Carlisle railway station

Last updated

Rail network in the Carlisle area
Carlisle

Carlisle Citadel
National Rail logo.svg
2018 at Carlisle railway station - exterior.JPG
The main facade of Carlisle station in 2018
General information
Location Carlisle, City of Carlisle
England
Coordinates 54°53′28″N2°56′02″W / 54.891°N 2.934°W / 54.891; -2.934 Coordinates: 54°53′28″N2°56′02″W / 54.891°N 2.934°W / 54.891; -2.934
Grid reference NY401555
Owned by Network Rail
Managed by Avanti West Coast
Platforms8
Other information
Station codeCAR
Classification DfT category B
History
Original company Caledonian Railway/Lancaster and Carlisle Railway joint
Pre-groupingCaledonian Railway/London and North Western Railway joint
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
Key dates
1 September 1847Opened as Carlisle Citadel
1875Extended
(after 1948)Renamed Carlisle
Passengers
2017/18Increase2.svg 1.967 million
 Interchange Increase2.svg 0.365 million
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Arrow Blue Up 001.svg Waverley Route to Edinburgh
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to Gretna Green
 
Gretna Junction
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Scotland
England
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Longtown
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Longtown MOD Depot
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Harker
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Brunthill
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Stainton
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Etterby Junction
Port Carlisle Junction
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Carlisle Kingmoor TMD
Willowholme Junction
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Port Carlisle Branch Junction
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Caldew Junction
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Carlisle Citadel
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Carlisle South Junction
Rome Street Junction
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London Road Junction
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Currock Junction
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Upperby Junction
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Upperby Bridge Junction
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Carlisle London Road
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Petteril Bridge Junction
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Newcastle & Carlisle Railway
to Newcastle

The station is a fully staffed facility during normal hours; the booking office is typically open each day from the start of services in the morning up until 20:00 in the evening. A number of ticket machines are also available in the booking hall, allowing tickets to be purchased even when the booking office is not in service. [14] To the north of the station's portico, located directly between the main entrance and the station offices, is a square clock tower, furnished with an octagonal lantern; to the south of the portico are single-storey waiting and refreshment rooms. Interior details of these rooms included Tudor and Gothic-style fireplaces and linen-fold wood-panelled doors. [3]

Multiple waiting rooms are located on both of the station's main platforms; additionally, there is a newsagent present upon the concourse and a buffet on platform three. Train running information is provided across the station in the form of auditory announcements over a public address system, along with a series of distributed digital display screens. In line with accessibility legislation, full step-free access is possible to all platforms on the station via ramps to the footbridge or lifts and subway. [14]

Platform layout

There are 8 platforms at the station in total – 3 through and 5 bays, organised as follows (from west to east):

There are stabling roads between Platforms 3 and 4 in the train shed, and a loop around Platform 1. There are several electrified sidings to the west of Platform 1. There are substantial buildings on both the western island and the main up platform on the east side, with the main station buffet on the former and the travel centre/ticket office and shop on the latter. Both main platforms have waiting rooms and toilets and are linked by a fully accessible footbridge.

Freight trains formerly used a goods line to the west to bypass the station, but this was closed in 1984 after a runaway rake of container wagons derailed at high speed on the River Caldew bridge at Dentonholme, damaging it beyond economic repair. [9] Nearly all freight services (apart from those running directly from the Cumbrian Coast Line toward the Tyne Valley Line or the Settle–Carlisle Line, or vice versa) now have to use one of the main platform lines when passing through the station, which can cause congestion at peak times.

Layout and services

Station frontage Carlisle Station 2658.JPG
Station frontage

Long-distance services are operated by Avanti West Coast, with the main routes being London EustonGlasgow Central and Scotland–Birmingham New Street-London Euston and TransPennine Express Scotland-Manchester. Caledonian Sleeper passengers from/to London Euston may also alight/board here. Northern operate local stopping services to Newcastle Central via the Tyne Valley Line, to Barrow-in-Furness via the Cumbrian Coast Line, and to Leeds via the scenic Settle–Carlisle line. ScotRail also operate services to Glasgow Central via Dumfries and Kilmarnock.

The following trains call at Carlisle:

Avanti West Coast

For most of the day Avanti West Coast operate: [15]

TransPennine Express

Provide an hourly service Manchester Airport to Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central (alternating). As of December 2019, services also operate between Glasgow Central and Liverpool Lime Street.

ScotRail

Provide the following service: Monday to Saturdays, There is an hourly service to Dumfries with 2-hourly service to Glasgow Central via Kilmarnock. Sundays: There are 5 trains per day to Dumfries with 2 of these trains going to Glasgow Central.

Northern

Northern provide the following service:

Since May 2018, there are now five trains to Leeds on Sundays (including one through to Nottingham) plus a single DalesRail service to Blackpool North via Preston. A Sunday service along the Cumbrian Coast line to Barrow also began at the summer 2018 timetable change (the first since 1976) - eight trains now run to Barrow, plus a further five to Whitehaven only.

Services running through Carlisle from Dumfries to Newcastle were stopped at the May 2022 timetable change. [18]

London North Eastern Railway

London North Eastern Railway services call at Carlisle on a couple of weekends a year when the East Coast Main Line is closed for engineering work. They operate mainly hourly service to London King's Cross and Edinburgh Waverley.[ citation needed ]

Caledonian Sleeper

All Caledonian Sleeper services pass through Carlisle once a night except Saturdays (and engineering diversions) on their journey between London Euston and several Scottish destinations. Passengers may only board the London-bound service from Glasgow Central/Edinburgh Waverley, or only alight services in the opposite direction. Services from/to London Euston to/from Aberdeen, Inverness and Fort William run as a separate train that runs through Carlisle without a scheduled stop.

Excursion Trains

Alongside regular passenger trains on select weekends and occasionally during mid-week, excursion trains regularly visit Carlisle as the destination for railtour passengers. The most popular excursion trains are those worked by steam locomotives. The starting points of the trips vary with some travelling from the southern end of the West Coast Main Line at London Euston and from other starting points such as Tyseley, Birmingham, Crewe, York and Liverpool. The routes vary too as there are four main routes that railtours can travel down heading to Carlisle or making their return journeys: West Coast Mainline (over Shap or Beattock); Cumbrian Coast and Furness line; Tyne Valley line; and Settle and Carlisle line.

The steam locomotives in question vary too as they can be either locomotives which ran through Carlisle in the days of steam, including: Black 5s, Jubilees, Royal Scots, Princess Royals and Coronation/Duchesses. Some are even of classes which never visited Carlisle in steam days, including: Castles, Kings, Halls, Merchant Navys and Light Pacifics. Steam locomotives that are known to have visited Carlisle over the years include: 5043 Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, 6201 Princess Elizabeth, 6233 Duchess of Sutherland, 35018 British India Line, 45596 Bahamas, 45690 Leander, 45699 Galatea, 46115 Scots Guardsman, 60103 Flying Scotsman, 60163 Tornado and 61306 Mayflower.

The Cumbrian Mountain Express trains are regular excursions that visit Carlisle. The routes vary from travelling northbound over Shap Summit on the WCML and returning south down the Settle & Carlisle line or vice versa. These now run throughout the year.

Adverse weather in 2015-16

All services towards Glasgow and Edinburgh over the WCML were suspended due to flood-related damage to the River Clyde bridge at Lamington (caused by Storm Frank). A limited number of trains to and from Glasgow were being diverted via Dumfries, whilst most others were replaced by express coaches. Repair work was initially expected to take at least four weeks to complete and services were not expected to restart over the structure until March 2016. [19] Following better than expected weather conditions and delivery of key components earlier than planned, the work was completed ahead of schedule and trains resumed on 22 February 2016. [20] This followed on from previous disruption caused by Storm Desmond on 5–6 December 2015 - flooding just north of the station at the bridge over the River Caldew led to a temporary suspension of services to and from Scotland and subsequent major delays to trains for more than two weeks.

Services towards Newcastle and Leeds were also disrupted at the same time due to weather-related landslips near Corbridge and Armathwaite respectively. A replacement bus service ran between Hexham and Prudhoe whilst repairs were carried out on the Tyne Valley line. [21] The line reopened to traffic on 8 February 2016. Services on the Settle line still ran initially, but as only one line was available between Cotehill and Culgaith and capacity was therefore restricted, an emergency timetable was in operation with extended journey times and some trains being replaced by buses. [22] Further ground movement at the landslip site at Eden Brows led to the suspension of all services as far south as Appleby on 9 February 2016, as Network Rail engineers deemed that it was no longer safe to operate trains over the affected portion of line. The line remained closed for over a year whilst the damaged embankment was underpinned and stabilised, and the track and formation repaired. [23] Network Rail started work on the £23 million project to repair the embankment and formation in July 2016. [24] The line reopened on 31 March 2017, with the first train departing on schedule at 05:50 and a special excursion train hauled by the preserved steam locomotive Flying Scotsman visiting the station later in the day. [25]

Current and historical services

Preceding station National Rail logo.svg National Rail Following station
Terminus ScotRail
Glasgow South Western Line
Avanti West Coast
Caledonian Sleeper
Northern Trains Terminus
Northern Trains Terminus
Terminus Northern Trains
TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
Terminus  Northern Trains
Carlisle – Middlesbrough
  Hexham
  Historical railways  
Terminus  Caledonian Railway
CR Main Line
  Rockcliffe
Terminus  North British Railway
Border Union Railway
  Harker
Terminus  North British Railway
Carlisle and Port Carlisle Railway
and Dock Company
  Kirkandrews
Terminus  Maryport and Carlisle Railway   Cummersdale
Line open, station closed
Brisco   London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
 Terminus
Scotby   Midland Railway
Settle and Carlisle Line
 Terminus
Scotby   North Eastern Railway
Newcastle and Carlisle Railway
 Terminus

Future

Proposals to upgrade Carlisle station for the arrival of HS2 include extending platforms 3 and 4 to accommodate the longer trains, filling in platform 2 and creating a new platform on the far side of the station from the existing entrance. [26]

See also

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Carlisle, in North West England, formed the focus for a number of railway routes because of the geography of the area. At first each railway company had its own passenger and goods station, but in 1847 passenger terminal facilities were concentrated at Citadel station, which is in use today. Goods facilities remained dispersed, and goods wagons passing through were remarshalled, incurring delay and expense.

References

  1. 1 2 Historic England, "Citadel Station (1196969)", National Heritage List for England , retrieved 6 January 2017
  2. The British Almanac. 1849. p. 247.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 “Carlisle Citadel Station.” ‘’engineering-timelines.com’’, Retrieved: 25 June 2018.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Marsh, Stewart. “Lighter and brighter: Carlisle Citadel station is transformed.” ‘’railengineer.uk’’, 17 November 2017.
  5. "Carlisle station to benefit from £14m investment." Network Rail, 24 November 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  6. "Work on Carlisle's railway station roof nears completion." newsandstar.co.uk, 24 February 2018.
  7. White, Chloe (3 March 2022). "Passengers at Carlisle station can now enjoy smoother journeys as Network Rail's work to resurface the platforms is now complete". RailAdvent. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  8. Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 39. ISBN   0-906899-37-0.
  9. 1 2 Rawlinson, R. "Cumbrian Railways Bog Junction to Willowholme Junction, Carlisle." cumbria-railways.co.uk, Retrieved: 25 July 2013.
  10. "Rail line between Carlisle and Newcastle closed after derailment". the Guardian. PA Media. 20 October 2022. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  11. "Major disruption after freight train derails". ITV News. 20 October 2022. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  12. Heeds, Chantelle (20 October 2022). "Train derails and plunges into Carlisle river with rail delays to last all day". LancsLive. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  13. "Carlisle train derailment caused by damaged wheel, inspectors think". BBC News. 21 October 2022. Retrieved 23 October 2022.
  14. 1 2 "Carlisle station facilities." National Rail Enquiries, Retrieved: 5 December 2016.
  15. GB National Rail Timetable May 2019 Edition, Table 65 (Network Rail)
  16. GB NRT, Table 100
  17. GB NRT, Table 42
  18. Maund, Richard. "PSUL 2022" (PDF). Retrieved 14 May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. Work on Lamington Viaduct to continue throughout February Network Rail Media Centre; Retrieved 19 January 2016
  20. "West Coast Mainline to reopen next Monday" Archived 16 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine Fallowfield, C; Cumbria Crack news article 15 February 2016
  21. Railway between Hexham and Prudhoe will be closed for weeks after Corbridge landslip Riddell, Kathryn Newcastle Chronicle article 8 January 2016
  22. Eden Brow Landslip - Settle to Carlisle Line closes again BBC News Cumbria article 9 February 2016; Retrieved 5 December 2016
  23. "Railway between Carlisle and Appleby to be closed for months after major landslip" Archived 15 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine Network Rail Media Centre 12 February 2016; Retrieved 15 February 2016
  24. £23m landslip repair set to reopen Settle-Carlisle railway line in March 2017 Network Rail Media Centre; Retrieved 7 July 2016
  25. Settle-Carlisle line reopens after repairs to major landslip Fallowfield, Carl, Cumbria Crack news article 31-03-2017; Retrieved 3 April 2017
  26. "HS2 at Carlisle Station". High Speed Two Ltd. Retrieved 5 January 2023.

Bibliography