Capitol Square

Last updated
Capitol Square
Public square
Capitol Square aerial 01.jpg
Ohio Statehouse 13.jpg
FeaturesLawns, sculptures, state capitol building
Completion1861
Area10 acres (4.0 ha)
Location Broad and High Streets (Downtown Columbus)
Capitol Square
Interactive map of Capitol Square

Capitol Square is a public square in Downtown Columbus, Ohio. The square includes the Ohio Statehouse, its 10-acre (4.0 ha) Capitol Grounds, as well as the buildings and features surrounding the square. The Capitol Grounds are surrounded on the north and west by Broad and High Streets, the main thoroughfares of the city since its founding, forming the city's 100 percent corner. The grounds are surrounded by 3rd Street on the east and State Street on the south. The oldest building on Capitol Square, the Ohio Statehouse, is the center of the state government, and in the rough geographic center of Capitol Square, Columbus, and Ohio. [1]

Contents

History

The 10-acre (4.0 ha) statehouse grounds were donated by four prominent Franklinton landholders to form the new state capitol. [2] As the city's downtown began to empty in the mid-20th century, several buildings on the square were demolished. A construction boom downtown in the 1970s and 80s led to nearly all spaces being occupied again. The last large empty parcels, on 3rd Street, are aimed to be developed in the 2020s. [3]

Attributes

Buildings and structures

Street corners

Buildings formerly on Capitol Square include the Neil House hotel (three buildings which existed on the square), the Columbus Board of Trade Building, the Hartman Building and Theater, the former Columbus City Hall, a former location of the First Congregational Church, an early Huntington Bank, and the Deshler Hotel.

Public art

Capitol Square
Interactive map of notable buildings and sculptures on the Capitol Grounds of the Ohio Statehouse. Click on points for more details.

Tourism

As the center of downtown Columbus, the square has high resident and visitor foot traffic. Programs for tourists include the Columbus Art Walk's Capitol Square tour, taking visitors around historical and architectural sites, sculptures, and other landmarks. [6]

Events

Protests

Capitol Square is the location of many protests held in the city. [7] Recent protests have included those against Ohio's stay-at-home order in the COVID-19 pandemic and against the handling of the murder of George Floyd. [8] Riots and protests over George Floyd took place in the city, centered on the square from May 28 into July, with early violent protests leading to damaged storefronts across downtown Columbus, with graffiti, trash, and looting around much of downtown. [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Columbus, Ohio</span> Capital and largest city of Ohio, United States

Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Ohio. With a 2020 census population of 905,748, it is the 14th-most populous city in the U.S., the second-most populous city in the Midwest, after Chicago, and the third-most populous state capital. Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County; it also extends into Delaware and Fairfield counties. It is the core city of the Columbus metropolitan area, which encompasses ten counties in central Ohio. The metropolitan area had a population of 2,138,926 in 2020, making it the largest entirely in Ohio and 32nd-largest in the U.S.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ohio Statehouse</span> State capitol building of the U.S. state of Ohio

The Ohio Statehouse is the state capitol building and seat of government for the U.S. state of Ohio. The Greek Revival building is located on Capitol Square in Downtown Columbus. The capitol houses the Ohio General Assembly, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. It also contains the ceremonial offices of the governor, lieutenant governor, state treasurer, and state auditor. Built between 1839 and 1861, it is one of the oldest working statehouses in the United States. The statehouse grounds include two other buildings, the Judiciary Annex or Senate Building, and the Atrium; the three are collectively referred to as the Ohio Statehouse into the present day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">LeVeque Tower</span> Skyscraper in Columbus, Ohio

The LeVeque Tower is a 47-story skyscraper in Downtown Columbus, Ohio. At 555 feet 5 inches (169.29 m) it was the tallest building in the city from its completion in 1927 to 1974, and remains the second-tallest today.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Central Ohio Transit Authority</span> Public transit operator in Columbus, Ohio and vicinity

The Central Ohio Transit Authority is a public transit agency serving the Columbus metropolitan area, headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. It operates fixed-route buses, bus rapid transit, microtransit, and paratransit services.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Downtown Columbus, Ohio</span> Neighborhood in Columbus, Ohio

Downtown Columbus is the central business district of Columbus, Ohio. Downtown is centered on the intersection of Broad and High Streets, and encompasses all of the area inside the Inner Belt. Downtown is home to most of the tallest buildings in Columbus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">8 East Broad Street</span> Building on Capitol Square in Downtown Columbus, Ohio

8 East Broad Street is a building on Capitol Square in Downtown Columbus, Ohio. Built in 1906, it was the tallest building in the city until the LeVeque Tower was built in 1927. The architect was Frank Packard. Presently, it is a residential building, housing condominiums in a development called "8 on the Square".

The culture of Columbus, Ohio, is particularly known for museums, performing arts, sporting events, seasonal fairs and festivals, and architecture of various styles from Greek Revival to modern architecture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Columbus City Hall (Ohio)</span> City hall in Columbus, Ohio

Columbus City Hall is the city hall of Columbus, Ohio, in the city's downtown Civic Center. It contains the offices of the city's mayor, auditor, and treasurer, and the offices and chambers of Columbus City Council.

Columbus, the capital city of Ohio, was founded on the east bank of the Scioto River in 1812. The city was founded as its capitol, beside the town of Franklinton, since incorporated into Columbus. The city's early history was gradual, as residents dealt with flooding and cholera epidemics, and the city had few direct connections to other cities. This led creation of a feeder canal, and later, freight and passenger railroads. The city became known for its industry and commercial businesses into the 20th century, though it experienced a lull in development in the late 20th century. In the 21st century, Columbus has been increasingly revitalized, led by parks projects, new developments, and efforts to beautify individual neighborhoods.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">COVID-19 pandemic in Columbus, Ohio</span> Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Columbus, Ohio

The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The pandemic has affected the city of Columbus, Ohio, as Ohio's stay-at-home order shuttered all nonessential businesses, and is causing event cancellations into 2021. The shutdown led to protests at the Ohio Statehouse, the state capitol building.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Huntington National Bank Building</span> Bank and office building in Columbus, Ohio

The Huntington National Bank Building is a bank and office building on Capitol Square in Downtown Columbus, Ohio. Once the headquarters to the Huntington National Bank, it now includes the company's primary lending bank, the Capitol Square Branch. It is part of the Huntington Center complex, which also contains the Huntington Center skyscraper, Huntington Plaza, and DoubleTree Hotel Guest Suites Columbus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Columbus Dispatch Building</span> Office building in Columbus, Ohio

The Columbus Dispatch Building is a historic building on Capitol Square in Downtown Columbus, Ohio. The building was home to the Columbus Dispatch newspaper offices until January 2016, when it moved to 62 E. Broad St. on Capitol Square. A renovation restored the building closer to its original exterior appearance, while adding modern features. The building is now headquarters to the Ohio Chamber of Commerce. The building is owned by Capitol Square Ltd., a real estate and development branch of the Wolfe family’s Dispatch Printing Co., the former owners of the Dispatch. The site formerly housed the city's downtown YMCA, a Yost & Packard building; the Y moved to the Downtown YMCA building in 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Columbus Civic Center (Ohio)</span> Civic center in downtown Columbus, Ohio

The Columbus Civic Center is a civic center, a collection of government buildings, museums, and open park space in Downtown Columbus, Ohio. The site is located along the Scioto Mile recreation area and historically was directly on the banks of the Scioto River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Floyd protests in Columbus, Ohio</span> 2020 civil unrest in Columbus, Ohio after the murder of George Floyd

The George Floyd protests are an ongoing series of protests and civil disturbances that initially started in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area of Minnesota, United States, before spreading nationwide. In Columbus, Ohio, unrest began on May 28, 2020, two days after incidents began in Minneapolis. The events are a reaction to the murder of George Floyd by Minneapolis Police Department (MPD) officer Derek Chauvin, who knelt on Floyd's neck for over nine minutes, asphyxiating him.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Floyd protests in Ohio</span> 2020 civil unrest after the murder of George Floyd

Beginning May 28, 2020, a number of cities in Ohio have had protests, against the murder of George Floyd. Major cities such as Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati and Dayton have had large protests, and numerous smaller cities and towns have as well. As a result of rioting and looting, a number of cities such as Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Cincinnati and Springfield imposed curfews of varying times.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">High Street (Columbus, Ohio)</span> North-south street in Columbus, Ohio

High Street is a major thoroughfare in Central Ohio, predominantly in Franklin County and Columbus. It stretches from the northern border of Columbus in Delaware County south to the southern boundary of Franklin County just past Columbus's municipal boundaries. The street is considered one of Columbus's two main roads, along with Broad Street.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Huntington Plaza</span> Office building in Columbus, Ohio

Huntington Plaza, formerly the Huntington Trust Building, is an office building in Downtown Columbus, Ohio. It is owned by Huntington Bancshares, and is part of the Huntington Center complex, which also contains the Huntington Center skyscraper, the Huntington National Bank Building, and DoubleTree Hotel Guest Suites Columbus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Franklin County Courthouse (1887–1974)</span> Former courthouse of Franklin County, Ohio

The 1887 Franklin County Courthouse was the second permanent courthouse of Franklin County, Ohio. The building, located in the county seat of Columbus, stood from 1887 to 1974. It replaced a smaller courthouse on the site, extant from 1840 to c. 1884. The 1887 courthouse deteriorated over several decades, and the site was eventually replaced with Dorrian Commons Park, open from 1976 to 2018; the court moved to a new building nearby. As of 2020, the site is planned to once again hold the county's courthouse.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 United States inauguration week protests</span> Protests against the presidency of Joe Biden

Supporters of Donald Trump, the 45th president of the United States, held small-scale armed protests and demonstrations at U.S. state capitols in the five days leading up to the inauguration of Joe Biden on January 20, 2021, in opposition to the results of the 2020 United States presidential election, which continued after the failure of the violent January 6 attempt to overturn the election in Trump's favor. Pro-Trump groups failed to stage organized dissent or affect the transition of power in an environment of deterrence and heightened security.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Columbus Division of Police Headquarters</span> Building in Columbus, Ohio

The Columbus Division of Police Headquarters is the central office of the Columbus Division of Police, of Columbus, Ohio. The building is located in the city's downtown Civic Center. It is the fifth headquarters for the Columbus police department. The eight-story building was designed by Brubaker/Brandt in the postmodern style, and reflects elements of City Hall's design.

References

  1. Darbee, Jeffrey T. (23 July 2018). "Ohio Statehouse, Senate Building, and Capitol Square". SAH Archipedia. University of Virginia Press. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  2. "Statehouse". Ohio Statehouse. Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  3. Jim Weiker (2019-10-20). "Capitol Square changes seen in last empty parcel's development - Business - The Columbus Dispatch - Columbus, OH". Dispatch.com. Retrieved 2020-05-18.
  4. "COTA moves its offices to heart of Downtown - News - The Columbus Dispatch - Columbus, OH". Dispatch.com. 2010-06-24. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  5. "Smaller sign to adorn dispatches new home". www.bizjournals.com. 2016. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
  6. "Capitol Square". Columbus.gov. Retrieved 2020-05-18.
  7. Darbee, Jeffrey T.; Recchie, Nancy A. (September 24, 2008). The AIA Guide to Columbus. Ohio University Press. ISBN   9780821416846 via Google Books.
  8. Woods, Jim. "Police deploy pepper spray as protests over death of George Floyd spread to Columbus". The Columbus Dispatch.
  9. Kovac, Marc. "Columbus downtown business owners clean up after protests". The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on 2020-07-28. Retrieved 2020-05-31.

Coordinates: 39°57′41″N82°59′57″W / 39.961384°N 82.999096°W / 39.961384; -82.999096