Carl Benjamin Boyer | |
---|---|

Born | |

Died | April 26, 1976 69) | (aged

Nationality | United States |

Occupation | Historian of mathematics |

**Carl Benjamin Boyer** (November 3, 1906 – April 26, 1976) was an American historian of sciences, and especially mathematics. Novelist David Foster Wallace called him the "Gibbon of math history".^{ [2] } It has been written that he was one of few historians of mathematics of his time to "keep open links with contemporary history of science."^{ [3] }

Boyer was valedictorian of his high school class. He received a B.A. from Columbia College in 1928 and an M.A. in 1929. He received his Ph.D. in Mathematics from Columbia University in 1939.^{ [1] } He was a full professor of Mathematics at the City University of New York's Brooklyn College from 1952 until his death, although he had begun tutoring and teaching at Brooklyn College in 1928.^{ [1] }

Along with Carolyn Eisele of CUNY's Hunter College; C. Doris Hellman of the Pratt Institute, and later CUNY's Queens College; and Lynn Thorndike of Columbia University, Boyer was instrumental in the 1953 founding of the Metropolitan New York Section of the History of Science Society.^{ [4] }

In 1954, Boyer was the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship to further his work in the history of science. In particular, the grant made reference to "the history of the theory of the rainbow".^{ [5] }

Boyer wrote the books *The History of the Calculus and Its Conceptual Development* (1959),^{ [6] } originally published as *The Concepts of the Calculus* (1939),^{ [7] }*History of Analytic Geometry* (1956),^{ [8] }*The Rainbow: From Myth to Mathematics* (1959),^{ [9] } and *A History of Mathematics* (1968).^{ [10] } He served as book-review editor of * Scripta Mathematica *.^{ [11] }

Boyer died of a heart attack in New York City in 1976.

In 1978, Boyer's widow, the former Marjorie Duncan Nice, a professor of history,^{ [12] } established the Carl B. Boyer Memorial Prize, to be awarded annually to a Columbia University undergraduate for the best essay on a scientific or mathematical topic.^{ [13] }

The **Analytical Society** was a group of individuals in early-19th-century Britain whose aim was to promote the use of Leibnizian notation for differentiation in calculus as opposed to the Newton notation for differentiation. The latter system came into being in the 18th century as a convention of Sir Isaac Newton, and was in use throughout Great Britain. According to a mathematical historian:

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**Notes**

- 1 2 3 Dauben, Joseph Warren and Scriba, Christoph J. (2002)
*Writing the history of mathematics: its historical development*, Birkhäuser. Cf. pp.380-381 for the biography of Boyer. - ↑ Wallace, David Foster. "An excerpt from
*Everything and More*" . Retrieved 2007-08-28. - ↑ Gray, Jeremy (2016) "Histories of Modern Mathematics in English in the 1940s, 50s, and 60s" in Remmert, Volker R.; Schneider, Martina; and Kragh Sørensen, Henrik (eds.)
*Historiography of Mathematics in the 19th and 20th Centuries*Birkhäuser. p.161. ISBN 9783319396491 - ↑ Gleason, Mary Louise (1999) "The Metropolitan New York Section of the History of Science Society",
*Isis*, Vol. 90, Supplement:*Catching up with the Vision: Essays on the Occasion of the 75th Anniversary of the Founding of the History of Science Society*, pp. S200-S218. University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science Society - ↑ Staff (May 3, 1954) "Guggenheim Fund Grants $1,000,000"
*The New York Times* - ↑ WorldCat.org OCLC=916224186
- ↑ Library of Congress Online Catalog, BIBLD=8312338
- ↑ Library of Congress Online Catalog, BIBLD=7462342
- ↑ Library of Congress Online Catalog, BIBLD=3111320
- ↑ Library of Congress Online Catalog, BIBLD=3121041
- ↑
*Scripta Mathematica*. 1950. Retrieved 2007-10-21. - ↑ Unknown (March 21, 2010) "Marjorie Boyer" (paid obituary),
*The New York Times* - ↑ "Columbia College Bulletin:Prizes and Fellowships" . Retrieved 2009-02-20.

**Further reading**

- Boyer, Carl B. (August 30–September 6, 1950). Lecture: "The Foremost Textbook of Modern Times." International Congress of Mathematicians, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Retrieved on 2009-02-20.
- Boyer, Carl B. (1949). The history of the calculus and its conceptual development Hafner Publishing Company, New York, ed. Dover 1959. Retrieved on 2010-03-30.

- Quotations related to Carl B. Boyer at Wikiquote
- Carl Benjamin Boyer at Find a Grave

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