|Grand Master Emeritus of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||21 December 1995|
|Term ended||27 June 2007|
|Successor||John Patrick Foley|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Onofrio (2006-15)|
|Ordination||25 June 1944|
by Paolo Rostagno
|Consecration||16 September 1973|
by Paolo Bertoli
|Created cardinal||26 November 1994|
by Pope John Paul II
|Rank|| Cardinal-Deacon (1994-2005)|
|Birth name||Carlo Furno|
|Born||2 December 1921|
Bairo, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||9 December 2015 94) (aged|
Agostino Gemelli University Polyclinic, Rome, Italy
|Motto||Ardere et lucere|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Carlo Furno (2 December 1921 – 9 December 2015) was an Italian cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Furno was born in Bairo, Piedmont in 1921. He was educated at the diocesan College at Ivrea and later at the Seminary of Ivrea, where he studied philosophy and theology. He was sent to the Theological Faculty, Crocetto Salesian Athenaeum in Turin, 1948–1949 and later the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome where he took a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, 1953). Furno was summoned to the elite Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome from 1951–1953 where he took practical courses in diplomacy. After his priestly ordination on 25 June 1944and six years of pastoral work in his home diocese, he began a career in the diplomatic service of the Holy See.
Bairo is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region of Piedmont, about 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Turin.
Piedmont is a region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country. It borders the Liguria region to the south, the Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna regions to the east and the Aosta Valley region to the northwest; it also borders France to the west and Switzerland to the northeast. It has an area of 25,402 square kilometres (9,808 sq mi) and a population of 4 377 941 as of 30 November 2017. The capital of Piedmont is Turin.
Turin is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy. It is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Turin and of the Piedmont region, and was the first capital city of Italy from 1861 to 1865. The city is located mainly on the western bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley, and is surrounded by the western Alpine arch and Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 878,074 while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million.
He worked in a subordinate role in Colombia, Ecuador to and Jerusalem, and then in the Secretariat of State. Following these assignments episcopal consecration on 16 September 1973,he served as Apostolic Nuncio (Papal Ambassador) successively to Peru, Lebanon, Brazil and Italy.
Jerusalem is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.
He was created Cardinal-Deacon of Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re on 26 November 1994. After ten years he opted to become Cardinal Priest of that church. From 2005 until his death in late 2015 he was Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Onofrio, in recognition that the church is the Order's headquarters after the 15 August 1948, motu proprio of Pius XII establishing that the Order's headquarters should be transferred from Jerusalem to Rome. Pope John Paul II appointed him Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem on 16 December 1995. The aforementioned Order, like the Knights of Malta, is a member of many international bodies and has observer status at others (such as the United Nations).
Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re is a Roman Catholic church in Rome, designed between the 1920s and 1930s by Marcello Piacentini.
In law, motu proprio describes an official act taken without a formal request from another party. Some jurisdictions use the term sua sponte for the same concept.
Pope John Paul II was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
Cardinal Furno resigned this office in June 2007 and was succeeded by American Archbishop John Patrick Foley, who had been serving as the President of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications, an important department of the Roman Curia.
In Christianity, an archbishop is a bishop of higher rank or office. In some cases, such as the Lutheran Church of Sweden and the Church of England, the title is borne by the leader of the denomination. Like popes, patriarchs, metropolitans, cardinal bishops, diocesan bishops, and suffragan bishops, archbishops are in the highest of the three traditional orders of bishops, priests, and deacons. An archbishop may be granted the title or ordained as chief pastor of a metropolitan see or another episcopal see to which the title of archbishop is attached.
John Patrick Foley was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. From 2007 until 2011, he was Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, an order of knighthood under papal protection, having previously served as President of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications from 1984 to 2007. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2007. He provided the commentary for the American television viewers of the Christmas Midnight Mass from St Peter's Basilica, Rome. However, in 2009, he retired from that role after 25 years. The commentary was taken over by Monsignor Thomas Powers of the Diocese of Bridgeport, Connecticut, an official in the Congregation for Bishops.
The Pontifical Council for Social Communications was a dicastery of the Roman Curia that was suppressed in March 2016 and merged into the Secretariat for Communications.
Cardinal Furno died on 9 December 2015 at the age of 94.
Marco Cé was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the Patriarch of Venice from 1978 to 2002 and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1979.
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|Catholic Church titles|
| Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil |
21 August 1982 – 15 April 1992
| Apostolic Nuncio to Italy and San Marino |
15 April 1992 – 26 November 1994
| Archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore |
29 September 1997 – 27 May 2004
Bernard Francis Cardinal Law
21 December 1995 – 27 June 2007
John Patrick Foley