Cao Rui

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Emperor Ming of Wei
Emperor of Cao Wei
Reign29 June 226 – 22 January 239
Predecessor Cao Pi
Successor Cao Fang
Crown Prince of Cao Wei
TenureJune 226 – 29 June 226
Successor Cao Fang
Prince of Pingyuan (平原王)
Tenure30 March 222 – June 226
Duke of Qi (齊公)
Tenure221 – 30 March 222
Born204 [lower-alpha 1] or 206 [lower-alpha 2]
Died(239-01-22)22 January 239 (aged 33 or 35)
Luoyang, Wei dynasty
Gaoping Mausoleum (高平陵), Luoyang, Henan
ConsortsLady Yu
Empress Mingdao
Empress Mingyuan
IssueCao Yin, Prince Ai of Anping
Cao Jiong, Prince of Qinghe
Cao Mu, Prince of Fanyang
Princess Yi of Pingyuan
Princess Qi
Family name: Cao (曹)
Given name: Rui (叡)
Courtesy name : Yuanzhong (元仲)
Era dates
  • Taihe (太和): 227–233
  • Qinglong (青龍): 233–237
  • Jingchu (景初): 237–239
Posthumous name
Emperor Ming (明帝)
Temple name
Liezu (烈祖)
House House of Cao
Father Cao Pi
Mother Empress Wenzhao
Cao Rui
Chinese 曹叡
Cao Song (d. 193)
Cao Cao (155–220)
Lady Ding
Cao Pi (187–226)
Bian Guang
Bian Yuan
Lady Zhou
Empress Wuxuan (161–230)
Cao Rui (204–239)
Zhen Yi (d. 185)
Empress Wenzhao (183–221)
Lady Zhang (d. 228)

See also


  1. Chen Shou, the author of the Sanguozhi, stated that Cao Rui died at the age of 36 (by East Asian age reckoning).
  2. Pei Songzhi, who annotated the Sanguozhi, asserted that Cao Rui was born in the tenth year of the Jian'an era (196–220) in the reign of Emperor Xian of Han.

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Cao Pi Cao Wei emperor (187-226)

Cao Pi, courtesy name Zihuan, was the first emperor of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period of China. He was the second son of Cao Cao, a warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty, but the eldest son among all the children born to Cao Cao by his concubine, Lady Bian. According to some historical records, he was often in the presence of court officials in order to gain their support. He was mostly in charge of defence at the start of his career. After the defeat of Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao at the Battle of Guandu, he took Yuan Xi's widow, Lady Zhen, as a concubine, but in 221 Lady Zhen died and Guo Nüwang became empress.

Zhang He General serving warlord Cao Cao (died 231)

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Cao Wei Chinese kingdom (220–266) during the Three Kingdoms period

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Sima Shi Cao Wei state general and regent (208-255)

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    Emperor Ming of Cao Wei
    Born: 205 Died: 239
    Regnal titles
    Preceded by Emperor of Cao Wei
    Succeeded by
    Titles in pretence
    Preceded by TITULAR 
    Emperor of China
    Reason for succession failure:
    Three Kingdoms
    Succeeded by