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes". Its state flag is the only non-rectangular flag of all the U.S. states.

Stark County, Ohio County in Ohio, US

Stark County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 374,853. Its county seat is Canton. The county was created in 1808 and organized the next year. It is named for John Stark, an officer in the American Revolutionary War.

Brecksville, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Brecksville is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and a suburb in the Greater Cleveland area. The city's population was 13,635 at the United States 2020 Census

Massillon, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Massillon is a city in Stark County in the U.S. state of Ohio, approximately 8 miles (13 km) west of Canton, 20 miles (32 km) south of Akron, and 50 miles (80 km) south of Cleveland. The population was 32,146 at the 2020 census.

Akron, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Akron is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and is the county seat of Summit County. It is located on the western edge of the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau, about 40 miles (64 km) south of downtown Cleveland. As of the 2019 Census estimate, the city proper had a total population of 197,597, making it the 125th largest city in the United States. The Greater Akron area, covering Summit and Portage counties, had an estimated population of 703,505.

Alliance, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Alliance is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio. Most of the city is located in northeast Stark County while a small portion is in adjacent Mahoning County approximately 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Canton, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Youngstown and 51 miles (82 km) southeast of Cleveland. The population was 21,672 as of the 2020 census. Alliance was established in 1854 by combining three smaller communities. The city was a manufacturing and railroad hub for much of the 20th century and is also associated with the state flower of Ohio, the scarlet carnation, and is known as "The Carnation City". The University of Mount Union, a private liberal arts college established in 1846, is located in Alliance.

Greater Cleveland Metropolitan area in Ohio, United States

The Cleveland metropolitan area, or Greater Cleveland as it is more commonly known, is the metropolitan area surrounding the city of Cleveland in Northeast Ohio, United States. According to the 2020 United States Census results, the five-county Cleveland–Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consists of Cuyahoga County, Geauga County, Lake County, Lorain County, and Medina County, and has a population of 2,088,251, making Greater Cleveland the 34th most populous metropolitan area in the United States, and the third largest metropolitan area in Ohio. The city of Cleveland is also part of the larger Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area with a population of 3.5 million people.

Northeast Ohio Place in Ohio, United States

The region Northeast Ohio, in the US state of Ohio, in its most expansive usage contains six metropolitan areas along with eight micropolitan statistical areas. Most of the region is considered either part of the Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area and media market or the Youngstown–Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area and media market. In total the region is home to 4,529,596 residents. Northeast Ohio also includes most of the area known historically as the Connecticut Western Reserve. In 2011, the Intelligent Community Forum ranked Northeast Ohio as a global Smart 21 Communities list. It has the highest concentration of Hungarian Americans in the United States.

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, formerly Fawcett Stadium, is a football stadium and entertainment complex in Canton, Ohio. It is a major component of Johnson Controls Hall of Fame Village, located adjacent to the grounds of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The venue hosts the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Game and serves as the home field for the football teams from Canton McKinley High School and Walsh University. It also served as the home field for Malone University from 1993 to 2018 and a number of other Canton-area high schools.

Timken High School was a high school in Canton, Ohio. Timken participated in the Principals Athletic Conference (PAC-7/8), before they were absorbed by Canton McKinley in 2015.

Canton McKinley High School Public, coeducational high school in Canton, Ohio, United States

McKinley Senior High School is a public high school in Canton, Ohio, United States. It is the only high school in the Canton City School District and has two campuses: Downtown Campus and the main campus, which is known as McKinley Senior High School. Athletic teams compete as the Canton McKinley Bulldogs in the Ohio High School Athletic Association as a member of the Federal League.

The Canton City School District is a public school district serving students in Canton, Ohio. In the 2014–2015 academic year its student enrolment was 9,087. The district also serves small sections of Canton and Plain townships, as well as the village of Meyers Lake.

SARTA, (Stark Area Regional Transit Authority), is a public sector transit agency servicing Stark County, a county in Ohio containing Canton, Alliance, and Massillon. In addition to its regular line service within Stark County, SARTA runs one bus route between Canton and downtown Akron, connecting to Akron's METRO RTA bus system and also serving the Akron-Canton Regional Airport from both cities and one route to Cleveland starting March 4, 2013.

METRO Regional Transit Authority

METRO Regional Transit Authority, also known as Akron Metropolitan Regional Transit Authority, is the public transit agency serving Summit County, Ohio and the city of Akron. It operates a number of local routes, and also operates two routes into downtown Cleveland. Akron Metro transports passengers to/from school, work, grocery stores, malls and jobs all across Summit County. METRO RTA's fleet consists of about 200+ vehicles running on diesel, diesel-electric hybrid and compressed natural gas fuels.

The Repository is an American daily local newspaper serving the Canton, Ohio area. It is currently owned by Gannett.

The Principals Athletic Conference (PAC-7) is an Ohio High School Athletic Association (OHSAA) athletic league, formed in 1989, made up of seven schools from Stark, Summit, and Wayne counties with full membership, and one football-only member in Ashland County.

The Canton Bulldogs were a professional American football team, based in Canton, Ohio. They played in the Ohio League from 1903 to 1906 and 1911 to 1919, and the American Professional Football Association, from 1920 to 1923, and again from 1925 to 1926. The Bulldogs won the 1916, 1917 and 1919 Ohio League championships. They were the NFL champions in 1922 and 1923. In 1921–1923, the Bulldogs played 25 straight games without a defeat. This remains an NFL record.

Jane Timken

Jane Eileen Murphy Timken is an American attorney and politician who served as chair of the Ohio Republican Party from 2017 to 2021. She is a candidate for the 2022 United States Senate election in Ohio.

Ridgewood Historic District Residential area in Canton, Ohio, US

The Ridgewood Historic District is a residential neighborhood in Canton, Ohio. The neighborhood consists of preserved, architect-designed Revival style buildings built in the early 20th century with amenities such as original brick streets and locally produced street lighting standards. The District features homes designed by several distinguished architects, including Charles Firestone, Herman Albrecht, and Louis Hoicowitz. Due to its historic architectural significance, the District was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on December 19, 1982.

Norma Snipes Marcere was an American educator. After being rejected from employment opportunities due to her race, Marcere became the first African-American counselor and school psychologist in the Akron City Schools.


  1. Mayor: City of Canton Archived 2013-01-13 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved January 2, 2007.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  3. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. "Driving Directions from Canton, Ohio to Cleveland, Ohio". Mapquest. June 5, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2007.
  7. "Census shows sharp population decline in Canton". Archived from the original on March 12, 2011. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
  9. Matas, Alison (2016-09-06). "Construction of apartments underway at Hercules site in Canton". The Repository. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  10. Wang, Robert (2016-06-03). "City officials, First Friday attendees kick off outdoor refreshment district". The Repository. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  11. Henderson, Time (2016-10-28). "To Enliven Downtowns, Some Cities Promote Public Drinking". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  12. "". 2007-03-10. Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. Retrieved 2018-04-03.
  13. "Canton | Ohio, United States". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  14. Heald, Edward (1948). "Bezaleel Wells Founder of Canton and Steubenville, Ohio". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  15. William McKinley National Monument
  16. "The Front Porch Campaign | AMERICAN HERITAGE". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  17. "Nimisilla Park · Canton, OH 44705, United States".
  18. Post, Terence McArdleThe Washington. "Eugene Debs' 1918 Canton speech got him in prison, he still ran for president". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  19. "Free Speech on Trial". National Archives. 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  20. "Debs v. United States, 249 U.S. 211 (1919)". Justia Law. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  21. Kalven, Harry (1973). "Ernst Freund and the First Amendment Tradition - Professor Ernst Freund and Debs v. United States". University of Chicago Law Review. 40: 235. doi:10.2307/1599114. JSTOR   1599114.
  22. "Nimisilla Park to receive historic marker". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  23. "Dueber-Hampden Watch Company - Ohio History Central". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  24. Hoover, Shane. "1930: Canton watchmakers, wives started Russian watch factory". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  25. "Timken Company - Ohio History Central". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  26. Pritchard, Edd. "TimkenSteel launches a new era in Canton". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  27. "Made in America for More than 100 Years". TimkenSteel. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  28. "The Timken Company | Bearings & Mechanical Power Transmissions". The Timken Company. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  29. Botos, Tim. "Stark Heritage: The Timken name and its tremendous impact on county history". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  30. Klein, Christopher. "The Birth of the National Football League". HISTORY. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  31. Lisko, B. J. "'Birth of the NFL' statue unveiled". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  32. "Pro Football Hall of Fame - Ohio History Central". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  33. "History of the Pro Football Hall of Fame - Visit | Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  34. "Pro Football Hall of Fame Welcomes 10 Millionth Visitor | Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  35. "Ridgewood Historic District, National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service". December 19, 1982. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
  36. Brown, Gary. "A look inside Canton's Ridgewood area as it turns 100". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
  37. Botos, Tim. "Charles Firestone put his architectural stamp on Stark County". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
  38. Botos, Tim. "Stark Heritage: Herman J. Albrecht". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
  39. "Stark's Famous: Louis Hoicowitz". The Repository. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
  40. "Geographic Names Information System entry for Canton" . Retrieved January 13, 2007.
  41. DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN   0-89933-233-1.
  42. – Canton and Stark County News Archived 2007-09-30 at
  43. " – Canton and Stark County News". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-01-13.
  44. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  45. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Akron, Ohio" . Retrieved November 10, 2008.
  46. 1 2 "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  47. "Station: Akron Canton RGNL AP, OH". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  48. "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  49. "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  50. "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  51. "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  52. 1 2 3 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  53. Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components Archived May 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine , Office of Management and Budget, May 11, 2007. Accessed 2008-07-30.
  54. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  55. "Office of the Mayor of the City of Canton". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  56. "William Sherer II, President of Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  57. "James Babcock, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  58. "Christine Schulman, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  59. "Bill Smuckler, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  60. "Greg Hawk, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  61. "Nate Chester III, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  62. Department, City of Canton, I.T. "Jason Scaglione, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  63. "Chris Smith, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  64. "Robert Fisher, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  65. "Kevin D. Hall, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  66. "John Mariol II, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  67. "Peter Ferguson, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  68. "Frank Morris, Canton City Council". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  69. "Richard A. Mallon II, Auditor of the City of Canton". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  70. "City of Canton Income Tax Department". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  71. "Kristen Bates Aylward, Law Director of the City of Canton". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  72. "Senator Kirk Schuring (R) - District 29 | The Ohio Senate". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  73. "Representative Thomas D. West (D) - District 49 | The Ohio House of Representatives". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  74. "Home | United States Senator Sherrod Brown". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  75. "Rob Portman". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  76. "Congressman Bob Gibbs". Congressman Bob Gibbs. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  77. "Congressman Anthony Gonzalez". Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  78. Canton Comprehensive Plan (PDF). The City of Canton. 2016.
  79. "Local jobless rate remains low in November". The Repository. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  80. Pritchard, Edd (June 30, 2014). "Canton Repository" . Retrieved Oct 2, 2014.
  81. "Pro Football Hall of Fame trustees approve master plan for 'Hall of Fame Village'". 11 November 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  82. report, staff. "Canton City Council to vote on tax break for Onesto" . Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  83. Matas, Alison. "Plans for Market Square get preliminary OK from council" . Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  84. "Ohio Winery and Italian Restaurant - Gervasi Vineyard Canton Ohio - Dining and Inn Hotel" . Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  85. Wang, Robert. "City officials, First Friday attendees kick off outdoor refreshment district". The Repository. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  86. Henderson, Tim; Policy (2016-10-28). "To Enliven Downtowns, Some Cities Promote Public Drinking". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  87. "City of Canton CAFR 2017" (PDF).
  88. City of Canton, Ohio. (n.d.). Canton First Friday. Retrieved from
  89. "Locations". Stark County District Library. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  90. Crystal Park
  91. Harter Heights
  92. Highland Park
  93. Market Heights
  94. Historic Ridgewood District
  95. Summit
  96. "Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Festival | Canton, Ohio". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  97. "Fawcett Stadium history". Times Reporter. 2015-06-02. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  98. Montville, Leigh (1994-11-14). "The Centurians". Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  99. Lowe, Maria R. (1 January 1998). Women of Steel: Female Bodybuilders and the Struggle for Self-definition. NYU Press. ISBN   9780814750940 . Retrieved 3 March 2017 via Google Books.
  100. "Home - Canton Charge". Canton Charge. Archived from the original on 2016-05-01. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  101. "Who are the Bluecoats?'". Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  102. "Recap Roundup: 2016 DCI World Championship Finals'". Drum Corps International. 14 August 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  103. Torres, Robert (2009-12-25). "Canton creating Sister Cities in Israel, Mexico to encourage investment". Director of Development. Archived from the original on 2016-09-17. Retrieved 2015-01-23.