|Cape Verdean Armed Forces|
|Forças Armadas Cabo Verdeanas|
|Service branches|| Coast Guard|
|Commander-in-Chief||José Maria Pereira Neves|
|Minister of National Defense||Janine Tatiana dos Santos Lélis|
|Chief of Staff||Major general Anildo Emanuel da Graça Morais|
|Budget||$11.2 million (2018)|
|Percent of GDP||0.6% (2018)|
|Foreign suppliers|| China |
|Ranks||Military ranks of Cape Verde|
The Cape Verdean Armed Forces (Portuguese : Forças Armadas Cabo Verdeanas), Cabo Verdean Armed Forces or FACV are the military of Cape Verde. They include two branches, the National Guard and the Coast Guard.
Before 1975, Cape Verde was an overseas province of Portugal, having a small Portuguese military garrison that included both Cape Verdean and European Portuguese soldiers.
At the same time, some Cape Verdeans were serving in the People's Revolutionary Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Revolucionarias do Povo, FARP), the military wing of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde that was fighting for the joint independence of Guinea and Cape Verde in the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence. The FARP became the national armed forces of Guinea-Bissau when its independence was recognized by Portugal in 1974.
The Armed Forces of Cape Verde were created when the country became independent in 1975, being also officially designated the People's Revolutionary Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Revolucionarias do Povo, FARP). The Cape Verdean FARP consisted of two independent branches, the Army (Exército) and the Coast Guard (Guarda Costeira).
In the early 1990s, the designation "FARP" was dropped and the military of Cape Verde was designated the Cape Verdean Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Cabo Verdeanas, FACV).
In 2007, the FACV started a major reorganization that included the transformation of the Army into the National Guard (Guarda Nacional).
Together with the Cape Verdean Police, the FACV carried out Operation Flying Launch (Operacão Lancha Voadora), a successful operation to put an end to a drug trafficking group which smuggled cocaine from Colombia to the Netherlands and Germany using Cape Verde as a reorder point. The operation took more than three years, being a secret operation during the first two years, and ended in 2010.
Although located in Africa, Cape Verde has always had close relations with Europe. Because of this, it has been argued that Cape Verde may be eligible for entry into the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and NATO.
The most recent engagement of the FACV was the Monte Tchota massacre that resulted in 11 deaths.
The Cape Verdean Armed Forces are part of the Ministry of National Defense of Cape Verde and include:
The Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of Cape Verde (Portuguese : Chefe do Estado-Maior-General das Forças Armadas; CEMFA) The CEMFA is a major-general, the highest-ranked officer in the Armed Forces.
|Term of office||Ref.|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|March 1989||July 1991||2 years, 4 months|
Jorge Bettencourt Pinto
Fernando Pereira Carvalho
|March 2009||18 August 2011||2 years, 5 months|
Jorge Paulo Monte
|18 August 2011||30 December 2011||134 days|
|30 December 2011||30 April 2016||4 years, 122 days|
Anildo Emanuel da Graça Morais
|24 June 2016||Incumbent||6 years, 138 days|
The National Guard (Guarda National) is the main branch of the Cape Verdean Armed Forces for the military defense of the country, being responsible for the execution of land and maritime environment operations and the support to internal security. It includes:
There is no general command of the National Guard. Each military region command is headed by a lieutenant-colonel directly subordinate to the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, and includes units of the three corps.
The Coast Guard (Guarda Costeira) is the branch of the Cape Verdean Armed Forces responsible for the defense and protection of the country's economical interests at the sea under national jurisdiction and for providing air and naval support to land and amphibious operations. It includes:
The Coast Guard is headed by an officer with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. The Naval and Air Squadrons incorporate, respectively, all the vessels and aircraft of the Cape Verdean Armed Forces.
The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the national guard and coast guard.
|Rank group||General/flag officers||Field/senior officers||Junior officers||Officer cadet|
| Cape Verdean National Guard |
| Cape Verdean Coast Guard |
|Capitão–de–mar||Capitão–de–navio||Capitão-de–patrulha||Capitão-tenente||Primeiro-tenente||Tenente||Guarda-marinha||Aspirante à oficial|
The rank insignia of enlisted for the national guard and coast guard.
|Rank group||Senior NCOs||Junior NCOs||Enlisted|
| Cape Verdean National Guard ||No insignia|
|Sargento-mor||Sargento-chefe||Sargento-principal||Primeiro-sargento||Segundo-sargento||Sargento||Furriel||Instruendo curso de sargento||Cabo-principal||Cabo de Secção||Cabo-adjunto||Primeiro-cabo||Segundo-cabo||Instruendo curso de cabo||Soldado|
| Cape Verdean Coast Guard |
|Sargento-mor||Sargento-chefe||Sargento-principal||Primeiro-sargento||Segundo-sargento||Furriel||Segundo-furriel||Cabo-principal||Cabo de secção||Cabo-adjunto||Primeiro-cabo||Segundo-cabo|
The Cape Verdean Army used to have its own air arm; after personnel training received from the USSR in 1982, three Antonov An-26 aircraft were delivered to Cape Verde – these were believed to be the only military aircraft possessed by the nation.However these three aircraft were supplemented in 1991 by a Dornier 228 light aircraft equipped for use by the Coast Guard, and, in the late 1990s by an EMB-110 aircraft from Brazil, similarly equipped for maritime operations. The government has been in negotiations with China to acquire multirole helicopters for both military and civilian use.
|CASA C-212||Spain||SAR/Maritime patrol||1||Flown for the Coast Guard|
|Dornier 228||Germany||SAR/Maritime patrol||2||Flown for the Coast Guard|
|Harbin Z-9||China||SAR/Utility||2||Flown for the Coast Guard|
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