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Estância Balneária de Caraguatatuba
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Location in the state of São Paulo and Brazil
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Estância Balneária de Caraguatatuba
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 23°50′46″S46°37′47″W / 23.84611°S 46.62972°W / -23.84611; -46.62972 Coordinates: 23°50′46″S46°37′47″W / 23.84611°S 46.62972°W / -23.84611; -46.62972
Country Brazil
Region Southeast
State São Paulo
Metropolitan Region Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte
FoundedApril 20, 1857
   Mayor Antônio Carlos da Silva (PSDB)
  Total485.10 km2 (187.30 sq mi)
2 m (7 ft)
(2018 est.) [1]
  Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (BRT)
  Summer (DST) UTC-2 (BRST)
HDI (2000)0.802–high [2]
Website Prefeitura Municipal de Caraguatatuba

Caraguatatuba, widely known by its abbreviation Caraguá, is a city in the eastern part of the southern state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte. [3] The population is 113,317 (2015 est.) in an area of 485.10 km². [4] Caraguatatuba is the largest city of São Paulo north shore. The economy of the Caraguatatuba is driven by agriculture and tourism. The urban area and farmlands are within the coastline and valley areas, the majority of the northern part are heavily forested and rarely serves any roads to that area. The postal boundary dividing the 00000s and the 10000s lies to the southwestern boundary with Salesópolis.[ citation needed ]

São Paulo (state) State of Brazil

São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus. As the richest Brazilian state and a major industrial complex, often dubbed the "locomotive of Brazil", the state is responsible for 33.9% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo also has the second highest Human Development Index (HDI) and GDP per capita, the fourth lowest infant mortality rate, the third highest life expectancy, and the third lowest rate of illiteracy among the federative units of Brazil, being by far, the safest state in the country. The homicide rate is 3.8 per 100 thousand as of 2018, almost 1/4 of the Brazilian rate. São Paulo alone is richer than Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia combined. If São Paulo were an independent country, its nominal GDP would be ranked among the top 20 in the world. The economy of São Paulo State is the most developed in Brazil.

Brazil Federal republic in South America

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

The Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte is an administrative division of the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It was created in 2012. It takes its name from the Paraíba Valley and the northern coast of São Paulo state. Its seat is in São José dos Campos, the most populous municipality in the region. It consists of the following municipalities:





Caraguatatuba is located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Serra do Mar and is home to the Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar. Its neighboring cities are Natividade da Serra to the north, Ubatuba to the northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast (with the island of Ilhabela to the south), São Sebastião to the south, Salesópolis to the west and Paraibuna northwest.

Atlantic Ocean Ocean between Europe, Africa and the Americas

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" from the "New World".

Serra do Mar mountain range

Serra do Mar is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil.

Natividade da Serra Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Natividade da Serra is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte. The population is 6,786 in an area of 833.37 km². The elevation is 720 m. The southern part is heavily forested and mountainous and there are few roads and tracks into the mountain. The hills and some mountains with farmlands dominate the rest of the municipality.


There are 17 beaches in Caraguatatuba from north to south, they are:

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Santos, São Paulo Municipality in São Paulo, Brazil

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Ilhabela Place in Southeast, Brazil

Ilhabela is an archipelago and city situated in the Atlantic Ocean four miles off the coast of São Paulo state in Brazil. The city is 205 km (127 mi) from the city of São Paulo and 340 km (210 mi) from the city of Rio de Janeiro. The largest island, although commonly called Ilhabela, is officially named Ilha de São Sebastião. It, the other islands and the islets make up the municipality of Ilhabela.

São Vicente, São Paulo Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

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Itanhaém Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Itanhaém is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista. The population is 100,496 in an area of 601.85 km². The elevation is 4 m.

Praia Grande Place in Southeast, Brazil

Praia Grande (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌpɾajjaˈɡɾɐ̃dʒi] is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista. The population is 319,146 in an area of 149.25 km².

Martim Afonso de Sousa Portuguese explorer

Martim Afonso de Sousa was a Portuguese fidalgo, explorer and colonial administrator.

Tabatinga Municipality in North, Brazil

Tabatinga, originally Forte de São Francisco Xavier de Tabatinga, is a municipality in the Três Fronteiras area of Western Amazonas. It is located in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Its population was 59,684 (2014) and its area is 3,225 km² Together with the neighbouring Colombian city of Leticia and the Peruvian city of Santa Rosa de Yavari, the urban area has more than 100,000 residents spread along the Amazon river. The first Portuguese settlement in the area was founded in the 18th century as a military outpost. It became an autonomous municipality on February 1, 1983. Formerly, it was part of the Municipality of Benjamin Constant. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Alto Solimões.

Greater São Paulo large metropolitan area located in the São Paulo state in Brazil

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Rodovia dos Tamoios highway in São Paulo

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Salesópolis Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Salesópolis is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. The population is 16,688 in an area of 424.997 km². Salesópolis sits at an elevation of 850 metres (2,790 ft). It is noted for being the source of the Tietê River.

São Sebastião, São Paulo Place in Southeast, Brazil

São Sebastião is a Brazilian municipality, located on the southeast coast of Brazil, in the state of São Paulo. The population in 2009 was 76,344, its density was 182.5/km² and the area is 403 km². The Tropic of Capricorn lies 25 km north. The municipality existed since 1636 and formed a part of the old hereditary captaincy of Santo Amaro.

Time in Brazil

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Regional Labor Courts are Brazilian appellate courts of the Federal specialized court system for matters of labor law. There currently are 24 Regional Labor Courts, geographically defined by numbered Regions.

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Coastline of Brazil

The coastline of Brazil measures 7,491 km, which makes it the 16th longest national coastline of the world. All the coast lies adjacent to geographical features can be found all through the coastal areas, like islands, reefs and bays. The beaches of Brazil are famous in the world and receive a great number of tourists.

Tietê Bus Terminal

The Tietê Bus Terminal is the largest bus terminal in Latin America, and the second largest in the world, after the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City. The terminal is located in the Santana district in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The official name in Portuguese is Terminal Rodoviário Governador Carvalho Pinto, named after Carlos Alberto Alves de Carvalho Pinto, a former Governor of the State of São Paulo.

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The São Paulo Macrometropolis, also known as Expanded Metropolitan Complex is a Brazilian megalopolis that emerged through the existing process of conurbation between the São Paulo's metropolitan areas located around the Greater São Paulo, with more than 30 million inhabitants, or 74 percent of São Paulo State's population, is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.


  1. "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (PDF). 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019. 2018 Estimates of Population
  2. Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano - Municipal, 1991 e 2000 Archived October 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  3. Assembleia Legislativa do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar Nº 1.166
  4. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística